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Tricolor shiner - Cyprinella trichroistia.jpg
Tricolor shiner (Cyprinella trichroistia)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Subfamily: Leuciscinae
Genus: Cyprinella
Girard, 1856
Type species
Leuciscus bubalinus
Baird & Girard, 1853

32 - See text.

  • Erimonax Jordan, 1924
  • Erogala Jordan, 1878
  • Moniana Girard, 1856

Cyprinella is a genus of fish in the family Cyprinidae, the carps and minnows. They are known as the satinfin shiners.[1] They are native to North America, and some are among the most common freshwater fish species on the eastern side of the continent.[2] Conversely, several Cyprinella species with small distributions are threatened and the Maravillas Creek subspecies of the red shiner (Cyprinella lutrensis blairi) is extinct.[3]

The largest species reach around 19 cm (7.5 in) in total length.[4] Breeding males often develop bright coloration.[2] Fish of the genus produce audible sounds during courtship and conflict.[5]


There are currently 32 recognized species in this genus:[4]

Satinfin shiner (Cyprinella analostana)
Red shiner (Cyprinella lutrensis)


  1. ^ Cyprinella. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
  2. ^ a b Broughton, R. E. and J. R. Gold. (2000). Phylogenetic relationships in the North American cyprinid genus Cyprinella (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae) based on sequences of the mitochondrial ND2 and ND4L genes. Copeia 2000(1) 1-10.
  3. ^ Jelks, H.L., S.J. Walsh, N.M. Burkhead, S. Contreras-Balderas, E. Díaz-Pardo, D.A. Hendrickson, J. Lyons, N.E. Mandrak, F. McCormick, J.S. Nelson, S.P. Platania, B.A. Porter, C.B. Renaud, J.J. Schmitter-Soto, E.B. Taylor and M.L. Warren Jr. (2008). Conservation status of imperiled North American freshwater and diadromous fishes. Fisheries 33(8): 372-407.
  4. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). Species of Cyprinella in FishBase. December 2012 version.
  5. ^ Phillips, C. T. and C. E. Johnston. (2008). Geographical divergence of acoustic signals in Cyprinella galactura, the whitetail shiner (Cyprinidae). Animal Behaviour 75(2), 617-26.