Cycling at the Summer Olympics

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Cycling at the Summer Olympics
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Governing bodyUCI
Events22 (men: 11; women: 11)
Games

Cycling has been contested at every Summer Olympic Games since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics, at which a road race and five track events were held. Mountain bike racing entered the Olympic programme at the Atlanta Olympics, followed by BMX racing in 2008. Prior to the upcoming 2020 Summer Olympics, all events were speed races, but the 2020 programme will feature BMX freestyle for the first time.

Women's cycling did not enter the Olympic programme until the road race at the 1984 Summer Olympics. Women have competed in track events as well since 1988.

The 2012 Summer Olympics were the first at which men and women competed in the same number of events in all cycling disciplines including track cycling, which previously had more men's and fewer women's events than the 2012 programme.[1] However, women have shorter distances for some events.

Events[edit]

Track cycling, men[edit]

Current program
Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Keirin - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X 6
Madison - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X - - X 4
Omnium - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X 3
Pursuit, team - - - X - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Sprint, individual X X - X - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 27
Sprint, team - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X 6
Past events
Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
14 mile - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
13 mile - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
12 mile - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
1 mile - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
2 miles - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
5 miles - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
25 miles - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
660 yards - - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ,- 1
5 kilometres - - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
10 kilometres X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ,- 1
20 kilometres - - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
25 kilometres - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
50 kilometres - - - - - X X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
100 kilometres X - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2
12 hours X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
Points race - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X - - - 7
Pursuit, individual - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X - - - 12
Tandem - - - X - X X X X X X X X X X X X - - - - - - - - - - - - 13
1 km time trial X[a] - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X - - - - 19
Total 5 2 7 7 0 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 4 4 5 5 5 5 8 8 7 5 5 6
  1. ^ The 1896 time trial was the only time the event was held over one-third of a kilometre rather than one kilometre

Track cycling, women[edit]

Current program
Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Keirin - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X 3
Madison - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X 1
Omnium - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X 3
Pursuit, team - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X 3
Sprint, individual - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X 9
Sprint, team - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X 3
Past events
Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Points race - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X - - - 4
Pursuit, individual - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X - - - 5
500 m time trial - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X - - - - 2
Total 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 5 5 6

Road cycling, men[edit]

Current program
Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Road race, individual X - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 21
Time trial, individual - - - - X X X X X - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X 12
Past events
Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Road race, team - - - - - - - - - X X X X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4
Time trial, team - - - - X X X X X - - - - X X X X X X X X X - - - - - - - 14
Total 1 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Road cycling, women[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Road race - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X 10
Time trial - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X 7
Total 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Mountain bike, men[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Cross country - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X 7
Total 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Mountain bike, women[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Cross country - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X 7
Total 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

BMX, men[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Individual - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X 4
Freestyle - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X 1
Total 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 2

BMX, women[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Individual - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X 4
Freestyle - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X 1
Total 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 2

Medal table[edit]

As of the 2016 Summer Olympics
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 France (FRA)41272391
2 Italy (ITA)33161059
3 Great Britain (GBR)32302587
4 Netherlands (NED)18191249
5 United States (USA)16211855
6 Australia (AUS)14191851
7 Germany (GER)14141644
8 Soviet Union (URS)114924
9 Denmark (DEN)791026
10 Belgium (BEL)771125
11 East Germany (GDR)66416
12 Switzerland (SUI)58619
13 Russia (RUS)551121
14 Spain (ESP)55515
15 Sweden (SWE)45817
16 West Germany (FRG)45514
17 Czechoslovakia (TCH)2226
18 Colombia (COL)2136
19 Norway (NOR)2024
20 Latvia (LAT)2013
21 Canada (CAN)15814
22 South Africa (RSA)1438
23 United Team of Germany (EUA)1427
24 New Zealand (NZL)1348
25 China (CHN)1337
26 Greece (GRE)1304
27 Czech Republic (CZE)1102
 Kazakhstan (KAZ)1102
29 Austria (AUT)1023
30 Argentina (ARG)1001
 Estonia (EST)1001
32 Poland (POL)07411
33 Japan (JPN)0134
34 Ukraine (UKR)0123
35 Mexico (MEX)0112
36 Cuba (CUB)0101
 Portugal (POR)0101
 Uruguay (URU)0101
39 Belarus (BLR)0011
 Hong Kong (HKG)0011
 Jamaica (JAM)0011
 Lithuania (LTU)0011
 Malaysia (MAS)0011
 Venezuela (VEN)0011
Totals (44 nations)241240237718

Medalists[edit]

Cyclists who have won 6 or more Olympic medals.

As of the 2016 Summer Olympics
# Cyclist Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Bradley Wiggins  Great Britain (GBR) 5 1 2 8
2 Chris Hoy  Great Britain (GBR) 6 1 0 7
2 Jason Kenny  Great Britain (GBR) 6 1 0 7
4 Leontien Van Moorsel  Netherlands (NED) 4 1 1 6
5 Burton Downing  United States (USA) 2 3 1 6
6 Anna Meares  Australia (AUS) 2 1 3 6

Nations[edit]

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
 Albania (ALB) 1 1
 Algeria (ALG) 2 1 1 2 3
 Andorra (AND) 2 3 2
 Antigua and Barbuda (ANT) 2 3 2 3 1 5
 Argentina (ARG) 5 6 12 6 8 10 9 8 4 8 7 8 10 8 4 10 4 6 18
 Armenia (ARM) 1 1
 Aruba (ARU) 2 1 2
 Australia (AUS) 2 4 2 1 3 6 6 11 9 14 9 10 12 10 12 17 16 21 27 24 28 27 31 23
 Austria (AUT) 1 6 2 10 8 4 4 8 5 6 6 9 7 5 9 9 10 6 5 4 20
 Azerbaijan (AZE) 1 3 2
 Bahamas (BAH) 2 1
 Bahrain (BRN) 4 1
 Barbados (BAR) 4 3 2 1 2 1 1 7
 Belarus (BLR) 7 6 5 8 4 5
 Belgium (BEL) 1 6 1 15 9 8 8 12 11 7 13 10 15 14 7 12 8 6 7 9 13 9 11 16 14 25
 Belize (BIZ) 2 6 5 5 1 5
 Benin (BEN) 2 1
 Bermuda (BER) 3 1 2
 Bohemia (BOH) 1 5 2
 Bolivia (BOL) 1 1 1 1 1 1 6
 Brazil (BRA) 3 1 1 2 6 7 8 7 8 4 6 5 9 10 14
 British West Indies (BWI) 1 1
 Bulgaria (BUL) 7 10 5 5 1 4 6 6 1 3 2 2 1 13
 Cambodia (CAM) 6 1
 Cameroon (CMR) 4 4 6 5 4
 Canada (CAN) 5 2 5 1 6 7 6 6 2 3 2 6 9 11 13 11 15 15 15 12 15 15 19 23
 Cayman Islands (CAY) 6 6 6 1 4
 Central African Republic (CAF) 4 1
 Chile (CHI) 4 3 5 4 4 4 2 2 7 1 5 2 3 5 3 2 16
 China (CHN) 7 9 6 5 3 6 12 12 14 9
 Chinese Taipei (TPE) 4 5 1 2 3 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 12
 Colombia (COL) 8 7 8 10 10 11 7 7 8 12 9 8 13 17 15 15
 Costa Rica (CRC) 5 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 8
 Croatia (CRO) 3 2 2 3
 Cuba (CUB) 1 6 6 6 3 4 1 4 4 3 4 3 12
 Czech Republic (CZE) 6 8 13 12 10 12 6
 Czechoslovakia (TCH) 4 8 4 4 6 6 6 9 8 15 11 11 13 12 14
 Cyprus (CYP) 1 1 1 1 4
 Denmark (DEN) 8 6 6 5 6 11 11 13 2 8 12 13 13 11 11 13 9 11 12 9 8 15 10 13 24
 Dominican Republic (DOM) 1 1
 Democratic Republic of the Congo (COD) 5 4 3 3
 East Germany (GDR) 10 11 11 13 17 5
 Ecuador (ECU) 4 4 1 2 3 1 2 2 8
 Egypt (EGY) 3 4 1 3
 El Salvador (ESA) 5 1 1 1 2 1 6
 Eritrea (ERI) 1 1 2
 Estonia (EST) 3 7 5 6 4 2 2 7
 Ethiopia (ETH) 4 5 4 5 5 8 5 1 8
 Fiji (FIJ) 1 1
 Finland (FIN) 5 4 1 2 5 11 1 4 4 6 1 5 5 4 2 5 2 2 1 19
 France (FRA) 2 58 23 12 13 11 8 8 8 11 10 11 14 14 14 15 14 9 17 16 18 20 26 21 28 23 22 27
 Georgia (GEO) 1 1
 Germany (GER) 5 3 9 11 10 4 12 5 17 18 25 22 20 22 29 15
 Great Britain (GBR) 2 1 36 26 13 12 12 7 11 10 12 12 12 12 14 11 11 12 16 17 16 19 22 22 25 25 26 27
 Greece (GRE) 9 1 3 1 2 1 3 4 5 4 4 3 12
 Guam (GUM) 6 2 1 1 4
 Guatemala (GUA) 5 4 1 5 6 1 2 1 1 9
 Guyana (GUY) 1 1 1 2 3 2 1 7
 Hong Kong (HKG) 4 4 4 5 1 2 1 4 5 5 10
 Hungary (HUN) 5 4 1 8 6 5 7 7 4 1 10 1 4 1 1 2 5 3 1 19
 Indonesia (INA) 1 1
 Iran (IRI) 4 4 7 7 7 2 4 3 3 3 10
 Iraq (IRQ) 2 1 2
 India (IND) 9 5 5 3
 Independent Olympic Athletes (IOA) 5 1
 Indonesia (INA) 4 2 1 3
 Ireland (IRL) 2 5 3 4 2 3 5 5 5 5 5 4 4 4 3 15
 Israel (ISR) 2 2 2
 Italy (ITA) 7 1 4 12 10 12 10 11 12 11 12 14 14 16 15 14 10 21 18 18 21 18 13 15 13 19 26
 Jamaica (JAM) 1 6 3 2 5 3 3 1 8
 Japan (JPN) 4 1 5 15 1 3 5 9 12 12 8 10 11 14 9 9 16
 Kazakhstan (KAZ) 7 7 8 3 2 3 6
 Kenya (KEN) 1 1
 Kosovo (KOS) 1 1
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ) 1 1 1 3
 Laos (LAO) 1 1
 Latvia (LAT) 4 5 4 5 7 9 2 5 5 4 10
 Lebanon (LIB) 1 1 2 1 2 2 6
 Lesotho (LES) 1 1
 Libya (LBA) 7 2 1 1 4
 Liechtenstein (LIE) 1 2 1 1 3 2 6
 Lithuania (LTU) 2 4 5 13 8 9 8 4 4 9
 Luxembourg (LUX) 1 5 4 4 4 4 1 6 2 1 2 2 3 3 2 3 16
 Madagascar (MAD) 1 1
 Malawi (MAW) 2 4 4 3
 Malaysia (MAS) 9 2 4 1 1 2 1 1 3 4 2 11
 Malta (MLT) 3 4 4 3
 Mauritius (MRI) 1 1 1 3
 Mexico (MEX) 3 5 4 4 10 9 12 6 6 8 5 5 9 2 2 2 2 4 18
 Moldova (MDA) 5 2 1 1 4
 Monaco (MON) 1 1
 Mongolia (MGL) 4 5 4 1 4
 Morocco (MAR) 4 4 3 4 4
 Namibia (NAM) 1 1 2 2 3 5
 Netherlands (NED) 5 10 10 11 2 11 9 6 13 12 10 11 12 7 16 13 17 16 18 24 26 24 26 23
 Nicaragua (NCA) 4 1 2
 North Korea (PRK) 3 1
 Norway (NOR) 6 4 4 2 4 3 1 6 7 8 10 5 9 6 10 8 8 6 7 19
 New Zealand (NZL) 1 1 1 2 6 1 5 5 8 4 7 13 14 17 17 16 16 21 19 19
 Oman (OMA) 1 1
 Pakistan (PAK) 2 2 4 2 4 5
 Peru (PER) 4 3 1 5 1 1 6
 Philippines (PHI) 4 3 1 4 3 2 1 7
 Poland (POL) 8 11 4 5 8 10 12 11 11 11 9 8 10 16 11 12 17 17
 Portugal (POR) 4 6 4 4 2 4 6 7
 Puerto Rico (PUR) 1 1 1 1 4
 Republic of China (ROC) 1 1 2
 Romania (ROU) 5 6 5 1 1 2 1 1 1 9
 Russia (RUS) 18 19 20 22 17 16 6
 Russian Empire (RU1) 10 1
 Rwanda (RWA) 3 1 2 3
 Samoa (SAM) 1 1
 San Marino (SMR) 4 2 1 1 2 1 1 7
 Saudi Arabia (KSA) 6 3 2
 Serbia (SRB) 2 2 2 3
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) 1 1
 Sierra Leone (SLE) 1 1
 Slovakia (SVK) 10 7 9 4 2 2 6
 Slovenia (SLO) 1 1 6 4 6 6 7 7
 South Africa (RSA) 4 1 5 1 1 2 3 5 6 5 5 6 4 4 8 9 7 17
 South Korea (KOR) 2 3 2 4 6 2 10 15 4 9 3 5 4 10 8 15
 Soviet Union (URS) 10 12 13 12 15 15 12 13 18 9
 Spain (ESP) 1 9 6 7 8 4 4 13 14 18 22 22 18 16 12 15
 Sri Lanka (SRI) 1 1
 Suriname (SUR) 1 1 2
 Sweden (SWE) 2 12 4 4 4 4 5 4 8 4 4 4 6 5 6 6 11 8 9 7 5 9 8 5 4 25
 Switzerland (SUI) 9 9 11 11 10 14 5 4 10 6 10 12 9 13 13 16 16 14 11 15 20
 Syria (SYR) 1 1
 Thailand (THA) 8 7 7 6 1 1 2 7
 East Timor (TLS) 1 1
 Togo (TOG) 3 2 2
 Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) 1 1 3 7 6 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 12
 Tunisia (TUN) 4 1 1 3
 Turkey (TUR) 4 4 4 6 1 1 3 2 8
 Uganda (UGA) 2 1
 Ukraine (UKR) 12 14 16 16 10 7 6
 Unified Team (EUN) 19 1
 United Team of Germany (EUA) 10 14 13 3
 United Arab Emirates (UAE) 6 4 1 1 4
 United States (USA) 1 17 2 9 9 5 4 12 6 9 9 10 14 16 15 15 13 20 19 20 23 26 18 24 24 21 26
 Uruguay (URU) 9 7 5 5 8 5 5 5 1 3 2 3 2 2 1 1 16
 Uzbekistan (UZB) 1 1 1 2 4
 Venezuela (VEN) 1 4 4 5 6 5 2 4 4 6 5 3 4 12 9 15
 Vietnam (VIE) 4 6 6 2 1 5
 Virgin Islands (ISV) 1 1 2
 West Germany (FRG) 14 17 12 20 15 5
 Yugoslavia (YUG) 4 4 4 4 1 5 4 5 2 4 6 6 12
 Zimbabwe (ZIM) 3 2 1 1 4
No. of nations 5 7 2 11 16 14 24 27 13 30 33 36 30 48 40 52 54 49 34 54 62 76 68 55 61 66 74 80
No. of cyclists 19 72 18 97 123 103 139 149 66 175 188 215 161 297 303 329 359 295 230 359 422 451 477 462 464 508 501 523
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McQuaid, Pat (February 2012). "The equal opportunities: How to make it happen". UCI. Archived from the original on 2014-01-08. Retrieved 2012-04-16.

External links[edit]

Media related to Cycling at the Olympics at Wikimedia Commons