Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces

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Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces
Panglima TNI
Insignia of the Indonesian National Armed Forces.svg
Panglima TNI Hadi Tjahjanto.jpg
Incumbent
ACM Hadi Tjahjanto

since 8 December 2017
Indonesian National Armed Forces
Reports toPresident of Indonesia
Formation1945
First holderGeneral Soedirman

The Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces (Indonesian: Panglima Tentara Nasional Indonesia, currently known as Panglima TNI) is the highest position in the Indonesian National Armed Forces. The position is held by the four-star General/Admiral/Air Marshall appointed by and reporting directly to the President of Indonesia.

First official Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces is General Soedirman, at the time the position is known as Commanding General of the People's Security Forces (Indonesian: Panglima Besar Tentara Keamanan Rakyat), which later will be called Commander of the Army of the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Panglima Tentara Republik Indonesia) and Commander of the Republic of Indonesia Military Forces (Indonesian: Panglima Angkatan Perang Republik Indonesia). As the first commander, General Sudirman is not appointed by the President of Indonesia, instead elected by People's Security Armed Forces personnel during a meeting knownly as People's Security Armed Forces Conference on 12 November 1945. Prior to appointment of General Soedirman, the position is held by Lt. Gen. Oerip Soemohardjo on an interim basis[1]

Currently, the office is held by ACM Hadi Tjahjanto, an Indonesian Air Force officer, who was inaugurated by President Joko Widodo on 8 December 2017.[2]

List of Commanders[edit]

Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Ref
Oerip Soemohardjo
Soemoharjo, OeripLieutenant general
Oerip Soemohardjo
(1893–1948)
Acting
17 August 194512 November 194587 daysInsignia of the Indonesian Army.svg
Army
[1]
1
Soedirman
SudirmanGeneral
Soedirman
(1916–1950)
[a]
12 November 194529 January 1950 †4 years, 78 daysInsignia of the Indonesian Army.svg
Army
[1]
2
T. B. Simatupang
Simatupang, T.Major general
T. B. Simatupang
(1920–1990)
as Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces
29 January 19504 November 19522 years, 280 daysInsignia of the Indonesian Army.svg
Army
[1]
Vacant
Position abolished by President Soekarno after the 17 October 1952 incident.
3
Abdul Haris Nasution
Nasution, Abdul HarisGeneral
Abdul Haris Nasution
(1918–2000)
as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff[b]
December 1955July 19593 years, 7 monthsInsignia of the Indonesian Army.svg
Army
[1]
4
Soerjadi Soerjadarma [id]
Soerjadarma, SoerjadiAir Chief Marshal
Soerjadi Soerjadarma [id]
(1912–1975)
as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff[c]
July 195919 January 19622 years, 6 monthsInsignia of the Indonesian Air Force.svg
Air Force
[1]
(3)
Abdul Haris Nasution
Nasution, Abdul HarisGeneral
Abdul Haris Nasution
(1918–2000)
as Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces[b]
January 1962March 19664 years, 1 monthInsignia of the Indonesian Army.svg
Army
[1]
Vacant
Position abolished by President Soekarno after the 30 September Movement incident.
5
Soeharto
Nasution, Abdul HarisGeneral
Soeharto
(1921–2008)
as Commander of the Armed Forces[d]
June 1968March 19734 years, 9 monthsInsignia of the Indonesian Army.svg
Army
[1]
6
Maraden Panggabean
Panggabean, MaradenGeneral
Maraden Panggabean
(1922–2000)
March 1973April 19785 years, 1 monthInsignia of the Indonesian Army.svg
Army
[1]
7
Mohammad Jusuf
Jusuf, MohammadGeneral
Mohammad Jusuf
(1928–2004)
April 197828 March 19834 years, 11 monthsInsignia of the Indonesian Army.svg
Army
.
8
Leonardus Benjamin Moerdani
Moerdani, Leonardus BenjaminGeneral
Leonardus Benjamin Moerdani
(1932–2004)
[e]
28 March 198327 February 19884 years, 336 daysInsignia of the Indonesian Army.svg
Army
.
9
Try Sutrisno
Sutrisno, TryGeneral
Try Sutrisno
(born 1935)
27 February 198819 February 19934 years, 358 daysInsignia of the Indonesian Army.svg
Army
.
10
Edi Sudradjat [id]
Sudradjat, EdiGeneral
Edi Sudradjat [id]
(1938–2006)
[f]
19 February 199321 May 199391 daysInsignia of the Indonesian Army.svg
Army
.
11
Feisal Tanjung [id]
Tanjung, FeisalGeneral
Feisal Tanjung [id]
(1939–2013)
21 May 199312 February 19984 years, 267 daysInsignia of the Indonesian Army.svg
Army
.
12
Wiranto
WirantoGeneral
Wiranto
(born 1947)
[g]
16 February 199826 October 19991 year, 256 daysInsignia of the Indonesian Army.svg
Army
.
13
Widodo Adi Sutjipto
Sutjipto, Widodo AdiAdmiral
Widodo Adi Sutjipto
(born 1944)
26 October 19997 June 20022 years, 224 daysInsignia of the Indonesian Navy.svg
Navy
.
14
Endriartono Sutarto
Sutarto, EndriartonoGeneral
Endriartono Sutarto
(born 1947)
7 June 200213 February 20063 years, 251 daysInsignia of the Indonesian Army.svg
Army
.
15
Djoko Suyanto
Suyanto, DjokoAir Chief Marshal
Djoko Suyanto
(born 1950)
13 February 200628 December 20071 year, 318 daysInsignia of the Indonesian Air Force.svg
Air Force
[3]
16
Djoko Santoso
Santoso, DjokoGeneral
Djoko Santoso
(born 1952)
28 December 200728 September 20102 years, 274 daysInsignia of the Indonesian Army.svg
Army
[4]
17
Agus Suhartono
Suhartono, AgusAdmiral
Agus Suhartono
(born 1955)
28 September 201030 August 20132 years, 336 daysInsignia of the Indonesian Navy.svg
Navy
[5]
18
Moeldoko
MoeldokoGeneral
Moeldoko
(born 1957)
30 August 20138 July 20151 year, 312 daysInsignia of the Indonesian Army.svg
Army
[6]
19
Gatot Nurmantyo
Nurmantyo, GatotGeneral
Gatot Nurmantyo
(born 1960)
8 July 20158 December 20172 years, 153 daysInsignia of the Indonesian Army.svg
Army
[7]
20
Hadi Tjahjanto
Tjahjanto, HadiAir Chief Marshal
Hadi Tjahjanto
(born 1963)
[h]
8 December 2017Incumbent1 year, 186 daysInsignia of the Indonesian Air Force.svg
Air Force
[2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Position known as Grand Commander of the People's Security Armed Forces and later as Commanding General of the National Armed Forces (Panglima Besar Tentara Keamanan Rakyat until 1946, Panglima Besar TNI from 1948-1950 )
  2. ^ a b Also served concurrently as Chief of Staff of the Army.
  3. ^ Also served concurrently as Chief of Staff of the Air Force.
  4. ^ Also served concurrently as President and Minister of Defence and Security.
  5. ^ Also served concurrently as Commander of the Operational Command for the Restoration of Security and Order (Kopkamtib). First Commander of the Armed Forces who was not also appointed as Minister of Defense.
  6. ^ Also served concurrently as Minister of Defence and Security (from 17 March 1993) and Chief of Staff of the Army (until 23 March 1993).
  7. ^ Also served concurrently as Minister of Defence and Security.
  8. ^ also served concurrently as Chief of Staff of the Air Force (until 17 January 2018).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i [1] Archived 9 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b "Marsekal Hadi Tjahjanto Resmi Jabat Panglima TNI".
  3. ^ Indonesian Parliament Endorse Djoko Suyanto as Military Chief Archived February 5, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Biografi di tokohindonesia.com
  5. ^ Adm. Agus Suhartono to be installed as new TNI chief Tuesday Archived December 3, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. The Jakarta Post. September 28, 2010.
  6. ^ Rinaldo (30 August 2013). "Presiden SBY Lantik Panglima TNI dan KSAD Pagi Ini". liputan6dotcom. Retrieved 30 August 2013.
  7. ^ "Gatot Nurmantyo officially becomes TNI commander". The Jakarta Post. 14 July 2015. Retrieved 18 October 2015.