David M. Key

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David M. Key
DMKey-PostmasGener.jpg
Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Tennessee
Judge of the United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee
In office
May 27, 1880 – January 21, 1895
Appointed byRutherford B. Hayes
Preceded byConnally Findlay Trigg
Succeeded byCharles Dickens Clark
27th United States Postmaster General
In office
March 12, 1877 – June 2, 1880
PresidentRutherford B. Hayes
Preceded byJames Noble Tyner
Succeeded byHorace Maynard
United States Senator
from Tennessee
In office
August 18, 1875 – January 19, 1877
Preceded byAndrew Johnson
Succeeded byJames E. Bailey
Personal details
Born
David McKendree Key

(1824-01-27)January 27, 1824
Greeneville, Tennessee
DiedFebruary 3, 1900(1900-02-03) (aged 76)
Chattanooga, Tennessee
Resting placeForest Hill Cemetery
Chattanooga, Tennessee
Political partyDemocratic
EducationHiwassee College
University of Tennessee (A.M.)
read law
Military service
AllegianceConfederate States of America Confederate States
Branch/service Confederate States Army
Years of service1861–1865
RankConfederate States of America Lieutenant Colonel.png Lieutenant Colonel
UnitTennessee 43rd Tennessee Regiment
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

David McKendree Key (January 27, 1824 – February 3, 1900) was a United States Senator from Tennessee, United States Postmaster General and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Tennessee and the United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee.

Education and career[edit]

Born on January 27, 1824, near Greeneville, in Greene County, Tennessee,[1] Key attended the common schools, then graduated from Hiwassee College in 1850 and read law the same year.[1] He received an Artium Magister degree from East Tennessee University (now the University of Tennessee).[1] He was admitted to the bar and entered private practice in Madisonville, Tennessee from 1850 to 1852.[1] He continued private practice in Kingston, Tennessee from 1852 to 1853, and in Chattanooga, Tennessee from 1853 to 1861.[1] He was a Presidential Elector on the Democratic ticket in 1856 and 1860.[2] He served in the Confederate States Army from 1861 to 1865, during the American Civil War and was promoted to lieutenant colonel of the Forty-third Tennessee Infantry.[2] He resumed private practice in Chattanooga from 1865 to 1880.[1] He was a member of the Tennessee constitutional convention in 1870.[2] He was Chancellor for the Tennessee Chancery Court for the Third Judicial District from 1870 to 1875.[1] He was an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for election to the United States House of Representatives of the 43rd United States Congress.[2]

Congressional service[edit]

Key was appointed as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of United States Senator Andrew Johnson and served from August 18, 1875, to January 19, 1877.[2] He was an unsuccessful candidate for election to fill the vacancy in 1876.[2]

Postmaster General[edit]

Key served as Postmaster General of the United States in the cabinet of President Rutherford B. Hayes from 1877 to 1880.[1]

Federal judicial service[edit]

Key was nominated by President Rutherford B. Hayes on May 19, 1880, to a joint seat on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Tennessee and the United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee vacated by Judge Connally Findlay Trigg.[1] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on May 27, 1880, and received his commission the same day.[1] His service terminated on January 21, 1895, due to his retirement.[1]

Death[edit]

Key died on February 3, 1900, in Chattanooga.[1] He was interred in Forest Hill Cemetery in Chattanooga.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l David McKendree Key at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g United States Congress. "David McKendree Key (id: K000156)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

Sources[edit]

U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Andrew Johnson
United States Senator (Class 1) from Tennessee
1875–1877
Served alongside: Henry Cooper
Succeeded by
James E. Bailey
Political offices
Preceded by
James Noble Tyner
United States Postmaster General
1877–1880
Succeeded by
Horace Maynard
Legal offices
Preceded by
Connally Findlay Trigg
Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Tennessee
Judge of the United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee

1880–1895
Succeeded by
Charles Dickens Clark