Coast Miwok language

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Coast Miwok
Native toUnited States
RegionCalifornia
EthnicityCoast Miwok
Extinctca. 1970.
Yok-Utian
Language codes
ISO 639-3csi
Glottologcoas1301[1]

Coast Miwok was one of the Miwok languages spoken in California, from San Francisco Bay to Bodega Bay.[2] The Marin and Bodega varieties may have been separate languages. All of the population has shifted to English.

Grammar[edit]

According to Catherine A. Callaghan's Bodega Miwok Dictionary, nouns have the following cases, expressed with suffixes: present subjective, possessive, allative, locative, ablative, instrumental, and comitative. Sentences are most commonly subject-verb-object, but Callaghan says that "syntax is relatively free."

Phonology[edit]

The following is the Bodega dialect:

Consonants
Labial Dental Alveolar Post-
alveolar
Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop plain p t k ʔ '
voiced (b) (d) (ɡ)
Affricate c
Nasal m n
Fricative (f) s ʃ h
Tap (ɾ) r
Approximant w l j y

Phonemes in parentheses are introduced from Spanish loan words. Allophones of introduced sounds, /b ɡ/ include /β ɣ/.[3]

Vowels
Front Central Back
Close i u
Mid e o
Open a

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Coast Miwok". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Coast Miwok at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. ^ Callaghan, Catherine A. (1970). Bodega Miwok Dictionary. University of California Press.
  • Callaghan, Catherine A. 1970. Bodega Miwok Dictionary. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Coast Miwok Indians. "Rodriguez-Nieto Guide" Sound Recordings (California Indian Library Collections), LA006. Berkeley: California Indian Library Collections, 1993. "Sound recordings reproduced from the Language Archive sound recordings at the Language Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley".
  • Keeling, Richard. "Ethnographic Field Recordings at Lowie Museum of Anthropology," 1985. Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley. v. 2. North-Central California: Pomo, Wintun, Nomlaki, Patwin, Coast Miwok, and Lake Miwok Indians

External links[edit]