Curtiss R2C

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Model 32, R2C, R-8
Curtiss R2C-1 Pulitzer racer.jpg
Role Racing aircraft
Manufacturer Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company
First flight 9 September 1923
Primary users United States Navy
United States Army
Number built 3

The Curtiss R2C was a racing aircraft designed for the United States Navy in 1923 by Curtiss. It was a single-seater biplane with a monocoque fuselage and staggered single-bay wings of unequal span braced with I-struts. The aircraft's advanced streamlining featured a top wing mounted directly to the top of the fuselage and surface-mounted radiators for cooling the engine. The aircraft was originally designed and built as a landplane under the Navy designation R2C-1,[1] of which two examples were produced. One was converted into a seaplane version known as the R2C-2 the following year.

Operational history[edit]

US Army Curtiss R-8 racer
Curtiss R2C-2 floatplane

The R2C-1s were entered in the 1923 Pulitzer Trophy race, and took first and second places piloted by Lt jg Al Williams and Lt Harold Brow at average speeds of 243.67 mph (392.16 km/h) and 241.78 mph (389.11 km/h). Later in the year, Brow took one of the R2C-1s to 259.16 mph (417.06 km/h) and set a new world airspeed record. On 4 November 1923, Lieutenant Alford J. Williams, Jr., U.S. Navy, set a Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) World Record for Speed Over a 3-Kilometer Course of 429.03 kilometers per hour (266.59 miles per hour). (FAI Record File Number 8753) The second aircraft was sold shortly thereafter to the US Army for the token sum of $1. The Army designated it the R-8 and intended to race the aircraft against the Navy in the 1924 Pulitzer Trophy Race in Fairfield, Ohio, but it was destroyed in a crash during training shortly before the competition killing the pilot, First Lieutenant Alexander Pearson, Jr..[2]

The remaining R2C had its wheeled undercarriage replaced by pontoons during 1924 in preparation for that year's Schneider Trophy race, but the event was cancelled due to a lack of competitors. As it was, the aircraft won that year's Pulitzer Trophy in the seaplane class with an average speed of 227.5 mph (364.9 km/h). The aircraft ended its days training pilots for the 1925 and 1926 Schneider Trophy races.

Variants[edit]

R2C-1
Landplane racer, two built (A6691 and A6692).
R2C-2
Floatplane racer, one converted from A6692.

Operators[edit]

 United States

Specifications (R2C-1)[edit]

Data from Curtiss Aircraft 1907–1947[3], United States Navy aircraft since 1911[4]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 19 ft 8.5 in (6.007 m)
  • Wingspan: 22 ft 0 in (6.71 m)
  • Height: 6 ft 10 in (2.08 m)
  • Wing area: 148 sq ft (13.7 m2)
  • Airfoil: Curtiss C-62[5]
  • Empty weight: 1,877 lb (851 kg)
  • Gross weight: 2,071 lb (939 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Curtiss D-12A V-12 water-cooled piston engine, 507 hp (378 kW)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed Curtiss-Reed

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 266 mph (428 km/h; 231 kn) at sea level
  • Range: 173 mi (150 nmi; 278 km) at full throttle
430 mi (370 nmi; 690 km) cruising
  • Service ceiling: 31,800 ft (9,700 m)
  • Time to altitude: 10,000 ft (3,000 m) in 3 minutes 36 seconds

See also[edit]

Related development

Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ While they were dedicated Racing aircraft, they also received the "paper" designation F2C as fighters in the US Navy designation system: Swanborough and Bowers 1976, p.127.
  2. ^ Alley, William (2006). Pearson Field. New York: Harper Perennial. pp. 38–39. ISBN 0-7385-3129-4.
  3. ^ Bowers, Peter M. (1979). Curtiss aircraft, 1907-1947. London: Putnam. pp. 233–235. ISBN 0370100298.
  4. ^ Swanborough, Gordon; Bowers, Peter M. (1990). United States Navy aircraft since 1911 (3rd ed.). London: Putnam. pp. 141–143. ISBN 0851778380.
  5. ^ Lednicer, David. "The Incomplete Guide to Airfoil Usage". m-selig.ae.illinois.edu. Retrieved 16 April 2019.

Further reading[edit]

  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 796.
  • World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. File 891, Sheet 46.