Columbia County, Wisconsin

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Columbia County
Columbia County courthouse in December 2014
Columbia County courthouse in December 2014
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Columbia County
Location within the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 43°28′N 89°20′W / 43.47°N 89.33°W / 43.47; -89.33
Country United States
State Wisconsin
Founded1846
SeatPortage
Largest cityPortage
Area
 • Total796 sq mi (2,060 km2)
 • Land766 sq mi (1,980 km2)
 • Water30 sq mi (80 km2)  3.8%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total56,833
 • Estimate 
(2018)
57,358
 • Density71/sq mi (28/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district6th
Websitewww.co.columbia.wi.us

Columbia County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 56,833.[1] Its county seat and largest city is Portage.[2] The county was created in 1846[3] as part of Wisconsin Territory.

Columbia County is part of the Madison, WI Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Madison-Janesville-Beloit, WI Combined Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 796 square miles (2,060 km2), of which 766 square miles (1,980 km2) is land and 30 square miles (78 km2) (3.8%) is water.[4] The county's highest point is in the Baraboo Range, near Durward's Glen at 1,480 feet above sea level.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18509,565
186024,441155.5%
187028,80217.8%
188028,065−2.6%
189028,3501.0%
190031,1219.8%
191031,1290.0%
192030,468−2.1%
193030,5030.1%
194032,5176.6%
195034,0234.6%
196036,7087.9%
197040,1509.4%
198043,2227.7%
199045,0884.3%
200052,46816.4%
201056,8338.3%
Est. 201857,358[6]0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[8] 1900–1990[9]
1990–2000[10] 2010–2018[1]
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Columbia County
Columbia County Law Enforcement Center
Columbus, Wisconsin
Doylestown Wisconsin Municipal Building

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 52,468 people, 20,439 households, and 14,164 families residing in the county. The population density was 68 people per square mile (26/km²). There were 22,685 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.18% White, 0.88% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 1.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 46.4% were of German, 10.2% Norwegian, 7.8% Irish, 6.4% English and 5.0% United States or American ancestry.

There were 20,439 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.40 males.

In 2017, there were 602 births, giving a general fertility rate of 63.9 births per 1000 women aged 15–44, the 35th highest out of all 72 Wisconsin Counties.[12] Additionally, there were 63 reported induced abortions performed on women of Columbia County residence, with a rate of 6.7 abortions per 1000 women aged 15–44, which is above the Wisconsin average rate of 5.2.[13]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost town/neighborhood[edit]

Politics[edit]

For most of its history, Columbia County voters have backed the Republican Party candidate in national elections. Prior to 1992, the only times Republicans failed to win the county in the preceding 100 years of presidential elections were in the midst of a divided party vote in 1912, the presence of Wisconsinite Robert La Follette on the ballot in 1924, & national Democratic Party landslides in 1932, 1936, & 1964. From 1992 onward, the county has been a Democratic-leaning swing county, voting for the statewide winner in all presidential elections since then except 2004 & the national winner in all except 2000. Republican Donald Trump won the county in 2016, though a majority of county residents voted for Tammy Baldwin's re-election campaign for the U.S. Senate two years later in 2018.

Presidential election results
Presidential election results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 47.7% 14,163 45.6% 13,528 6.8% 2,007
2012 42.6% 13,026 56.2% 17,175 1.1% 345
2008 41.7% 12,193 56.9% 16,661 1.4% 418
2004 50.6% 14,956 48.4% 14,300 1.0% 299
2000 46.9% 11,987 49.4% 12,636 3.8% 964
1996 38.9% 8,377 48.0% 10,336 13.1% 2,808
1992 37.9% 9,099 39.0% 9,348 23.1% 5,537
1988 53.1% 10,475 46.3% 9,132 0.6% 123
1984 58.5% 11,662 40.8% 8,125 0.7% 140
1980 49.9% 10,478 41.5% 8,715 8.6% 1,803
1976 50.6% 10,075 47.5% 9,457 1.9% 368
1972 58.0% 10,122 40.6% 7,083 1.4% 242
1968 52.6% 8,633 40.8% 6,698 6.6% 1,083
1964 38.2% 6,253 61.7% 10,093 0.2% 24
1960 60.9% 10,282 39.0% 6,576 0.1% 15
1956 66.0% 10,120 33.7% 5,158 0.3% 52
1952 67.8% 11,133 32.1% 5,272 0.1% 20
1948 52.6% 6,406 46.1% 5,615 1.2% 148
1944 56.5% 7,867 43.1% 5,997 0.4% 60
1940 53.7% 8,260 45.6% 7,021 0.7% 106
1936 37.3% 5,607 59.4% 8,936 3.4% 511
1932 36.4% 4,970 62.0% 8,455 1.6% 216
1928 60.7% 7,615 38.4% 4,819 0.9% 111
1924 40.4% 4,724 7.8% 907 51.8% 6,059
1920 83.3% 7,394 13.5% 1,201 3.2% 287
1916 57.5% 3,395 39.0% 2,299 3.5% 208
1912 42.6% 2,463 42.7% 2,473 14.7% 852
1908 60.1% 4,072 34.9% 2,363 5.0% 338
1904 67.5% 4,730 27.2% 1,907 5.2% 367
1900 65.7% 4,763 30.1% 2,181 4.2% 305
1896 63.6% 4,845 31.2% 2,380 5.2% 397
1892 49.3% 3,314 44.0% 2,957 6.8% 457

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Wisconsin: Individual County Chronologies". Wisconsin Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved August 13, 2015.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
  5. ^ Wisconsin High Points. Wisconsin State Cartographer's Office.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  12. ^ Annual Wisconsin Birth and Infant Mortality Report, 2017 P-01161-19 (June 2019): Detailed Tables
  13. ^ Reported Induced Abortions in Wisconsin, Office of Health Informatics, Division of Public Health, Wisconsin Department of Health Services. Section: Trend Information, 2013-2017, Table 18, pages 17-18
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 7, 2018.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°28′N 89°20′W / 43.47°N 89.33°W / 43.47; -89.33