Crataegus phaenopyrum is a species of hawthorn commonly known as Washington hawthorn or Washington thorn. It is widely grown as an ornamental plant, and can reach 10 m (about 32 feet) in height. The small red berry-like fruit grow closely together in large clusters and are food for squirrels and birds. They have a mild flavor and can be eaten raw or cooked. As with other species of hawthorn, the wood is hard and can be used to make tools.
- Phipps, J.B. (1998). "Synopsis of Crataegus series Apiifoliae, Cordatae, Microcarpae, and Brevispinae (Rosaceae, subfam. Maloideae)". Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 85 (3): 475–491. JSTOR 2992044.
- Phipps, J.B.; O’Kennon, R.J.; Lance, R.W. (2003). Hawthorns and medlars. Cambridge, U.K.: Royal Horticultural Society. ISBN 0881925918.
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