David Michael Gauke MP (//; born 8 October 1971) is a British Conservative Party politician and solicitor serving as Secretary of State for Justice and Lord Chancellor since 2018 and Member of Parliament (MP) for South West Hertfordshire since 2005.
Early life and career
Gauke was educated at Northgate High School in Ipswich, Suffolk before attending St Edmund Hall, Oxford where he was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree in law in 1993, and the College of Law in Chester where he graduated in legal practice in 1995.
In 1993, he was a researcher for Barry Legg, the Conservative MP for Milton Keynes South West. He worked as a trainee solicitor with Richards Butler from 1995, being admitted as a solicitor in 1997. From 1999 to 2005, he was a solicitor in the financial services group at Macfarlanes, a corporate law firm.
Gauke was elected as the vice-chairman of the Brent East Conservative Association for two years from 1998, and contested the seat at the 2001 general election finishing in second place 13,047 votes behind the Labour MP Paul Daisley.
Gauke was elected to the House of Commons at the 2005 general election for Hertfordshire South West following the retirement of Richard Page. Gauke won the seat with a majority of 8,473, making his maiden speech on 9 June 2005. Between 2005 and 2008, he served as a member of the Procedure Select Committee. He was a member of the Treasury Select Committee between 2006 and 2007, before joining the Opposition front bench as Shadow Treasury Minister.
On 14 July 2016 Gauke was made Chief Secretary to the Treasury as part of Theresa May's ministry. On 11 June 2017, he was made Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, having previously only worked in the Treasury.
On 8 June 2019, following Gauke's "refusal to enact the commitments made in the Conservative manifesto" and his supporting the leadership candidacy of Rory Stewart in favour of persisting with May's withdrawal agreement, his constituency association wrote to all members calling a special meeting for a vote of no-confidence.
On 20 July 2019, Gauke confirmed to The Sunday Times that he would resign as Secretary of State after Prime Minister's Questions on 24 July 2019, citing that he could not serve Boris Johnson as Prime Minister and run the risk of persuing a no-deal exit from the European Union.
Gauke claimed £10,248.32 in stamp duty and fees involved in the purchase of his second home in London, a flat. A Channel 4 Dispatches programme revealed that he was claiming expenses on the flat in central London despite having a property located only one hour away on public transport.
Gauke sold the flat in August 2012, keeping £27,000, the property price having increased by £67,000 since purchase. He paid nearly £40,000 of this to the Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority (IPSA) as MPs only have to pay back any profit made in the previous two years.
Gauke is married to Rachel, who is a professional support lawyer specialising in corporate tax at legal research provider LexisNexis. They have three sons and live in Chorleywood in Hertfordshire. He is a lifelong supporter of Ipswich Town F.C.
Styles of address
- 1971–2005: Mr David Michael Gauke
- 2005–2016: Mr David Michael Gauke MP
- 2016–present: The Rt Hon David Michael Gauke MP
- Cross, Michael (8 January 2018). "Gauke named as first solicitor lord chancellor". Law Society Gazette. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
- Your fate in their hands, Legal Week, 18 November 2004
- House of Commons Debates for 9 June 2005 UK Parliament
- Gil, Natalie. "Minister reported to own department for advertising unpaid post in his office". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
- Government of the United Kingdom (13 July 2016), Privy Council appointments: Arlene Foster, Ruth Davidson, David Gauke and Ed Vaizey, retrieved 16 July 2016
- "David Gauke moves from work and pensions to become justice secretary". The Guardian. 8 January 2018. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- "Gauke No Confidence Notice Sent Out -". Guido Fawkes. 8 June 2019. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
- "Tory leadership hopeful Rory Stewart: I have enough MPs' support to get to first round". CityAM. 7 June 2019. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
- "MP faces confidence motion from Conservative association - and his two-word response over influence claim". Watford Observer. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
- "Justice secretary David Gauke treated employment tribunal with 'contempt'". The Times. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
- https://twitter.com/ShippersUnbound/status/1152684738823512064[better source needed]
- Claire Newell,Holly Watt and Christopher Hope (16 November 2012). "Minister in cash row keeps £27,000 profit from sale of second home". DailyTelegraph.co.uk.
- "Paying tradesmen cash in hand morally wrong, says minister". BBC News. BBC. 24 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
- Biography of Rachel Gauke, LexisWeb.co.uk
- "Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury: David Gauke MP". HM Treasury. Retrieved 17 January 2011.
- Biography of David Gauke, conservatives.com
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to David Gauke.|
- www.davidgauke.com David Gauke MP Official constituency website
- Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 2010–present
- Contributions in Parliament during 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 at Hansard Archives
- Voting record at Public Whip
- Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou
- Profile at Westminster Parliamentary Record
- BBC Politics page