Cologne Bonn Airport

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Cologne Bonn Airport

Flughafen Köln/Bonn
Köln Bonn Airport Logo.svg
Köln Bonn Airport - Terminal 1-0266.jpg
Airport typePublic
OperatorFlughafen Köln/Bonn GmbH
ServesCologne, Bonn and region
LocationCologne and Troisdorf, Germany
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL302 ft / 92 m
Coordinates50°51′57″N 007°08′34″E / 50.86583°N 7.14278°E / 50.86583; 7.14278Coordinates: 50°51′57″N 007°08′34″E / 50.86583°N 7.14278°E / 50.86583; 7.14278
EDDK is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Location of airport
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 2,459 8,068 Concrete/Asphalt
14L/32R 3,815 12,516 Asphalt
14R/32L 1,863 6,112 Concrete/Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passenger change 17-18Increase4.6%
Aircraft movements144.204
Movements change 17-18Increase2.0%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, ADV[1]

Cologne Bonn Airport (German: Flughafen Köln/Bonn „Konrad Adenauer“, also known as Flughafen Köln-Wahn) (IATA: CGN, ICAO: EDDK) is the international airport of Germany's fourth-largest city Cologne, and also serves Bonn, former capital of West Germany. With around 12.4 million passengers passing through it in 2017, it is the seventh-largest passenger airport in Germany and the third-largest in terms of cargo operations. By traffic units, which combines cargo and passengers, the airport is in fifth position in Germany.[2] As of March 2015, Cologne Bonn Airport had services to 115 passenger destinations in 35 countries.[3] It is named after Konrad Adenauer, a Cologne native and the first post-war Chancellor of West Germany.

The airport is located in the district of Porz and is surrounded by the Wahner Heide nature reserve. The airport is centrally located in the Cologne Bonn Region 14.8 km (9.2 mi) southeast of Cologne city centre and 16 km (9.9 mi) northeast of Bonn. Cologne Bonn Airport is one of the country's few 24-hour airports and serves as a hub for Eurowings, FedEx Express and UPS Airlines as well as a focus city for several leisure and low-cost airlines. It is also a host of the German and European space agencies DLR and EAC, part of ESA, which train astronauts there for space explorations.


Early years[edit]

In 1913, the first plane took off from the Wahner Heide military training area on an artillery reconnaissance flight. In 1939 an airfield was built for the German Luftwaffe.[citation needed]

After World War II the British military took over and expanded the airport (as RAF Wahn). A 1,866 m runway was built in this period. In 1951 the airport was opened for civilian air traffic, superseding the former Cologne Butzweilerhof Airport.

During the 1950s and 1960s two additional runways and a new passenger terminal were constructed. On 1 November 1970 a Boeing 747 took off for New York City from the airport for the first time.

Cologne Bonn Airport was chosen by United Parcel Service (UPS) in 1986 as the location for their European hub.[citation needed]

In the late 1990s the airport started an expansion program. Several new parking lots and a second terminal were built, and in 2004 a new long-distance railway station was opened. The airport is jointly owned by the City of Cologne (31.12%), the Federal Republic of Germany (30.94%), the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (30.94%), the City of Bonn (6.06%) and two counties (0.94%).[4]

Development in the 2000s[edit]

Coinciding with the start of several low-cost airlines in Germany, Cologne/Bonn opened new capacities. This enabled the airport to make competitive offers to the airlines. Consequently, Germanwings and TUIfly started operations from Cologne/Bonn as their hub in the fall of 2002. As a result, the number of passengers in 2003 rose by 43% compared to 2002. These airlines were joined by easyJet in late 2003 and Wizz Air in June 2006.

Also, the Canadian Forces began to use the airport as a staging area to move troops and supplies in support of humanitarian missions and possible anti-terrorism roles.[5]

In 2006 the Brazilian airline BRA provided a twice a week connection to Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, which was discontinued in April 2007 due to problems with the airline. Also in 2006 a daily transatlantic flight to New Jersey's Newark Liberty International Airport by Continental Airlines was established, operating with a Boeing 757-200. This route was discontinued on 4 September 2008 due to a reduction in passenger numbers.[6]

Low-cost carriers Ryanair and Norwegian Air Shuttle began service to Cologne/Bonn in May 2012. In April 2014 Ryanair announced the opening of their fifth German base at Cologne/Bonn Airport for October 2014.[7] In December 2014, Lufthansa announced it would base Eurowings' new long-haul operations at Cologne Bonn Airport with flights to Florida, Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean to start by the end of 2015.[8] Meanwhile, Condor cancelled their service to Varadero after only one season due to the expected competition.[9] In February 2018, Eurowings announced the relocation of all long-haul operations from Cologne consisting of four Airbus A330 aircraft to Düsseldorf Airport by late October 2018 leaving the airport without any long-haul passenger routes again.[10]


Exterior of Terminal 2

Cologne Bonn Airport has two passenger terminals which are located directly beside each other:

Terminal 1[edit]

The older Terminal 1 is a 1970s building that sports large surfaces of bare concrete in its design. It features a u-shaped main building with shops, restaurants, check-in and service facilities and a visitors deck on its roof as well as the star-shaped piers B and C with five aircraft stands each plus a central airside hall between them added in 2004 with joint security-check facilities, more shops and restaurants as well as three additional stands. All ten stands at both piers feature jet bridges while the other three use walk-boarding. Also several bus-boarding stands are available at the apron. Terminal 1 is used by Eurowings, which occupy most of the landside check-in facilities, Lufthansa and Austrian Airlines.[11] Terminal 1 features its own direct connection to the railway station.

Terminal 2[edit]

Construction of Terminal 2 began in June 1997, and operations at the terminal commenced on 21 June 2000. It is located to the north of Terminal 1. Both feature separate check-in facilities but are connected through a landside walkway. As part of a plan-approval procedure the airport is currently seeking approval for building an airside connection between both terminals. Terminal 2 is a modern-style rectangular building made out of glass and steel which is equipped with eight stands with jet bridges as well as several stands for bus-boarding. It is used by several airlines such as Ryanair and Iran Air.[11] Terminal 2 is also directly connected to the airports' railway station via the basement level. The terminal hosts an interdenominational prayer room on its base level.[12]

Airlines and destinations[edit]


The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Cologne Bonn Airport:[13]

Air Arabia Maroc Agadir, Nador
AtlasGlobal Seasonal: Antalya, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
Blue Air Bucharest, Iași
British Airways Seasonal: London–Gatwick
Corendon Airlines[14] Seasonal: Antalya, Gazipaşa, Izmir
Corendon Airlines Europe[15] Hurghada
Seasonal: Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Kos, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Tenerife–South
easyJet Berlin–Tegel
Ellinair Seasonal: Thessaloniki
Eurowings[16] Ankara,[17] Barcelona, Bari, Berlin–Tegel, Bologna, Budapest, Catania, Dresden, Edinburgh, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Kayseri, Klagenfurt, Kütahya, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Leipzig/Halle, Lisbon, London–Heathrow, Milan–Malpensa, Monastir, Munich, Nador, Naples, Ordu–Giresun, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Prague, Pristina, Rijeka, Rome–Fiumicino, Salzburg, Sarajevo, Split, Thessaloniki, Trieste,[18] Tunis, Venice, Vienna, Zagreb, Zürich
Seasonal: Antalya, Arvidsjaur (begins 16 January 2020),[19] Athens, Bastia, Bodrum, Brindisi, Cagliari, Calvi, Casablanca, Corfu, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Faro, Fuerteventura, Grenoble, Heraklion, Ibiza, Izmir, Jerez de la Frontera, Kavala, Kos, Lamezia Terme, London–Stansted, Menorca, Mykonos, Nice, Olbia, Osijek, Pisa, Pula, Reykjavík–Keflávik, Rhodes, Santorini, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tangier, Tenerife–South, Tirana, Varna, Verona, Zadar
Georgian Airways Tbilisi
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini[20] Seasonal: Manchester
Lufthansa Munich
Nouvelair Seasonal: Djerba, Enfidha
Onur Air Seasonal: Antalya, Kayseri
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Adana, Antalya, Bodrum,[21] Izmir
Pobeda Moscow–Vnukovo
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bergamo, Berlin–Schönefeld (ends 25 October 2019),[22], Bologna, Bordeaux, Bristol, Copenhagen, Dublin, Gran Canaria, Katowice (begins 2 November 2019),[23] London–Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Manchester, Marrakesh, Olsztyn-Mazury (begins 7 November 2019),[24] Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Riga, Rome–Ciampino, Seville, Sofia, Tenerife–South, Treviso, Valencia, Vilnius, Vitoria, Warsaw–Modlin
Seasonal: Aqaba, Corfu, Faro, Knock, Zadar[25]
SunExpress Antalya, Izmir
Seasonal: Dalaman, Kayseri
SunExpress Deutschland Hurghada
Seasonal: Ankara, Burgas, Dalaman, Enfidha, Kayseri, Marsa Alam, Ordu–Giresun, Trabzon, Varna
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon (ends 26 October 2019)[26]
TUI fly Deutschland Antalya, Barcelona, Boa Vista, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Sal, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Heraklion, Kos, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Wizz Air[27] Cluj-Napoca (ends 26 October 2019), Craiova, Gdańsk, Katowice, Kutaisi (begins 1 July 2020)[28], Kiev–Zhuliany, Skopje, Tuzla, Varna, Vienna (begins 18 December 2019)


Cologne Bonn Airport is a major cargo hub in the world mainly due to its function as a hub for FedEx Express and UPS Airlines.

ATRAN Moscow–Vnukovo
Cargojet Brussels, Halifax, Hamilton (ON)
EgyptAir Cargo Cairo,[29] Johannesburg-O. R. Tambo[30]
FedEx Express Athens, Memphis, Munich, Shanghai–Pudong, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
FedEx Feeder Paris–Charles de Gaulle
MNG Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk, Leipzig/Halle, Paris–Charles de Gaulle[31]
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk
UPS Airlines Almaty, Ancona, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Bergamo, Budapest, Bucharest, Cardiff, Chicago–O'Hare, Cork, Dubai–International, Dublin, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Geneva, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Istanbul–Atatürk, Katowice, Ljubljana, London–Stansted, Louisville, Lyon, Madrid, Malmö, Marseille, Moscow–Vnukovo, Mumbai, Munich, Oslo–Gardermoen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Philadelphia, Porto, Prague, Reykjavík–Keflávik, Rome–Ciampino, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Singapore, Stockholm–Arlanda, Sofia, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Timisoara, Valencia, Venice, Vienna, Warsaw–Chopin, Zagreb
West Air Sweden Berlin–Schönefeld


Aerial overview
Terminal overview; Terminal 1 is on the left with the connecting hall between both main piers still under construction, Terminal 2 on the right
Airside area at Terminal 2
Main cargo ramp

Passengers and freight[edit]

Passengers Movements Freight (in t)
2000 6,291,739 138,434 423,641
2001 Decrease 5,705,819 Decrease 134,950 Increase 443,040
2002 Decrease 5,375,126 Decrease 125,307 Increase 494,331
2003 Increase 7,758,655 Increase 139,872 Increase 518,493
2004 Increase 8,332,961 Decrease 136,927 Increase 605,069
2005 Increase 9,452,185 Increase 140,775 Increase 636,887
2006 Increase 9,904,236 Decrease 139,096 Increase 685,563
2007 Increase 10,471,657 Decrease 138,837 Increase 704,649
2008 Decrease 10,342,931 Decrease 128,713 Decrease 578,161
2009 Decrease 9,739,581 Decrease 120,675 Decrease 552,363
2010 Increase 9,849,779 Increase 121,011 Increase 656,120
2011 Decrease 9,623,398 Decrease 117,715 Increase 742,372
2012 Decrease 9,280,070 Increase 125,335 Increase 751,183
2013 Decrease 9,077,346 Decrease 120,385 Decrease 739,569
2014 Increase 9,450,493 Increase 123,241 Increase 754,356
2015 Increase 10,338,375 Increase 128,616 Increase 757,717
2016 Increase 11,910,138 Increase 136,905 Increase 786,407
2017 Increase 12,384,223 Increase 141,338 Increase 838,526
Source: ADV German Airports Association[32]

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest domestic routes (2017)
Rank Destination Passengers Airlines
1 Berlin-Tegel 1,232,847 Easyjet, Eurowings
2 Munich 988,723 Eurowings, Lufthansa
3 Hamburg 486,034 Eurowings
4 Berlin-Schönefeld 428,703 Ryanair
5 Dresden 144,067 Eurowings
Source: Airport Traffic Statistics[33]

Busiest European routes (2017)
Rank Destination Passengers Airlines
1 Spain Palma de Mallorca 916,478 Condor Flugdienst, Eurowings, Laudamotion, Ryanair, Small Planet Airlines (Germany), TUI fly Deutschland
2 United Kingdom London-Stansted 415,573 Eurowings, Ryanair
3 Austria Vienna 343,465 Austrian Airlines, Eurowings
4 Turkey Istanbul-Atatürk 275,390 Turkish Airlines
5 Spain Barcelona 245,315 Eurowings, Ryanair
Source: Airport Traffic Statistics[33]

Busiest intercontinental routes (2017) (excl. European part of Turkey)
Rank Destination Passengers Airlines
1 Turkey Antalya 417,544 AtlasGlobal, Condor Flugdienst, Onur Air, Pegasus Airlines, SunExpress, Tailwind Airlines, TUI fly Deutschland
2 Turkey Istanbul-Sabiha Gökcen 258,082 AtlasGlobal, Eurowings, Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
3 Turkey Izmir 138,699 Eurowings, Pegasus Airlines, SunExpress
4 Egypt Hurghada 90,067 AlMasria Universal Airlines, Nesma Airlines, SunExpress Deutschland, TUI fly Deutschland
5 Dominican Republic Punta Cana 85,141 Eurowings
Source: Airport Traffic Statistics[33]

Ground transportation[edit]


Platforms at Cologne/Bonn Airport station

Cologne/Bonn Airport station is a 4-track railway station on a loop off the Cologne–Frankfurt high-speed line that connects Cologne Bonn Airport to long-distance trains at least once an hour per direction, most of them ICE services. The station lies directly across both terminals under a large glass roof and features direct connections to the basement of Terminal 2 as well as the check-in area at Terminal 1-C. The S-Bahn line S13 as well as regional train line RE8 also stop here and continue to Cologne and Bonn.[34] Regional Express line RE6 connects the airport station with Düsseldorf Main Station, via Cologne Main Station and Neuss Main Station with an hourly frequency.


The airport has its own exit (named Flughafen) on motorway A59 which links it to the city centres of Cologne and Bonn as well as the Ruhrgebiet.[34]


Local bus lines also connect the airport with Cologne (route 161) and Bonn (route SB60).[34] On 28 October 2015, a new coach terminal opened and is used for remote bus services to other German cities and many other European countries.

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Sommerflugplan 2015: Sieben neue Ziele ab Flughafen Köln/Bonn". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  4. ^ "Unternehmensführung der Flughafen Köln/Bonn GmbH". Retrieved 21 February 2014.
  5. ^ Steven Chase. "MacKay secures German staging base for post-Afghan missions". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
  6. ^ "United Airlines – Airline Tickets, Travel Deals and Flights". Archived from the original on 16 November 2009. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  7. ^ "Ryanair eröffnet zum Winter Basis am Flughafen Köln-Bonn". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  8. ^ UBM Information Ltd. 2015 (3 December 2014). "Eurowings to Launch Long-Haul from Cologne under Lufthansa 'Wings' Project". Routesonline. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  9. ^ "Billigflüge: Köln im Zentrum der Schlacht - aeroTELEGRAPH". aeroTELEGRAPH. 14 March 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  10. ^ - "Eurowings moves A330 from Cologne to Düsseldorf" (German) 1 February 2018
  11. ^ a b "Orientierung am Airport, Wegweiser Köln Bonn Airport". Retrieved 21 February 2014.
  12. ^ "Prayer Room Airport Cologne / Bonn". Architizer. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  13. ^ "Flight Destinations, Travel Destinations - Cologne Bonn Airport". Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  14. ^ "Flights".
  15. ^ "Flights".
  16. ^ "Eurowings flight plan". Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  17. ^ Liu, Jim. "Eurowings expands Turkey network in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  18. ^ Liu, Jim. "Eurowings files additional short-haul routes in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  19. ^ "Eurowings adds Cologne – Arvidsjaur service in 1Q20". Retrieved 4 July 2019.
  20. ^ "Timetable".
  21. ^ Liu, Jim. "Pegasus schedules new Bodrum – Germany routes in 3Q19". Routesonline. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  22. ^ "Ryanair streicht Flugverbindung von Köln/Bonn nach Berlin". 11 August 2019.
  23. ^ "Ryanair in Katowice opens the base at the airport in Pyrzowice and 11 new directions to European cities". 15 March 2019.
  24. ^ "Ryanair launches new Olsztyn-Mazury route to Cologne". 12 June 2019.
  25. ^ "Ryanair Verkündet Sommerflugplan 2019: 24 Neue Strecken In Deutschland". Ryanair. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  26. ^ "TAP define plano de rota para 2020". Retrieved 14 August 2019.
  27. ^ "Welcome to the world of opportunity! - Wizz Air". Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  30. ^
  31. ^ "MNG AIRLINES - SERVICES". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  32. ^ "German Airport Statistics (German)". Archived from the original on 24 January 2016.
  33. ^ a b c "(German)" (PDF). Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  34. ^ a b c "Anreise mit dem PKW". Retrieved 4 June 2015.

External links[edit]

Media related to Cologne Bonn Airport at Wikimedia Commons