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Crnoljeva (Serbian Cyrillic: Црнољева; Albanian: Carralevë or Mali i Carralevës) is a mountain in central Kosovo[a], dividing its two main geographical regions, the Kosovo Plain and Metohija. Crnoljeva is also a point where all three drainage basins of Serbia (and three out of four in the Balkans) meet, making the mountain a major hydrographic knot. In Albanian it is named after the village of Crnoljevo.
Crnoljeva is located in the south-central part of Kosovo, between the valleys of the rivers Drenica (to the east) and Miruša and Topluga (to the west). The mountain is elongated in the north-south direction and divides the Prizren depression of the Metohija from the Drenica region of the Kosovo Plain. The highest peak is Topila (1,177 m), while the Drmanska glava peak (926 m) is point of the hydrographic knot. Another prominent peak is the Korenik (1,142 m).
Crnoljeva is rich in ores, most notably the chromium, magnesite and coal. Right through the middle of the mountain goes the regional Ferizaj-Prizren road, using the natural route of the Crnoljeva reka river valley.
Some rivers originating from the mountain are:
- Drenica, Topila and Crnoljeva reka; through the Sitnica they drain the area into the Black Sea;
- Nerodimka; through the Lepenac it drains the area into the Aegean Sea;
- Banja, Miruša and Topluga; through the White Drin they drain the area into the Adriatic Sea;
|a.||^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 99 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 112 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 13 later withdrew their recognition.|
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