Geography of East Timor

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Geography of East Timor
East Timor Satellite.jpg
RegionSoutheast Asia
Coordinates8°50′S 125°55′E / 8.833°S 125.917°E / -8.833; 125.917
AreaRanked 154th
 • Total14,919 km2 (5,760 sq mi)
 • Land100%
 • Water0%
Coastline706 km (439 mi)
BordersIndonesia: 253 km (157 mi)
Highest pointTatamailau (2,963 m or 9,721 ft)
Lowest pointTimor Sea, Savu Sea, and Banda Sea
0 m (0 ft)
Longest riverLoes River
80 km (50 mi)
Largest lakeIra Lalaro
1.9 km2 (1 sq mi)
TerrainMountainous and rugged
Natural ResourcesGold, petroleum, natural gas, manganese, marble
Natural HazardsLandslides are common; earthquakes; and tsunamis.
Environmental Issuesdeforestation and soil erosion
Exclusive economic zone70,326 km2 (27,153 sq mi)
Map of East Timor indicating cities and principal roads.

The geography of East Timor exhibits a mountainous terrain on the eastern half of the island of Timor in Southeast Asia (or Oceania depending on definitions).[a] East Timor includes the eastern half of Timor, the Ocussi-Ambeno region on the northwest portion of the island of Timor, and the islands of Atauro and Jaco. The country is located northwest of Australia in the Lesser Sunda Islands at the eastern end of the Indonesian archipelago. 'Timor' is a Portuguese derivation of 'Timor', the Malay word for "Orient"; the island of Timor is part of the Malay Archipelago and is the largest and easternmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands. East Timor is the only Asian nation to lie entirely within the Southern Hemisphere.[citation needed] The Loes River is the longest with a length of 80 km (50 mi). This river system covers an area of 2,184 km2 (843 sq mi). It is a small country with a land size of 14,919 km2 (5,760 sq mi). The exclusive economic zone is 70,326 km2 (27,153 sq mi).[1]


  • Total: 14,874 km²
  • Land: 14,874 km²
  • Water: 0 km²
Land boundaries
  • Total: 2,538 km (1,577 mi)
  • Border countries: Indonesia (253 km or 157 mi)
706 km (439 mi)
Maritime claims

Elevation extremes[edit]

Natural resources
Gold, petroleum, natural gas, manganese, marble
Land use
  • Arable land: 10.1%
  • Permanent crops: 4.9%
  • Permanent pasture: 10.1%
  • Forest: 49.1%
  • Other: 25.8% (2011)
Irrigated land
346.5 km2 (134 sq mi) (2003)


Tropical; hot and humid with distinct rainy and dry seasons. Tropical Cyclones do occur along with floods.


Natural hazards
Landslides are common; earthquakes; and tsunamis.
Environment - current issues
Widespread use of slash and burn agriculture has led to deforestation and soil erosion
Environment - international agreements
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification


  1. ^ Exclusive Economic Zones – Sea Around Us Project – Fisheries, Ecosystems & Biodiversity – Data and Visualization.
  • Much of the material in this article is adapted from the CIA World Factbook 2000 and 2012.