Comprehensive National Power

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Comprehensive National Power (CNP) (Chinese: 综合国力; pinyin: zōnghé guólì) is a putative measure, important in the contemporary political thought of the People's Republic of China, of the general power of a nation-state. CNP can be calculated numerically by combining various quantitative indices to create a single number held to measure the power of a nation-state.[citation needed] These indices take into account both military factors (known as hard power) and economic and cultural factors (known as soft power).

A fairly simplistic and effective index was developed by Chin-Lung Chang. It uses critical mass, economic capacity and military capacity. Due to its indicators, it is often repeatable and easy to define, making it comparable to the Human Development Index in understanding and reliability.[1]

A new book titled "Comprehensive National Power- A Model for India", which is a project of United Service Institution of India explains how CNP is calculated and also shows various methods of calculation with various tables, charts, diagrams.[2]

National Strategic Resources[edit]

Michael Porter lists five major resources, that is, physical resources, human resources, infrastructure, knowledge resources and capital resources.11 Accordingly, the national strategic resources are divided into eight categories, with 23 indictors.[3] Those categories constitute CNP:[4]

  • Economic Resources
  • Natural Resources
  • Capital Resources
  • Knowledge and Technology Resources
  • Government Resources
  • Military Resources
  • International Resources
  • Cultural Resources
Only compare top 10 countries of the world in 2019
Rank Economic Natural Capital Knowledge and Technology Government Military International Cultural
1 China Russia Singapore Japan Denmark United States United States France
2 United States United States Japan United States Sweden Russia Russia Italy
3 India Saudi Arabia South Korea Russia Norway China China Russia
4 Japan Canada Russia France Finland India Germany United States
5 Germany Iran Finland Germany Australia France United Kingdom United Kingdom
6 Russia China Ireland United Kingdom New Zealand Japan France Spain
7 Indonesia Brazil Australia South Korea Netherlands South Korea Japan Japan
8 Brazil Australia Canada China Austria United Kingdom Israel Brazil
9 United Kingdom Iraq Netherlands Switzerland Germany Turkey Saudi Arabia Australia
10 France Venezuela Sweden Canada Japan Germany South Korea Switzerland

See also[edit]


Works cited[edit]

  • Bajwa, J.S (Summer 2008). "Defining Elements of Comprehensive National Power" (PDF). CLAWS Journal.

External links[edit]