Conservative Party (Brazil)

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Conservative Party

Partido Conservador
LeaderJoão Maurício Vanderlei (last)
Founder
Founded1836 (1836)
Registered1837[4]
DissolvedNovember 15, 1889 (1889-11-15)
Preceded byRestorationist Party
HeadquartersRio de Janeiro (NM)
Newspaper
IdeologyConservatism (Brazil)[8][9]
Centralism[4]
Classic liberalism[10]
Monarchism[4]
Parlamentarism[11]
Fiscal conservatism
Political positionRight-wing
ReligionRoman Catholicism[12]
Colors     Green
Members nicknameSaquaremas[13]

The Conservative Party (Portuguese: Partido Conservador) was a Brazilian political party of the imperial period, which was formed c. 1836 and ended with the proclamation of the Republic in 1889. This party arose mostly from a dissident wing of the Moderate Party (Partido Moderado) and from some of the members of the Restorationist Party (Partido Restaurador) in the 1830s when it became known as the Reactionary Party (Partido Regressista). In the early 1840s it called itself the Party of Order (Portuguese: partido de ordem) to distinguish itself from the liberal opposition, which they accused of disorder and anarchy, and both the party and its leadership were known as "saquarema" after the village of Saquarema, where the leadership had plantations and support.[14] Later, in middle 1850s it was finally known as the Conservative Party.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Needell 2006, p. 193
  2. ^ Universidade Federal de Campina Grande. "Bernardo Pereira de Vasconcelos". Archived from the original on 2015-11-22.
  3. ^ Prefeitura de Itaboraí. "Prédios Históricos".
  4. ^ a b c Brasiliense A. (1878). Os programas dos partidos políticos e o Segundo Império. São Paulo: Tipografia de Jorge Seckler. pp. 11–13.
  5. ^ http://memoria.bn.br/DocReader/Hotpage/HotpageBN.aspx?bib=385573&pagfis=9031&pesq=&url=http://memoria.bn.br/docreader#
  6. ^ Biblioteca Nacional Digital Brasil: Fundação Biblioteca Nacional. "A Província de Minas".
  7. ^ http://www.sapientia.pucsp.br/tde_arquivos/3/TDE-2007-05-08T13:25:41Z-3073/Publico/Angela%20Thalassa.pdf
  8. ^ Garschagen, Bruno (2017-02-15). "História e Tradição do Conservadorismo Brasileiro". Gazeta do Povo. Retrieved 2017-04-29.
  9. ^ Lynch, Christian Edward Cyril (2011). Saquaremas e luzias: a sociologia do desgosto com o Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: Insight Inteligência. pp. 21–37.
  10. ^ Torres, João Camilo de Oliveira (1964). Democracia Coroada - Teoria Política do Império do Brasil. Petrópolis: Vozes Limitada. pp. 211–220.
  11. ^ Jeffrey D. Needell, The Party of Order: The Conservatives, the State, and Slavery in the Brazilian Monarchy, 1831-1871 (Stanford University Press, 2006: ISBN 0-8047-5369-5), p. 110.
  12. ^ "Constituição Imperial de 1824" (PDF). pp. 1 e 3.
  13. ^ BrevesCafé. "Os partidos Conservador e Liberal".
  14. ^ Jeffrey D. Needell, The Party of Order: The Conservatives, the State, and Slavery in the Brazilian Monarchy, 1831-1871 (Stanford University Press, 2006: ISBN 0-8047-5369-5), p. 110.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Ilmar Rohloff de Mattos, O tempo saquarema: A formação do estado imperial (Rio de Janeiro: ACCESS, 1994); emphasizes party's role in promoting antidemocratic hierarchies of wealth and authority
  • Jeffrey D. Needell, The Party of Order: The Conservatives, the State, and Slavery in the Brazilian Monarchy, 1831-1871 (Stanford University Press, 2006: ISBN 0-8047-5369-5); emphasizes party's defense of stability and parliamentary rule