Dallas Green (baseball)
Green in 2009
|Pitcher / Manager|
|Born: August 4, 1934|
|Died: March 22, 2017 (aged 82)|
|June 18, 1960, for the Philadelphia Phillies|
|Last MLB appearance|
|September 12, 1967, for the Philadelphia Phillies|
|Earned run average||4.26|
|Career highlights and awards|
George Dallas Green (August 4, 1934 – March 22, 2017), was an American professional baseball pitcher, manager, scout, and executive in Major League Baseball (MLB). He played big league baseball for the Philadelphia Phillies, Washington Senators, and New York Mets, from 1960 through 1967. A man of towering stature, Green achieved notoriety for his blunt manner. He possessed a booming voice and achieved many successes, over a baseball career that lasted over 60 years.
Green had a losing record both as a pitcher and as a manager; nonetheless, in 1983, he was inducted into the Delaware Sports Museum and Hall of Fame.
Early life and playing career
Green was born in Newport, Delaware. He was the middle of three children. Green graduated from Conrad High School, and attended the University of Delaware. He played as a pitcher and right fielder for the Delaware Fightin' Blue Hens baseball team. After Green pitched to a 6–0 win–loss record and an 0.88 earned run average (ERA) in 1955, his junior year, Jocko Collins, a scout for the Philadelphia Phillies, signed Green as an amateur free agent.
Green made his major league debut with the Phillies in 1960. Pitching for the Phillies, Washington Senators, and New York Mets, Green had a career 20–22 record and 4.26 ERA, in 185 total games, with 46 games started.
Managing and front office career
After his playing career ended, Green managed the Huron Phillies of the Class A-Short Season Northern League, in 1968 and the Pulaski Phillies of the Rookie-level Appalachian League in 1969. Pulaski won the Appalachian League championship. In 1970, he joined the Phillies' front office as an assistant to farm system director Paul Owens. When Owens was promoted to general manager, in 1972, Green succeeded him as farm director.
In 1979, the Phillies hired Green as their field manager, replacing easy-going Danny Ozark. When Green was appointed to the position, he matter-of-factly stated: "I express my thoughts. I'm a screamer, a yeller, and a cusser. I never hold back." Green was notorious for his liberal use of profanity. His difficult manner led to clashes with many of the team's star players, such as slugger Greg Luzinski, shortstop Larry Bowa, and catcher Bob Boone. Titanic blows were exchanged between 6 ft, 5 in (1.96 m) Green and 6 ft, 6 in (1.98 m) relief pitcher Ron Reed. Still, come-October, it was Green manning the helm, guiding the Phillies to victory, in the 1980 World Series — the team’s first World Series title in its 98-year history. Through 1981, he managed Philadelphia to a 169–130 record. In 1981, the team again made the postseason, by virtue of having won the East division, in the first half of the strike-split season; however, the Phillies lost to the Montreal Expos in the National League Division Series, 3 games to 2.
Following the Tribune Company's purchase of the Chicago Cubs from the Wrigley family in 1981, the company hired Green away from the Philadelphia, after the 1981 season, as executive vice president and general manager. His presence was quickly felt in the organization, as his slogan "Building a New Tradition" was a jab at the Cubs' history of losing. Green hired a number of coaches and scouts away from the Phillies, such as Lee Elia, John Vukovich, and Gordon Goldsberry. Green also made some trades with the Phillies, acquiring players such as Bowa, Keith Moreland, Dickie Noles, and Ryne Sandberg.
Green continued to build the Cubs between the 1982 and 1987 seasons. After acquiring left fielder Gary Matthews and center fielder Bob Dernier from Philadelphia, before the 1984 season, Green's Cubs became serious contenders for the first time in more than a decade. During the 1984 season, Green made a few more moves, most notably acquiring right-handed pitcher Dennis Eckersley from the Boston Red Sox for popular first baseman Bill Buckner in late May, and sending Cubs' prospects Mel Hall and Joe Carter to the Cleveland Indians for relief pitcher George Frazier, backup catcher Ron Hassey, and right-handed pitcher Rick Sutcliffe, in mid-June. Sutcliffe went 16–1 with the Cubs that season to lead the Cubs to the National League East title — their first postseason appearance of any kind since the 1945 World Series. Because Green neglected to renew waivers on Hall and Carter, the status of the trade was in doubt for a while, and the two did not play for a week. Green's first-year manager Jim Frey won NL Manager of the Year, Sutcliffe won the NL Cy Young Award, and Sandberg won the NL Most Valuable Player Award. Green was named The Sporting News Executive of the Year. Green then won a power struggle within the Cubs front office; he was promoted to team president, replacing Jim Finks, who resigned to take a job with the New Orleans Saints of the National Football League.
As it turned out, this was the high point of Green's tenure in Chicago. The Cubs struggled in 1985 and 1986, and fell to last place in 1987. After Green blasted the Cubs for quitting in 1987, manager Gene Michael resigned over Labor Day weekend. Green himself left the Cubs in October 1987, citing "philosophical differences" with Tribune Company executives.
Green was the first Cubs executive to clash with the city of Chicago over the installation of lights in Wrigley Field. Green was a strong proponent of lights from the start of his tenure, but a city ordinance prohibited the Cubs from installing lights in the residential Lakeview neighborhood, where Wrigley Field was located. As Green saw it, the issue was not lights or no lights, but stay at Wrigley Field or move to the suburbs. Bluntly stating that "if there are no lights in Wrigley Field, there will be no Wrigley Field," he threatened to move the Cubs to a new stadium in northwest suburban Schaumburg or Arlington Heights. He also considered shutting down Wrigley Field for a year and playing at Comiskey Park as tenants of the Chicago White Sox, in hopes that the loss of revenue would temper or eliminate neighborhood opposition. Green's stance changed the context of the debate, as even the staunchest opponents of installing lights did not want to be held responsible for the Cubs leaving town. Shortly before Green's departure, the Chicago City Council and Mayor Harold Washington approved a change to the ordinance, allowing the Cubs to install lights in 1988. Green also rebuilt the Cubs' farm system with Goldsberry, developing stars like Shawon Dunston, Greg Maddux, Rafael Palmeiro, Jamie Moyer, and Mark Grace. The Cubs won a division title in 1989.
After the 1988 season, the New York Yankees fired manager Lou Piniella, replacing him with Green. With the 1989 Yankees, he was also under .500 at 56–65 (.463). The team had finished nine games over .500 the prior year, but fell to nine games under .500 during Green's tenure. Green insulted team owner George Steinbrenner by referring to him as "Manager George" for his meddling with the team. Steinbrenner fired Green, in August 1989.
In 1991, the New York Mets hired Green as a scout. During the 1993 season, the Mets fired manager Jeff Torborg, and hired Green for the position. During his tenure with the Mets, he was under .500 at 229–283 (.447). The Mets fired Green in 1996, replacing him with Bobby Valentine. In 1998, Green returned to the Phillies as a senior advisor to the General Manager. He would remain with the Ohiladelphia organization, serving in various capacities, for the remainder of his life.
Green's overall managerial record was 454–478, a .487 winning percentage.
|Team||From||To||Regular season record||Post–season record|
|W||L||Win %||W||L||Win %|
|New York Yankees||1989||1989||56||65||.463||—|
|New York Mets||1993||1996||229||283||.447|
Green's nine-year-old granddaughter, Christina Taylor-Green, was killed in the 2011 Tucson shooting that critically wounded Rep. Gabrielle Giffords. Her interest in government prompted a neighbor to take her to the event with the congresswoman. Green, after receiving the news of his granddaughter's death, said that this was the worst thing that has ever happened to his family.
On March 22, 2017, Green died at Hahnemann University Hospital in Philadelphia. He had spent the previous month at the hospital on dialysis due to kidney failure. Green’s death resulted from the kidney failure, complicated with pneumonia.
The Phillies wore a patch on their uniform sleeves, featuring a capital D with the team's 70s- and 80s-era “baseball inside the P” logo — the one used during his tenure as the team’s skipper — in the middle color area, featuring the team's colors, red and white, in a black circle, during the 2017 season, in his memory.
- "Dallas Green Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. 2019. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
- Fitzpatrick, Frank (March 22, 2017). "Dallas Green, first Phillies manager to win the World Series, dies at 82". philly.com. The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- Wolf, Gregory H. (2017). "Dallas Green SABR Baseball BioProject". sabr.org. Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- Giglio, Joe (March 22, 2017). "Ex-Mets, Yankees, Phillies manager Dallas Green dies at 82". NJ.com. Advance Publications. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- Tresolini, Kevin (June 27, 2005). "Dallas Green's life in baseball comes full circle". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- "Phillies dismiss Ozark as manager". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Block Communications. Associated Press. September 1, 1979. p. 9. Retrieved August 14, 2015.
- Carchidi, Sam (July 10, 2005). "THE MOUTH THAT ROARED Green's tirade was shout heard round the world". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
...a profanity-laced clubhouse tirade that, to fans, would become known fondly as the Pittsburgh Address.
- "Dallas Green Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. 2015. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
- Sullivan, Paul. "No one changed Cubs franchise more than Dallas Green in '80s". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- "Dallas Green did not want to risk hiring someone..." upi.com. United Press International. March 23, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- Gonzales, Mark. "'He really sent the Cubs on their way:' Former players grateful for Dallas Green's loyalty". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- Mitchell, Fred (May 23, 2015). "Flashback: Trio of trades paved way for Cubs' 1984 division title". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- "Former Phillies manager, player Dallas Green dies at 82". sportingnews.com. Sporting News. March 22, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- Kuczka, Susan (December 19, 1984). "Longtime football executive Jim Finks has resigned as president..." upi.com. United Press International. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- Holtzman, Jerome (September 8, 1987). "Michael Out As Cub Manager". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- Stark, Jayson (March 23, 2017). "Green, who led Phillies to 1980 title, dies at 82". ESPN.com. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- Anderson, R.J. (March 22, 2017). "Phillies World Series-winning manager Dallas Green dies at 82". cbssports.com. CBS Sports. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- "Former Cubs executive Dallas Green passes away". www.nbcsports.com/chicago. NBC Sports Chicago. March 22, 2017. Retrieved June 6, 2019.
- "Green Replaces Piniella As Manager of Yankees". nytimes.com. The New York Times. October 8, 1988. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- Brady, Jim (August 6, 1989). "Dallas Green Responds Forcefully to George Steinbrenner's Criticism". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- Newhan, Ross (August 19, 1989). "Green Is Fired, Dent Promoted by Yankees". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- "BASEBALL: It's Lights Out for Torborg After One Last Blast; Green Is Hired To Hoist Mets Out of Cellar". nytimes.com. The New York Times. May 20, 1993. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- "Mets, in Move to Serve Their Youth, Dismiss Green". nytimes.com. The New York Times. August 27, 1996. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- "Miss Sylvia Lowe Taylor Weds George Green, Jr." The News Journal (February 1, 1958; p. 18) Retrieved March 22, 2017
- Dallas Green's grandchild killed in Ariz shooting – MLB – Yahoo! Sports Archived January 12, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- "Christina Taylor Green's grandfather, ex-Mets & Yankees manager Dallas Green, devastated by death". Daily News. New York. January 9, 2011. Retrieved August 14, 2015.
- "Dallas Green's granddaughter killed". ESPN.com. Retrieved August 14, 2015.
- Dallas Greens granddaughter killed in Arizona | The Philadelphia Inquirer | 01/09/2011 Archived January 12, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- Schaffer, Robert F. (March 22, 2017). "Phillies Legend Dallas Green Dies At 82". philadelphia.cbslocal.com. CBS Local. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- Creamer, Chris (April 12, 2017). "Philadelphia Phillies add memorial patch for former manager Dallas Green". twitter.com. Twitter. Retrieved June 6, 2019.
- Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference (Minors), or Retrosheet
- Dallas Green managerial career statistics at Baseball-Reference.com
- Dallas Green at SABR (Baseball BioProject)
- Dallas Green at Baseball Almanac
- Dallas Green at Find a Grave
| Huron Phillies Manager
|| Pulaski Phillies Manager
|Awards and achievements|
| Sporting News Major League Baseball Executive of the Year