|2018–19 Colorado Avalanche season|
|Home arena||Pepsi Center|
|Colors||Burgundy, blue, silver, black|
|Media||Altitude Sports and Entertainment|
Altitude Sports 92.5
|Owner(s)||Ann Walton Kroenke|
|General manager||Joe Sakic|
|Head coach||Jared Bednar|
|Minor league affiliates||Colorado Eagles (AHL)|
Utah Grizzlies (ECHL)
|Stanley Cups||2 (1995–96, 2000–01)|
|Conference championships||2 (1995–96, 2000–01)|
|Presidents' Trophy||2 (1996–97, 2000–01)|
|Division championships||9 (1995–96, 1996–97, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–00, 2000–01, 2001–02, 2002–03, 2013–14)|
The Colorado Avalanche are a professional ice hockey team based in Denver, Colorado. They are members of the Central Division of the Western Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). The Avalanche are the only team in their division not based in the Central Time Zone; the team is situated in the Mountain Time Zone. Their home arena is Pepsi Center. Their general manager is Joe Sakic.
The Avalanche were founded in 1972 as the Quebec Nordiques and were one of the charter franchises of the World Hockey Association. The franchise joined the NHL in 1979 as a result of the NHL–WHA merger. Following the 1994–95 season, they were sold to the COMSAT Entertainment Group and relocated to Denver.
In the club's first season in Denver, the Avalanche won the Pacific Division and went on to sweep the Florida Panthers in the 1996 Stanley Cup Finals, becoming the first NHL team to win the Stanley Cup in the season following a relocation. Among teams in the major North American professional sports leagues, only the National Football League (NFL)'s Washington Redskins have also accomplished the feat. This was the first major professional sports championship a Denver-based team would bring to the city.
In the 2001 Stanley Cup Finals, the Avalanche defeated the New Jersey Devils 4–3 to win their second and most recent championship. As a result, they are the only active NHL team that has won all of its Stanley Cup Final appearances.
The Avalanche have won nine division titles (including their first eight in a row in Denver, the longest such streak in NHL history) and qualified for the playoffs in each of their first ten seasons in Denver; this streak ended in 2007.
- 1 Franchise history
- 1.1 Quebec Nordiques (1972–1995)
- 1.2 Colorado Avalanche (1995–present)
- 2 Team information
- 3 Season-by-season record
- 4 Players and personnel
- 5 Honored members
- 6 Team culture
- 7 Franchise records and leaders
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Quebec Nordiques (1972–1995)
The Quebec Nordiques were one of the World Hockey Association (WHA)'s original teams when the league began play in 1972. Though first awarded to a group in San Francisco, the team quickly moved to Quebec City when the California deal soured because of financial and arena problems. During their seven WHA seasons, the Nordiques won the Avco World Trophy once, in 1977 and lost the finals once, in 1975. In 1979, the franchise entered the NHL, along with the WHA's Edmonton Oilers, Hartford Whalers and Winnipeg Jets.
After making the postseason for seven consecutive years, from 1981 to 1987, the Nordiques started to decline. From 1987–88 to 1991–92, the team finished last in their division every season, and three of those times they finished last in the league. This included a dreadful 12-win season in 1989–90 that is still the worst in franchise history. As a result, the team earned three consecutive first overall draft picks, used to select Mats Sundin (1989), Owen Nolan (1990) and Eric Lindros (1991). Lindros made it clear he did not wish to play for the Nordiques, to the extent he did not wear the team's jersey for the press photographs, only holding it when it was presented to him. On advice from his mother, he refused to sign a contract and began a holdout that lasted over a year. On June 30, 1992, he was traded to the Philadelphia Flyers in exchange for five players, the rights to Swedish prospect Peter Forsberg, two first-round draft picks and US$15 million. The Eric Lindros trade turned the moribund Nordiques into a Stanley Cup contender almost overnight, and in hindsight is seen as one of the most one-sided deals in sports history. In the first season after the trade, 1992–93, the Nordiques reached the playoffs for the first time in six years. Two years later, they won the Northeast Division and had the second best regular-season record during the lockout-shortened season.
While the team experienced on-ice success, it spent most of its first 23 years struggling financially. Quebec City was by far the smallest market in the NHL, and the second-smallest to host a team in the four major sports. The changing financial environment in the NHL made things even more difficult. In 1995, team owner Marcel Aubut asked for a bailout from Quebec's provincial government as well as a new publicly funded arena. The bailout fell through, and Aubut subsequently began talks with COMSAT Entertainment Group in Denver, which already owned the National Basketball Association (NBA)'s Denver Nuggets. In May 1995, COMSAT announced an agreement in principle to purchase the team. The deal became official on July 1, 1995, and 12,000 season tickets were sold in the 37 days after the announcement of the move to Denver. Even though the team was losing money, it was sold so that outgoing owner Marcel Aubut could make a profit off the franchise.
COMSAT considered several names for the team, including Extreme, Blizzards and Black Bears. It also debated whether to brand the team as a Denver team or as a regional franchise representing either Colorado or the entire Rocky Mountain region. Initially, COMSAT filed copyright protection for "Black Bears", but reportedly decided to name the team Rocky Mountain Extreme. However, when The Denver Post leaked the new name, fan reaction was so negative that COMSAT reversed course and decided to name the team the "Colorado Avalanche." The new name was revealed on August 10, 1995. With the move, the newly relocated team transferred to the Pacific Division of the Western Conference.
Colorado Avalanche (1995–present)
1995–96: First year, first Cup
After buying the team, COMSAT organized its Denver sports franchises under a separate subsidiary, Ascent Entertainment Group Inc., which went public in 1995. COMSAT retained an 80% controlling interest, with the other 20% available on NASDAQ. The Avalanche played their first game in the McNichols Sports Arena in Denver (where the Denver Nuggets also played) on October 6, 1995, winning 3–2 against the Detroit Red Wings. It marked a return of the NHL to Denver after an absence of 13 years, when the Colorado Rockies (not to be confused with the Major League Baseball team of the same name) moved to New Jersey to become the New Jersey Devils. Valeri Kamensky scored the first goal as the Avalanche. Led by captain Joe Sakic, forward Peter Forsberg and defenseman Adam Foote on the ice and Pierre Lacroix as the general manager and Marc Crawford as the head coach, the Avalanche became stronger when All-Star Montreal Canadiens goalie Patrick Roy joined the team. Feeling humiliated for being left in the net after having let in 9 goals in 26 shots during a Canadiens game against the Red Wings, Roy joined the Avalanche on December 6, 1995, together with ex-Montreal captain Mike Keane in a trade for Jocelyn Thibault, Martin Rucinsky and Andrei Kovalenko.
The Avalanche finished the regular season with a 47–25–10 record for 104 points, won the Pacific Division and finished second in the Western Conference. Colorado progressed to the playoffs, defeating the Vancouver Canucks, Chicago Blackhawks and the Presidents' Trophy-winning Detroit Red Wings in the Western Conference Finals, all in six games. In the Stanley Cup Finals, the Avalanche met the Florida Panthers, who were also in their first Finals. The Avalanche swept the series 4–0. In Game 4, during the third overtime and after more than 100 minutes of play with no goals, defenseman Uwe Krupp scored to claim the franchise's first Stanley Cup. Joe Sakic was the playoff's scoring leader with 34 points (18 goals and 16 assists) and won the Conn Smythe Trophy, awarded to the most valuable player to his team during the playoffs. The 1995–96 Cup was the first major professional championship won by a Denver team and the Avalanche are the only team (expansion or brand new) in NHL history to win the Stanley Cup their first season after a relocation, and only the second team to win a championship their first season after a relocation in any of the four major North American sports leagues, following the Washington Redskins of the National Football League. They also became the second team from the WHA to win the Cup. With the Cup win, Russians Alexei Gusarov and Valeri Kamensky and Swede Peter Forsberg became members of the Triple Gold Club, the exclusive group of ice hockey players who have won Olympic gold, World Championship gold and the Stanley Cup.
1996–2000: Early success
In 1996–97, Colorado won the Pacific Division again as well as the Presidents' Trophy for finishing the regular season with the best record in the NHL, at 49–24–9 for 107 points. The team was also the NHL's best scoring with an average of 3.38 goals scored per game. The Avalanche met the two lowest scorers of the Western Conference in the first two rounds of the playoffs, the Chicago Blackhawks and the Edmonton Oilers, and defeated them in six games and five games, respectively. During a rematch of the previous year Western Conference Finals, the Avalanche lost to the Detroit Red Wings in six games. Detroit went on to sweep the Stanley Cup Finals just as the Avalanche had done the year before. Sandis Ozolinsh was elected for the NHL's first All-Star team at the end of the season.
As a free agent during the summer of 1997, Joe Sakic signed a three-year, $21 million offer sheet with the New York Rangers. Under the collective agreement in place at the time between the NHL and NHL Players' Association (NHLPA), the Avalanche had one week to match the Rangers' offer or let go of Sakic. Colorado would match the offer, which instigated a salary raise for NHL players.
In the following season, Colorado won the Pacific Division with a 39–26–17 record for 95 points. The Avalanche sent 10 players representing seven countries and head coach Marc Crawford representing Canada to the 1998 Winter Olympics ice hockey tournament in Nagano, Japan. Milan Hejduk won the gold medal for Czech Republic, Alexei Gusarov and Valeri Kamensky won the silver medal for Russia and Jari Kurri won the bronze medal for Finland. Colorado lost in the Western Conference Quarter-finals against the Edmonton Oilers in seven games, having led the series 3–1. Peter Forsberg was the NHL's second-highest scorer in the regular season with 91 points (25 goals and 66 assists) and was elected for the NHL's First All-Star Team. After the end of the season, head coach Marc Crawford rejected the team's offer of a two-year contract. Bob Hartley was hired to the head coach position in June 1998.
In 1998–99, with the addition of the Nashville Predators to the NHL, the NHL realigned their divisions and the Avalanche were put in the new Northwest Division. Despite a slow 2–6–1 start, Colorado finished with a 44–28–10 record for 98 points, won the Northwest Division and finished second in the Western Conference. Between January 10 and February 7, the Avalanche had their longest ever winning streak with 12 games. Following the Columbine High School massacre, Colorado postponed their first two playoff games to a later date; they would wear patches in honor of the Columbine victims on their jerseys during the playoffs. After defeating both the San Jose Sharks and the Detroit Red Wings in six games in the first two rounds, Colorado met the Presidents' Trophy-winning Dallas Stars in the Western Conference Finals, where they lost in seven games. Forsberg, the playoffs' leading scorer with 24 points (8 goals and 16 assists), was again elected to the NHL's First All-Star team and Chris Drury won the Calder Memorial Trophy for the best rookie of the season. Together with Milan Hejduk, both were elected for the NHL All-Rookie Team at the end of the season.
It was in the 1999–2000 season that the Colorado Avalanche played their first game in the new Pepsi Center that cost US$160 million. Milan Hejduk scored the first goal of a 2–1 victory against the Boston Bruins on October 13, 1999. The Avalanche finished the season with a 42–28–11–1 record for 96 points and won the Northwest Division. Before the playoffs, the Avalanche strengthened their defense for a run towards the Stanley Cup. On March 6, 2000, the Boston Bruins traded future Hockey Hall of Fame defenseman Ray Bourque and forward Dave Andreychuk to Colorado for Brian Rolston, Martin Grenier, Samuel Pahlsson and a first round draft pick. Bourque, who had been a Bruin since 1979, requested a trade to a contender for a chance to win the Stanley Cup. However, and just as the year before, Colorado lost in the Conference Finals against the Dallas Stars in a seven games after defeating the Phoenix Coyotes and Detroit Red Wings in five games.
The Avalanche's success came amid considerable turmoil in the front office. COMSAT's diversification into sports ownership was proving a drain on the company. In particular, cost overruns associated with the construction of Pepsi Center had shareholders up in arms. Finally, in 1997, COMSAT agreed in principle to sell Ascent to Liberty Media. However, Liberty was not interested in sports ownership at the time (though it has since purchased Major League Baseball's Atlanta Braves), and made the deal contingent upon Ascent selling the Avalanche and Nuggets.
After almost two years, Ascent sold the Avalanche and Nuggets to Wal-Mart heirs Bill and Nancy Laurie for $400 million. However, a group of Ascent shareholders sued, claiming the sale price was several million dollars too low. Ascent then agreed to sell the Avalanche and Nuggets to Denver banking tycoon Donald Sturm for $461 million.
However, a new wrinkle appeared when the City of Denver refused to transfer the parcel of land on which Pepsi Center stood unless Sturm promised to keep the Avalanche and Nuggets in Denver for at least 25 years. Sturm had made his bid in his own name, and the City wanted to protect itself in case Sturm either died or sold the teams before the 25 years ran out. While Sturm was willing to make a long-term commitment to the city, he was not willing to be held responsible if he died or sold the teams. After negotiations fell apart, Liberty bought all of Ascent, but kept the Nuggets and Avalanche on the market.
Finally, in July 2000, the Avalanche, Nuggets and Pepsi Center were finally bought by real estate entrepreneur Stan Kroenke in a $450 million deal. Kroenke is the brother-in-law of the Lauries—his wife Ann is Nancy Laurie's sister. Liberty retained only a 6.5% stake of the sports franchises. As part of the deal, Kroenke placed the teams into a trust that would ensure the teams will stay in Denver until at least 2025. After the deal, Kroenke organized his sports assets under Kroenke Sports Enterprises.
2000–01: Second Stanley Cup
The 2000–01 season was the best season the team has ever had due to phenomenal play by all-time leading scorer in Avalanche history, Joe Sakic. The Avalanche won the Northwest Division and captured their second Presidents' Trophy after having finished the regular season with 52–16–10–4 for 118 points. Sakic finished the regular season with 118 points (54 goals and 64 assists), only three behind Jaromir Jagr's 121 points. On February 4, 2001, the Avalanche hosted the 51st NHL All-Star Game. Patrick Roy, Ray Bourque and Joe Sakic played for the North America team, who won 14–12 against the World team, that featured Milan Hejduk and Peter Forsberg. All but Hejduk were part of the starting lineups. Before the playoffs, the Avalanche acquired star defenseman Rob Blake and center Steven Reinprecht from the Los Angeles Kings in exchange for Adam Deadmarsh, Aaron Miller and their first-round 2001 Draft pick.
In the playoffs, Colorado swept their Western Conference Quarter-finals against the Vancouver Canucks. In the Western Conference Semi-finals, the Avalanche defeated the Los Angeles Kings in seven games, after having wasted a 3–1 lead. After the last game of the series, Peter Forsberg underwent surgery to remove a ruptured spleen and it was announced he would not play until the following season. The injury was a huge upset for the team—former NHL goaltender Darren Pang considered it "devastating... to the Colorado Avalanche". The team would overcome Forsberg's injury; in the Western Conference Finals, Colorado defeated the St. Louis Blues 4–1 and progressed to the Stanley Cup Finals, where they faced the defending champion New Jersey Devils. The Avalanche came back from a 3–2 series deficit and won the series 4–3, marking the second year in a row that defending champions lost in the Finals, as the Devils themselves defeated the Dallas Stars in 2000. After being handed the Cup from NHL Commissioner Gary Bettman, captain Joe Sakic immediately turned and gave it to Ray Bourque, capping off Bourque's 22-year career with his only championship. Sakic was the playoffs' leading scorer with 26 points (13 goals and 13 assists). He won the Hart Memorial Trophy, given to the NHL's most valuable player during the regular season; the Lady Byng Memorial Trophy, awarded to the player that has shown the best sportsmanship and gentlemanly conduct combined with performance in play; the Lester B. Pearson Award; and shared the NHL Plus/Minus Award with Patrik Elias of the Devils. Patrick Roy won the Conn Smythe Trophy as the MVP of the playoffs. Shjon Podein was awarded the King Clancy Memorial Trophy for significant humanitarian contributions to his community, namely his work on charitable organizations and his own children foundation. Ray Bourque and Joe Sakic were elected to the NHL's First All-Star Team. Rob Blake was elected to the Second All-Star Team.
2001–2004: Remaining competitive
In the 2001–02 season, Colorado finished the regular season with 99 points from a 45–28–8–1 record and won the Northwest Division. Colorado had the league's lowest goals conceded: 169, an average of 2.06 per game. The NHL season was interrupted once again for the 2002 Winter Olympics, in Salt Lake City. The Avalanche had nine players representing six countries. Canada won the ice hockey tournament and Rob Blake, Adam Foote and Joe Sakic won gold medals. American Chris Drury got a silver medal. With the win, Blake and Sakic became members of the Triple Gold Club. The Avalanche advanced through the first two rounds of the playoffs winning 4–3 against the Los Angeles Kings and 4–3 against the San Jose Sharks. Patrick Roy had a shutout on the decisive game of each series. The Avalanche made the Western Conference Finals for the fourth consecutive season (and sixth overall in the last seven seasons), meeting the Detroit Red Wings in the playoffs for the fifth time in seven years. Colorado had a 3–2 lead after five games, but lost Game 6 at home 2–0 and then the Red Wings won the deciding game at Detroit, 7–0. As in 1997, Detroit went on to win the Stanley Cup. Peter Forsberg was the playoffs' scoring leader with 27 points (9 goals, 18 assists). Patrick Roy won the William M. Jennings Trophy, given to the goaltenders of the team with fewest goals scored against. Roy was elected for the NHL's First All-Star Team, together with Joe Sakic. Rob Blake was elected for the Second All-Star Team.
The following season, 2002–03, saw the Avalanche claim the NHL record for most consecutive division titles, nine, breaking the Montreal Canadiens' streak of eight, won between 1974–82. The division title came after a bad start by the team, that led to the exit of head coach Bob Hartley, in December. General manager Pierre Lacroix promoted assistant coach Tony Granato, who had only three months of coaching experience as an assistant, to the head coach position. The team's playoff spot seemed in doubt at one point, but the Avalanche managed to finish with 105 points, ahead of the Vancouver Canucks by one. The race to the title was exciting, namely the second-to-last game of the season, as the Avalanche needed to win the game to stay in the race, and Milan Hejduk scored with ten seconds left in overtime to defeat the Mighty Ducks of Anaheim. The title was guaranteed in the final day of the regular season, when the Avalanche defeated the St. Louis Blues 5–2 and the Vancouver Canucks lost against the Los Angeles Kings 2–0. In the Western Conference Quarter-finals, the Avalanche blew a 3–1 series lead over the Minnesota Wild, and lost in overtime in Game 7. Peter Forsberg won the Art Ross Trophy for the leading scorer of the regular season, which he finished with 106 points (29 goals, 77 assists). Forsberg also won the Hart Memorial Trophy for the regular season's most valuable player and shared the NHL Plus/Minus Award with teammate Milan Hejduk. Hejduk scored 50 goals to win the Maurice "Rocket" Richard Trophy, awarded annually to the leading goal scorer in the NHL. Forsberg was elected to the NHL's First All-Star Team; Hejduk was elected to the Second All-Star Team.
After that season, Patrick Roy retired and the Avalanche signed star wingers Paul Kariya from the Mighty Ducks of Anaheim and Teemu Selanne from the San Jose Sharks. Both failed to live up to the expectations—Kariya spent most of the 2003–04 season injured and Selanne scored only 32 points (16 goals and 16 assists) in 78 games. There were doubts if goalie David Aebischer could perform at the top level the team was used to while having Roy. Having "nine elite players", "the most talented top six forwards on one team since the days of the Edmonton Oilers" was not good enough as the franchise failed to win the Northwest Division title, ending the NHL record streak. The 40–22–13–7 record was good enough for 100 points, one less than the Northwest Division champion Vancouver Canucks. This ended a streak of nine consecutive division titles dating to the team's last year in Quebec.
During a game against the Canucks on March 8, 2004, Canucks player Todd Bertuzzi punched Colorado's Steve Moore from behind, leaving Moore unconscious. It was said to be retaliation for a hit Moore had delivered to Canucks captain Markus Naslund the month before. Because of the punch and the consequent fall on the ice with Bertuzzi on top of him, and numerous other players from both teams piling on top, Moore sustained three fractured neck vertebrae, among other injuries, that ended his career. Bertuzzi was away from professional hockey for 17 months as a result of suspensions. In Denver, ever since the Moore hit, it has become tradition for the home fans to boo Todd Bertuzzi every time he gains possession of the puck, whenever his team faces the Avalanche at Pepsi Center.
In the playoffs, Colorado won the Western Conference Quarter-finals against the Dallas Stars in five games, but lost in the Western Conference Semi-finals against the San Jose Sharks in a six games. Joe Sakic became the only Avalanche player ever to be chosen as the All-Star Game Most Valuable Player during the 2004 NHL All-Star Game, when he scored a hat-trick. Sakic was elected for the league's first All-Star team at the end of the season and won the NHL/Sheraton Road Performer Award. After the end of the season, on July 2004, Joel Quenneville was hired for the position of head coach, replacing Tony Granato, who became his assistant.
The 2004–05 NHL season was canceled because of an unresolved lockout. During the lockout, many Avalanche players played in European leagues. David Aebischer returned home with Alex Tanguay to play for Swiss club HC Lugano; Milan Hejduk and Peter Forsberg returned to their former teams in their native countries, HC Pardubice and Modo Hockey. Nine other players from the Avalanche 2003–04 roster played in Europe during the lockout.
2005–2009: New beginnings
After the 2004–05 NHL lockout and the implementation of a salary cap, the Avalanche were forced to release some of their top players. Peter Forsberg and Adam Foote were lost to free agency to save room in the cap for Joe Sakic and Rob Blake. Although the salary cap was a blow to one of the highest spenders of the league, the Colorado Avalanche finished the 2005–06 regular season with a 43–30–9 record for 95 points, good enough to finish second in the Northwest Division, seven behind the Calgary Flames and tied with the Edmonton Oilers. The season paused in February for the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, Italy. The Avalanche sent an NHL leading 11 players from eight countries. Finnish Antti Laaksonen earned the silver medal, while Ossi Vaananen ended up not playing because of an injury; Czech Milan Hejduk won a bronze medal. In the Western Conference Quarter-finals, Colorado defeated the team with the second-best record in the Western Conference, the Dallas Stars, in five games. In the Conference Semi-finals, the Avalanche were swept for the first time ever, coming at the hands of the Mighty Ducks of Anaheim. The day after the loss, Pierre Lacroix, who had been the general manager of the franchise since 1994 when they were in Quebec, resigned, where Francois Giguere was then hired as his replacement. Lacroix remained president of the franchise until spring 2013, when the team owner's son, Josh Kroenke, took over as team president and governor. Pierre Lacroix remains an advisor to the team.
By the beginning of the 2006–07 season, Joe Sakic and Milan Hejduk were the only two remaining members from the 2000–01 Stanley Cup-winning squad. Sakic was the only player left from the team's days in Quebec, though Hejduk was drafted by the Nordiques. Paul Stastny, son of Nordiques legend Peter Stastny, also provided a link to the franchise's past. Before the previous season's playoffs, in a move reminiscent of Patrick Roy's trade, the Avalanche traded goaltender David Aebischer to the Montreal Canadiens for the Vezina Trophy-winning Jose Theodore. However, the move would not turn out to be as successful. Theodore posted a 13–15–1 record in 2006–07, with an .891 save percentage and 3.26 goals against average (GAA), with his US$6 million salary becoming a heavy burden for the Avalanche in the salary cap era. The Avalanche missed the playoffs for the first time since 1993–94, when they were still in Quebec. The team had a 15–2–2 run in the last 19 games of the season to keep their playoffs hopes alive until the penultimate day of the season. A 4–2 loss against the Nashville Predators on April 7, with former player Peter Forsberg assisting the game-winning goal scored by another former player, Paul Kariya, eliminated Colorado from the playoff race. As consolation, the team won the last game of the season against the Calgary Flames the following day and finished fourth in the Northwest Division and ninth in the Western Conference with a 44–31–7 record for 95 points, one less than eighth-seeded Calgary. Nonetheless, the result was greater than expected by hockey pundits; Sports Illustrated previewed before the start of the season that the Avalanche would finish 13th in the Western Conference. During that last game of the season, Joe Sakic scored a goal and two assists and became the second-oldest player in NHL history to reach 100 points, behind only Gordie Howe, who had 103 points at age 40 in the 1968–69 season. During the season, Paul Stastny set an NHL record for longest point streak by a rookie, with 20 games, three more than the previous record, held by Teemu Selanne and Karlis Skrastins set a new NHL record for the longest game streak by a defenseman, with 495 games. Until the Avalanche's 2006–07 season, no team in the history of the NHL had ever made it to 95 points without earning a spot in the playoffs. In the Eastern Conference, three teams progressed to the playoffs with fewer than 95 points: the New York Rangers (94), the Tampa Bay Lightning (93) and the New York Islanders (92).
For the 2007–08 season, the Avalanche signed two free agents: defenseman Scott Hannan and left winger Ryan Smyth. These acquisitions filled the team's needs and were expected to help make an impact in the playoffs. On February 25, 2008, unrestricted free agent Peter Forsberg signed with the Avalanche for the remainder of the 2007–08 season. A day later, at the trade deadline, they re-acquired defenseman Adam Foote from the Columbus Blue Jackets as well as Ruslan Salei from the Florida Panthers. In the Western Conference Quarter-finals, Colorado defeated the Minnesota Wild in six games. In the Western Conference Semi-finals, however, the Avalanche were swept by the eventual Stanley Cup champion Detroit Red Wings.
On May 9, 2008, the Colorado Avalanche Organization announced that Joel Quenneville would not return to coach the team next season. Two weeks later, Tony Granato was named head coach of the Avalanche for the second time.
The 2008–09 season was the worst season the Avalanche had since moving to Denver. Posting a record of 32–45–5, finishing 15th in the Western Conference (28th overall), and recording the fewest points since their days in Quebec during the 1979–80 season. The Avalanche missed the postseason for the second time in three seasons. It would be the first time in Avalanche history the team's top scorer would score less than 70 points on the season, as Milan Hejduk and Ryan Smyth would register only 59 points each. On April 13, 2009, just one day after the end of the season, the Avalanche relieved Francois Giguere of his general manager duties. Colorado would go on to receive the highest draft pick in Avalanche history, third overall. That pick turned out to be Brampton Battalion star Matt Duchene.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (March 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
In the 2009 off-season, the Avalanche named Greg Sherman the new general manager and Joe Sacco the new head coach. The following month, top scorer Ryan Smyth was traded to the Los Angeles Kings and Joe Sakic, the only team captain the Avalanche had ever known, retired after 21 seasons in the NHL. The Avalanche named Adam Foote as his replacement. Sakic's jersey retirement ceremony took place on October 1, 2009, before the season opener at home against the San Jose Sharks where the Avalanche won 5–2. The Avalanche started the season off strong until the Olympic break. Three Avalanche team members played in Vancouver: Paul Stastny for the United States, Ruslan Salei for Belarus and Peter Budaj for Slovakia. Following the Winter Olympics, the Avalanche struggled but eventually clinched a playoff spot with 95 points on the season, a 26-point improvement from the previous year's effort, and good enough for eighth place in the Western Conference. The Avalanche fell in the Western Conference Quarter-finals to the top-seeded San Jose Sharks in six games.
Stan Kroenke purchased full ownership in the St. Louis Rams of the National Football League (NFL) in 2010. Since the NFL does not allow its owners to hold majority control of major-league teams in other NFL cities, Kroenke turned over day-to-day control of the Denver Nuggets and Avalanche to his son Josh toward the end of 2010. Kroenke had to sell his controlling interest in both teams by 2014.
In 2010, the Avalanche made it to the playoffs but lost in the quarter-finals 4-2 against San Jose. Joe Sacco finished third in Jack Adams Trophy voting that season. The Avalanche failed to qualify for the playoffs in 2011. In the 2010-11 season, the Avalanche saw their worst season yet since moving to Denver. They only had 68 points in the standings and had winless streaks after the All-Star break. They finished 29th in the 30-team NHL, besting only their division mates, the Edmonton Oilers. Matt Duchene set a franchise record as the youngest scoring leader in Quebec/Colorado history with 67 points, sharing the club goals-leader title with David Jones. Former Avalanche player Peter Forsberg attempted a comeback in the NHL with Colorado mid-season. However, after two games, zero points and compiling a plus-minus rating of –4, Forsberg announced his retirement from professional hockey. Captain Adam Foote also retired after the final game of the season.
In the off-season, Colorado had two first-round picks. Present at the draft, former Avalanche great Joe Sakic served his first duties as new alternate governor and adviser of hockey operations of the club. With their first pick, second overall, they selected Gabriel Landeskog, the young captain of the Ontario Hockey League's Kitchener Rangers. Second, they selected defenseman Duncan Siemens 11th overall, a pick acquired from the St. Louis Blues in the controversial trade that sent power-forward Chris Stewart, long time top prospect Kevin Shattenkirk and a second-round pick to the Blues in exchange for their first round pick, veteran Jay McClement and 2006 former first overall pick, Erik Johnson. A complete overhaul at the goal tending position sent Peter Budaj to the Montreal Canadiens and Brian Elliott to St. Louis, Elliott having been acquired from the Ottawa Senators for Craig Anderson during the team's downward spiral the season previous. Goaltender Semyon Varlamov was dealt to Colorado from the Washington Capitals in exchange for a first and second pick, while veteran netminder and former Conn Smythe Trophy winner Jean-Sebastien Giguere was signed as a free agent in hopes to mentor the young Varlamov. Duncan Siemens was sent back to his major junior team, the Saskatoon Blades in camp, while Gabriel Landeskog made the opening night roster against the Detroit Red Wings on October 8, 2011, at Pepsi Center. Adam Deadmarsh was promoted from video/developmental coach to offensive assistant coach after Steve Konowalchuk accepted a job as head coach in the minor league.
Peter Forsberg's number 21 became the fourth jersey number retired by the Avalanche on opening night, a contest Colorado would lose to Detroit 3–0. Colorado redeemed themselves in game two of the season on October 10, 2011, against the 2011 Stanley Cup champion Boston Bruins. Varlamov negated all 30 shots registered by Boston and posted the fifth shutout of his career and first win as an Avalanche in the regular season. Milan Hejduk scored the game-winning goal and first goal of the season for the club in a 1–0 victory over the defending champions. In April 2012, the Avalanche were eliminated from playoff contention and finished 11th place in the Western Conference. Despite a 20-point improvement from last season's efforts, the team failed to reach the playoffs for the second-straight year, the first time the Colorado club would do so in their 17 years playing in Denver. Head coach Joe Sacco signed a two-year contract extension shortly after the end of the season. Stand out rookie Gabriel Landeskog overtook Matt Duchene as the youngest in franchise history to lead the team in goals, scoring 22 in 82 games.
Having resigned most of their free agents, the club wouldn't see much change in the 2012 off-season, with the exception of losing unrestricted free agents Peter Mueller, Jay McClement and Kevin Porter. Colorado would add Greg Zanon, John Mitchell and high scoring winger P. A. Parenteau to its roster. Gabriel Landeskog, the Avalanche's lone representative at the 2012 NHL Awards, won the Calder Memorial Trophy, joining Chris Drury, Peter Forsberg and Peter Stastny for earning top rookie honors for the Avalanche.
On September 4, 2012, Gabriel Landeskog was named the fourth captain of the Avalanche. Former captain Milan Hejduk relinquished his captaincy a week earlier. At 19 years and 286 days old, Landeskog is the youngest captain in NHL history, being 11 days younger than when Sidney Crosby was named captain of the Pittsburgh Penguins at 19 years and 297 days.
2013–2016: Return of Patrick Roy
After a disappointing 2012–13 season which saw the Colorado Avalanche finish 15th in the Western Conference and 29th overall in the League, it was announced on April 28, 2013, that head coach Joe Sacco had been relieved of his duties. On May 10, it was announced that former long-time Avalanche captain and Hockey Hall of Famer Joe Sakic is set to take on an expanded role in Avalanche management, being named executive vice president of hockey operations, overseeing all matters involving hockey personnel. It was also announced that Josh Kroenke, son of owner Stan Kroenke, is now president of the Avalanche, succeeding Pierre Lacroix. On May 23, Patrick Roy returned to the Avalanche as head coach and vice president of hockey operations. Although Sherman retained his role as general manager, he was largely reduced to an advisory role. Roy and Sakic now share most of the duties held by a general manager on most other NHL teams, though Sakic has the final say on hockey matters.
Under Roy in 2013–14, the Avalanche returned to the playoffs, finishing first in the Central Division and second in the Western Conference, but would lose a seven-game series to the Minnesota Wild in the Western Conference Quarter-finals. Nonetheless, for his outstanding job as a first-year coach, Roy won the Jack Adams Award for the NHL's top coaching honors.
Just prior to the start of the 2014–15 season, Sakic was given the title of general manager while Sherman was demoted to assistant general manager, thus formalizing the de facto arrangement that had been in place since 2013. Despite the front office changes, the Avalanche failed to qualify for the 2015 playoffs after finishing with a record of 39–31–12, resulting in a seventh-place finish in the Central Division.
After failing to qualify for the playoffs again following the 2015–16 season, on August 11, 2016, Roy resigned from his head coaching and vice president of hockey operations positions with the team.
2016–present: Jared Bednar era
Following the departure of Roy, the Avalanche hired Jared Bednar from the Calder Cup champions, the Lake Erie Monsters of the American Hockey League (AHL), as head coach. Bednar walked into a difficult situation. He was hired just a month before the opening of training camp, and thus had nowhere near enough time to install his own system. He was also unable to bring his own staff, having to make do with holdovers from Roy's staff. On December 10, 2016, the Avalanche allowed ten goals in a 10–1 loss to the Canadiens. The Avalanche closed out their season with a record of 22–56–4 and 48 points, the worst record in the league and the franchise's worst since moving to Denver (only the 1989–90 and 1990–91 Nordiques finished with fewer points). It was also the worst record of any team in the NHL since the Atlanta Thrashers finished with a record of 14–61–7 and 39 points in the 1999–2000 season (which was their first season in the league).
After much speculation about wanting out of Colorado, the Avalanche traded Duchene to the Ottawa Senators in a three-team trade on November 5, 2017. From Ottawa, the Avalanche acquired Andrew Hammond, Shane Bowers a 2018 first-round pick and a 2019 third-round pick. Additionally, the Avalanche acquired Samuel Girard, Vladislav Kamenev and a 2018 second-round pick from the Predators. The Avalanche had a ten-game win streak from January 2 to January 22. During that stretch, the Avalanche outscored their opponents 41–16. Offensively, the Avalanche were led by Nathan MacKinnon and Mikko Rantanen. MacKinnon finished fifth in league scoring with a 97 points, while Rantanen scored 84 points in his sophomore season. The Avalanche qualified for the playoffs in their final game of the regular season, defeating the Blues, who they were battling with for the final wild card spot, 5–2. The team finished with 95 points, a 47-point increase from their previous season. The Avalanche matched up with the league-leading Predators in the first round. After finding themselves down 3–1, the Avalanche rallied to win Game 5 2–1 after scoring two goals late in the third period. With Varlamov and Jonathan Bernier both out with injuries, Hammond started the game and made a career-high 44 saves. However, the Predators blanked the Avalanche 5–0 in Game 6 to win the series.
On November 18, 2018, the Avalanche beat the Ducks and earned its 1,000th win in team history. On May 2, 2019, it was announced that the City of Denver and KSE have reached an agreement to keep both the Avalanche and Denver Nuggets in the city until 2040.
The Colorado Avalanche logo is composed by a burgundy letter A with snow wrapped around, similar to an avalanche, in the shape of the letter C. There is a hockey puck in the lower–right end of the snow and a blue oval on the background.
The team's original alternate logo was the foot of a Sasquatch/Bigfoot and was seen on the shoulders of the Avalanche's home and away jerseys. The logo was used on their jerseys since 1995; however, prior to the start of the 2015 NHL Entry Draft, the club unveiled a new alternate logo. The new logo features the insignia taken from the Colorado state flag and re-colored to match the team's color scheme. The logo was featured on a patch located on the shoulders of the team's uniforms, along with a 20th anniversary logo, for the 2015–16 season.
The team colors are burgundy, steel blue, black, silver and white. For the 2007–08 season, the NHL introduced the new-look "Rbk EDGE" jerseys. The Avalanche debuted their new version of the Rbk EDGE jerseys on September 12, 2007, at an Avalanche press conference. The design is similar to the previous jerseys, with some added piping.
The road jersey from 1995 to 2003, which became the team's home jersey in 2003 when the NHL decided to switch home and road jerseys, is predominantly burgundy and dark blue in color. Along the jersey, there are two black and white zigzag lines, one in the shoulders, the other near the belly. Between them, the jersey is burgundy, outside those lines it is dark blue. Similar lines exist around the neck. The Avalanche logo is in the center of the jersey. On top of the shoulders, there is the alternate logo, one on each side. The away jersey is similar but with different colors. The burgundy part on the home jersey is white on the away jersey, the light blue part is burgundy and the black and white lines became gray and blue.
The Avalanche introduced a third jersey during the 2001–02 season. It is predominantly burgundy. "Colorado" is spelled in a diagonal across the jersey where the logo is on the other jerseys. From the belly down, three large horizontal stripes, the first and the last being black and the middle one being white. In the middle of the arms, there are five stripes, black, white and burgundy from the outside inside in both sides. On the shoulders is the primary "A" logo. The third jersey was not worn by the Avalanche for the 2007–08 or the 2008–09 seasons after the NHL switched to the Reebok Edge jerseys.
In the 2009–10 season, the Avalanche introduced a new third jersey that was worn for the first time during the November 14, 2009 home game against the Vancouver Canucks. It is similar to the club's previous third jersey, but is primarily blue instead of burgundy and features burgundy patches on the shoulders with the "A" logo inside. It also does not have horizontal striping on the bottom. On the arms, there are five stripes, burgundy, white and black from the outside inside in both sides. They are closer to the elbows than the stripes on the previous third jerseys.
Prior to the 2015–16 season, the Avalanche modified their existing uniform set by replacing the yeti foot shoulder logo in favor of the burgundy and navy "C" logo. A new third jersey was also unveiled, featuring navy as the dominant color, and a recolored version of the Rockies logo in front.
Before the 2017–18 season, the Avalanche unveiled new uniforms as part of the switch to Adidas. The look was inspired from the original uniforms they wore from 1995 to 2007, save for the bold silver border that pays homage to Colorado's silver mining industry. There were no third jerseys used during that season, but for the 2018–19 season and beyond, the Avalanche will wear their 2015 to 2017 navy uniforms as their alternates.
- Marc Moser – TV play-by-play 
- Peter McNab – TV analyst
- Mark Rycroft – TV studio analyst (rotating) and Radio analyst
- John-Michael Liles – TV studio analyst (rotating)
- Kyle Keefe – TV studio host (rotating)
- Conor McGahey – Radio play-by-play/analyst
- Mark Bertagnolli – Radio studio host
- Alan Roach – Public address
This is a partial list of the last five seasons completed by the Avalanche. For the full season-by-season history, see List of Colorado Avalanche seasons
Note: GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, OTL = Overtime Losses, Pts = Points, GF = Goals for, GA = Goals against
|2014–15||82||39||31||12||90||219||227||7th, Central||Did not qualify|
|2015–16||82||39||39||4||82||216||240||6th, Central||Did not qualify|
|2016–17||82||22||56||4||48||166||278||7th, Central||Did not qualify|
|2017–18||82||43||30||9||95||257||237||4th, Central||Lost in First Round, 2–4 (Predators)|
|2018–19||82||38||30||14||90||260||246||5th, Central||Lost in Second Round, 3–4 (Sharks)|
Players and personnel
- Pierre Lacroix, 1995–2006
- Francois Giguere, 2006–2009
- Greg Sherman, 2009–2014
- Joe Sakic, 2014–present
|19||Joe Sakic 1||C||1995–2009||October 1, 2009|
|October 8, 2011|
|23||Milan Hejduk||RW||1998–2013||January 6, 2018|
|33||Patrick Roy||G||1995–2003||October 28, 2003|
|November 2, 2013|
|77||Ray Bourque||D||2000–2001||November 24, 2001|
- 1 The banner features the captain "C" to honor his 18 years as team captain with both the Avalanche and predecessor Nordiques.
The numbers retired when the franchise was in Quebec – J. C. Tremblay's No. 3, Marc Tardif's No. 8, Michel Goulet's No. 16 and Peter Stastny's No. 26 – were entered back into circulation after the move to Colorado.
Hall of Famers
The Colorado Avalanche hold an affiliation with a number of inductees to the Hockey Hall of Fame. Nine inductees from the players category of the Hall of Fame are affiliated with the Avalanche. In 2017, three former Avalanche players, Dave Andreychuk, Paul Kariya and Teemu Selanne, were the latest Avalanche players to be inducted into the Hall of Fame.
|Colorado Avalanche Hall of Famers|
|Hall of Fame players|
|Peter Forsberg||Jari Kurri||Paul Kariya|
Attendance sell-out streak
The Colorado Avalanche have the all-time NHL record for the longest consecutive attendance sell outs at home games with 487. The streak began on November 9, 1995, on the Avalanche's eighth regular season home game during the 1995–96 season, with an attendance of 16,061 at the McNichols Sports Arena against the Dallas Stars. Almost 11 years later, it ended on October 16, 2006, after a reported attendance of 17,681, which is 326 under the capacity at Pepsi Center, before a game against the Chicago Blackhawks. The Avalanche recorded their 500th home sellout in their 515th game in Denver on January 20, 2007, against the Detroit Red Wings.
Rivalry with the Detroit Red Wings
In 1996, the Colorado Avalanche met the Detroit Red Wings in the Western Conference Finals and upset the Red Wings 4–2. During Game 6, Red Wings player Kris Draper was checked into the boards face-first by Avalanche player Claude Lemieux. As a result, Draper had to undergo facial reconstructive surgery and had to have his jaw wired shut for five weeks. The incident marked the beginning of a rivalry often considered one of the most intense in NHL history by the press and fans.
In the following season, in the last regular season meeting between the Avalanche and the Red Wings on March 26, 1997, a brawl known as the Brawl in Hockeytown broke out. The game ended with nine fights, 11 goals, 39 penalties, 148 penalty minutes, one hat-trick (by Valeri Kamensky) and a goaltender fight between Stanley Cup champion Patrick Roy and Mike Vernon. Claude Lemieux was one of the players singled out by the Red Wings players. The Red Wings ended up winning the game in overtime 6–5. The teams met again in the Western Conference Finals that season, with the Red Wings emerging victorious and going on to win the Stanley Cup.
The rivalry between the Avalanche and the Red Wings was at its peak from 1996 to 2002. During those seven seasons the two teams played five postseason series against each other in the Stanley Cup playoffs, with the Avalanche winning three of the series (1995–96, 4–2; 1998–99, 4–2; 1999–2000, 4–1) and the Red Wings winning two of them (1996–97, 4–2; 2001–02, 4–3). During this time frame, these two teams combined for a total of five Stanley Cup championships in seven years, the Avalanche winning twice (1995–96 and 2000–01) and the Red Wings winning three times (1996–97, 1997–98 and 2001–02). After 2002, the rivalry between the two teams began to cool down, and the two teams would not meet again in the playoffs until 2008, when the Red Wings swept the Avalanche in the Western Conference Semi-finals and went on to win the Stanley Cup. The Red Wings moved to the Eastern Conference in 2013–14 season as part of the realignment which makes the two rivals only see each other twice a year.
Franchise records and leaders
- Most goals in a season: Joe Sakic, 54 (2000–01)
- Most assists in a season: Peter Forsberg, 86 (1995–96)
- Most points in a season: Joe Sakic, 120 (1995–96)
- Most penalty minutes in a season: Chris Simon, 250 (1995–96)
- Most game-winning goals in a season: Joe Sakic, 12 (2000–01)
- Most points in a season, rookie: Paul Stastny, 78 (2006–07)
- NHL record longest points streak, rookie: Paul Stastny, 20 games (2006–07)
- Best +/- record in a season: Milan Hejduk and Peter Forsberg, +52 (2002–03)
- Most wins in a season: Semyon Varlamov, 41 (2013–14)
- Most shutouts in a season: Patrick Roy, 9 (2001–02)
- Best goals-against average in a season: Patrick Roy, 1.94 (2001–02)
- Most goals in a playoff season: Joe Sakic, 18 (1996)
- Most assists in a playoff season: Peter Forsberg, 18 (2002)
- Most points in a playoff season: Joe Sakic, 34 (1996)
- Most penalty minutes in a playoff season: Adam Foote, 62 (1997)
- Most overtime game-winning goals in playoff career: Joe Sakic, 8
- Best +/- record in playoff career: Peter Forsberg, 54
- Most consecutive division titles: 9 (1994–95 – 2002–03)
- Most points in a season: 118 (2000–01)
- Most wins in a season: 52 (2000–01 and 2013–14)
- Most goals: 326 (1995–96)
- Largest margin of victory: 10 (December 5, 1995 vs San Jose (12–2))
- Longest consecutive attendance sellout: 487 (1995–2006)
- Most points without making Stanley Cup playoffs: 95 (2006–07)
Franchise scoring leaders
These are the top-ten point-scorers in franchise (Quebec and Colorado) history. Figures are updated after each completed NHL regular season.
- – current Avalanche player
Note: Pos = Position; GP = Games Played; G = Goals; A = Assists; Pts = Points; P/G = Points per game
- "Colorado Avalanche season statistics and records". The Internet Hockey Database. Archived from the original on October 1, 2007. Retrieved July 8, 2007.
- "Franchise Record Book (includes year-by-year results)" (PDF). Colorado Avalanche. Retrieved July 8, 2007.
- "Frequently Asked Questions". ColoradoAvalanche.com. NHL Enterprises, L.P. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
- "Avalanche Directory" (PDF). 2018–2019 Colorado Avalanche Media Guide. NHL Enterprises, L.P. October 31, 2018. Retrieved December 21, 2018.
- Harden, Mark (October 7, 2015). "NFL owners let Kroenke keep Rams; transfer Nuggets, Avalanche to his wife". Denver Business Journal. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
- "Colorado Avalanche history". Hockey-Reference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- "Quebec Nordiques". WHA Hockey. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- "WHA Yearly Standings". WHA Hockey. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- "From the WHA to the NHL". National Hockey League. Archived from the original on May 21, 2011. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- "National Hockey League seasons". The Internet Hockey Database. Archived from the original on October 3, 2008. Retrieved July 11, 2007.
- "NHL Entry Draft First Round Selections 1980–89". National Hockey League. Archived from the original on January 27, 2001. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- "NHL Entry Draft First Round Selections 1990–99". National Hockey League. Archived from the original on January 24, 2001. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- "Lindros: Refusal to play for Nordiques 'was about an owner,' not a city". theScore.com. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- "As expected, Quebec selects Lindros No.1". Associated Press. June 23, 1991. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- "Eric Lindros notes". National Hockey League. Retrieved February 22, 2010.
- "The List: Readers Pick Most Lopsided Trades". ESPN. Retrieved July 11, 2007.
- Burfiend, Dustin (June 3, 2010). "An Interesting Parallel: '92-'93 Quebec Nordiques". Mile High Hockey. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- "1994-95 Quebec Nordiques Roster and Statistics". Hockey-Reference.com. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- Deacon, James (May 6, 1995). "Nordiques Move to Colorado". Maclean's. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved May 11, 2007.
- "Quebec's Government Plans Bailout to keep Nordiques from moving". Associated Press. April 9, 1994. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- "NHL's Nordiques sold, moving west to Denver \ Comsat Entertainment Group bought the team. Quebec had refused to fund a new hockey arena". The Philadelphia Inquirer. May 26, 1995. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- "Miscellaneous/Community/Altitude" (PDF). Colorado Avalanche. Retrieved June 17, 2007.
- "NORDIQUE SALE REUNITES NHL, DENVER". DeseretNews.com. May 26, 1995. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- Donovan, Michael Leo (1997). The Name Game: Football, Baseball, Hockey & Basketball How Your Favorite Sports Teams Were Named. Toronto: Warwick Publishing. ISBN 978-1-895629-74-3.
- "Rocky Mountain Extreme: what was supposed to be the Avalanche's original team name". The Denver Post. July 21, 2014.
- "Nordiques' Move To Denver Finalized". Chicago Tribune. June 22, 1995. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
Lyons said the hockey team, which will play in the Pacific Division, already has sold 7,500 season tickets.
- "Denver Nuggets – Company History". Funding Universe. Retrieved June 17, 2007.
- "October 6, 1995 – Detroit Red Wings vs. Colorado Avalanche gamesheet". Colorado Avalanche Database. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved June 17, 2007.
- Sadowski, Rick (June 29, 2006). "Roy gets call he's in Hall". Rocky Mountain News. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- Ulman, Howard (June 11, 1996). "No stopping the Avalanche – Colorado completes Cup sweep of Panthers with 3OT victory". Associated Press. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- "Leading playoff scorers by year". National Hockey League. Archived from the original on April 12, 2009. Retrieved July 13, 2007.
- "Triple Gold Club" (PDF). International Ice Hockey Federation. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 29, 2007. Retrieved June 17, 2007.
- "NHL Presidents' Trophy Winners". Hockey-Reference.com. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- "1997 NHL Stanley Cup Playoffs Summary". Hockey-Reference.com. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- "Legends of Hockey -- NHL Player Search -- Player -- Sandis Ozolinsh". hhof.com. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Legends of Hockey (2007). "Joe Sakic Page". Legends of Hockey. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved April 9, 2007.
- "Three key contracts helped kill the CBA". The Sports Network. Associated Press. 2004. Retrieved February 22, 2010.
- "Colorado Avalanche at the 1998 Winter Olympics" (PDF). p. 218. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
- "Franchise Records" (PDF). Colorado Avalanche. Retrieved June 17, 2007.
- "1997-98 Colorado Avalanche Roster and Statistics". Hockey-Reference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- Staff, From; Reports, Wire (May 28, 1998). "Avalanche Says That Crawford Quit Job". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- Press, The Associated. "N.H.L.: COLORADO; Hartley Picked To Coach Avalanche". Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- "KSE/Pepsi Center" (PDF). Colorado Avalanche. Retrieved June 13, 2007.
- "2001 NHL All-Star Game – Pepsi Center Facts". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved June 17, 2007.
- "Bourque relishes memory of winning Stanley Cup". National Hockey League. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- "1999-00 Colorado Avalanche Roster and Statistics". Hockey-Reference.com. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
- "1998-99 Colorado Avalanche Roster and Statistics". Hockey-Reference.com. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
- . The Gazette, February 23, 2000.
- Schley, Stewart. Stan Kroenke's full-court press. Colorado Biz, June 1, 2006.
- Moore, Paula. Why one deal went smoothly. Denver Business Journal, July 17, 2000.
- Sadowski, Rick (March 23, 2001). "Kings take Avs' Aulin to complete Blake trade". Rocky Mountain News. Archived from the original on June 24, 2011. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- "Doctor: Full recovery is expected". ESPN. Associated Press. May 10, 2001. Retrieved June 17, 2007.
- Allen, Kevin (June 10, 2001). "Avalanche beat Devils to capture Stanley Cup". USA Today. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- "NHL Conn Smythe Trophy Winners". National Hockey League. January 1, 2017. Retrieved March 24, 2018.
- "2000–01 King Clancy Memorial Trophy – Podein, Shjon". Legends of Hockey. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved June 17, 2007.
- "MacKinnon Named To NHL's Second All-Star Team". National Hockey League. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- "Colorado Avalanche Team History". go.rauzulusstreet.com. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- Dolezar, Jon A. (September 17, 2002). "2002 Colorado Avalanche Team Preview". CNN Sports Illustrated. Retrieved July 10, 2007.
- The 1994–95 Division title was won while the franchise was still in Quebec and together with the eight titles the Avalanche won between 1995–96 and 2002–03 makes the record number of nine consecutive division titles
- "NHL Hockey: Colorado Avalanche Team Report". The Sports Network. April 10, 2003. Archived from the original on June 24, 2011. Retrieved June 17, 2007.
- Allen, Kevin (February 6, 2003). "Roy, Avs put clamps on Red Wings". USA Today. Retrieved June 17, 2007.
- Marshall, John (July 7, 2004). "Avs make bench switch to Quenneville". USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved June 17, 2007.
- "Colorado 4, Anaheim 3". CBS Sportsline. April 5, 2003. Archived from the original on October 6, 2003. Retrieved May 6, 2007.
- "Avalanche win game, Northwest; Hejduk gets 50th". CBS Sportsline. April 6, 2003. Archived from the original on July 20, 2004. Retrieved June 17, 2007.
- "Minnesota 3, Colorado 2". Sports Illustrated. April 22, 2003. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- "Patrick Roy retires after 18 years". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. May 28, 2003. Archived from the original on October 13, 2007. Retrieved June 17, 2007.
- "Avalanche sign Kariya, Selanne to one-year deals". CNN. Associated Press. July 3, 2003. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- Sadowski, Rick (March 16, 2007). "Passion is back for Selanne". Rocky Mountain News. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved May 17, 2007.
- Cannella, Stephen (October 3, 2003). "Colorado Avalanche – Fortunately, a souped-up offense will boost the scoring because Patrick Roy is gone". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved July 10, 2007.
- Fitzpatrick, Jamie (September 2, 2003). "2003–2004 NHL Season Preview: Colorado Avalanche". About.com. Retrieved June 17, 2007.
- Heika, Mike (September 24, 2003). "Avs' silver lining has a cloud". ESPN. Archived from the original on January 25, 2005. Retrieved June 17, 2007.
- Sadowski, Rick (June 2, 2007). "Ex-Avalanche player May enjoys new surroundings". Rocky Mountain News. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved June 18, 2007.
- "Moore seeks further damages from Bertuzzi". USA Today. Associated Press. March 7, 2006. Retrieved June 18, 2006.
- "Simon suspended minimum of 25 games". Associated Press. March 12, 2007. Retrieved June 18, 2007.
- "NHLers in Europe". TSN. Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved October 31, 2006.
- "Sakic, Blake to stay; Forsberg, Foote up in air". Associated Press. July 26, 2005. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- Goldstein, Wes (August 31, 2005). "Winners, losers, undecided in wake of free-agent frenzy". CBS Sportsline. Archived from the original on October 1, 2005. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- "Lacroix steps down as Colorado GM". USA Today. Associated Press. May 12, 2006. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- "Avs hire Giguere as team's general manager". Associated Press. May 24, 2006. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- "Lacroix stepping down as Avalanche president". May 10, 2013.
- "Theodore traded to Avs, Aebischer goes to Canadiens". USA Today. Associated Press. March 8, 2006. Retrieved June 22, 2007.
- Frei, Terry (June 21, 2007). "Buyouts? New deals? Which way do teams lean during free agency?". ESPN. Retrieved June 22, 2007.
- "Nashville Predators at Colorado Avalanche Box Score — April 7, 2007". Hockey-Reference.com. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
- "Western Conference – SI predicts how they'll finish". CNN. September 26, 2006. Retrieved July 10, 2007.
- STAPLETON, ARNIE (April 9, 2007). "Sakic Reaches 100 Points As Avs Win". Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- "Stastny Named To NHL All-Rookie Team". Colorado Avalanche. June 14, 2007. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved June 22, 2007.
- "Stastny Breaks NHL Rookie Record". Colorado Avalanche. March 11, 2007. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved June 22, 2007.
- "Skrastins' Record Streak Ends at 495". Colorado Avalanche. February 25, 2007. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved June 22, 2007.
- "Avs Win Season Finale". Associated Press. April 8, 2007. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved June 17, 2007.
- Cullen, Scott (July 3, 2007). "Numbers Game: Rocky Mountain Way". TSN. Archived from the original on June 22, 2011. Retrieved February 22, 2010.
- Colorado Avalanche - News: Forsberg Returns to Avalanche - 02/25/2008 Archived March 2, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- "Behold your father's Avs". The Denver Post. February 26, 2008. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
- Adrian Dater (April 20, 2008). "Avs win playoff series vs. Wild". The Denver Post. Retrieved June 5, 2008.
- Adrian Dater (May 2, 2008). "Detroit dumps Avs from postseason". The Denver Post. Retrieved June 5, 2008.
- Adrian Dater (June 5, 2008). "Red Wings capture Stanley Cup". The Denver Post. Retrieved June 5, 2008.
- "Tony Granato returning as head coach of the Colorado Avalanche". National Hockey League. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- "Colorado Avalanche's decline has left fans disillusioned". The Denver Post. April 6, 2013. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- "The 2008-09 Avalanche season" (PDF). SB Nation. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- "2008-09 Colorado Avalanche Roster and Statistics". Hockey-Reference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- "Avalanche fire GM Giguere". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- "Avs Select Seven Players at 2009 Draft". National Hockey League. June 27, 2009. Retrieved March 24, 2018.
- "Greg Sherman Named Avalanche GM". Archived from the original on June 6, 2009.
- Dater, Adrian (June 4, 2009). "Avs hire Sacco as head coach". The Denver Post. Retrieved June 4, 2009.
- "Sakic-less Avalanche start to rebuild - NHL.com - News". www.nhl.com. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- September 11, CBC Sports ·. "Foote replaces Sakic as Avalanche captain". CBC. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- "Sharks vs. Avalanche - Game Recap - October 1, 2009". ESPN. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- "Stastny named to US Olympic Team". National Hockey League. January 1, 2010. Retrieved April 7, 2010.
- "Avalanche vs. Canucks Recap". ESPN. April 6, 2010. Retrieved April 7, 2010.
- "2010 NHL Playoffs - Conference Quarterfinals - Sharks vs. Avalanche - ESPN". ESPN.com. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- "Stan Kroenke is new Rams owner". ESPN. August 25, 2010.
- Wertheim, L. Jon. "THE MOST POWERFUL MAN IN SPORTS ... YOU HAD NO IDEA, DID YOU? STAN KROENKE". Vault. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- "2009-10 Colorado Avalanche Roster and Statistics". Hockey-Reference.com. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- "Joe Sacco fired as coach of Colorado Avalanche after four NHL seasons". The Denver Post. April 28, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- "2010-11 Colorado Avalanche Roster and Statistics". Hockey-Reference.com. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- "2010-11 Colorado Avalanche Schedule and Results". Hockey-Reference.com. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- "Matt Duchene's curious contract with Colorado". sports.yahoo.com. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- "Forsberg halts comeback, retires from hockey". ESPN.com. February 14, 2011. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- "Peter Forsberg Stats". Hockey-Reference.com. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- "Avalanche captain Adam Foote shares his thoughts on retirement". The Denver Post. April 8, 2011. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- "Scores for the 2012 season pre playoffs". ESPN.
- Dater, Adrian. "Joe Sacco fired as coach of Colorado Avalanche after four NHL seasons". The Denver Post. Archived from the original on April 29, 2013.
- "Sakic will have final say in new Avalanche role". National Hockey League.
- "theScore". thescore.com.
- Dater, Adrian. Joe Sakic now has full GM title with Avalanche; Greg Sherman assistant GM Archived July 7, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. The Denver Post, September 19, 2014.
- "Patrick Roy parts ways with Avalanche organization". Sportsnet. August 11, 2016.
- Sadowski, Rick. "Jared Bednar hired as Avalanche coach". National Hockey League. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- "Avalanche 2016–17 Season in Review: Colorado sinks to new low – The Denver Post". April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
- Rosen, Dan. "Duchene traded to Senators by Avalanche". National Hockey League. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- Farrell, Sean. "Canadiens stop Avalanche winning streak at 10". National Hockey League. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- Associated Press. "Avalanche head back to playoffs after win over Blues". Sportsnet.ca. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- Associated Press. "Avalanche stay alive, beat Predators to force Game 6". Sportsnet.ca. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- Associated Press. "Predators eliminate Avalanche with blowout win in Game 6". Sportsnet.ca. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- "Colorado Avalanche Get 1,000th Win against Anaheim Ducks". Mile High Sticking. November 19, 2018. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
- Bailey, Jeff (May 2, 2019). "Denver Nuggets and Colorado Avalanche are staying in Denver through at least 2040". The Denver Post. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
- "The Colorado Avalanche's new uniforms are here, and they look good". Denverite. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- Creamer, Chris (June 26, 2015). "Avalanche Tweak Uniforms". SportsLogos.net. Retrieved June 27, 2015.
- "Avalanche Blows It With Lousy Jersey Design". Mile High Hockey. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- Karol, Kristofer (January 27, 2003). "NHL 'quacked' up with hockey jersey switch". State News. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved August 30, 2006.
- Dater, Adrian (October 19, 2001). "OILERS 4, AVALANCHE 1 "Third jersey' to make debut on Halloween". The Denver Post. Retrieved March 26, 2007.
- "Rink Notes: Tucker Ready To Return". Colorado Avalanche. November 10, 2009.
- "Pass or Fail: Colorado Avalanche new third jersey for 2015-16". sports.yahoo.com. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- "New Avalanche uniforms revealed for 2017-18 season". The Denver Post. June 21, 2017. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- "On-Air Talent - Altitude Sports". www.altitudesports.com. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
- "Altitude Sports Announces New Avalanche Play-By-Play Announcers". National Hockey League. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
- "Colorado Avalanche Roster". NHL.com. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- "Colorado Avalanche Hockey Transactions". TSN.ca. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- "Jared Bednar introduced as new Avalanche coach, plans to retain 3 assistant coaches". The Denver Post. August 31, 2016. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- "Perfect setting: Gretzky's number retired before All-Star Game". CNN Sports Illustrated. Associated Press. February 6, 2000. Archived from the original on November 12, 2013. Retrieved June 9, 2014.
- Knabenbauer, Ron (November 13, 2017). "Andreychuk, Kariya, Selanne Inducted Into Hockey Hall Of Fame". Colorado Avalanche. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
- Frei, Terry (October 17, 2006). "Avs see sellout streak get away". The Denver Post. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- "Avalanche Reaches 500th Sellout in Denver". Colorado Avalanche. January 20, 2007. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- Dater, Adrian (2006). Blood Feud: Detroit Red Wings vs. Colorado Avalanche. Taylor Trade Publishing. ISBN 978-1-58979-319-4.
- Neumann, Thomas (March 26, 2007). "Happy anniversary to Red Wings, Avalanche". ESPN. Retrieved March 27, 2007.
- "Part II – Top rivalries". ESPN. October 29, 2005. Retrieved March 27, 2007.
- "Looking back at the bloody Avalanche-Wings rivalry". National Hockey League. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- "Detroit Red Wings officially heading to Eastern Conference as NHL approves realignment". MLive.com. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- "Regular Season Record Books". Colorado Avalanche Database. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved May 12, 2007.
- "Playoff Record Book" (PDF). Colorado Avalanche. Retrieved July 8, 2007.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Colorado Avalanche.|