Cotton Plant, Arkansas
Cotton Plant, Arkansas
Main Street, Cotton Plant, February 2007
Location of Cotton Plant in Woodruff County, Arkansas.
|Incorporated||November 14, 1887|
|• Mayor||Clara Harston Brown (First Female Mayor)|
|• Total||1.04 sq mi (2.69 km2)|
|• Land||1.04 sq mi (2.69 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||194 ft (59 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||564.97/sq mi (218.18/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−06:00 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−05:00 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0076683|
In 1820, when settlers from neighboring states first came to the Cotton Plant area, it was covered in dense timber and cane. As a small town began to take shape at the site of present-day Cotton Plant, those settlers initially gave their new community the name, Richmond.
William Lynch brought cotton seeds with him from Mississippi in 1846, and the new crop flourished. The community was forced to change its name to Cotton Plant since a community named Richmond was already registered in Little River County. On July 7, 1862, Confederate units and Cotton Plant locals skirmished with the 1st and 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of the Southwest for the Union, a last-ditch effort by the Confederates to stop Samuel Curtis' march to Helena. The Confederates were soundly defeated, allowing Curtis and his army to eventually take Helena, resupply his army, and take Little Rock the following year.
A new line of the Brinkley and Batesville Railroad charged the Cotton Plant economy when it was completed in 1881. Warehouses, cotton gins, and a cotton compress brought jobs to the city, and downtown Cotton Plant became a bustling cultural center for Woodruff County. In 1908, the newly completed Missouri and North Arkansas Railroad opened up the timber industry about Cotton Plant, bringing the Standard Stave and Hoop Mill, sawmills, woodworking factories, and a veneer plant in subsequent years. Hit hard by the Great Depression, the Works Progress Administration was tasked with installing a water and sewer system in town in 1935. Residents celebrated with fireworks and parades upon the completion of the project. The community was also impacted by World War II, but boomed after the war, experiencing its most prosperous times in the 1950s.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2), all land.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 960 people, 416 households, and 262 families residing in the city. The population density was 933.0 people per square mile (359.9/km²). There were 470 housing units at an average density of 456.8 per square mile (176.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 74.06% Black or African American, 23.96% White, 0.21% Native American, 0.31% Asian, and 1.46% from two or more races. 1.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 416 households out of which 27.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.7% were married couples living together, 27.6% have a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size is 2.98.
In the city, the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 19.6% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 22.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 75.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $13,264, and the median income for a family was $15,625. Males had a median income of $18,125 versus $16,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,652. 47.3% of the population and 39.5% of families were below the poverty line. 66.8% of those under the age of 18 and 36.1% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
On July 1, 2004, the Cotton Plant School District merged into the Augusta School District. Cotton Plant Elementary School remained as one of three schools in the district and served prekindergarten through grade 3. In 2014 the Augusta school district planned to close Cotton Plant Elementary and the Arkansas Department of Education (ADE) approved the closure.
In popular culture
"Other Idiots from Arkansas", a track from Lewis Black's The White Album, includes an alleged news story of two men who got in a truck accident near Cotton Plant when a cartridge used in place of an automotive fuse fired off.
- Johnnie S. Aikens, Missouri state representative
- Jim McElroy, professional basketball player
- Pearl Peden Oldfield, first female from Arkansas elected to Congress
- Sister Rosetta Tharpe, gospel singer who began performing in local churches at the age of four
- Peetie Wheatstraw, blues singer with 166 recordings.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cotton Plant, Arkansas.|
- "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia. Retrieved March 12, 2012.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
- "Early Days around Cotton Plant". Rivers and Roads and Points in Between. Augusta, Arkansas: Woodruff County Historical Society. 1 (1): 26. 1972.
- Patrick, Jeffrey L. (October 22, 2009). "Action at Hill's Plantation". The Central Arkansas Library System. Retrieved March 12, 2012.
- McGregor, Dale (1981). "Cotton Plant's First Real Water and Sewer System". Rivers and Roads and Points in Between. Augusta, Arkansas: Woodruff County Historical Society. 9 (3): 2–5.
- Barnett, Paula Harmon (November 15, 2011). "Cotton Plant (Woodruff County)". The Central Arkansas Library System. Retrieved March 12, 2012.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 22, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "ConsolidationAnnex_from_1983.xls." Arkansas Department of Education. Retrieved on June 4, 2018.
- Musa, Aziza; Cynthia Howell (2014-04-11). "Stephens school split-up OK'd". Northwest Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. Retrieved 2018-06-05. Italic or bold markup not allowed in:
- "Jim McElroy". Basketball Reference. Retrieved Oct 2013. Check date values in:
- "HAMER, Thomas Ray, (1864 - 1950)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved Oct 2013. Check date values in:
- Cusic, Don (2002). The Sound of Light: A History of Gospel and Christian Music. Hal Leonard.