Crystal Palace line
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|Crystal Palace Line|
|Rolling stock||Class 377|
|Number of tracks||1-2|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Electrification||750 V DC Third Rail|
|Operating speed||60 mph (97 km/h) maximum|
The line runs from Balham Junction on the Brighton Main Line route into London Victoria to Beckenham Junction, via Streatham Hill and Crystal Palace. The line has a junction with the Portsmouth Line at Norwood, and again meets the Brighton Main Line, this time the line into London Bridge, just beyond Crystal Palace. The line runs alongside the London Tramlink between Birkbeck and Beckenham, and has junctions with the Mid-Kent Line and the Chatham Main Line where it terminates at Beckenham Junction.
The first part of the line, between New Wandsworth and Crystal Palace (Low Level), opened 1 December 1856 as the West End of London and Crystal Palace Railway. In 1857 the route was extended to Norwood. On 3 May 1858 the company opened an extension from Bromley Junction (near Norwood Junction) to Shortlands railway station (then called Bromley) via Beckenham Junction station. The following year the original line from Pimlico to Norwood Junction was sold to the London Brighton and South Coast Railway, and the section from Bromley Junction to Shortlands to the London, Chatham and Dover Railway, but the WEL&CPR continued to provide its own passenger services. The two halves were reunited in 1921 as part of the Southern Railway following enactment of the Grouping Act.
The line also provides a diversionary route for Thameslink services avoiding London Bridge - usually this is only in the peaks or during the night, but the current Thameslink Programme engineering works have made it necessary for most Bedford to Brighton services to take this route throughout the day. These generally do not stop at any of the stations on the line.
- "The Kent Sussex Wessex Route Sectional Appendix; LOR SO689 Seq002" (pdf). Network Rail. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
- Railway Track Diagrams #5 - Southern & TFL. Quail Maps. February 1998. p. 4. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
- Quail/Trackmaps, volume 5
- Railway Track Diagrams #5 - Southern & TFL. Quail Maps. February 1998. p. 4. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
- Jackson, A.A. (1978). London's Local Railways. David & Charles.