Church Avenue (BMT Brighton Line)

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 Church Avenue
 "B" train"Q" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Church Av Brighton sb plat looking north.jpg
Track view from the northbound platform, looking north. A Q train is arriving on the southbound platform.
Station statistics
AddressChurch Avenue & East 18th Street
Brooklyn, NY 11226
BoroughBrooklyn
LocaleFlatbush
Coordinates40°38′59″N 73°57′49″W / 40.64966°N 73.963646°W / 40.64966; -73.963646Coordinates: 40°38′59″N 73°57′49″W / 40.64966°N 73.963646°W / 40.64966; -73.963646
DivisionB (BMT)
LineBMT Brighton Line
Services      B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
      Q all times (all times)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: B35
StructureOpen-cut
Platforms2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks4
Other information
Openedoriginal station: July 2, 1878; 140 years ago (1878-07-02)
Rebuiltcurrent station: 1919; 100 years ago (1919)
Station code044[1]
Accessiblenot ADA-accessible; accessibility planned
Traffic
Passengers (2017)5,455,527[2]Increase 0.3%
Rank83 out of 425
Station succession
Next northParkside Avenue (local): Q all times
Prospect Park (express): B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Next southBeverley Road (local): Q all times
Newkirk Plaza (express): B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.

Church Avenue is an express station on the BMT Brighton Line of the New York City Subway, located at Church Avenue near East 18th Street in the Flatbush neighborhood of Brooklyn. The station is served by Q at all times and by the B on weekdays only.

History[edit]

Track layout

The original station at this location was a two-track side platform station that ran south from Church Avenue, whereas the current station runs to the north. At a point about 150 feet south of Church Avenue, a clear difference in the form of the concrete retaining wall is visible on both sides of the right-of-way. This marks the point where the original Brighton Beach Line transitioned from an open-cut line depressed below ground level to a surface railroad for the remainder of the run to Coney Island. The line south of this point was converted from a two-track surface line to a four-track grade-separated line in 1907, and the portion north of this point was rebuilt from a two-track open cut to a four-track open cut in 1919.

After August 1, 1920, through service was shifted from the current BMT Franklin Avenue Line to a new subway alignment under Flatbush Avenue, which permitted direct access to Manhattan via the Manhattan Bridge and the Montague Street Tunnel.[3]

During the 1964–1965 fiscal year, the platforms at Church Avenue, along with those at six other stations on the Brighton Line, were lengthened to 615 feet (187 m) to accommodate a ten-car train of 60 feet (18 m)-long IND cars, or a nine-car train of 67 feet (20 m)-long BMT cars.[4]

In 1981, the MTA listed the station among the 69 most deteriorated stations in the subway system.[5]

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Entrances/Exits
Station house to entrances/exits, station agent, MetroCard vending machines
P
Platform level
Northbound local "Q" train toward 96th Street (Parkside Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left for local trains, right for express trains
Northbound express "B" train toward Bedford Park Boulevard rush hours, 145th Street weekdays (Prospect Park)
Southbound express "B" train toward Brighton Beach weekdays (Newkirk Plaza)
Island platform, doors will open on the left for local trains, right for express trains
Southbound local "Q" train toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (Beverley Road)
Station house

Church Avenue is an open-cut express station with short tunnels at each end to carry the line between cross streets. The station has four tracks and two island platforms.[6] Each platform has two staircases, leading to a station-house at each end.

Exits[edit]

There are two exits and entrances to the station, both through station houses.[7] The full-time end of the station is at Church Avenue, to the south. The original station-house was demolished and replaced with the current structure. Plain white tiles dot the interior and exterior of this entrance. There are restrooms inside fare control to the right side.[7] The part-time entrance is at the north end of the station by Caton Avenue and St. Pauls Place, and the station-house there retains the original c.1918 exterior. This end of the station originally had a part-time booth during the morning rush; a high-exit turnstile was open at all other times.[7]

After the 1980s renovation, the station was converted to booth operations from 7:00 AM to 10:00 PM every day. All of the platform columns were covered with steel supports during the renovation. At the midpoint, the southbound platform has an abandoned exit to East 18th Street between Church and Caton Avenues. The exterior of the station-house was made with brick and stucco, and was added in the early 1960s. The boarded-up staircase still stands.

Exit location[7] Number of exits Platform served
NW corner of E 18th Street & Church Avenue 1 Both
SE corner of St Pauls Place & Caton Avenue 1 Both

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2012–2017". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  3. ^ "New Subways Add Seven More Miles to BRT on Aug 1". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. July 25, 1920. Retrieved August 19, 2016 – via newspapers.com.
  4. ^ Annual Report 1964–1965. New York City Transit Authority. 1965.
  5. ^ Gargan, Edward A. (June 11, 1981). "AGENCY LISTS ITS 69 MOST DETERIORATED SUBWAY STATIONS". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  6. ^ Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ a b c d "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Flatbush" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.

External links[edit]