David Roy Lidington CBE (born 30 June 1956) is a British politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Aylesbury since the 1992 election. A member of the Conservative Party, he assumed the roles of Minister for the Cabinet Office and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster on 8 January 2018. He has frequently been described as Theresa May's de facto Deputy Prime Minister.
Between 2010 and 2016, he served as Minister of State for Europe holding the position for the entirety of David Cameron's premiership, a longer period than any of his predecessors. Theresa May appointed him to the cabinet for the first time in June 2016, where he has held a number of roles including Leader of the House of Commons, Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State for Justice.
Early life and career
Born in Lambeth, Lidington was educated at Merchant Taylors' Prep School then Haberdashers' Aske's Boys' School in Hertfordshire, followed by Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, where he took a degree in History and a PhD entitled "The enforcement of the penal statutes at the court of the Exchequer c. 1558 – c. 1576" on Elizabethan history. While at Cambridge, he was chairman of Cambridge University Conservative Association and Deputy President of the Cambridge University Students' Union. He was the Captain of the Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge team that won the 1979 series of University Challenge. The team also won the 2002 University Challenge – Reunited "champion of champions" series for the show's 40th anniversary.
Lidington's early employment included posts with BP and the Rio Tinto Group before being appointed in 1987 as special adviser to the then Home Secretary Douglas Hurd. He moved to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1989 when Hurd was appointed Foreign Secretary.
From 1992 to 2010
At Westminster, Lidington previously participated in the Education Select Committee and Conservative Backbench Home Affairs Committee. In 1994, he successfully promoted a Private Members Bill which became the Chiropractors Act 1994.
Lidington first joined the Conservative front bench team in August 1994, when he became Parliamentary Private Secretary to Home Secretary Michael Howard. In June 1997, with the Conservatives in opposition, he became Parliamentary Private Secretary to Leader of the Opposition William Hague. Two years later, in June 1999, he was promoted to become Shadow Home Affairs Minister (deputy to Ann Widdecombe). In September 2001, Lidington was promoted to become Shadow Financial Secretary to the Treasury.
Lidington became a member of the Shadow Cabinet in May 2002, replacing Ann Winterton as Shadow Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (later Shadow Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs) after she resigned. When Michael Howard was elected Conservative Party leader in November 2003, Lidington became Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, but was not included as a member of the Shadow Cabinet.
In May 2005, Howard enlarged the Shadow Cabinet, granting Lidington the right to attend it again. He was one of the few Shadow Cabinet ministers left in his old post by David Cameron when the latter became leader in December 2005. But on 2 July 2007, Lidington was demoted to be a junior Foreign Affairs spokesman.
In May 2009, The Daily Telegraph revealed Lidington had claimed nearly £1,300 for his dry cleaning and had also claimed for toothpaste, shower gel, body spray and vitamin supplements on his second home allowance. Lidington decided to repay the claims for the toiletries, saying: "I accept that many people would see them as over-generous."
Since the 2010 general election
Following the 2010 general election, Lidington was appointed Minister for Europe. In August 2016 following the resignation of David Cameron, Lidington was appointed a CBE in the 2016 Prime Minister's Resignation Honours for his services to the government as European minister.
On 25 November 2016, when he was serving as Leader of the House of Commons, Lidington deputised for Prime Minister Theresa May at PMQs questioned first-hand by the shadow foreign secretary, Emily Thornberry who also deputised, as per custom, for Jeremy Corbyn on the day.
Under prime minister Theresa May, Lidington was appointed Leader of the House of Commons and Lord President of the Council. This was a position he held till 11 June 2017, when he was promoted to Justice Secretary and Lord Chancellor. His appointment was criticised due to his record on LGBT rights, having opposed scrapping the ban on 'promotion of homosexuality' in schools, as well as civil partnerships. During the debate on the legalisation of same-sex marriage he argued that "marriage was for the procreation of children" and that the "definition of marriage should not be changed without an extremely compelling case for doing so". He later said that he regretted voting against civil partnerships.
On 8 January 2018, during a Cabinet reshuffle, Lidington became the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Minister for the Cabinet Office. Several media outlets have since referred to Lidington as Theresa May's de facto deputy Prime Minister and a serious candidate for her succession. Despite this, Lidington himself has stated on numerous occasions that he has 'No wishes' to become Prime minister and instead supports the incumbent Theresa May wholeheartedly stating that she is 'doing a fantastic job'.
- "May appoints David Lidington as cabinet office minister – May's office". Reuters. 8 January 2018. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- "David Lidington urges Sturgeon to back Brexit deal for good of Scotland". Express.co.uk. 17 November 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- Johnson, Simon (29 November 2018). "David Lidington pledges Britain would follow Northern Ireland single market rules for backstop duration". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- "Her Majesty's Government". 13 May 2010. Archived from the original on 15 May 2010. Retrieved 13 November 2010.
- "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
- "The Rt Hon David Lidington MP – GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
- Lidington, David Roy (1988). The Enforcement of the Penal Statutes at the Court of the Exchequer C.1558-c.1576. University of Cambridge.
- "A new home for Cambridge University Students' Union". University of Cambridge. 1 October 2007. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
- "BBC – Press Office – University Challenge Reunited final". BBC. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
- "Rt Hon David Lidington MP". UK Parliament. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
- "Rt Hon David Lidington". Aylesbury Constituency Conservative Association. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
- Gammell, Caroline (22 May 2009). "MPs' expenses: David Lidington is Mr Clean (but you pay for his soap)". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 25 May 2009. Retrieved 7 June 2009.
- "MPs Expenses: The price of democracy in Aylesbury Vale". The Bucks Herald. Archived from the original on 25 May 2009. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
- "Editor's comment: Time fast approaching for Mr Lidington to stand up and be counted over HS2". The Bucks Herald. Archived from the original on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
- Walker, Peter (25 November 2016). "Commons leader David Lidington to take on PMQs for the first time". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
- "Theresa May appoints Justice Secretary opposed to LGBT rights who said 'marriage is for procreation of children'". The Independent. 12 June 2017.
- "Aylesbury MP David Lidington explains why he voted against gay marriage". Bucks Herald. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
- Theresa May facing cabinet plot replace her, PoliticsHome, 24 March 2019.
- Guardian News (24 March 2019). "David Lidington: 'I don't think that I've any wish to take over from the PM'". Retrieved 9 April 2019.[better source needed]
- "Browser Unsupported". speen-cofe.bucks.sch.uk. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "David Lidington's 20 years as Aylesbury MP". Aylesbury. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to David Lidington.|
- David Lidington MP official constituency website
- Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 2010–present
- Contributions in Parliament during 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 at Hansard Archives
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 1803–2005
- Voting record at Public Whip
- Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou
- Profile at Westminster Parliamentary Record
- Debrett's People of Today
- Bucks TV – A Day In The Life Of
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament
| Shadow Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
as Shadow Secretary of State for Environment
| Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
| Minister of State for Europe
as Minister of State for Europe and the Americas
| Leader of the House of Commons
| Lord President of the Council|
| Secretary of State for Justice
| Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain|
Sir Patrick McLoughlin
| Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
| Minister for the Cabinet Office|