Delancey Street/Essex Street (New York City Subway)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

 Delancey Street/Essex Street
 "F" train"J" train"M" train"Z" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station complex
Essex-Delancey Streets Stairs SE.JPG
Stair at southeast corner of Essex and Delancey
Station statistics
AddressDelancey Street & Essex Street
New York, NY 10002
BoroughManhattan
LocaleLower East Side
Coordinates40°43′07″N 73°59′18″W / 40.71851°N 73.988199°W / 40.71851; -73.988199Coordinates: 40°43′07″N 73°59′18″W / 40.71851°N 73.988199°W / 40.71851; -73.988199
DivisionB (BMT/IND)
Line      IND Sixth Avenue Line
      BMT Nassau Street Line
Services      F all times (all times)​
      J all times (all times)
      M all times except late nights (all times except late nights)
      Z rush hours, peak direction (rush hours, peak direction)​
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: M9, M14A, B39
StructureUnderground
Levels2
Other information
OpenedJuly 1, 1948; 70 years ago (1948-07-01)
Station code625[1]
Accessiblenot ADA-accessible; accessibility planned
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Traffic
Passengers (2017)8,128,719 (station complex)[3]Decrease 3.9%
Rank44 out of 425

Delancey Street/Essex Street is a station complex shared by the BMT Nassau Street Line and the IND Sixth Avenue Lines of the New York City Subway, located at the intersection of Essex and Delancey Streets on the Lower East Side of Manhattan, just west of the Williamsburg Bridge. It is served by the:

  • F and J trains at all times
  • M train at all times except late nights
  • Z skip-stop train during rush hours in the peak direction

In addition to the two track levels—the BMT platforms are on the upper level, and the IND platforms are on the lower—an intermediate mezzanine built for the IND platforms provides the passenger connection between the two lines. As the BMT and the IND were originally separate systems, the transfer passageway was not within fare control until July 1, 1948.[citation needed] The full-time entrance is on the north side of Delancey Street, on either side of Essex Street.

Station layout[edit]

G Street level Exit / entrance
B1 North mezzanine Fare control, exits/entrances
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Westbound[note 1] "J" train ("Z" train AM rush hours) toward Broad Street (Bowery)
"M" train toward Forest Hills–71st Avenue weekdays, 96th Street weekends (Broadway–Lafayette Street)
Center track[note 1] "J" train ("Z" train PM rush hours) toward Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer (Marcy Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Eastbound[note 1] "M" train toward Middle Village–Metropolitan Avenue (Marcy Avenue)
Trolley trackways Emergency exit, planned Lowline
B2 South mezzanine Fare control, exits/entrances
B3 Side platform, doors will open on the right
Northbound "F" train toward Jamaica–179th Street (Second Avenue)
Southbound "F" train toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (East Broadway)
Side platform, doors will open on the right

Since June 2010, both the F and M operate local along the Sixth Avenue Line north of the Delancey Street/Essex Street station. This resulted in many riders waiting in the stairwells connecting the Sixth Avenue Line's lower-level northbound platform, where the F stops, and the Nassau Street Line's upper-level southbound platform, where the M stops before merging onto the Sixth Avenue Line northbound. This phenomenon did not occur in other stations where two services have separate platforms before merging into the same direction, such as 50th Street–Eighth Avenue.[4] In 2017, the MTA installed train-arrival "countdown clocks" across the New York City Subway system, which show how much time will elapse until the next train arrives on each respective platform.[5]

Exits[edit]

Exit location[6] Number of exits
NW corner of Delancey Street and Essex Street 1 stair
SW corner of Delancey Street and Essex Street 1 stair
NE corner of Delancey Street and Essex Street 1 stair
1 HEET exit-only)
SE corner of Delancey Street and Essex Street 1 stair
1 HEET exit-only)
NW corner of Delancey Street and Norfolk Street 1 stair
NE corner of Delancey Street and Norfolk Street 1 stair

Both the IND and the BMT stations have additional closed exits. The IND station had four additional exits; two were at both the north end of the station at Rivington Street and the other two were at the south end at Broome Street. Two of the staircases were sealed on street level, but metal trapdoors block the other two. A former exit to the southeastern corner of Rivington Street and Essex Street, adjacent to the rear of the Essex Street Market building, remains as a northern emergency exit, and a former exit to the southeastern corner of Broome Street and Essex Street similarly remains as a southern emergency exit.

As part of the construction of the nearby Essex Crossing development, Site 9 (120 Essex Street), located on the east side of Essex Street between Rivington and Delancey Streets, contains an easement for a future elevator entrance.[7]

BMT Nassau Street Line platforms[edit]

 Essex Street
 "J" train"M" train"Z" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Essex Street BMT 9198.JPG
Westbound platform
Station statistics
DivisionB (BMT)
Line      BMT Nassau Street Line
Services      J all times (all times)
      M all times except late nights (all times except late nights)
      Z rush hours, peak direction (rush hours, peak direction)​
Platforms1 island platform
cross-platform interchange (eastbound only)
1 side platform
Tracks3
Other information
OpenedSeptember 16, 1908; 110 years ago (1908-09-16)[8]
Station code102[1]
Accessiblenot ADA-accessible; accessibility planned
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Former/other namesDelancey Street
Station succession
Next eastMarcy Avenue: J all times M all times except late nights Z rush hours, peak direction
Next westBroadway–Lafayette Street: M all times except late nights
Bowery: J all timesZ rush hours, peak direction
Track layout

Essex Street on the BMT Nassau Street Line has three tracks, one side platform, and one island platform. The side platform is used by trains coming from the Williamsburg Bridge. The other two tracks serve the island platform. The middle track, which was formerly the peak-direction express track, is now used for outbound J and Z trains over the Williamsburg Bridge.

After a 2004 reconfiguration, the former northbound local track was taken out of regular service. It was only used for occasional reroutes from Chambers Street until 2010. The Chrystie Street Connection between Broadway–Lafayette Street and Essex Street was not used for regular revenue service from 1976 to 2010. On June 28, 2010, with the re-routing of M trains to the IND Sixth Avenue Line and IND Queens Boulevard Line, the connection again saw regular use for those aforementioned trains only.

This station is a bottleneck for eastbound trains, which are frequently delayed momentarily at this station because the two eastbound tracks merge into one track before crossing the Williamsburg Bridge.

History[edit]

Williamsburg Bridge and Delancey Street, 1919. Kiosks in the center go down to the underground trolley terminal; larger one to the left goes to the subway. Foreground: waiting areas for Manhattan streetcars
The Essex Street station during its construction.

Next to the Brooklyn-bound local track is a closed trolley terminal, which was built along with the subway station and opened several months earlier. There are about three to four tracks against a wall and eight turning loops, which were used for trolley service from 1908 to 1948 that traveled over the Williamsburg Bridge to different parts of Brooklyn.[9][10][11]

The underground terminal for the subway adjacent to the trolley terminal opened on September 16, 1908. The station initially contained only two tracks which ended at the west end of the station. It also had an additional southern side platform adjacent to the trolley terminal, with the station organized in a Spanish solution.[9] The station was rebuilt for through service from 1911 to 1913 for the Centre Street Subway to extend to Chambers Street. The rest of the subway line has four tracks while there was room at Essex Street station for only three tracks and two platforms. There is provision for a fourth track to run through the trolley terminal area and join the subway west of the trolley terminal, should a four-track subway station be wanted.

For many years, the elevated train service was very intensive, and the fourth track at Essex Street would have been useful to handle the crowds, but at the same time, the trolley service was also well patronized, so no expansion was ever proposed. This would have added a second side platform to the south of the southernmost track, directly against the trolley terminal. The island platform would have been demolished to make room for the fourth track; alternatively, the fourth track would have been constructed adjacent to the southernmost track, resulting in a 2 side-platform, 1 island-platformed station.

After streetcar service ended in 1948, the former track area on the south side of the bridge was rebuilt into auto lanes with a new ramp from street level closing off the former downhill ramp to the trolley terminal.[12][13] The trolley terminal itself, however, was left vacant, and small portions were converted to storerooms and an emergency exit to the southern corners of Norfolk Street and Delancey Street.[14] The vacant space is the proposed location of the Low Line, a planned underground park.[15] Prior to 1913, the BMT station was also known as Delancey Street.

Image gallery[edit]

IND Sixth Avenue Line platforms[edit]

 Delancey Street
 "F" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Delancey Street F- Uptown Platform.jpg
Station statistics
DivisionB (IND)
Line      IND Sixth Avenue Line
Services      F all times (all times)
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks2
Other information
OpenedJanuary 1, 1936; 83 years ago (1936-01-01)
Station code233[1]
Accessiblenot ADA-accessible; accessibility planned
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Station succession
Next northSecond Avenue: F all times
Next southEast Broadway: F all times
Track layout
to 2 Av
Northbound waiting area

Delancey Street (announced as Delancey Street-Essex Street) on the IND Sixth Avenue Line has two tracks and two side platforms. The station has a part-time booth on the south side of Delancey Street and has two street staircases. Crossovers connect both platforms to the BMT platforms, which are above and perpendicular to the IND platforms. The tile band (purple with black border) and station name tablets have been replaced, replicating the style of the original design. In a departure from the norm of recent restorations, every other column at platform level has a large "D" for the station name.

The station formerly had two mezzanine areas, split by the BMT station. Twelve staircases, six on each platform, led to the mezzanine. Most were removed; only the stairs at the extreme north end and the extreme south end of both platforms remain as stairways to emergency exits and storage space.

There are two large wall-sized pieces of artwork, one on each wall where the staircase exits and transfers are located. The artist for both glass mosaics is Ming Fay (2004). The artwork on the downtown side is titled Shad Crossing and details two giant shad fish swimming, along with another wall mosaic of blue waters. In the late 19th century, shad were found along the Hudson River when new immigrants came to New York, many of whom settled on the Lower East Side. The new staircase to the relocated full-time booth also has another painting of a shad wrapped around the bottom of the stairs.

The uptown side is titled Delancey Orchard and has a cherry orchard tree mosaic, which symbolized the tree owned by the Delancey family in the 18th century. Miniature versions appear along all staircases leading from the Delancey Street platforms to either fare control.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The railroad direction here is a wrong-way concurrency between the J and ​Z trains and the M train.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2012–2017". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  4. ^ Flegenheimer, Matt (December 27, 2012). "A Rare Choreography for Riders Caught Between an F and an M". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
  5. ^ Nonko, Emily (January 2, 2018). "After 11 years, every NYC subway station finally has countdown clocks". Curbed NY. Retrieved March 4, 2018.
  6. ^ "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Lower East Side" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
  7. ^ "Squadron Requests Timeline For New Escalator, Elevator at Delancey Street Station". The Lo-Down : News from the Lower East Side. February 1, 2017. Retrieved February 3, 2019.
  8. ^ The New York Times, Mayor Runs a Train Over New Bridge, September 17, 1908, page 16
  9. ^ a b "Underground Bridge Terminal in New York for Brooklyn Surface and "L" Lines". Street Railway Journal. 31 (15): 592–596. April 11, 1908. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
  10. ^ http://www.columbia.edu/~brennan/abandoned/WillB.newphoto.jpg
  11. ^ "Mayor Drives Trolley Car: He Inaugurates the Service Across Williamsburg Bridge Into Subway" (PDF). The New York Times. May 19, 1908. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
  12. ^ "Buses Take Over Williamsburg Run: Trolleys End Bridge Service-Old Underground Station No Longer in Use" (PDF). The New York Times. December 6, 1948. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
  13. ^ "Williamsburg Bridge Trolleys Bow to Buses After 44 Years". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. December 5, 1948. p. 5. Retrieved October 21, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
  14. ^ https://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?2159
  15. ^ "The Low Line Gets Real at Essex Street Market". thelodownny.com.

External links[edit]

External video
Essex St Trolley Terminal, Metropolitan Transportation Authority; November 23, 2011; 4:15 YouTube video clip

Subway station:

Trolley terminal: