Cowboy mounted shooting
Cowboy mounted shooting (also called western mounted shooting and mounted shooting) is a competitive equestrian sport involving the riding of a horse to negotiate a shooting pattern. Depending on sponsoring organizations, it can be based on the historical reenactment of historic shooting events held at Wild West shows in the late 19th century. Modern events use blank ammunition instead of live rounds, certified to break a target balloon within twenty feet.
In the spirit of the soldier and cowboy, one organization, the Cowboy Mounted Shooting Association (CMSA) was created in the mid-1990s for equestrians and cowboy action shooters to participate in a competitive shooting sport while riding horseback.  The Mounted Shooters of America was formed in 2000. Mounted shooters may belong to either or both associations.
Firearms and safety
Mounted shooting requires competitors to use single-action revolvers, lever-action rifles chambered in pistol calibers, and side-by-side double-barreled shotguns. Single action semiautomatic firearms, also known as self-cocking firearms, are also allowed in special military cavalry and Wild Bunch events (named after the 1969 Western movie of the same name that used more modern firearms). In general, firearm designs and the modern replicas used in the sport are of the pre-1900 American West and Military eras.
All events, whether for Old West living history or shooting competitions, are directed by a certified mounted range officer who must be knowledgeable of firearm safety, event organization, and horsemanship. The direction of a mounted range officer helps to ensure the safety of the competitor, spectators, and volunteers at all events.
In the early years, mounted shooting competitors were required to wear clothing of the American West, classic B-Western movies, or military cavalry uniforms of any time period or country. Today, the most that is required is modern cowboy clothing with chinks or chaps, long-sleeved shirt and a cowboy hat. The Mounted Shooters of America do not require chinks or chaps, except for showcase events at major venues.
Mounted shooting requires skill in both horsemanship and shooting that is measured in the form of competitive events and is one of the fastest growing equestrian sports in the nation. The object of the sport is to shoot ten balloon targets while riding through a variety of challenging courses using specially loaded blank cartridges fired from Old West–style single-action revolvers. It is a high-speed, timed spectator sport in which the competitor who rides the fastest with the least amount of missed targets wins.
The typical event requires two single-action revolvers, each loaded with five blank cartridges. Ten targets are arranged in a horseback riding arena. When the competitor is given a go-signal, indicating the arena is clear of people and hazards, the rider guides his horse across a timer line and engages the ten targets. When all ten targets are engaged, the rider returns across the timer line and his score is determined and recorded. The raw time of the rider is computed and penalties are added for missed targets or failure to follow the specified course or procedure, or knocking over barrels or target stands.
Shooters enter the arena one at a time. Total score times are determined by taking the raw time for the stage (or course) plus penalties and/or bonuses. Penalties include missed targets, knocked over barrels and missed course direction.
To level the field, different levels of competition exist for riders and shooters of varying abilities. For CMSA members, as an example, classifications include Senior Mens, Mens, Senior Ladies and Ladies. The classes are further divided by age, each with their own rules for safety applied.
These classes are:
- age 11 and under (may choose to shoot if qualified)
- age 12–16 Junior boy or girl
- age 16 plus Mens, Ladies or Senior Mens, Senior Ladies
- age 55 plus Mens, Ladies or Senior Mens, Senior Ladies
The MSA's classifications are Rookie, Non-Professional, Semi-Professional, and Professional. A competitor's placement in these divisions is based on the Class level as determined by SASS or CMSA when a member of these associations first joins the MSA.
Competitors advance by accumulating winning placements. Mounted Shooters are automatically moved into higher levels to maintain equitable and fair events against people of similar proven skills. MSA members begin as a Rookie and advance to higher divisions by accumulating wins. While the MSA recognizes CMSA levels upon entry into MSA and upon moving to higher levels in the CMSA, the CMSA does not currently recognize MSA members divisions or move ups.
Blank ammunition and targets
Mounted shooting uses black powder theatrical blanks with no bullet. Companies such as Western Stage Props, Buffalo Blanks, Circle E Blanks, Lonesome Pine, and Whitehouse Blanks manufacture certified ammunition for competition. These blanks were originally used in movie production and on the theatrical stage so that flame and smoke can be seen from the muzzle of the firearm. A slow-burning powder component of the blank can break a balloon target at a range of up to 20 feet (6 m).
Western Shooting Horse, which was later named Western Horse & Gun, by it new owners, was a national newsstand publication devoted to the sport and covers the organizations, people, horses, competition, training, guns and equipment. The magazine was headquartered in Cave Creek, Arizona, and was published six times a year. The magazine suspended print publication on December 17, 2017. As of late 2018, the website is defunct.
- Taffin, John (28 September 2005). Single Action Sixguns. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications. pp. 299–300. ISBN 1-4402-2694-6.
- Rodgers, Jim. "Origins of Cowboy Mounted Shooting". Cowboy Mounted Shooting Association.
- Boardman, Mark (February 20, 2011). "CMSA: History Of An American Sport". Western Shooting Horse Magazine.
- Moreland, Ginger (2003). "Quick on the Draw". American Cowboy. 9 (1): 72.
- Cowboy Mounted Shooting Association
- Cowboy Sports Association
- SASS Single Action Shooting Society
- Mounted Shooters of America
- Golob, Julie (13 December 2013). Shoot: Your Guide to Shooting and Competition. Skyhorse Publishing Company, Incorporated. p. 168. ISBN 978-1-62636-607-7.
- Sorenson, Dan (January 2, 2005). "Balloon slayers no rodeo dudes". AZ Daily Star – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). Archived from the original on September 24, 2015.
- Hval, Cindy (May 19, 2011). "SHOT FROM THE PAST; Mounted shooting gains popularity, hones skills". The Spokesman-Review – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). Archived from the original on September 24, 2015.
- Balousek, Marv (September 30, 2001). "Shooting Competition Brings Bit of Old West to Deerfield Mounted Shooters Will Fire .45-Caliber Revolvers at Balloon Targets". The Wisconsin State Journal – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). Archived from the original on September 24, 2015.
- "Western Shooting Horse Magazine Sold To New Owners | News stories | Equestrian Creative Network". www.equestriancreativenetwork.com. Retrieved 2018-10-13.
- Hess, Jeanne (2012). Sportuality: Finding Joy in the Games. San Diego: BalboaPress. p. 192. ISBN 978-1-4525-4380-2.