Claremore Mound

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Claremore Mound
Claremore Mound, Claremore, Okla., U.S.A., 6 miles northeast of Hotel Will Rogers (63055).jpg
Highest point
Elevation784 ft (239 m) [1]
Coordinates36°23′06″N 95°39′33″W / 36.385°N 95.659167°W / 36.385; -95.659167Coordinates: 36°23′06″N 95°39′33″W / 36.385°N 95.659167°W / 36.385; -95.659167
Naming
Native nameClermont  (French)

Claremore Mound, an ancient earthen platform mound in present-day Rogers County, Oklahoma, is the site of the Battle of Strawberry Moon (a.k.a. Battle of Claremore Mound). In 1817 a band Cherokee under Chief Spring Frog (Too-an-tuh) destroyed Chief Clermont's band of Osage Indians. The mound is located north of Sageeyah near the south bank of the Verdigris River.

The earthwork mound, likely constructed before 1000CE by the Caddoan Mississippian culture, has an elevation of 784 feet (239 m) above sea level. The area on top of the mound, where the Osage built a village about 1802, is about 25 acres (100,000 m2). Parts of the Cherokee reservation, established in the late 1830s in Indian Territory, lay about 2 miles (3.2 km) to the west. The later, modern city of Claremore was developed by European Americans about 7 miles (11 km) away.

European-American settlers later named both the mound and the nearby city as Claremore, in honor of Chief Clermont.

A somewhat different version claims that when fur trader Jean Pierre Chouteau (based in St. Louis, Missouri) came through the area in 1802, he met a band of the Osage tribe led by a chief named Glahmo. Since Chouteau wanted to trade for furs and hides, he encouraged Glahmo to settle his band atop the mound along the Verdigris River. Chouteau named the hill, an earthen mound built by ancestors of the Caddo, as clermont (or Clairmont) ("clear mountain" in English). Glahmo became known to French colonists as Chief Clermont.[2]

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