|55th Governor of New York|
March 17, 2008 – December 31, 2010
|Lieutenant||Joseph Bruno (Acting)|
Dean Skelos (Acting)
Malcolm Smith (Acting)
Pedro Espada Jr. (Acting)
|Preceded by||Eliot Spitzer|
|Succeeded by||Andrew Cuomo|
|Lieutenant Governor of New York|
January 1, 2007 – March 17, 2008
|Preceded by||Mary Donohue|
|Succeeded by||Joseph Bruno (acting)|
|Chair of the New York State Democratic Committee|
May 21, 2014 – November 4, 2015
|Preceded by||Keith L. T. Wright|
|Succeeded by||Sheila Comar|
|Minority Leader of the New York State Senate|
January 1, 2003 – December 31, 2006
|Preceded by||Martin Connor|
|Succeeded by||Malcolm Smith|
|Member of the New York Senate|
from the 30th district
January 1, 2003 – December 31, 2006
|Preceded by||Eric Schneiderman|
|Succeeded by||Bill Perkins|
|Member of the New York Senate|
from the 29th district
December 10, 1985 – December 31, 2002
|Preceded by||Leon Bogues|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Duane|
David Alexander Paterson
May 20, 1954
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Michelle Paige (1993–2014)|
|Education||Columbia University (BA)|
Hofstra University (JD)
David Alexander Paterson (born May 20, 1954) is an American politician who served as the 55th Governor of New York, succeeding Eliot Spitzer and serving out the final three years of Spitzer's term from March 2008 to the end of 2010. He is the first African American to hold that position and the second legally blind Governor of any state after Bob C. Riley, who was Acting Governor of Arkansas for 11 days in January 1975.
After graduating from Hofstra Law School, Paterson worked in the district attorney's office of Queens County, New York, and on the staff of Manhattan borough president David Dinkins. In 1985, he was elected to the New York state senate to a seat that was once held by his father, former New York secretary of state Basil Paterson. In 2003, he rose to the position of Senate minority leader. Paterson was selected as running mate by then-New York attorney general and Democratic Party gubernatorial nominee Eliot Spitzer in the 2006 New York gubernatorial election. Spitzer and Paterson were elected in November 2006 with 69 percent of the vote, and Paterson took office as lieutenant governor on January 1, 2007.
When Spitzer resigned in the wake of a prostitution scandal, Paterson was sworn in as Governor of New York on March 17, 2008. Paterson launched a brief campaign for a full term as governor in the 2010 gubernatorial election, but announced on February 26, 2010 that he would not be a candidate in the Democratic primary. Since leaving office, Paterson has been a radio talk show host on station WOR in New York City, and was in 2014 appointed chairman of the New York Democratic Party by his successor as governor, Andrew Cuomo.
- 1 Early life and background
- 2 Political career
- 3 Governor of New York
- 3.1 First days as governor
- 3.2 Personal revelations
- 3.3 Same-sex marriage
- 3.4 Review of Hydrofracking
- 3.5 New York fiscal crisis
- 3.6 Capital punishment
- 3.7 Senate appointment
- 3.8 Appointment of new lieutenant governor
- 3.9 Aqueduct Race Track
- 3.10 Allegations against the Paterson administration
- 3.11 Saturday Night Live controversy
- 3.12 2010 gubernatorial campaign
- 4 Later career
- 5 Personal
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Early life and background
Paterson was born in Brooklyn to Portia Paterson, a homemaker, and Basil Paterson, a labor law attorney. Basil Paterson was later a New York state senator and secretary of state, and served as deputy mayor of New York City. According to a New York Now interview, Paterson traces his roots on his mother's side of the family to pre-Civil War African American slaves in the states of North Carolina and South Carolina. His father is half Afro-Jamaican. His paternal grandmother, a Jamaican, Evangeline Rondon Paterson was secretary to Black Nationalist leader Marcus Garvey. His paternal grandfather was Leonard James Paterson, a native of Carriacou who arrived in the United States aboard the S.S. Vestris on May 16, 1917. It was reported by The Genetic Genealogist in March 2008 that Paterson had recently undergone genetic genealogy testing. Part of his father's ancestry consists of immigrants from England, Ireland, and Scotland, while his mother's side includes Eastern European Jewish ancestry, as well as ancestors from the Guinea-Bissau region of West Africa.
At the age of three months, Paterson contracted an ear infection that spread to his optic nerve, leaving him sightless in his left eye and with severely limited vision in his right. Since New York City public schools would not guarantee him an education without placing him in special education classes, his family bought a home in the Long Island suburb of South Hempstead so that he could attend mainstream classes there. Paterson was the first disabled student in the Hempstead public schools, graduating from Hempstead High School in 1971.
Paterson received a B.A. degree in history from Columbia College of Columbia University in 1977 and a J.D. degree from Hofstra Law School in 1983. After law school, he went to work for the Queens District Attorney's Office, but did not pass the New York bar examination, which prevented him from becoming an attorney at law. He claimed that his failing the New York bar was partially the result of insufficient accommodation for his visual impairment, and has since advocated for changes in bar exam procedures.
While he was governor, Paterson's staff read documents to him over voice mail. He was the first governor of New York to be partly blind.
In 1985, Paterson resigned from the Queens District Attorney's office so he could join the campaign of then city clerk David Dinkins to win the Democratic nomination for Manhattan Borough President. That summer, on August 6, state senator Leon Bogues died, and Paterson sought and obtained the Democratic party nomination for the seat. In mid-September, a meeting of 648 Democratic committee members on the first ballot gave Paterson 58% of the vote, giving him the party nomination. That October, Paterson won the virtually uncontested special State Senate election. At the time, the 29th Senate district covered the Manhattan neighborhoods of Harlem, Manhattan Valley and the Upper West Side, the same district that Paterson's father had represented. He was re-elected ten times, and remained in the state senate until 2006, sitting in the 186th, 187th, 188th, 189th, 190th, 191st, 192nd, 193rd, 194th, 195th and 196th New York State Legislatures. In November 2006, he was elected lieutenant governor.
Senate minority leader
Paterson was elected by the Democratic caucus of the Senate as Minority Leader on November 20, 2002, becoming both the first non-white state legislative leader and the highest-ranking black elected official in the history of New York State, unseating the incumbent Minority Leader, Martin Connor. Paterson became known for his consensus-building style coupled with sharp political skills.
In 2006, Paterson sponsored a controversial bill to limit the use of deadly force by the police, but later changed that position. He also supported non-citizen voting in New York local elections. According to the New York Post, he "chalked up a heavily liberal record". Describing Paterson's tenure in the senate, The New York Times cited his "wit, flurries of reform proposals and unusual bursts of candor".
Lieutenant governor of New York
Paterson was selected by New York Attorney General Eliot Spitzer as his running mate for the governor's office in 2006. The news stunned the New York political world, as the Democratic minority was poised to possibly take over the state legislature. Paterson would trade a possible powerful Senate Majority Leader position for the largely ceremonial lieutenant governor post. During their 2006 campaign, Paterson resolved a dispute with Spitzer over turf wars between staff members. The Spitzer-Paterson ticket won a landslide victory in the election, with 69% of the vote. It was the largest margin of victory in a gubernatorial race in New York history, and the second-largest for any statewide race in New York history.
In late December 2006, shortly before being sworn in as lieutenant governor, Paterson said that if he ever succeeded Spitzer as governor, he and Nelson A. Rockefeller would have something besides the governorship in common: great difficulty in reading. Rockefeller was dyslexic, which Paterson compared to his blindness. During his time as lieutenant governor, Paterson also served as an adjunct professor at Columbia University's School for International and Public Affairs.
As lieutenant governor, Paterson was involved in a range of issues, including:
- Stem cell research
- Paterson is a proponent of embryonic stem cell research. He led Spitzer's successful 2007 legislative effort to approve a bond issue which will provide at least $1 billion toward stem cell research. Spitzer and Paterson touted the measure partly for its economic development benefits, following California's $3 billion effort, which in turn had been prompted by the U.S. federal government halting funding for such research. The New York state legislature had opposed funding the research, and it remains controversial.
- Voting rights
- In September 2007, Paterson weighed in on a proposal before the New York City Council to extend voting rights to noncitizens. He told a crowd gathered at the West Indian American Day Carnival Parade that he believed noncitizens should be granted voting rights. He stressed he was asking for a change in policy, rather than a new law, citing that although 22 states and territories between 1776 and 1920 allowed the practice, none do now. Spitzer issued a statement that he did not agree with Paterson's position, and claimed he was unaware Paterson would be speaking on the matter. Paterson had tried to introduce legislation granting voting rights to noncitizens as a State Senator fifteen years earlier.
- Lawsuit over bias allegation
- In February 2008, a U.S. District Judge denied a motion to dismiss a racial discrimination lawsuit naming Paterson. A former staff photographer, a white male, claimed that he was the victim of discrimination in 2005 when Paterson's office replaced him with a black photographer. According to the New York Post, Paterson's chief of staff "denied the claim... Paterson, in his deposition, countered that the decision... was simple politics – [the photographer] was a holdover from former Minority Leader Marty Connor, who was ousted by Paterson in 2003."
Governor of New York
Upon hearing that Governor Eliot Spitzer would resign due to scandal, and he would become the next governor, Paterson called his then-wife Michelle and said, according to Michelle, "I think I'll kill myself".
Paterson was the first black governor of New York and the fourth in any U.S. state, following Reconstruction-era P. B. S. Pinchback of Louisiana, Virginia's Douglas Wilder and Massachusetts's Deval Patrick. The lieutenant governor's office remained vacant until September 22, 2009, when the New York Court of Appeals, ruled in a 4–3 decision that Paterson's appointment of Richard Ravitch was constitutional. Prior to this appointment, under the state's constitution, the president pro tempore of the state senate, Malcolm Smith, would have been next in the line of succession for the governor's office.
Paterson has used Global Strategy Group consultants for political advice as governor. His relationship with the firm began earlier. When he was lieutenant governor, GSG executives advised him on how to make the job more prominent, and the firm again advised him during the transition and afterward. Soon after becoming governor, Paterson hired former Risa B. Heller from GSG as his director of communications. As of September 2008, Paterson and the state Democratic Party were each paying GSG a retainer of $15,000 a month in addition to costs associated with polling and political advertising.
On July 17, 2008, Paterson was the keynote speaker addressing the 99th annual convention of the NAACP in Cincinnati, Ohio. Other speakers included Congressman Charles Rangel and U.S. presidential candidate John McCain.
Although Paterson is a lifelong Democrat who was considered a liberal during his time in the state Senate, he earned praise from conservatives during his time as governor for his efforts to combat the 2008 New York fiscal crisis by major reductions in spending and the enaction of an inflation-indexed property tax cap, a school tax "circuit breaker," and unfunded mandate relief, as well as his appointment of Blue Dog Democrat Kirsten Gillibrand to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy created by Hillary Clinton's appointment as United States Secretary of State.
First days as governor
Paterson ascended to the governor's office during the busiest legislative period of the year. The state is required by law to pass its budget prior to April 1. He had only two weeks to negotiate with lawmakers a proposal to close a $4.7 billion deficit and pass a $124 billion budget from the Spitzer administration. He stated in his inauguration speech that it would be his top priority.
Paterson also made reference in his speech to the economic woes being faced in the United States, calling them a "crisis", and promised to "adjust the budget accordingly". Since 1984, New York State has only passed a budget on time once, in 2005, leading Paterson to call for an "end to the dysfunction in Albany" in his speech, echoing a 56-page study from the nonpartisan New York University School of Law's Brennan Center for Justice, which referred to the legislature as "the least deliberative and most dysfunctional in the nation".
Paterson quickly signed five pieces of legislation on his first day in office: to add the New York State Department of Labor to the New York City Transit Track Safety Task Force; to eliminate a law that discouraged employers from holding blood drives; to change the way in which members are appointed to a state health and research board; to restore eligibility caps to certain senior employment programs; and to grant tax exemptions to several local development corporations in New York State.
He went on to ask for letters of resignation from all of his top staff members and state-agency commissioners. This typical action did not mean the hold overs from the Spitzer administration would be replaced, and Paterson said that "having the letters gives him the flexibility to make changes if he decides to".
One day after Paterson's inauguration as the governor of New York, both he and his wife acknowledged having had extramarital affairs, one with a state employee. Paterson's admissions went against the so-called "Bear Mountain Compact", a practice by lawmakers that their transgressions in the state capital would not be reported elsewhere.
In May 2008, Paterson informed New York State agencies that they were required to recognize same-sex marriage licenses from other jurisdictions for purposes of employee benefits. The governor's directive was purportedly based upon a decision from New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division's Fourth Department. The governor's directive did not receive widespread public attention until weeks after the directive was given. At that time, the governor's decision provoked public reaction on both sides of the issue. While Paterson's directive received widespread approval from same-sex marriage supporters, it was met with criticism from conservative legislators and from same-sex marriage opponents, one of whom referred to the directive as governor Paterson's "first major blunder". Then-Senate Majority Leader Joseph Bruno and others accused Paterson of having overstepped his bounds and usurped the authority of the legislature. Paterson reportedly described same-sex marriage as "beautiful," and contended that his decision was "the right thing to do"; the governor was enthusiastically cheered when he attended the 2008 gay pride parade in Manhattan.
On June 3, 2008, a lawsuit was filed by the Alliance Defense Fund challenging the governor's directive. On September 2, 2008, Justice Lucy A. Billings, of the State Supreme Court in the Bronx, NY, issued a decision that Paterson acted within his powers when he required state agencies to recognize same-sex marriages from outside New York State. In her dismissal of the Alliance Defense Fund suit, Justice Billings found that the governor's order was consistent with state laws on the recognition of marriages from outside the state. The decision has been appealed.
In April 2009, it was revealed that Paterson would propose legislation to legalize same-sex marriage in New York. Paterson later tapped former Senate Majority Leader and former political foe Joseph Bruno to support same-sex marriage in Albany. On December 2, 2009, same-sex marriage legislation was "overwhelmingly" defeated on the floor of the New York State Senate by a vote of 24 to 38; no Republican voted yes, eight Democrats voted no. The Daily News described the defeat as a "major blow", while The New York Times stated that the defeat "all but ensures that the issue is dead in New York until at least 2011, when a new Legislature will be installed."
In late 2010, before the January 2011 expiration of his term as governor, Paterson reached out to members of the New York State Senate in an attempt to gauge support for the passage of same-sex marriage legislation during a lame-duck session of the Legislature; however, the governor came to the conclusion that passage of the bill during the lame-duck session was not feasible. When asked what would have to occur in order for same-sex marriage to be legalized in New York, Paterson responded, "Get rid of the lobbyists," and added that same-sex marriage advocates had forced a Senate floor vote prematurely in December 2009.
Review of Hydrofracking
On July 21, 2008, Governor Paterson signed Senate Bill 8169-A into law, which amended NY's Environmental Conversation Law to provide for larger spacing units, which would have opened up New York to shale gas exploration.
However, he also added a note to the bill jacket which read,
"[R]esidents who could be impacted by drilling activities have raised a number of important concerns, such as potential impacts on groundwater resources, procedures for the treatment and transport of process water contaminated during drilling operations, potential impacts on local infrastructure from increased heavy truck traffic, the safety of fluids used in the hydraulic fracturing of geologic formations and potential cumulative impacts of wide-scale drilling across the southern tier.... As a result, I am directing DEC to initiate a formal public process to update the SEQRA Generic Environmental Impact Statement that is applicable to oil and gas drilling to ensure that it is suitable to address potential new environmental impacts from drilling, including horizontal drilling in Marcellus shale formations."
This action created an immediate moratorium, and began the environmental review which eventually led to Governor Cuomo to sign an executive ban on fracking six years later.
New York fiscal crisis
In July 2008, Paterson warned state lawmakers and citizens of New York that the state faced its worst fiscal crisis since the 1970s. On Tuesday, July 29, Paterson gave a rare televised address that was broadcast on all of New York's major news networks, stating that the state budget deficit had gone up $1.4 billion over the 90 days since his original budget submission, citing rising costs due to the poor economy and a struggling Wall Street, and calling the state legislature back to Albany for an emergency session starting on August 19, 2008. He also warned that the budget deficit was estimated to grow 22 percent by 2011, and called for the special legislative session on August 19 to deal with the crisis. With AIG on the verge of collapse on September 16, 2008, and in the aftermath of Lehman Brothers filing for bankruptcy, Paterson publicly lobbied for a government bailout of the insurance giant. He hit the cable networks early and was quoted by media around the world. The previous day, Paterson had loosened regulations to allow AIG to draw reserves from its subsidiaries.
At his first State of the State address in January 2009, Paterson said "My fellow New Yorkers: let me come straight to the point—the state of our state is perilous. New York faces an historic economic challenge, the gravest in nearly a century. ... The pillars of Wall Street have crumbled. The global economy is reeling. Trillions of dollars of wealth have vanished."
In March 2009, Paterson announced at a town hall meeting in Niagara Falls that in light of the fiscal crisis, he would take a 10% pay cut. On January 2, 2009, Paterson joined the governors of four other states in urging the federal government to provide $1 trillion in aid to the country's 50 state governments to help pay for education, welfare and infrastructure as states struggle with steep budget deficits amid a deepening recession.
2008–09 executive budget
Paterson revised Spitzer's record-size executive budget proposal to cut spending. Budget negotiations carried over past the deadline, causing the new governor to lament that too many lawmakers were "unwilling to make serious cuts to our budget". On April 10, the $121.7 billion budget package was passed by both houses of the state legislature. His budget closed a projected $4.6 billion deficit with $1.8 billion of spending cuts, $1.5 billion in additional revenue from increased taxes and fees and $1.3 billion of one time transfers, and did not tap into the state's $1.2 billion of reserves or increase the top income tax rate on those earning $1 million or more.
Paterson's budget provided property tax relief by delivering aid to municipalities, and included restoration of hundreds of millions in property tax rebates for middle-class homeowners and $1 billion for upstate economic development. The spending included a record $1.8 billion aid increase to local school districts, and $2.5 billion in aid for construction projects at state and city public colleges. Paterson decided to fully fund a landmark proposal authored by State Assemblyman Greg Ball, creating a tuition remission program for military veterans, offering them free tuition at both SUNY and CUNY institutions.
Although the legislature was unable to come to a decision on a separate bill to enact congestion pricing in New York City, Mayor Michael Bloomberg called the budget "good news for our city". Even though the budget enacted was the first in a decade that included less spending than the proposal, Paterson promised to slash the following year's state budget by 5 to 10 percent, because the spending plan he inherited was "too big and too bloated". The accidental nature of Paterson's ascension may have hampered his involvement in that year's process to some degree, but he told The New York Times, "I think we passed a sound budget, but I don't think that we left ourselves enough room."
In April 2008, Paterson asked the heads of all state agencies to cut their budgets by 3.35% and threatened a hiring freeze; the governor also asked legislative leaders to follow suit. In August 2008, he called a special emergency session of the legislature and enacted 6% across-the-board cuts in all state agencies. He called another special session in November 2008 to trim an additional 3%, but this effort was met without success.
2009–10 executive budget
In 2009, New York faced a budget deficit of $15 billion, and state debt approached $55 billion. During his State of the State address, Paterson outlined many issues critical to closing the budget caps, and restoring New York's economic strength and quality of life. He recommended adapting the Suozzi commission recommendations on a property tax cap and circuit breaker, and even joked that he should switch parties as the proposal remained more popular amongst Republicans than in his own party.
To address the State's budget gap, the governor recommended a Deficit Reduction Assessment for the 2009–10 school year, which would result in a decrease of $1.1 billion in total State School Aid. He also outlined several new taxes and fees he supported.
These taxes included:
- An "Obesity tax", which would add an extra tax of over 18% on all non-diet soft drinks such as regular soda, and energy drinks
- New 4% Taxes on digital music downloads, videos and pictures downloaded or the "itax"
- A tax increase on malt-flavored beverages, beer, and wine
- A 4% tax on taxi rides, car rentals and limousine services
- A tax on movie tickets
- A new 4% 'personal services tax' on haircuts, beauty salons, health club services, and weight loss programs
- A 4% tax placed on cable and satellite TV, pay per view movies
- Additional fees for fishing, and camping
- New fees on items ranging from boilers, to explosives, to jewelry, to sporting events
- A 4 percent sales tax on clothing and shoes under $500, except for two weeks out of the year
- Additional fees on automobile purchases, registration and driving fees
- The Ravitch Commission recommendations, which included tolls on the city-owned East River and Harlem River bridges (which has never been done before), and levy an annual driver's tax based on vehicle weight
The proposed four percent tax increases, all of which were levies of the state's sales tax on items that were previously untaxed, also authorized local counties and municipalities to collect their local share of the sales tax on those items; these local taxes ranged from the default of 3% to as high as 4.75%.
The budget also recommended dramatic across-the-board cuts to various state agencies, which he called "deep and painful" in his address. Other major budget initiatives included eliminating the STAR property tax rebate program (1.4 billion), suspending increases in aid and incentives for municipalities, Empire Zone reforms, and pension reforms.
He also moved to close the 81-year-old Reynolds Game Farm, in Tompkins county, the state's only remaining pheasant facility. This decision drew criticism from sportsmen groups, as the farm is funded through licensing fees paid by hunters, and not taxpayer dollars. In addition, Paterson's recommendation to close the farm would only result in the employees being reassigned. Some questioned whether the $750,000 in savings from closing the facility would outweigh the estimated $700 million generated for the upstate economy if hunters simply take their business to other states. Various sportsmen's groups were able to obtain a court ordered injunction in January 2009 to temporarily halt the measure. The next day, Paterson reversed his decision and decided to keep the game farm operating, acknowledging that it does generate significant revenues for the state.
On June 2, 2010, Paterson announced layoffs of state of workers which was to be planned and executed by January 1, 2011. Amidst the failed attempt of passing a furlough, Paterson stated that he expected the layoffs would help close the budget deficit.
According to state Senator Liz Krueger, Paterson has always been against capital punishment. In July 2008, he ordered the removal of the state's equipment to perform lethal injection, previously housed in Dutchess County's Green Haven Correctional Facility. In spring 2008, the state Senate passed a bill that would make murderers of policemen eligible for execution. The state Assembly did pass a similar bill,, but in any event it was certain that Paterson would not sign it, and there is no longer any death penalty in New York.
After being nominated for the position on December 1, 2008, Senator Hillary Clinton was confirmed as United States Secretary of State by the United States Senate. Clinton resigned her Senate seat on January 21, 2009, in order to assume the Cabinet post. By mandate of the New York Constitution, Paterson was tasked with appointing a temporary replacement until a special election in 2010 for the conclusion of the term of her Class 1 seat. Paterson's aides had intimated that his desire was to appoint a candidate who is from upstate, since every other statewide official in New York save Clinton herself was from New York City. Paterson named several advisers on the matter prior to his appointment, including Chuck Schumer, Charles B. Rangel, Nita Lowey, Gregory W. Meeks, and two staffers.
Some thought that Paterson might appoint a prominent minority member such as Meeks, H. Carl McCall, William C. Thompson, Jr., Byron Brown, José E. Serrano or Nydia M. Velázquez. Among the prominent women mentioned were former 2000 senatorial contender Lowey, NY-14 Representative Carolyn B. Maloney, former Clinton aide Leecia Eve, United Federation of Teachers president Randi Weingarten, NY-20 Representative Kirsten Gillibrand, and political heiress Caroline Kennedy. Actress Fran Drescher also expressed interest in becoming the New York Senator. On December 1, 2008, when President-elect Barack Obama announced his nomination of Clinton as Secretary of State, Lowey declared she was not a candidate for the Senate seat. While New York Attorney General and former United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Andrew Cuomo refused to publicly declare his interest in the seat, he attracted a plurality of support from polled New Yorkers to take the seat and was cited by some analysts as a savvy choice for Paterson to head off the possibility of a strong primary challenge by Cuomo in the 2010 gubernatorial election. Paterson acknowledged on January 20, 2009, that Cuomo was indeed under consideration for the appointment. NY-2 Representative Steve Israel also expressed his interest in taking the seat.
It was reported on December 5, 2008 that Paterson had spoken with Kennedy regarding her interest in filling the seat of Secretary of State-designate Hillary Clinton, but in a confusing turn of events, Kennedy abruptly withdrew her name from consideration on January 21, 2009. Up until her withdrawal, for which no official explanation was given, the high-profile, well-connected daughter of former President John F. Kennedy was widely considered the front-runner for the nomination. However, some reports that came after Kennedy removed herself from consideration claimed that Paterson "never intended" to pick Kennedy, having come to consider her "unready" for the seat after a series of media misfires attracted criticism of Kennedy. Some sources and analysts doubted the reports' veracity, calling the Paterson camp's denials of intention to pick Kennedy "misdirection". Joseph Mercurio remarked that Paterson's caginess had backfired, noting, "Now no matter who he picks, it's always going to be the choice after what happened to Kennedy."
On January 23, 2009, Paterson chose Gillibrand—a moderate upstate congresswoman from then-largely conservative district—to fill Clinton's vacated seat. The reaction from the Kennedy family was reportedly "furious", according to The New York Post and the Daily News. Although Gillibrand's appointment was praised by some (including Schumer, New York's senior senator; President Obama; and Clinton herself), others criticized Paterson's choice, calling Gillibrand "inexperienced", "sharp-elbowed", "too conservative", and "unliked". Congresswoman Carolyn McCarthy, a strong advocate for gun control, threatened to run against Gillibrand in a 2010 primary due to her support for Second Amendment rights, concurrence with the platform of the National Rifle Association as a member of the House, and reported opposition to the Obama stimulus plan. (Gillibrand eventually voted for the stimulus, along with every other Senate Democrat. She also moved steadily to the left, whereby within a few years she became known as one of the most liberal members of the Senate.) Others, including liberal The New York Times editorialist Maureen Dowd and New York Magazine writer Chris Smith, criticized Paterson's "peculiar" and "dithering" handling of the Senate appointment and suggested it was a cynical way of rallying upstate support for re-election. Dowd went so far as to will Andrew Cuomo to run against Paterson in the 2010 gubernatorial election. Paterson later admitted that he personally ordered his staff to contest Caroline Kennedy's version of events in the hours after she withdrew from consideration to be United States senator.
Appointment of new lieutenant governor
Due to the ongoing leadership crisis in the New York State Senate, in which the Senate tied with 31 Democratic votes and 31 Republican votes, with no presiding officer to break the tie, Paterson announced on July 8, 2009 that he would appoint Richard Ravitch, a former chairman of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, to be lieutenant governor.
On August 20, 2009, however, a four-judge panel of the 2nd judicial department appellate division in Brooklyn ruled that Paterson had no legal authority to name a lieutenant governor, and that the lieutenant governor position could not be filled in any way other than via an election.
Aqueduct Race Track
In January 2010 Paterson awarded a contract to operate a 4,500 slot machine racino at the Aqueduct Race Track to Aqueduct Race Track Entertainment Group (AEG) in Queens, New York. The appointment generated controversy because of charges that AEG, which had the worst bid of those bidding, was allowed to change its bid so that it had the best. Paterson is reported to have demanded that the ownership have an affirmative action component. During this time, rapper Jay-Z, through his company Gain Global Investments Network, LLC, then got a 7 percent ownership stake in AEG; charges were made that Jay-Z and Paterson had a personal relationship. U.S. prosecutors were reported to be investigating the bidding process, particularly AEG winning the bid two days after Queens megachurch pastor Floyd Flake (also an AEG investor) threatened to switch his support in the 2010 governor race from Paterson to Andrew Cuomo. New York Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver threatened not to sign off on the deal. Paterson maintained there was no quid pro quo.
Allegations against the Paterson administration
In February 2010, The New York Times reported on allegations that Paterson may have been involved in witness tampering in a domestic abuse case involving staffer David W. Johnson after New York State Police and Paterson talked to the woman to get her to drop the case. Paterson was said to have asked the woman personally if she needed any help a day before the case was dropped.
On December 20, 2010, the Commission on Public Integrity, saying Paterson had lied about accepting five World Series tickets, fined Paterson $62,125.
Saturday Night Live controversy
After the Weekend Update sketch featuring David Paterson aired in 2009 on the NBC show Saturday Night Live, Paterson was upset by the way the sketch portrayed him, stating that it was an offensive stereotype to those who were visually impaired. On the 36th-season premiere of Saturday Night Live (aired September 25, 2010), Paterson appeared in the Weekend Update sketch alongside Fred Armisen, who was comedically portraying Paterson.
2010 gubernatorial campaign
In October 2008 Paterson announced his intentions to run for a full term as governor and launched a campaign website. Early speculation focused on an upstate Democrat—outgoing Syracuse Mayor Matt Driscoll—as a potential running mate. Paterson's prime Republican opposition was expected to be from former New York City mayor Rudy Giuliani. By February 2009, after the prolonged Senate appointment process, a Siena College poll indicated that Paterson was losing popularity among New Yorkers, and showed Giuliani with a fifteen-point lead in a hypothetical contest. In April 2009, a poll of 1,528 New York State registered voters taken by the Quinnipiac University Polling Institute found that 60 percent disapproved of the job Paterson was doing (the worst-ever rating for a New York governor), with 53 percent stating that Paterson should withdraw his candidacy for the gubernatorial election. On August 21, in a radio interview, Paterson suggested that his low popularity was due to racism, and mentioned Massachusetts' Deval Patrick as receiving the same treatment. Paterson also said that President Barack Obama would be the next African-American elected official to suffer from poor approval due to his skin color. The White House asked Paterson to tone down his comments on race, but less than 24 hours later, Paterson said: "Part of what I feel is that one very successful minority is permissible; but when you see too many success stories, then some people get nervous."
On September 18, 2009, advisors to President Barack Obama informed Paterson that the President believed Paterson should withdraw his 2010 gubernatorial candidacy, stepping aside for "popular Attorney General Andrew Cuomo." The New York Times reported that Obama was worried that Paterson's continued unpopularity would drag on the 26 Democratic members of New York's 29-member congressional delegation and potentially reverse the existing Democratic control of the state legislature. Furthermore, the Times cited a potential gubernatorial run by Rudolph Giuliani as a reason for the Obama administration's request. On September 19, 2009 Paterson insisted he was still running, even knowing he could face a primary challenge from Andrew Cuomo if he continued to seek election, and reiterated his insistence on February 9, 2010 ("the only way I'm not going to be governor next year is at the ballot box and the only way I'll be leaving office before is in a box"). On February 26, 2010, Paterson officially withdrew his bid for a full term as governor of New York.
After leaving office at the end of 2010, Paterson appeared on New York radio station WOR on a number of occasions as a substitute talk show host, filling in for morning host John Gambling. On September 1, 2011, the station announced that Paterson would become the regular weekday afternoon drive-time host beginning on September 6. He replaced Steve Malzberg. In December 2012, Paterson was let go from his radio show at WOR after the station was purchased by Clear Channel.
Paterson was appointed in 2013 to be a distinguished professor of health care and public policy, at Touro College, in Harlem, and to advise the Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine on public policy issues. He is also a director for investments with Stifel, Nicolaus & Company, a financial services holding company.
Paterson dated Michelle Paige in college. After he broke up with her, she went on to marry someone else, have a daughter, and get divorced. In 1992, Paterson married Michelle. Two years later, they had a son, named Alex.
Paterson and Michelle had an up-and-down marriage, which included affairs they later admitted to. The couple separated in 2012, and amicably filed for divorce in 2014.
Paterson reportedly dated a member of his staff, Pamela Bane, from 2012 to 2014.
Paterson then began to date Mary Sliwa, one of the former wives of Curtis Sliwa. Curtis Sliwa tweeted out his "approval" of the relationship in 2015. Paterson got engaged to Mary Sliwa in 2019.
- Roberts, Sam (March 12, 2008). "Lieutenant Governor Has a History of Defying the Public's Expectations". The New York Times. Retrieved September 7, 2018.
- Kryszak, Joyce (March 17, 2008). "Paterson Takes Oath of Office, Promises to Restore Trust". WBFO. Archived from the original on August 7, 2011. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
- "Nation Mourns: David Paterson Isn't First Blind Governor After All". Wonkette. March 14, 2008. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- Healy, Patrick D. (January 23, 2006). "Spitzer Asks State Senator From Harlem to Join Ticket". The New York Times. Retrieved March 11, 2008.
- "Elections 2006: Governor / New York". CNN. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
- Confessore, Nicholas (March 17, 2008). "Paterson Is Sworn In as Governor". The New York Times. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- Hakim, Danny; Barron, James (February 26, 2010). "Paterson Drops Out of Governor Race". The New York Times. Retrieved February 26, 2010.
Gov. David A. Paterson announced on Friday afternoon that he was suspending his election campaign and would not run in November.
- "David Paterson To Be New Chairman Of New York Democratic Party". CBS New York. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- Mandelaro, Jim (March 13, 2008). "Paterson inspires pride at School for the Blind in Batavia". Democrat and Chronicle. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
- "''New York Now'' interview with David Paterson, February 2008". Youtube. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- "Social Security Death Index [database on-line]". United States: The Generations Network. 1985. Retrieved July 17, 2008.
- "Social Security Death Index [database on-line]". United States: The Generations Network. 1968. Retrieved July 17, 2008.
- "World War I Draft Registration Card [database on-line]". United States: The Generations Network. June 5, 1917. Retrieved July 17, 2008.
- "New York Passenger Lists, 1820–1957 [database on-line]". United States: The Generations Network. May 16, 1917. Retrieved July 17, 2008.
- "DNA Testing of New York's New Governor David Paterson". The Genetic Genealogist.
- Bettinger, Blaine (March 17, 2008). "DNA Testing of New York's New Governor David Paterson". The Genetic Genealogist. Retrieved August 29, 2008.
- Nichols, David (March 12, 2008). "David Paterson: Activist, Progressive...Governor". The Nation. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
- Salmon, Stephanie. "10 Things You Didn't Know About David Paterson". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on March 13, 2008. Retrieved March 11, 2008.
- Henderson, Nia-Malika (March 12, 2008). "Paterson was standout student who beat the odds". Newsday. Archived from the original on March 14, 2008. Retrieved March 27, 2008.
At Fulton School, Paterson was at the forefront of integrating the school system, both because of his race and disability... From Fulton School, Paterson went onto Hempstead High School, where he graduated in 1971. In the 1969 yearbook, Paterson is in the radio club. During his years at the high school, the population was integrated, yet white flight was becoming apparent, students recalled.
- Smith, Ben (February 12, 2006). "Spitzer's Mate David Paterson Is Mystery Man". The New York Observer. Retrieved March 10, 2008.
- Bishop, Eric; Corasaniti, Nick; Mainland, Alexis; Rueb, Emily S.; Vega, Tanzina; Wheaton, Sarah (March 15, 2008). "From Harlem to Albany" (Flash). The New York Times. p. 4th slide. Retrieved March 27, 2008.
1971... He becomes the first legally disabled person to attend the district's public schools and graduates from Hempstead High School in three years.
- Aviv, Rachel (December 30, 2009). "Listening to Braille". Nytimes.com. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Lovett, Kenneth; Lemire, Jonathan (September 29, 2012). "Former Gov. David Paterson and wife Michelle have split after 19 years of marriage". The New York Daily News. Retrieved September 29, 2012.
- "Ex-Prosecutor Is Nominated For a Manhattan Senate Seat". The New York Times. September 16, 1985. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
- Chan, Sewell (March 11, 2008). "David A. Paterson, Next in Line". The New York Times. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
- "New York City Senate Districts (1992)" (PDF). The New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 11, 2008. Retrieved March 19, 2008.
- "New York City Senate Districts (2002)" (PDF). The New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 11, 2008. Retrieved March 19, 2008.
- Fried, Joseph P. (September 8, 1993). "Running for an Old Job That Has a New Game – Biography". The New York Times. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- Confessore, Nicholas; Jeremy W. Peters (March 13, 2008). "A Bipartisan Prediction of Harmony in Albany". The New York Times. Retrieved March 13, 2008.
- Lovett, Kenneth (March 12, 2008). "Paterson's '06 Misfire". New York Post. Archived from the original on March 13, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2008.
- Hakim, Danny; Rashbaum, William K. "Times Topics: David A. Paterson". The New York Times. Retrieved March 12, 2008.
- Cooper, Michael (January 25, 2006). "For a Politician in a Position to Gain Power, a Stunning Move". The New York Times. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
- Gray, Geoffrey (October 30, 2006). "Spitzer's Peace With Paterson". New York. Retrieved March 10, 2008.
- Healy, Patrick (November 8, 2006). "Clinton and Democrats Sweep Races in New York". The New York Times. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
- Roberts, Sam (December 27, 2007). "Paterson & Son, Offices in Harlem and Albany". The New York Times. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
- "Official Website of Lieutenant Governor David Paterson". Archived from the original on March 14, 2008. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
- Confessore, Nicholas (January 16, 2007). "Spitzer Wants New York to Enter the Stem Cell Race". The New York Times. Retrieved March 10, 2008.
- Eggleston, Luke (January 18–24, 2007). "Gift of Life". Catholic Sun. Diocese of Syracuse. Archived from the original on March 14, 2008. Retrieved March 10, 2008.
- Editorial (April 3, 2007). "A Better New York Budget". The New York Times. Retrieved March 10, 2008.
- Paybarah, Azi (September 3, 2007). "Paterson, Without Spitzer Administration, Praises Non-Citizen Voting". New York Observer. Archived from the original on December 27, 2007.
- Rae, Leah (March 11, 2008). "David Paterson on immigration". Journal News.
- Hayduk, Ron; Michele Wucker (November 2004). "Immigrant Voting Rights Receive More Attention". Migration Information Source.
- Danis, Kirsten (September 4, 2007). "Lt. Gov. David Paterson for granting noncitizens right to vote". Daily News.
- Pierre-Pierre, Gary (September 6, 1993). "West Indians Adding Clout At Ballot Box". The New York Times.
- Benjamin, Elizabeth (February 18, 2008). "Discrimination Suit Against Senate Dems Moves Forward". Daily News. Archived from the original on March 22, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2008.
- "Maioriello v. New York, Northern District of New York. 2008. No. 1:05-CV-1062". Daily News. Archived from the original (MS Word Document) on April 11, 2008.
Slip Copy, 2008 WL 398483 (N.D.N.Y.). February 12, 2007. United States District Court, N.D. New York. Maioriello v. New York. (Joseph MAIORIELLO, Plaintiff, v. NEW YORK State, New York State Senate, New York State Senate Minority, Defendants. N.D.N.Y., 2008. No. 1:05-CV-1062 (NAM/DRH)).
- Lovett, Kenneth (February 19, 2008). "Pol Has 'Color Blind' Excuse". New York Post. Retrieved March 12, 2008.
- Paterson, David (March 17, 2008). "Remarks to a Joint-Session of the New York State Legislature". Governor of New York. Archived from the original on March 22, 2008. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
- Peters, Jeremy W. (September 22, 2009). "New York Times: Court, 4-3, Upholds Paterson's Appointment of Lieutenant Governor". Cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- See Article IV, Section 6, Clause 4 of the NYS Constitution. Archived March 17, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Confessore, Nicholas, "In Consulting Group's Rise, Hints of How Albany Works", article, The New York Times, September 29, 2008, retrieved same day
- Spector, Joseph. "Paterson To Give Keynote This Morning At NAACP Conference". The Journal News. July 17, 2008.
- Spector, Joseph. "Conservatives applaud Paterson". The Journal News. July 30, 2008.
- Spector, Joseph. "Gillibrand draws praise, criticism[dead link]". Ithaca Journal. January 24, 2009.
- Goddard, Taegan. "Republicans Approve of Gillibrand Pick[dead link]". Political Wire. January 26, 2009.[dead link]
- "How's Your Governor Doing on Taxes and Spending? – By Veronique de Rugy – The Corner – National Review Online". Nationalreview.com. September 30, 2010. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- Peters, Jeremy W. (March 17, 2008). "Paterson Is Calling the Shots on Swearing-In". The New York Times.
- Thompson, Maury (March 18, 2008). "Paterson: It's time to get to work". Post Star.
- Goldman, Henry (March 17, 2008). "Paterson to Focus on New York Budget in First Days as Governor". Bloomberg L.P. Archived from the original on June 13, 2010.
- Gralla, Joan (March 17, 2008). "NY new governor says economy headed toward a crisis". Reuters.
- Creelan, Jeremy and Moulton, Laura. "The New York State Legislative Process". Brennan Center for Justice, New York University School of Law. July 21, 2004. Retrieved on February 28, 2008.
- McMahon, E.J. (October 2005). "Breaking the Budget in New York State". Policy Briefing. Manhattan Institute. No. 3. Retrieved March 19, 2008.
- Editorial. "Paterson must hit the ground running to move state ahead". Star Gazette. March 18, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-03-18.
- Anderson, Liz (March 17, 2008). "Day: one. Bills: five". Journal News. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
- Gallagher, Jay (March 19, 2008). "Paterson asks for wholesale resignations". Journal News.
- "N.Y. governor: State employee among my several affairs". CNN. March 18, 2008. Archived from the original on March 21, 2008. Retrieved March 22, 2008.
- Baker, Al (May 16, 2004). "Albany Faces Its Sex Problem, and Nobody's Snickering". The New York Times.
- Gormley, Michael (March 20, 2008). "Talk of sex dominates Albany". Associated Press.[dead link]
- Burnett, Marie Miranti (2005). Sex, Secrets, and Lies: The Marriage Vows Revisited. iUniverse. p. 3. ISBN 0-595-34082-2. Retrieved March 24, 2008.
- Tomasky, Michael (June 23, 2003). "Capital Offense". New York Magazine.
- Paybarah, Azi. "Paterson's Message on Same-Sex Marriage" Archived June 5, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. The New York Observer. May 29, 2008.
- Peters, Jeremy. "New York to Back Same-Sex Unions From Elsewhere". The New York Times. May 29, 2008.
- Naanes, Marlene. "New Yorkers applaud Guv's gay marriage stance". Newsday. May 29, 2008. Archived June 1, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Confessore, Nicholas. Gay Marriage Opponents Consider Ways to Fight New Policy. The New York Times. May 30, 2008.
- Diaz, Ruben. "Statement From NYS Senator Rev. Ruben Diaz Regarding Governor Paterson's Decision To Recognize Out Of State Same Sex Marriages" Archived September 29, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Press release. Office of New York State Senator Rev. Ruben Diaz. October 3, 2008.
- Senison, Heather. "Strong reactions on both sides of gay marriage debate" Archived June 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Legislative Gazette. May 30, 2008.
- Stashenko, Joel. "N.Y. Governor Defends Recognition of Other Jurisdictions' Gay Marriages". New York Law Journal. Law.com. May 30, 2008.
- Peters, Jeremy W. "Celebrating Gay Pride and Its Albany Friend". The New York Times. June 30, 2008.
- Rentas, Khadijah; Gaskell, Stephanie. "Governor Paterson is cheered at city's Gay Pride Parade". Daily News. June 30, 2008.
- "Group, lawmakers sue governor over same-sex marriage directive". Ithaca Journal. June 4, 2008. p. 6A.
- ADF attorneys file suit against N.Y. Gov. Paterson. Press release. Alliance Defense Fund. June 3, 2008.
- Stiles, Tom. "Governor Decrees Same-Sex Marriage in New York". New Yorker's Family Research Foundation. June 23, 2008.
- Confessore, Nicholas (September 2, 2008). "Court Backs Paterson Regarding Gay Unions". The New York Times.
- "ADF: ADF appeals decision to uphold NY governor's same-sex 'marriage' directive – Alliance Defense Fund – Defending Our First Liberty". Alliance Defense Fund. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- Melas, Chloe (April 14, 2009). "New York governor to propose legalizing same-sex marriage". CNN.
- Amira, Dan. "Can Joe Bruno Rescue Gay Marriage?". Nymag.com. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- "Joe Bruno Supports Gay Marriage?!?!?!?!!?". Gayvolt.com. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- Benjamin, Elizabeth (December 2, 2009). "Gay Marriage Fails, 24–38". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on May 26, 2013. Retrieved December 2, 2009.
- Peters, Jeremy W. (December 2, 2009). "New York State Senate Votes Down Gay Marriage Bill". The New York Times.
- Kaplan, Thomas (December 1, 2010). "Paterson Gives Up Push to Legalize Gay Marriage". The New York Times.
- Dicker, Frederick U. "That '70s woe in rerun Archived August 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine". New York Post. July 28, 2008.
- Press Release from Governor Paterson's office on the official NY State website. Retrieved July 30, 2008. Archived August 5, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Times Union blog of July 29, 2008. Retrieved July 30, 2008.
- Karlin, Rick, "Paterson: 'Time to act': Citing fear of budget disaster, governor recalls Legislature," Albany Times-Union, July 30, 2008, found at Paterson: 'Time to act': Citing fear of budget disaster, governor recalls Legislature. Retrieved July 30, 2008.[dead link]
- "". CBS News. July 30, 2008. Archived July 30, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- "Fed offers $85 billion rescue plan to AIG". KTKA.com. September 16, 2008. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- "Governor Paterson Weighs In on the AIG Situation « Glick Report". Glickreport.blogs.foxbusiness.com. Archived from the original on September 20, 2008. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- "US government rescues insurer AIG". BBC News. September 17, 2008. Retrieved May 1, 2010.
- Clark, Andrew (September 17, 2008). "US government steps in to rescue insurance giant AIG". The Guardian. London. Retrieved May 1, 2010.
- "La Fed sauve l'assureur américain AIG de la faillite". Le Monde. Paris. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- Plotch, Philip Mark. Politics Across the Hudson: The Tappan Zee Megaproject. Rutgers University Press, New Jersey (2015). p. 130
- "Fiscal crisis spurs Paterson to take 10 percent pay cut". Newsday. March 6, 2009. Retrieved March 7, 2009.[dead link]
- "Hungry for real news?". NewsFetish.com. Archived from the original on February 21, 2011. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- Quint, Michael. "New York's Paterson, Lawmakers Agree on State Budget Archived January 22, 2009, at the Wayback Machine". Bloomberg L.P. April 9, 2008.
- Gallagher, Jay and Spector, Joseph. "$124 billion state budget plan expected to pass today". Poughkeepsie Journal. April 9, 2008. Archived July 14, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
- "Bill Summary – A08532". New York State Assembly. Retrieved on February 24, 2008.
- Neroulias, Nicole. "New York's new budget funds veterans tuition assistance". Journal News. April 10, 2008.
- "Part N – Amend the Education Law in relation to tuition assistance for veterans Archived April 15, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Memorandum in Support Article VII Legislation, Education, Labor, and Family Assistance Archived April 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Enacted Budget, 2008–09 "New York State Executive Budget" Archived April 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. New York State Division of the Budget. Retrieved April 11, 2008. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 15, 2008. Retrieved April 11, 2008.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Seifman, David and Lovett, Kenneth. "Paterson: I'll Slash Budget by $12 Bil Archived April 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine". New York Post. April 9, 2008.
- Hakim, Danny. "Vexed Cry of a Thwarted Governor: 'Wait Till Next Year'". The New York Times. April 10, 2008.
- Governor Paterson Urges State Leaders To Follow His Lead In Reducing Next Year's State Budget Archived January 9, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- "Paterson Asking Legislative Leaders for Budget Cuts". The New York Observer. April 24, 2008. Archived from the original on May 11, 2008. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- McNichol, Elizabeth, and Lay, Iris. "States Continue to Feel Recession's Impact". Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. January 16, 2009.
- "Governor Paterson's Executive Budget Eliminates Largest Deficit in State History, Reins in Spending" (press release). Office of the Governor. December 16, 2008. Archived January 23, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- "State of the State Address 2009". David A. Paterson, Governor. Archived January 21, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- "2008–09 Deficit Reduction Plan" Archived February 2, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. 2009–2010 Executive Budget – Briefing Book, New York State Division of the Budget
- Blainn, Glenn and Lovett Kenneth. "Governor Paterson proposes 'Obesity Tax,' a tax on non-diet sodas". Daily News. December 14, 2008.
- "Stop the ITax Archived February 8, 2011, at the Wayback Machine". Retrieved January 19, 2009.
- "New York Governor Proposes Alcohol Tax Hikes". Marin Institute. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
- Paint, Josh. "A tale of two budgets". Redstate (blog). December 16, 2008.
- "New York Governor Wants 'iTunes Tax'". Information Week. December 17, 2008.
- "Governor Paterson to Tax Your Entertainment". 'New York Magazine'. January 2009.
- "New York governor proposes more fishing fees[permanent dead link]". Associated Press. December 23, 2008.
- Fitzpatrick, Josh. "Tedisco: Governor Paterson's 137 Tax And Fee Increases Will Cost the Average New York Family $3,875.48, Could Lead To the Loss of 1-In-10 Jobs". New York State Assembly Minority LeaderJames Tedisco. December 18, 2008.
- Reddy, Sumathi. "What the governor's proposed fee raises will cost you". Newsday. December 18, 2008. Archived December 19, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Chan, Sewell. "Reaction to Ravitch's M.T.A. Report". The New York Times. December 4, 2008.
- Precious, Tom. "Paterson proposes dramatic spending cuts, higher taxes and fees". Buffalo News. December 16, 2008. Archived December 17, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Vielkind, Jimmy. "The Pheasants Are Saved! For the Hunters[permanent dead link]". New York Observer. January 19, 2009.
- "Ball urges Governor to retain 'only remaining pheasant farm'". Mid Hudson News. January 4, 2009.
- Nelson, Dick. "Sportsmen seek injunction against DEC". The Daily Mail. January 12, 2009.
- Figura, David. "Gov. Paterson makes it official: the Reynolds Game Farm will not be closed". The Post-Standard. January 16, 2009.
- "David Paterson to Become First African American Gov in NY History, First Blind Gov in US History". Democracynow.org. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- "Caroline Kennedy Withdraws Senate Bid". The New York Times. Reuters Limited. January 22, 2009. Retrieved January 22, 2009.[dead link]
- Lovett, Kenneth. "Ex-Hillary Clinton aide Leecia Eve could take over as senator". Daily News. November 21, 2008.
- "Paterson Reveals Advisors On Clinton Successor: New York Governor Has Some Time To Make Up His Mind Because Clinton Will Stick Around Until Confirmed". CBS Broadcasting Inc. December 3, 2008. Retrieved December 8, 2008.[dead link]
- Chan, Sewell; Richard Pérez-Peña (January 22, 2007). "If Clinton Should Win, Who Would Take Her Place?". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved November 23, 2008.
- Hakim, Danny (October 4, 2007). "Wishing and Hoping for Clinton's Seat". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved November 23, 2008.
- Parker, Billy. "Latest Possible Hillary Successor is Leecia Eve Archived January 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine". Gothamist. November 22, 2008.
- "Why Gov. Paterson Should Have Named Lesbian Randi Weingarten to the Senate". Queerty.com. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- Damavandi, Olivia (January 7, 2009). "Drescher speaks about possible Senate run". The Malibu Times.
- Tumulty, Brian. "Lowey won't seek Clinton seat." The Journal News. December 2, 2008.
- "Poll: New Yorkers Prefer Cuomo Over Kennedy for U.S. Senate Seat". Fox News. April 7, 2010. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- "Senator Cuomo looms as Dame Caroline fades". Donklephant.com. January 15, 2009. Archived from the original on July 8, 2012. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- Halbfinger, David M. (January 24, 2009). "As Willing Bridesmaid, Cuomo Plays Against Type". New York State: Nytimes.com. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Paterson: Cuomo being considered for Senate seat Archived February 3, 2009, at Archive.today
- "Steve Israel Abides". Observer.com. December 16, 2008. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- "NYC mayor praises Caroline Kennedy". ABC Inc., WABC-TV/DT New York, NY. December 8, 2008. Retrieved December 8, 2008.
- "Caroline Kennedy withdraws Senate bid". Hurriyet.com.tr. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
- Kennedy's withdrawal creates a political mystery
- Sources: Caroline Kennedy Front-Runner for Hillary Clinton Senate Seat Archived December 22, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Dicker, Fredric U. (January 19, 2009). "Caroline The 'Certain' Pick For Dave: Rivals". Nypost.com. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Caroline Kennedy Paterson's Choice: Officials[dead link]
- Caroline Kennedy botches debut interview with 'you know' attitude[dead link]
- Gormley, Michael (December 30, 2008). "Kennedy criticized after her latest tour". Findarticles.com. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- New York's Paterson to Name Clinton Senate Successor[dead link]
- Hakim, Danny (January 22, 2009). "Paterson Is Set to Name Senate Pick". New York State: Nytimes.com. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Goldman, Henry (January 23, 2009). "New York's Paterson to Tap Clinton Senate Replacement". Bloomberg.com. Archived from the original on June 13, 2010. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- "Paterson Names Rep. Kirsten Gillibrand to Clinton's Former U.S. Senate Seat". Foxnews.com. April 7, 2010. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Adams, Ginger (January 25, 2009). "Kennedys Livid As Gov Asked Caroline To 'Lie'". Nypost.com. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Lovett, Kenneth; Lauinger, John; Katz, Celeste (January 25, 2009). "Senator-designate Kirsten Gillibrand praises Caroline Kennedy". New York: Nydailynews.com. Archived from the original on February 3, 2009. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Tom Caprood (January 24, 2009). "Gillibrand colleagues support her appointment". Troyrecord.com. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Obama telephones congratulations to Gillibrand[dead link]
- "HRC (and others) react to Gillibrand". Firstread.msnbc.msn.com. Archived from the original on January 26, 2009. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- BRENDAN SCOTT (January 23, 2009). "Kirsten Has Big Goals – But Little Experience". Nypost.com. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Odonnell, Lawrence (January 23, 2009). "New York's Next Senator: Opposed to the Obama Agenda". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Mcshane, Larry; Lovett, Kenneth; Benjamin, Elizabeth (January 23, 2009). "Who is Kirsten Gillibrand? New York congresswoman to take Clinton's Senate seat". Nydailynews.com. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Colgrass, Neal (January 23, 2009). "Ambitious Gillibrand Disliked by Peers". Newser. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- McCarthy continues to oppose Gillibrand's appointment[dead link]
- Dowd, Maureen (January 24, 2009). "Which Governor Is Wackier?". Nytimes.com. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Smith, Chris (January 24, 2009). "The Zany Adventures of (Senator) Caroline Kennedy". Nymag.com. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Hakim, Danny (February 20, 2009). "Paterson Had Staff Deny Kennedy Was Top Choice". Nytimes.com. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Jeremy Peters; Danny Hakim (July 8, 2009). "Paterson to Name Ex-M.T.A. Chief as Lieutenant Governor". The New York Times.
- Peters, Jeremy W.; Chan, Sewell (September 22, 2009). "In 4-3 Vote, Court Says Paterson Can Appoint Lt. Governor". The New York Times. Retrieved May 1, 2010.
- Dicker, Fredric U.; Karni, Annie (February 21, 2010). "Jay-Z stake in Aqueduct slots deal draws scrutiny". New York Post. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- "Paterson Recuses Himself From Racino Project". New York Daily News. March 9, 2010. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Fung, Amanda (March 9, 2010). "Rev. Flake, rapper Jay-Z exit sinking Aqueduct bid". crainsnewyork. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- William K. Rashbaum; Danny Hakim; David Kocieniewski; Serge F. Kovaleski; Kitty Bennett; Alain Delaquérière; Barbara Gray (February 25, 2010). "Question of Influencein Abuse Case of Paterson Aide". The New York Times. Retrieved March 7, 2010.
- Halbfinger, David M. (December 20, 2010). "Paterson Fined $62,125 Over World Series Tickets". The New York Times.
- "David Paterson: SNL Insensitive To Disabled". The Huffington Post. February 12, 2009. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- Schapiro, Rich (September 26, 2010). "Gov. David Paterson makes surprise 'Saturday Night Live' visit to mock himself, Albany". New York Daily News. Retrieved September 26, 2010.
- "David Paterson". Paterson for Governor Inc.
- Rubado, Meghan and Goldberg, Delen. "2010 Ticket Could Be Paterson-Driscoll Archived January 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine". Post-Standard. October 17, 2008.
- "Giuliani says decision on governor's race unlikely before summer". CNN. January 13, 2009. Retrieved May 1, 2010.
- Ryan, Tom (February 24, 2009). "New York governor trails rival Cuomo in latest poll". Reuters. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- "NY gov Paterson's approval rating a record low-poll". uk.reuters.com. April 6, 2009. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
- "Paterson blames racism for his unpopularity". Newsday. New York. August 21, 2009. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- BRENDAN SCOTT (September 2, 2009). "Paterson Whines: 'Racism!'". Nypost.com. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Ignoring White House Request, Paterson Rants Again Archived August 28, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- "Obama cordial but cool to Gov. David Paterson". Newsday.com. September 21, 2009. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Hernandez, Raymond (September 19, 2009). "Paterson Says He Will Run, Rejecting Call From Obama". New York State: Nytimes.com. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- "David Paterson: I'll Only Leave Office 'In a Box'". CBS News. February 9, 2010.
- "Blogs". Daily News. New York.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 8, 2011. Retrieved September 1, 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Clear Channel Layoffs Begin at WOR; David Paterson and Joy Browne Axed". Adweek. Retrieved September 21, 2015.
- Feeney, Michael J. (March 4, 2013). "Former Gov. David Paterson Returns to 125th St. in Harlem For a New Job: Touro College Professor". Manhattan. New York: N.Y. Daily News. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to David Paterson.|
|New York State Senate|
| Member of the New York State Senate
| Member of the New York State Senate
| Minority Leader of the New York State Senate
| Lieutenant Governor of New York
| Governor of New York
|Party political offices|
Keith L. T. Wright
| Chair of the New York Democratic Committee