Clay County, Nebraska

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Clay County, Nebraska
Clay County Courthouse (Nebraska) 6.jpg
Clay County courthouse in Clay Center
Map of Nebraska highlighting Clay County
Location within the U.S. state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location within the U.S.
Founded1855 (authorized)
1871 (organized)
Named forHenry Clay
SeatClay Center
Largest citySutton
Area
 • Total574 sq mi (1,487 km2)
 • Land572 sq mi (1,481 km2)
 • Water1.2 sq mi (3 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)6,205
 • Density10.8/sq mi (4.2/km2)
Congressional district3rd
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.claycounty.ne.gov

Clay County is a county in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 6,542.[1] Its county seat is Clay Center.[2] The county was formed in 1855,[3] and was organized in 1871.[4][5] It was named for Henry Clay, a member of the United States Senate from Kentucky, and later United States Secretary of State.[6]

In the Nebraska license plate system, Clay County is represented by the prefix 30 (it had the 30th-largest number of vehicles registered in the county when the license plate system was established in 1922).

Geography[edit]

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has an area of 574 square miles (1,490 km2), of which 572 square miles (1,480 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.2%) is water.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

  • Alberding Lagoon National Wildlife Management Area[8]
  • Bluewing Wildlife Management Area[9]
  • Eckhardt Lagoon National Wildlife Management Area[10]
  • Green Wing State Wildlife Management Area[11]
  • Hansen Lagoon National Wildlife Management Area[12]
  • Harms Federal Waterfowl Production Area[13]
  • Hultine Federal Waterfowl Production Area[14]
  • Kissinger Basin State Wildlife Management Area[15]
  • Lange Lagoon National Wildlife Management Area[16]
  • Massie Federal Waterfowl Production Area[17]
  • Meadowlark Federal Waterfowl Production Area[18]
  • Moger Lagoon National Wildlife Management Area[19]
  • Sandpiper Federal Waterfowl Production Area[20]
  • Schuck Federal Waterfowl Production Area[21]
  • Smith Lagoon National Wildlife Management Area[22]
  • White Front Wildlife Management Area[23]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860165
187054−67.3%
188011,29420,814.8%
189016,31044.4%
190015,735−3.5%
191015,7290.0%
192014,486−7.9%
193013,571−6.3%
194010,445−23.0%
19508,700−16.7%
19608,7170.2%
19708,266−5.2%
19808,106−1.9%
19907,213−11.0%
20007,039−2.4%
20106,542−7.1%
Est. 20176,163[24]−5.8%
US Decennial Census[25]
1790-1960[26] 1900-1990[27]
1990-2000[28] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[29] there were 7,039 people, 2,756 households, and 1,981 families in the county. The population density was 12 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 3,066 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.57% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 1.24% from other races, and 0.41% from two or more races. 3.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 49.4% were of German, 7.2% English, 7.2% American, 5.4% Swedish and 5.3% Irish ancestry.

There were 2,756 households out of which 32.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.70% were married couples living together, 5.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.03.

The county population contained 27.30% under the age of 18, 5.90% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 18.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,259, and the median income for a family was $39,541. Males had a median income of $28,321 versus $19,870 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,870. About 8.50% of families and 10.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.40% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Politics[edit]

Clay County voters are reliably Republican. In only one national election since 1936 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate.

Presidential election results
Presidential election results[30]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 79.0% 2,422 15.6% 477 5.4% 166
2012 75.7% 2,232 22.6% 667 1.6% 48
2008 71.8% 2,177 25.7% 780 2.5% 76
2004 76.2% 2,543 22.3% 743 1.5% 51
2000 72.4% 2,326 24.1% 774 3.6% 115
1996 59.9% 1,982 26.6% 880 13.6% 449
1992 50.8% 1,824 22.4% 802 26.8% 962
1988 67.8% 2,352 31.6% 1,097 0.6% 21
1984 77.7% 2,920 21.6% 811 0.7% 25
1980 71.6% 2,739 22.0% 840 6.4% 245
1976 60.9% 2,254 37.0% 1,369 2.2% 80
1972 74.7% 2,542 25.3% 861
1968 66.6% 2,273 27.4% 935 6.0% 206
1964 48.4% 1,879 51.6% 2,001
1960 69.3% 3,005 30.7% 1,331
1956 71.4% 3,099 28.6% 1,240
1952 76.1% 3,559 23.9% 1,115
1948 61.2% 2,511 38.8% 1,589
1944 68.8% 3,375 31.2% 1,530
1940 67.0% 3,576 33.0% 1,763
1936 48.3% 2,856 49.5% 2,932 2.2% 130
1932 36.4% 2,320 60.8% 3,878 2.8% 178
1928 69.3% 4,105 29.8% 1,767 0.9% 54
1924 50.3% 2,758 31.3% 1,716 18.4% 1,007
1920 67.7% 3,392 29.3% 1,466 3.0% 150
1916 45.5% 1,737 51.7% 1,975 2.9% 109
1912 15.2% 557 46.3% 1,694 38.5% 1,407
1908 47.8% 1,891 49.0% 1,939 3.2% 126
1904 59.5% 2,118 19.7% 701 20.8% 742
1900 50.5% 1,932 47.7% 1,826 1.9% 71

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 17, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ Fitzpatrick, Lilian Linder (1925). Nebraska Place-Names. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Studies in Language, Literature, and Criticism. p. 42. Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  4. ^ "Clay County Nebraska Historic Buildings Survey" (PDF). Nebraska State Historical Society. Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  5. ^ Andreas, A. T. (1882). "Andreas' History of the State of Nebraska". The Kansas Collection. Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 83.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  8. ^ Alberding Lagoon National Wildlife Management Area, Clay Center NE Google Maps (accessed 17 January 2019)
  9. ^ Bluewing Wildlife Management Area, Edgar NE Google Maps (accessed 17 January 2019)
  10. ^ Eckhardt Lagoon National Wildlife Management Area, Edgar NE Google Maps (accessed 17 January 2019)
  11. ^ Green Wing State Wildlife Management Area, Schickley NE Google Maps (accessed 17 January 2019)
  12. ^ Hansen Lagoon National Wildlife Management Area, Sutton NE Google Maps (accessed 17 January 2019)
  13. ^ Harms Federal Waterfowl Production Area, Clay Center NE Google Maps (accessed 17 January 2019)
  14. ^ Hultine Federal Waterfowl Production Area, Saronville NE Google Maps (accessed 17 January 2019)
  15. ^ Kissinger Basin State Wildlife Management Area, Fairfield NE Google Maps (accessed 17 January 2019)
  16. ^ Lange Lagoon National Wildlife Mgt Area, Sutton NE Google Maps (accessed 17 January 2019)
  17. ^ Massie Federal Waterfowl Production Area, Clay Center NE Google Maps (accessed 17 January 2019)
  18. ^ Meadowlard Federal Waterfowl Production Area, Clay Center NE Google Maps (accessed 17 January 2019)
  19. ^ Moger Lagoon National Wildlife Management Area, Clay Center NE Google Maps (accessed 17 January 2019)
  20. ^ Sandpiper Federal Waterfowl Production Area, Saronville NE Google Maps (accessed 17 January 2019)
  21. ^ Schuck Federal Waterfowl Production Area, Edgar NE Google Maps (accessed 17 January 2019)
  22. ^ Smith Lagoon National Wildlife Management Area, Edgar NE Google Maps (accessed 17 January 2019)
  23. ^ White Front Wildlife Management Area, Clay Center NE Google Maps (accessed 17 January 2019)
  24. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 17 January 2019.
  25. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  26. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  27. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  28. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  29. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  30. ^ Election Results

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°31′N 98°03′W / 40.52°N 98.05°W / 40.52; -98.05