Dagestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

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Dagestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
Дагестанская АССР (Russian)
Дагъистаналъул АССР (Avar)
Дагъыстан АССР (Kumyk)
Дагъустандин АССР (Lezgian)
Дагъусттаннал АССР (Lak)
Autonomous republic of the Russian SFSR

1921–1991
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Capital Mahachkala
Government Soviet republic
History
 •  Established 1921
 •  Disestablished 1991

The Dagestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Russian: Дагестанская Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика; 1921–1991), abbreviated as Dagestan ASSR (Russian: Дагестанская АССР; Avar: Дагъистаналъул АССР; Kumyk: Дагъыстан АССР; Lezgian: Дагъустандин АССР; Lak: Дагъусттаннал АССР) or DASSR (Russian: ДАССР) and also unofficially known as Soviet Dagestan or just simply Dagestan, was an autonomous Soviet socialist republic (ASSR) in the Russian SFSR of the former Soviet Union. This "Land of Mountains" was known also for having a "mountain of peoples," with more than thirty ethnic groups indigenous to the territory. Although as part of its strategy to promote local languages and to discourage pan-Turkic and pan-Islamic movements, a half-dozen of these ethnicities were provided with schooling in their native language at some point in Soviet history, Russian language became the most widespread second language and gradually the lingua franca, especially in urban areas.[1]

The minor planet 2297 Daghestan, discovered in 1978[1] by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Chernykh, is named after the Dagestan ASSR.[2]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Краткая справка об административно-территориальных изменениях Ставропольского края за 1920—1992 гг.
  2. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. (2003). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names (5th ed.). New York: Springer Verlag. p. 187. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.