Codington County, South Dakota

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Codington County
Codington County Courthouse in July 2013
Map of South Dakota highlighting Codington County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 44°59′N 97°11′W / 44.98°N 97.18°W / 44.98; -97.18
Country United States
State South Dakota
Founded1877 (created)
1878 (organized)
Named forReverend George S. S. Codington
SeatWatertown
Largest cityWatertown
Area
 • Total717 sq mi (1,860 km2)
 • Land688 sq mi (1,780 km2)
 • Water29 sq mi (80 km2)  4.0%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
28,015
 • Density40.8/sq mi (15.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitewww.codington.org

Codington County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 27,227.[1] Its county seat is Watertown.[2] The county was created in 1877 and organized in 1878.[3] It is named for Rev. George S. S. Codington, Dakota Territory legislator.[4]

Codington County comprises the Watertown, SD Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information

Codington County terrain consists of rolling hills dotted with lakes and ponds, especially in the SW portion. The land is largely devoted to agriculture.[5] The terrain is higher on the county's east and west sides, and generally slopes to the south.[6] The county has a total area of 717 square miles (1,860 km2), of which 688 square miles (1,780 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75 km2) (4.0%) is water.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

  • American Game Association State Public Shooting Area[8]
  • Blythe State Public Shooting Area[9]
  • Christopherson State Public Shooting Area[10]
  • Clarksean State Public Shooting Area[11]
  • Codington County State Public Shooting Area[12]
  • Curley State Public Shooting Area[13]
  • Elmore State Public Shooting Area[14]
  • Gilbert State Public Shooting Area[15]
  • Goose Lake State Public Shooting Area[16]
  • Hanson State Public Shooting Area[17]
  • Horseshoe Lake State Public Shooting Area[18]
  • Larson State Public Shooting Area[19]
  • McKillicans Lake State Public Shooting Area[20]
  • North Nichols State Public Shooting Area[21]
  • North Stink Lake State Public Shooting Area[22]
  • Pelican Lake State Recreation Area[23]
  • Punished Womans Lake State Shooting Area[24]
  • Sandy Shore State Recreation Area[25]
  • Spencer State Public Shooting Area[26]
  • Spoonbill Pass State Public Shooting Area[27]
  • Thompson's Point State Lakeside Use Area[28]
  • Warner Lake State Public Shooting Area[29]
  • Wolf State Public Shooting Area (partial)[30]

Major lakes[5][edit]

  • Cottonwood Lake
  • Dry Lake
  • Goose Lake
  • Grass Lake
  • Horseshoe Lake
  • Kings Lake
  • Lake Kampeska
  • Lake Nicholson
  • Long Lake
  • McKillicans Lake
  • Medicine Lake
  • Pelican Lake
  • Punished Womans Lake
  • Round Lake
  • Still Lake
  • Warner Lake

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18802,156
18907,037226.4%
19008,77024.6%
191014,09260.7%
192016,54917.4%
193017,4575.5%
194017,014−2.5%
195018,94411.3%
196020,2206.7%
197019,140−5.3%
198020,8859.1%
199022,6988.7%
200025,89714.1%
201027,2275.1%
Est. 201828,015[31]2.9%
US Decennial Census[32]
1790-1960[33] 1900-1990[34]
1990-2000[35] 2010-2018[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[36] there were 25,897 people, 10,357 households, and 6,877 families in the county. The population density was 38 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 11,324 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.74% White, 0.14% Black or African American, 1.41% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 1.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 48.2% were of German, 20.0% Norwegian and 5.5% Irish ancestry, 96.7% spoke English, 1.5% Spanish and 1.2% German as their first language.

There were 10,357 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.50% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.60% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.04.

The county population contained 26.80% under the age of 18, 10.40% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 20.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,257, and the median income for a family was $45,153. Males had a median income of $30,279 versus $19,826 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,761. About 5.60% of families and 9.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.60% of those under age 18 and 10.80% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 27,227 people, 11,432 households, and 7,216 families in the county.[37] The population density was 39.5 inhabitants per square mile (15.3/km2). There were 12,397 housing units at an average density of 18.0 per square mile (6.9/km2).[38] The racial makeup of the county was 95.3% white, 2.0% American Indian, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.6% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.6% of the population.[37] In terms of ancestry, 54.3% were German, 22.6% were Norwegian, 9.6% were Irish, 6.7% were English, and 3.3% were American.[39]

Of the 11,432 households, 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.9% were non-families, and 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 37.7 years.[37]

The median income for a household in the county was $43,275 and the median income for a family was $60,202. Males had a median income of $39,076 versus $26,945 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,781. About 8.9% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 16.8% of those age 65 or over.[40]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

  • Dexter
  • Eden
  • Elmira
  • Fuller
  • Germantown
  • Graceland
  • Henry
  • Kampeska
  • Kranzburg
  • Lake
  • Leola
  • Pelican
  • Phipps
  • Rauville
  • Richland
  • Sheridan
  • Waverly

Politics[edit]

Codington County voters have been reliably Republican for several decades. In no national election since 1976 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[43]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 66.5% 7,764 27.2% 3,174 6.3% 731
2012 58.1% 6,696 39.8% 4,588 2.1% 240
2008 52.3% 6,374 45.9% 5,595 1.8% 216
2004 61.0% 7,778 37.7% 4,803 1.3% 170
2000 60.3% 6,718 37.6% 4,192 2.1% 228
1996 45.2% 4,995 42.7% 4,722 12.1% 1,338
1992 36.0% 3,943 33.8% 3,701 30.2% 3,299
1988 52.0% 5,050 47.1% 4,570 1.0% 94
1984 63.1% 6,108 36.5% 3,528 0.4% 42
1980 59.1% 5,903 33.6% 3,353 7.4% 734
1976 48.9% 4,504 50.8% 4,680 0.3% 29
1972 51.6% 4,936 48.1% 4,601 0.3% 27
1968 46.5% 3,929 50.1% 4,235 3.4% 288
1964 40.2% 3,593 59.8% 5,353
1960 55.2% 5,309 44.8% 4,304
1956 57.7% 5,150 42.3% 3,772
1952 65.9% 5,750 34.1% 2,974
1948 45.0% 3,349 54.3% 4,042 0.7% 50
1944 51.8% 3,348 48.2% 3,120
1940 53.8% 4,320 46.2% 3,705
1936 39.4% 3,005 55.9% 4,256 4.7% 359
1932 34.3% 2,538 65.0% 4,806 0.7% 52
1928 53.1% 3,762 46.6% 3,299 0.4% 26
1924 41.4% 1,862 13.9% 627 44.7% 2,011
1920 59.8% 2,706 19.2% 867 21.0% 949
1916 51.8% 1,550 44.9% 1,344 3.2% 97
1912 0.0% 0 45.0% 1,111 55.0% 1,356
1908 63.3% 1,618 32.5% 831 4.2% 107
1904 72.2% 1,741 24.1% 582 3.7% 89
1900 58.3% 1,225 38.3% 805 3.4% 72
1896 57.1% 1,041 41.6% 759 1.3% 23
1892 52.2% 882 24.1% 408 23.7% 401

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 26, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 86.
  5. ^ a b Codington County SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  6. ^ "Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  8. ^ American Game Association State Public Shooting Area, Florence SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  9. ^ Blythe State Public Shooting Area, Henry SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  10. ^ Christopherson State Public Shooting Area, Henry SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  11. ^ Clarksean State Public Shooting Area, Henry SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  12. ^ Codington County State Public Shooting Area Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  13. ^ Curley State Public Shooting Area Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  14. ^ Elmore State Public Shooting Area Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  15. ^ Gilbert State Public Shooting Area, Henry SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  16. ^ Goose Lake State Public Shooting Area, Watertown SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  17. ^ Hanson State Public Shooting Area Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  18. ^ Horseshoe Lake State Public Shooting Area, Florence SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  19. ^ Larson State Public Shooting Area, South Shore SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  20. ^ McKillicans Lake State Public Shooting Area, Florence SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  21. ^ North Nichols State Public Shooting Area, Florence SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  22. ^ North Stink Lake State Public Shooting Area, Henry SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  23. ^ Pelican Lake State Recreation Area Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  24. ^ Punished Womans Lake State Shooting Area, South Shore SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  25. ^ Sandy Shore State Recreation Area Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  26. ^ Spencer State Public Shooting Area, Henry SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  27. ^ Spoonbill Pass State Public Shooting Area, Henry SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  28. ^ Thompson's Point State Lakeside Use Area Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  29. ^ Warner Lake State Public Shooting Area, Henry SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  30. ^ Wolf State Public Shooting Area, Hazel SD Google Maps (accessed February 1, 2019)
  31. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  32. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  33. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  34. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  35. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  36. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  37. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  38. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  39. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  40. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  41. ^ Appleby SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  42. ^ Rauville SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  43. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 13 April 2018.

Coordinates: 44°59′N 97°11′W / 44.98°N 97.18°W / 44.98; -97.18