Delaware Route 279
|Maintained by DelDOT|
|Length||1.05 mi (1.69 km)|
|West end||MD 279 near Newark|
|East end||DE 4 / DE 896 in Newark|
Delaware Route 279 (DE 279) is a 1.05-mile (1.69 km) long state highway located in northern New Castle County, Delaware. It runs from the Maryland state line southwest of Newark, where it continues as Maryland Route 279 (MD 279), northeast to DE 4 and DE 896 in Newark. DE 279 follows a four-lane divided highway called Elkton Road and serves as part of the route connecting Elkton, Maryland with Newark. The roadway is maintained by the Delaware Department of Transportation (DelDOT). DE 279 was originally the westernmost portion of DE 2, designated in the 1930s. This portion of road was widened into a divided highway in 1972. In 2013, DE 2 was truncated from the Maryland border to east of Newark to simplify the route designations through Newark, resulting in DE 279 being designated to its current alignment.
DE 279 begins at the Maryland border southwest of the city of Newark. The road continues southwest into that state as MD 279, which heads towards the town of Elkton. From the state line, the route heads northeast on Elkton Road, a four-lane divided highway. DE 279 heads through commercial areas of Newark, where it comes to an intersection with Otts Chapel Road (Road 397). The road continues past more commercial development and comes to an intersection with the western terminus of DE 4 and DE 896 (Christiana Parkway). Here, DE 279 ends and Elkton Road continues northeast as part of DE 896 towards downtown Newark. The entire length of the route is located in New Castle County. The route passes through flat to gently rolling terrain at an elevation of about 100 feet (30 m).
DE 279 has an annual average daily traffic count of 30,155 vehicles west of Otts Chapel Road and 14,214 vehicles east of Otts Chapel Road. The entire length of DE 279 is part of the National Highway System.
What is now DE 279 was originally an unimproved county road. From the 1910s to the 1938, it was the westernmost part of Lincoln Highway, which ran from the Maryland border through Newark east to Wilmington and Claymont. By 1924, the road was paved. In 1925, suggestions were made for the state to take over maintenance of the highway connecting the Maryland border to Newark. In 1927, the state took over maintenance of the highway between the Maryland border and Newark. When Delaware designated its state highways by 1936, the current alignment of DE 279 was designated as the westernmost part of DE 2, which ran from the Maryland border through Newark east to Wilmington. The portion of DE 2 along Elkton Road between the Maryland border and Newark was widened into a divided highway in 1972. In 2013, DelDOT proposed the renumbering of routes in and around Newark, which involved truncating DE 2 from the Maryland border to the eastern edge of Newark and the removal of DE 2 Bus. through downtown Newark. As a result of these changes, the portion of Elkton Road between the Maryland border and the Christiana Parkway was to be designated as DE 279, matching the route number across the Maryland border. The goal of the project was to "simplify the route designations in Newark, reduce sign clutter, and reduce sign maintenance costs." The changes were completed in summer 2013.
|0.00||0.00||MD 279 west (Elkton Road)||Maryland state line; western terminus|
|1.05||1.69||DE 4 east / DE 896 (Christiana Parkway/Elkton Road) – University of Delaware||Eastern terminus; western terminus of DE 4|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Shannon, Josh (July 1, 2013). "A route to less clutter: DelDOT to consolidate Newark route numbers". Newark Post. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- Staff (2016). "Traffic Count and Mileage Report: Interstate, Delaware, and US Routes" (PDF). Delaware Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
- Google (May 1, 2014). "overview of Delaware Route 279" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved May 1, 2014.
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- National Highway System: Delaware (PDF) (Map). Federal Highway Administration. 2010. Retrieved February 10, 2012.
- Delaware State Highway Department (1920). Official Road Map (PDF) (Map). Dover: Delaware State Highway Department. Retrieved November 24, 2015.
- Francis, William (2014). Along the Kirkwood Highway. Images of America. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. pp. 8–9. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
- Delaware State Highway Department (1924). Official Road Map (PDF) (Map). Dover: Delaware State Highway Department. Retrieved November 24, 2015.
- "Annual Report of the State Highway Department" (PDF) (1925 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware State Highway Department. December 31, 1925: 21. Retrieved November 11, 2014.
- "Delaware State Highway Department Report" (PDF) (1926 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware State Highway Department. December 31, 1926: 35. Retrieved November 11, 2014.
- "Annual Report of the State Highway Department" (PDF) (1927 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware State Highway Department. December 31, 1927: 28. Retrieved November 11, 2014.
- Delaware State Highway Department; The National Survey Co. (1936). Official Road Map of the State of Delaware (PDF) (Map) (1936–1937 ed.). Dover: Delaware State Highway Department. Retrieved November 24, 2015.
- Maryland State Highway Administration (1972). Maryland: Official Highway Map (Map). Baltimore: Maryland State Highway Administration.
- Media related to Delaware Route 279 at Wikimedia Commons