Church Avenue (IND Culver Line)

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 Church Avenue
 "F" train"G" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Kensington-Church Avenue.jpg
Platform view
Station statistics
AddressChurch Avenue & McDonald Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11218
BoroughBrooklyn
LocaleKensington
Coordinates40°38′34.05″N 73°58′45.95″W / 40.6427917°N 73.9794306°W / 40.6427917; -73.9794306Coordinates: 40°38′34.05″N 73°58′45.95″W / 40.6427917°N 73.9794306°W / 40.6427917; -73.9794306
DivisionB (IND)
LineIND Culver Line
Services      F all times (all times)
      G all times (all times)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: B35, B67, B69, B103
StructureUnderground
Platforms2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks4 (2 in regular service)
Other information
OpenedOctober 7, 1933; 85 years ago (1933-10-07)
Station code243[1]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Traffic
Passengers (2017)3,148,411[3]Decrease 5%
Rank167 out of 425
Station succession
Next northSeventh Avenue (express): no regular service
Fort Hamilton Parkway (local): F all timesG all times
Next south(Terminal): G all times
Ditmas Avenue (local): F all times
18th Avenue (express): no regular service


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 northQueens Plaza (via Crosstown): no regular service
Jay Street–MetroTech (via Culver): F all times
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 southnone: G all times
Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue: F all times

Church Avenue is an express station on the IND Culver Line of the New York City Subway. Located at Church and McDonald Avenues in Kensington, Brooklyn, it is served by the F and G trains at all times, the latter of which terminates here.

History[edit]

The Church Avenue station was the original southern terminus of the IND Culver Line, which was built as part of Mayor John Hylan's Independent Subway System (IND) to Coney Island. The line was planned to be extended to the south via a connection to the Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT)'s Culver Line.[4][5] To connect this line to the Eighth Avenue Line – the main trunk of the IND – a subway line was to run from Brooklyn Borough Hall south under Jay Street, Smith Street, Ninth Street, and several other streets to Cortelyou Road (later Church Avenue) and McDonald Avenue, just north of the Ditmas Avenue elevated station. A ramp would then lead onto the elevated BMT Culver Line.[4][6][5] As originally designed, service to and from Manhattan would have been exclusively provided by Culver express trains, while all local service would have fed into the IND Crosstown Line.[7] On October 7, 1933, this station opened as the new terminal of the line, as the line was extended from Bergen Street.[8][9]

The Culver Ramp south of the station

Construction on the Culver Ramp, also referred to as the Culver Line Connection, between this station and the Ditmas Avenue station began in June 1941, and was expected to be completed by the end of the year.[10] The ramp was expected to cost $2 million, and along with new signals, and rehabilitation of the Culver elevated and lengthening of its stations to IND standards, the total cost of the project was estimated at over $11 million.[11][12][13] Though the ramp was nearly complete, including rails and signal work, construction was halted later that year because of America's entrance into World War II.[13][14][15] When the project was restarted in 1946, completion was delayed further due to continued material shortages and a lack of rolling stock to facilitate the new service.[16] On October 30, 1954,[17][18] the connection between the IND Brooklyn Line at Church Avenue and the BMT Culver Line at Ditmas Avenue opened, allowing IND trains to operate all the way to the Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue terminal.[19]

On December 28, 1949, New Zealand athlete Jack Lovelock fell onto the tracks at this station after complaining about dizziness to his wife. He was then killed by an oncoming train.[20]

In 1958, there was a program in which subway riders could get their clothes ironed at the station for a fee.[21]

On August 2, 1974, a robbery suspect was killed by a plainclothes police officer in the station. The former was suspected to have robbed a token booth in the station shortly beforehand.[22]

Service changes[edit]

Upon the station's 1933 opening, service was initially provided by the Eighth Avenue Express A. In 1936, the A was rerouted to the IND Fulton Street Line and E trains from the Queens Boulevard line replaced them.[8] E trains were replaced by the F on December 15, 1940 after the IND Sixth Avenue Line opened.[8] When the Culver Ramp opened in 1954, D Concourse Express trains (which formerly terminated in Manhattan) replaced F service.[23][24]

On November 26, 1967, the Chrystie Street Connection opened and D trains were rerouted via the Manhattan Bridge and the BMT Brighton Line to Coney Island. F trains were extended once again via the Culver Line.[25][26] The center tracks at the station were used for F express service from June 1968[27] to 1976, and for G trains, which were extended from Smith–Ninth Streets to Church Avenue to provide local service. [28][29]

In July 2009, the G was extended from its longtime terminus at Smith–Ninth Streets to a more efficient terminus at Church Avenue to accommodate the rehabilitation of the Culver Viaduct.[30][31] The G extension was made permanent in July 2012.[32][31]

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/Entrance
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
Handicapped/disabled access Elevator on NW corner of Church Avenue and McDonald Avenue
P
Platform level
Northbound local "F" train toward Jamaica–179th Street (Fort Hamilton Parkway)
"G" train toward Court Square (Fort Hamilton Parkway)
Island platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound express No regular service
(No service: Seventh Avenue)
Southbound express No regular service
(No service: 18th Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound local "F" train toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (Ditmas Avenue)
"G" train termination track[33]
Track layout
to 7 Av

This underground station has four tracks and two island platforms. The two center express tracks are not normally used in revenue service.

Both outer track walls have a maroon trim line with a Tuscan red border and small signs below them reading "CHURCH" in white lettering on a black background. This tile band is set in a two-tile-high course, an arrangement normally seen at local stations. All i-beam columns in the station are colored Hunter green. The station signs are in the standard black name plates with white lettering.

Restrooms on the southern mezzanine

There is a four-track train storage yard south of the station beneath the revenue tracks, which is used by terminating G trains.[34][35] South of the connection to the yard, the line ramps up to become a three track elevated line (with the express tracks merging into one track, with switches from the express to the local tracks in the respective directions) before entering Ditmas Avenue station.[36] Though this station is a part of the IND Division, the Culver elevated portion directly to the south of this station is controlled by BMT radio dispatch and supervision, so train operators change between the IND (B-2) and BMT (B-1) radio frequencies at this point or station.[37]

This station is often used for shooting subway scenes for television shows and movies as the long mezzanine can be used for setting up production and the express tracks can be used for staging subway cars without interfering with normal service.[35]

Exits[edit]

New signal house

This station has a full length mezzanine above the platforms and tracks with two fare control areas. The full-time one is at the extreme south end. Two staircases and one elevator from each platform go up to the mezzanine, where public restrooms at the center are available and a turnstile bank provides entrance/exit to/from the station. Outside fare control, there is a token booth and staircases going up to all four corners of Church and McDonald Avenues.[38] There is also a ramp leading to an elevator that goes up to the west side of Church Avenue. The three elevators, installed during a 2008 renovation, make the station ADA accessible.[39]

The station's other fare control area at the north end is un-staffed. Three staircases from each platform go up to a mezzanine, where exit-only and High Entry/Exit Turnstiles provide entrance/exit to/from the station. Outside fare control, there are two staircases facing in different directions that go up to either southern corners of Albemarle Road and McDonald Avenues.[38] Crew facilities at the center of the mezzanine separate the two fare control areas.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2012–2017". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  4. ^ a b New York Times, Plan to Recapture Culver Line Ready, July 12, 1932, page 9
  5. ^ a b New York Times, New Subway Routes in Hylan Program to Cost $186,046,000, March 21, 1925, page 1
  6. ^ Duffus, R.L. (September 22, 1929). "Our Great Subway Network Spreads Wider – New Plans of Board of Transportation Involve the Building of More Than One Hundred Miles of Additional Rapid Transit Routes for New York". The New York Times. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
  7. ^ "Feasibility and Analysis of F Express Service in Brooklyn" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2016. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
  8. ^ a b c "Independent Subway Services Beginning in 1932". thejoekorner.com. August 21, 2013. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
  9. ^ New York Times, City Subway Extended, October 7, 1933, page 16
  10. ^ "Vogel Lauds City for Speed In Starting Culver 'L' Link". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. June 10, 1941. Retrieved September 15, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
  11. ^ Schmalacker, Joseph H. (January 2, 1941). "New One-Fare Link to Coney Imminent: Transportation Board to Seek Bids For Culver Ramp to Independent Line". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. pp. 1, 5. Retrieved September 15, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
  12. ^ a b Sparberg, Andrew J. (October 1, 2014). From a Nickel to a Token: The Journey from Board of Transportation to MTA. Fordham University Press. ISBN 978-0-8232-6190-1.
  13. ^ Blauvelt, Paul (June 9, 1946). "Shortages Snarl $50,000,000 Tube Links". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. p. 21. Retrieved October 9, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
  14. ^ New York Times, 200 City Projects Face Standstill Due to Priorities, August 18, 1941, page 1
  15. ^ Jaffe, Alfred (December 6, 1946). "Borough Subway Relief Still 2 or 3 Years Off". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. pp. 1, 5. Retrieved October 9, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
  16. ^ Chiasson, George (May 2010). "A History of the F (and V) Train Service". New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association. 53 (5): 1, 4.
  17. ^ Culver Line Ceremonies
  18. ^ New York Times, Adequate Transit Promised for City, October 29, 1954, page 25
  19. ^ Wallechinsky, D. (2004). The Complete Book of the Summer Olympics: Athens 2004. Complete Book of the Olympics. Sport Media Pub. p. 251. ISBN 978-1-894963-32-9. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
  20. ^ "IND RIDERS TO GET CLEANING SERVICE". The New York Times. July 2, 1958. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
  21. ^ "Suspect Killed in IND Station Holdup". The New York Times. August 2, 1974. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
  22. ^ Sparberg, Andrew J. (October 1, 2014). From a Nickel to a Token: The Journey from Board of Transportation to MTA. Fordham University Press. ISBN 978-0-8232-6190-1.
  23. ^ New York Times, Adequate Transit Promised for City, October 29, 1954, page 25
  24. ^ Sparberg, Andrew J. (October 1, 2014). From a Nickel to a Token: The Journey from Board of Transportation to MTA. Fordham University Press. ISBN 978-0-8232-6190-1.
  25. ^ Perlmutter, Emanuel (November 16, 1967). "Subway Changes to Speed Service: Major Alterations in Maps, Routes and Signs Will Take Effect Nov. 26" (PDF). nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
  26. ^ "'F' Line Rush-Hour Service Will Be Added in Brooklyn" (PDF). The New York Times. June 8, 1969. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
  27. ^ "Review of F Line Operations, Ridership, and Infrastructure" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 7, 2009. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
  28. ^ "Feasibility and Analysis of F Express Service in Brooklyn" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2016. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
  29. ^ "Review of F Line Operations, Ridership, and Infrastructure" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 7, 2009. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
  30. ^ a b "Review of the G Line" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 10, 2013. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
  31. ^ "Feasibility and Analysis of F Express Service in Brooklyn" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2016. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
  32. ^ One AM rush hour F train terminates and originates at this station.
  33. ^ "Church Avenue Subway Yard". ltvsquad.com. LTV Squad. November 23, 2015. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
  34. ^ a b "Hollywood Underground: The Art of Making Movies in The New York City Subway". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
  35. ^ Marrero, Robert (January 1, 2017). "472 Stations, 850 Miles" (PDF). B24 Blog, via Dropbox. Retrieved April 27, 2018.
  36. ^ Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books.
  37. ^ a b "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Borough Park" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved July 19, 2015.
  38. ^ "MTA NYC Transit Opens ADA Elevators at Church Avenue F Station in Brooklyn" (Press release). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 7, 2008. Retrieved July 9, 2008.

External links[edit]