Daewoo Nubira

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Daewoo Nubira
1999 Daewoo Nubira (J100) SE sedan (2015-07-03) 01.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerDaewoo
Also calledDoninvest Orion
Production1997-2002 (South Korea)
1997-2002 (United Kingdom)
1997–present (CKD and license-built models)
AssemblyGunsan, South Korea
Cairo, Egypt (Daewoo Motors Egypt, 1998-2012)[1]
Craiova, Romania (Rodae)[2]
Zaporizhia, Ukraine (AvtoZAZ)[3]
Warsaw, Poland (FSO)[4]
Hanoi, Vietnam (VIDAMCO)[5]
DesignerI.DE.A Institute
Body and chassis
ClassCompact car (C)
Body style4-door sedan
5-door hatchback
5-door station wagon
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,570 mm (101.2 in)
Length4,247 mm (167.2 in) (hatchback)
4,468 mm (175.9 in) (1997–00 sedan)
4,514 mm (177.7 in) (1997–00 wagon)
4,496 mm (177.0 in) (2000–02 sedan)
4,547 mm (179.0 in) (2000–02 wagon)
Width1,699 mm (66.9 in)
1,720 mm (67.7 in) (2000–02 wagon)
Height1,425 mm (56.1 in) (1997–00)
1,433 mm (56.4 in) (1997–00 wagon)
1,430 mm (56.3 in) (2000–02 sedan)
1,471 mm (57.9 in) (2000–02 wagon)
Chronology
PredecessorDaewoo Nexia
SuccessorDaewoo Lacetti

The Daewoo Nubira is a compact car which was produced by the South Korean automaker Daewoo from 1997 to 2002 as a 4-door sedan, 5-door hatchback and a 5-door station wagon.

Development[edit]

The Daewoo Nubira (J100 platform) was released in 1997 reflecting Daewoo's new found design and manufacturing process. Production took under 30 months by ex-Porsche and BMW engineering chief Dr. Ulrich Bez (later of Aston Martin), with Daewoo's growing in-house R&D network in Korea, Worthing and Munich collaborating with the world's best engineering consultancies.[6] Styling was done by I.DE.A Institute in Italy, and other companies involved in the development programme included Ricardo and GM Holden. Built in Kunsan, South Korea in a factory equipped with sophisticated laser-guided robots, it was developed as a replacement. People weren't entirely sure what was the replacement, but Daewoo said that not only did it replace the lower and medium specification of the Espero, but also those at the upper end line-up of the Nexia.[7]

Overview[edit]

Daewoo Nubira hatchback
1999 Daewoo Nubira sedan (Australia)

The name Nubira (누비라) is the command form of the Korean verb Nubida (누비다), meaning to crisscross. Thus the name was chosen to convey the aspiration that this car would be seen crisscrossing every corner of the globe.

The Nubira II (J150) (facelift) was released for the model year 2000. Over 90 improvements were made by Daewoo's Worthing Technical Centre in the United Kingdom, including an increase in passenger space and a decrease in noise, harshness and vibration (by adding a fourth engine mount and retuning the intake resonators for example). Offset crash performance was further improved in the second generation, as demonstrated by Australian ANCAP tests, though it fell well short of exemplary performance. The exterior was reworked, including the revamped front, a more angular rear and door mirrors creating a more dynamic upright and swept look of the era, a design later seen reflected by the Lexus ES350 and 2004 Mitsubishi Diamante.

International market Nubiras had a choice of a Daewoo "E-Tech" 1.3,"E-Tech" 1.6, or Holden 1.8 or 2.0-litre inline-four gasoline engines: no diesel version was ever offered, although the Worthing Technical Centre installed Renault's F8 1.9-litre engine in a small number of test vehicles, under a development programme known as J151.

The Nubira was also briefly produced from CKD kits on Taganrog, Russia TagAZ factory; it was marketed as the Doninvest Orion by the Russian automaker Doninvest. Until 2008, Daewoo Nubira was produced in Romania in a former Daewoo factory which had the licence from GM Daewoo. The Daewoo Nubira was still produced in Egypt in 2008, in a former Daewoo factory which has the licence from GM Daewoo.

The Nubira was replaced in 2004 with the J200 Daewoo Lacetti, under GMDAT management with a new Pininfarina-designed body offered as a sedan, station wagon, and Italdesign hatchback. It was sold in some European markets as the Chevrolet Nubira and in the United States as the Suzuki Forenza and Reno.

The European Market[edit]

In all European markets, production starts in 1997 and facelifts were done in 1999.

United Kingdom[edit]

Daewoo announced that production of the Nubira would begin in autumn 1997 in the following month of the year May along with the new Daewoo range (that is with the Lanos and Leganza).

At 9 September 1997, prices were confirmed for the Nubira to go to sale in 11 September 1997:[8]

UK Nubira Prices in 1997
Trim level Body Type Price
SE 4-door £11,995
SE Estate £12,995
CDX 4-door £12,995
CDX Estate £13,995

These prices included the Daewoo package.

The four-model range offered two engines which included the 1.6[9] and the 2.0[10]. There were two equipment levels, SE and CDX and two body styles, a four-door saloon and a five-door estate. The five-door hatchback was not offered at all. All models had the following equipment: air-conditioning, ABS, driver and front passenger airbags, alarm, engine immobiliser, power steering, electric front windows, central locking, metallic paint and RDS radio/cassette players as standard.[11] The only differences were that the SE had hubcaps, non-body coloured door handles and door mirrors and 'SE' emblems at the body wings. Alloy wheels were an option on the SE model. However, the CDX came with alloy wheels, body-coloured door handles and wing mirrors, rear electric windows and 'CDX' emblems at the body wings. Then, promotions were extended to one years' free insurance for the new range from 1 January 1998.[12]

New finance packaging were provided and the prices were then realigned to the following for 1999[13]:

Nubira prices for January 1999
Trim level Body Type Current Price New Price £ Change
SE 4-door £12,220 £11,795 -£425
SE Estate £13,220 £12,795 -£425
CDX 4-door £13,220 £12,795 -£425
CDX Estate £14,220 £13,795 -£425

After, Daewoo provided an Easter sale which reduced the prices of the three new models (Lanos, Nubira, Leganza) for a month. This meant the two-for-one offer (buyers of 'S' plate cars would be replaced for 'T' plate ones in March 1999), generated some low-mileage well-conditioned 'S' plate ones. Prices were reduced to the following:[14]

Nubira Prices in Easter Sale
Trim Level Body Type Price before sale Price after sale
SE 4-door £9,495 £8,495
SE Estate £10,495 £9,995
CDX 4-door £10,495 £9,495
CDX Estate £10,995 £10,495

In 2001, prices were reduced (up to 16%) to the following:

Nubira Prices for 2001
Trim Level Body Type New Price Previous Price Saving
SE 4-door £10,995 £12,225 £1,230
SE Estate £11,995 £13,225 £1,230
CDX 4-door £11,995 £13,225 £1,230
CDX Estate £12,995 £14,225 £1,230

Reviewing[edit]

The AA first tested out the Nubira in August 1997. They claimed that the ride was subtle and the driving experience was decent. In conclusion, they said that its keen value for money and decent equipment makes it a good family car. However, for them it was just another family car, rather competent than trendsetting.[15]

After that, in November 1998, AA tested out the 1.6 SE version of the Nubira estate. The way it drove, versatility and its good conglomeration of styling in Italy, Engineered in Britain and assembled in South Korea is what the AA liked about it. Their verdict was that it was a sensibly competent rather than a crowd-drawing performer, it fitted a lot of motoring for the money and the aftersales package was outstanding.[16][17]

Finally, the facelift version of the Nubira was tested in July 1999. The AA liked its comfort (particularly the seats) yet some of the mechanical improvements weren't very good for them; for instance despite the new engine management system, they thought the new two litre engine still suffered a nasty 'shunt' as the accelerator was released and applied. The verdict was the facelift made it a more refined and comfortable car with the sublime aftersales peace-of-mind package.[18]

Facelift[edit]

In 22 July 1999, the facelift of the Nubira was announced, barely after 24 months of its official release in the UK. Stylists at the Daewoo's Worthing Technical Centre (or DWTC), led by Daewoo Design Director Ginger Ostle were already working on a facelifted one since the production started in Autumn 1997. Engines (1.6 and 2.0 litres) were revised too, including decreased torque and performance yet making it more economical.[19][20]

Limited edition models included price reduction for the 1.6 SE 4-door (£9,995). The saving (on equivalent models) was £1,814.[21] Extra equipment included 14" alloy wheels, metallic/mica paint and a CD autochanger free-of-charge. Also, Daewoo provided finance offers, which means more promotions and expanding it on the Nubira Estate. For the Nubira, offers included 0% Hire Purchase, 36 months, 40% deposit on CDX.[22] In 2002, Daewoo provided a £1,500 cashback on the Nubira CDX.[23]

Recalls[edit]

At 18 June 2001, Daewoo recalled 3,000 Nubira CDX's due to a fault in the fuel filter.[24]

The Netherlands[edit]

In the Netherlands, there were three trim levels available, SE (base model), SX and CDX with three body types including the hatchback, saloon and estate. Prices varied depending on the model, starting from less than €15.000 for the base model saloon to less than €20.500 for the top-of-the-range estate. Prices were then varied for the facelift, which started from €15.395 for the base model hatchback all the way up to €21.095 for the top-of-the-range estate.[25]

The American Market[edit]

Daewoo Nubira 2.0 L engine (US)
2000–2002 Daewoo Nubira wagon (US)

Production began in 2000. In the United States, the Nubira was marketed with Daewoo's smaller subcompact Lanos and midsize Leganza. Daewoo had a difficult time entering the US auto market due to financial trouble at home; with 2002 being the last model year available due to bankruptcy and a lack of new product. In North America, the cars are relatively obscure, if not rare, and sourcing parts for them became relatively difficult; though many powertrain parts were shared worldwide with other GM platforms (Opel, Holden, Isuzu). Promotions were provided, including a peace-of-mind 3-year/36,000 mile comprehensive warranty, 3-year/24-hour priority assistance program and a 5 year/60,000 mile powertrain warranty. All with no extra charge.

2000–2002 Daewoo Nubira sedan (Canada)

United States Nubira models came equipped only with an Australian built Holden produced DOHC 16-valve 2.0-liter inline-4 General Motors "D-Tec" gasoline engine paired with either a Daewoo-designed D-20 five-speed manual transaxle or optional GM sourced 4T40E automatic. Producing 136 lb⋅ft (184 N⋅m) torque at 4,400 rpm, the GM Family-II engine had a square 3.4" stroke and a 3.4" bore and at 5,400 rpm making 129 bhp (96 kW; 131 PS). Two trim levels were available, SE and CDX. All Nubira's were equipped with power-steering and an array of other standard equipment. CDX models got extra equipment, like air-con, cruise control, alarm with keyless-entry, alloy wheels and a CD player.[26]




See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Welcome to Nubira Website". AboulFotouh.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2010. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
  2. ^ "Daewoo Automobile Romania, 6 ani" (in Romanian). Daewoo.ro. Archived from the original on 6 April 2001. Retrieved 27 July 2011.
  3. ^ "UkrAVTO Corporation. ZAZ". UkrAvto.ua. Archived from the original on 11 December 2010. Retrieved 22 October 2010.
  4. ^ "UkrAVTO Corporation. FSO". UkrAvto.ua. Archived from the original on 24 April 2009. Retrieved 22 October 2010.
  5. ^ "June 1998: Introduce Leganza and Nubira to Vietnam market". GMVietnam.com.vn. Archived from the original on 18 April 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
  6. ^ "Daewoo News - New Daewoos introduced in Korea". Darewnoo. 26 May 1997.
  7. ^ "Daewoo News - The New Daewoo Nubira". Darewnoo. 1997.
  8. ^ "Daewoo News - Daewoo Confirms Prices for Three New Models". Darewnoo. 9 September 1997.
  9. ^ "Daewoo News - Daewoo Nubira 1.6 Technical Specifications". Darewnoo. 1997.
  10. ^ "Daewoo News - Daewoo Nubira 2.0 Technical Specifications". Darewnoo. 1997.
  11. ^ "Daewoo News - The New Daewoo Nubira". Darewnoo. 1997.
  12. ^ "Daewoo News - Daewoo Offers Lowest Possible Ownership Costs". Darewnoo. 21 September 2019.
  13. ^ "Daewoo News - Daewoo Realigns Prices and Offers New Range of Finance Packages". Darewnoo. 23 December 1998.
  14. ^ "Daewoo News - Daewoo Easter Sale". Darewnoo. 24 March 1999.
  15. ^ "Daewoo Nubira 1997 AA Road Test (first drive)" (PDF).
  16. ^ "Daewoo Nubira 1.6 SE Estate AA full test November 1998 (Original)" (PDF). 1998.
  17. ^ "Daewoo Nubira 1.6 SE Estate AA full test November 1998" (PDF). 1998.
  18. ^ "Daewoo Nubira facelift July 1999 AA full test" (PDF). 1999.
  19. ^ "Daewoo News - Daewoo Nubira 1.6 SE Technical Specifications (Facelift)". Darewnoo. 22 July 1997.
  20. ^ "Daewoo News - Daewoo Nubira 2.0 CDX Technical Specifications (Facelift)". Darewnoo. 22 July 1999.
  21. ^ "Daewoo News - Daewoo Introduces Three "Special Edition" Models To The Range". Darewnoo. 9 February 2001.
  22. ^ "Daewoo News - Daewoo's Outstanding Finance Offers". Darewnoo. 5 April 2001.
  23. ^ "Daewoo News - Outstanding Cashback and Financing Packages from Daewoo". Darewnoo. 15 March 2002.
  24. ^ "Daewoo News - Daewoo Recalls 3,000 Nubira's". Darewnoo. 18 June 2001.
  25. ^ "Daewoo Nubira Specifications and Prices - The Netherlands". Auto Week. 20 October 2019.
  26. ^ "Daewoo brochure US 2000". Unique Cars and Parts. December 1999.