Color Light Output
Color Light Output (CLO), also known as Color Brightness, is a specification that provides information on a projector’s ability to reproduce color. Color Light Output is specified in the lumen unit and measures a color projection system's ability to correctly reproduce color brightness.
The Color Light Output specification provides projector buyers the advantage of a standard, objective metric with which to make product comparisons and selections. Projector manufacturers generally provide information about resolution, white light brightness and contrast ratio as descriptors of projector performance. However, none of these specifications directly covered a projector’s color performance. The Color Light Output metric complements existing specifications to give buyers an accurate way to evaluate competing projector models more thoroughly.
In 2009, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) issued a scientific paper stating that in addition to the typical white light brightness rating of display devices, there was a need for providing "an equivalent measurement that will better describe a projector's color performance when rendering full color imagery".
In 2010, over 8.5 million projectors were purchased. Although image quality consistently ranked at the top of purchase criteria, there was no standardized way to measure the color performance in displays, which is a key aspect of image quality, until the release of the Color Light Output specification .
In 2012, the Society for Information Display (SID), a global professional organization focused on the development of the display industry, published the Color Light Output standard to provide display and projector buyers with an easy metric to evaluate color performance. The Color Light Output standard was developed after the SID conducted comprehensive research and performance evaluations and concluded that a color performance standard was scientifically valid and relevant for the display industry. Color Light Output measurement methodologies for displays, including projectors are specified in a document entitled The International Display Measurement Standard (IDMS). which was developed in collaboration with SID's affiliated organizations: the International Committee for Display Metrology (ICDM) and the Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA).
- NIST paper NISTIR 6657, January 2009: "A Rational Methodology for Estimating the Luminous Flux Based upon Color Primaries from Digital Projection Displays"
- Pacific Media Associates Press Release, March 24, 2011: Pacific Media Predicts Unit Shipments of Projectors Will Grow 35 Percent Per Year Through 2015
- SID/ICDM/VESA paper, June 1, 2012: "The International Display Measurement Standard"