List of Spider-Man enemies

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Delilah (comics))
Jump to navigation Jump to search
MorbiusHydro-ManChameleonWill o' the WispKingpinCarnageSwarmLizardVerminSandmanScarecrowScorpionTarantulaVultureKraven the HunterHobgoblinGreen GoblinVenomMolten ManElectroHammerheadRhinoMysterioDoctor Octopus
About this image
Depiction of the many Spider-Man villains in a dream sequence of Spider-Man in The Sensational Spider-Man (vol. 2) #32. Art by Sean Chen. (Click on the character's face to identify the character's name and to learn more about the character.)

Spider-Man is a fictional superhero in the Marvel Universe debuting in the anthology comic book series issue Amazing Fantasy #15 (August 1962) in the Silver Age of Comics published by Marvel Comics. After his debut he would get his own comic book entitled The Amazing Spider-Man. The comic book series would introduce many of what would become his major supervillain adversaries. Spider-Man would then be popular enough for more Spider-Man comic spinoffs (The Spectacular Spider-Man, Marvel Team-Up, Web of Spider-Man, Peter Parker: Spider-Man etc.) which introduced more recurring enemies of the web-slinger.

As with Spider-Man, the villains' powers originate with scientific accidents or the misuse of scientific technology and also tend to have animal-themed costumes or powers (Vulture, Doctor Octopus, Beetle, Lizard, Rhino, Scorpion, Jackal and Black Cat). There also are supervillains with the powers over the elements (Sandman, Shocker, Electro, Molten Man and Hydro-Man), some that are horror-themed (the Goblins, Morbius, Morlun, and the Symbiotes) some that are crime lords (Kingpin, Tinkerer, Tombstone, Hammerhead, Silvermane and Mister Negative),[1] and some that are masters of trickery and illusion (Chameleon and Mysterio).[2] These villains oftentimes form teams such as the Sinister Six to oppose the superhero.

The rogues gallery of Spider-Man has garnered positive critical acclaim and has been considered as one of the greatest rogues galleries of all time.

Debuting in Spider-Man titles[edit]

Stan Lee is responsible with helping create the most villains for the web-slinger and helped pave the way for the fictional rogues gallery.

The majority of supervillains depicted in Spider-Man comics first appeared in The Amazing Spider-Man, while some first appeared in spinoff comics such as The Spectacular Spider-Man and Marvel Team-Up and other titles.

The Amazing Spider-Man debuts[edit]

Most of the supervillains of Spider-Man would be introduced in The Amazing Spider-Man comic book starting with the Chameleon.[3] The early villains would be introduced in the 1960s during the Silver Age of Comic Books,[3] and created by Stan Lee and Steve Ditko.[3] John Romita Sr. replaced Ditko starting with the Rhino.[4] Gerry Conway later replaced Stan Lee and helped create new adversaries for the web-slinger and also helped pave the way for the Bronze Age of Comic Books with the death of Spider-Man's long time romantic interest, Gwen Stacy.[5][6][7] Many collaborators would soon take over The Amazing Spider-Man title. One of the more popular examples included Todd McFarlane's Venom in the Modern Age of Comic Books.[8]

Note: Alter ego characters who are the most high profile in the supervillain alias but have shared that alias with others are in bold. Alter egos listed having N/A use their real name as the supervillain name. In chronological order.

Name Notable alter ego First appearance issue # Creator Descriptions
Chameleon1 Dmitri Anatoly Nikolayevich Smerdyakov #1 (March 1963)[3][9] Stan Lee[3][9]
Steve Ditko[3][9]
A master of disguise who can make himself look like anybody.[3][9]
Vulture Adrian Toomes
Blackie Drago
#2 (May 1963)[10][11] Stan Lee[10][12]
Steve Ditko[10]
An inventor who created mechanical wings which allowed him to fly and granted superhuman strength.[13]
Tinkerer Phineas Mason #2 (May 1963)[14] Stan Lee
[15] Steve Ditko[15]
A gifted engineer who specializes in creating gadgets from just about anything.[15]
Doctor OctopusArch1 Doctor Otto Gunther Octavius #3 (July 1963)[9] Stan Lee[16][17]
Steve Ditko[16][17]
Originally a brilliant scientist, his greatest invention, a set of metallic limbs, became fused to his body by an accident which caused his insanity. He has telepathic control of these arms, which are strong enough to physically hurt Spider-Man.[18]
Sandman2 William Baker / Flint Marko #4 (September 1963)[19][20] Stan Lee[19][20]
Steve Ditko[19][20]
After being caught in a nuclear accident, his body merged with sand which can manipulate in many ways, such as shapeshifting (he's often shown increasing his size, using his sand to form his limbs into blunt weapons, and forming a near impenetrable wall of sand), increasing his density and strength to lift up to 85 tons, and creating a dust storm from his body.[21]
Lizard Dr. Curt Connors #6 (November 1963)[22][23][24] Stan Lee[22][23][24]
Steve Ditko[22][23][24]
Dr. Curt Connors injected himself with an experimental serum made from reptile DNA which transformed him into a humanoid Lizard. As the Lizard, he has regeneration abilities, along with superhuman strength, speed, and agility. He has sometimes been shown as being able to telepathically command all reptiles within a one-mile radius.[25]
Living Brain[26] N/A #8 (January 1964)[27] Stan Lee[27]
Steve Ditko[27]
A living robot that is designed to solve any problem.[27]
Electro3 Maxwell Dillon #9 (February 1964)[28][29] Stan Lee[30]
Steve Ditko[30]
As a lineman for an electric company, he was repairing a power line and holding a wire when lightning struck and altered his nervous system, turning him into him a living electrical capacitor. He gained the power of electric manipulation, such as being able to fire up to one million volts of electricity from his fingertips. He also has superhuman strength, increased speed (while his body is electrically charged), can glide over power lines, and ride lightning bolts.[31]
Big Man Frederick Foswell #10 (March 1964) [32] Stan Lee[32]
Steve Ditko[32]
A notorious crime lord of New York City.[32]
Mysterio4 Quentin Beck #13 (June 1964)[33][34] Stan Lee[33][35]
Steve Ditko[33][35]
A a master of illusion, Mysterio uses special effects, hypnosis, and an extensive knowledge of chemistry and robotics to trick his enemies.[34]
Green Goblin[36]Arch2 Norman OsbornArch2
Harry Osborn[37][38]
#14 (July 1964)[36] Stan Lee[36][39]
Steve Ditko[36][39]
The first Green Goblin, Norman Osborn, is the CEO of Oscorp and has Powers derived from a "Goblin formula" that increases agility, endurance, strength, and reflexes to superhuman levels. The formula has also advances the intelligence while causing insanity as a side effect. he uses an arsenal of weapons created by Oscorp, such as pumpkin bombs and a personal glider.[36]
Kraven the Hunter5 Sergei Kravinoff
Alyosha Kravinoff (son)
Ana Kravinoff (daughter)
#15 (August 1964)[40] Stan Lee
Steve Ditko
Depicted as the world's greatest big-game hunter, Kraven the Hunter is the stepbrother of Chameleon and prefers hand-to-hand combat instead of the weaponry employed by many villains, his physical abilities boosted by a "magic jungle potion" which helps with speed, strength, and game tracking.[41]
Scorpion6 Mac Gargan6 #20 (January 1965) Stan Lee[42]
Steve Ditko[42]
A former private investigator. Endured a test that made him more powerful than Spider-Man but also insane. It gave him superhuman strength of a scorpion. He was then provided with a scorpion themed suit and weaponry (such as a tail which evolved from a simple club tail to a scythe-like spike capable of shooting lasers, acid among other projectiles). Gargan also gained power when switching to the Scorpion to being one of the characters known as Venom. See Venom's power and abilities below to see that power.[43][44]
Spencer Smythe / Spider-Slayers #25 (June 1965)[32] Stan Lee
Steve Ditko
A robotic expert who created the Spider-Slayers.
Crime Master[45] Various #26 (July 1965)[32] Stan Lee
Steve Ditko
A professional criminal who was the alias of different people.
Molten Man[46] Mark Raxton[46] #28 (September 1965)[47] Stan Lee
Steve Ditko
A scientist who was covered in a liquid metallic alloy that not only gives him super-strength, but also enabled him to generate heat and radiation.
Looter[48][49] Norton G. Fester #36 (May 1966)[47] Stan Lee
Steve Ditko
A poor scientist who gains superpowers from meteor gas.
Robot Master / Gaunt Mendel Stromm #37 (June 1966)[32][50] Stan Lee
Steve Ditko
A former college teacher and partner of Norman Osborn that became a cyborg after being betrayed by Osborn.
Rhino7 Aleksei Mikhailovich Sytsevich #41 (October 1966)[51] Stan Lee[4]
John Romita Sr.[4]
Although classified as a fictional villain famous for being dimwitted.[52] He has superhuman strength with a rhinoceros modeled armor when undergoing a chemical and radiation treatment which would transform him as being a collective of professional spies.[53]
Shocker Herman Schultz #46 (March 1967)[43][54] Stan Lee[55]
John Romita Sr.[55]
Wears a battle suit that contains vibro-shock gauntlets.[43][55]
Kingpin8 Wilson Fisk #50 (July 1967) ("Spider-Man No More!")[56][57] Stan Lee[58]
John Romita Sr.[58]
Depicted as crime lord of New York City. Manipulate henchman to do his bidding. His body consists of mostly muscle (despite looking like he is obese) that has much strength and agility. Enough to grapple and hammer Spider-Man.[59][60]
Finisher Karl Fiers Annual #5 (November 1968)[61] Stan Lee[61]
Larry Lieber[61]
Man Mountain Marko[62] Michael Marko #73 (June 1969)[32] Stan Lee
John Romita Sr.
A mob lieutenant with super-strength
Silvermane[63] Silvio Manfredi #73 (June 1969)[64] Stan Lee
John Buscema[32]
An aging crime boss.
Kangaroo[48][65] Frank Oliver[66]
Brian Hibbs
#81 (February 1970)[32] Stan Lee
John Buscema
Jim Mooney
John Romita, Sr.[65]
A name given to two kangaroo-themed villains.
Schemer[32] Richard Fisk #83 (April 1970) Stan Lee
John Romita Sr.
The son of Kingpin.
Morbius[67][68] Michael Morbius #101 (October 1971)9[69] Roy Thomas[69]
Gil Kane[32]
Has the power of a vampire along with their weaknesses.[67]
Gog N/A #103 (December 1971)[32] Roy Thomas
Gil Kane
Gibbon[70] Martin Blank #110 (July 1972)[32] Stan Lee
John Romita Sr.[70]
A lesser criminal with gibbon-like abilities.
Hammerhead[67][71][72] Joseph (full name unknown)[73] #113 (October 1972)[74] Gerry Conway
John Romita Sr.[75]
An amnesica gangster whose skull was replaced with an unbendable steel alloy.
Man-Wolf[76] John Jameson #124 (September 1973).[32] Gerry Conway[75] When exposed to the Godstone, John Jameson transforms into the werewolf-like creature Man-Wolf.
Jackal[77] Miles Warren #129 (February 1974)10[77] Gerry Conway[77]10
Ross Andru[77]10
Brilliant professor with the knowledge of cloning and using it to torment Spider-Man emotionally.[67]
Tarantula Various #134 (July 1974)[32][64] Gerry Conway
Ross Andru
A name given to different tarantula-themed villains.
Mindworm[78] William Turner #138 (November 1974) Gerry Conway[32]
Ross Andru [32]
A superhuman with telepathic powers.
Grizzly[79] Maxwell Markham #139 (December 1974)[80] Gerry Conway
Ross Andru
An ex-professional wrestler that wears a grizzly bear-themed outfit.
Human Fly[66] Richard Deacon Annual #10[81] (1976) Len Wein
Bill Mantlo
Gil Kane
A criminal that was imprinted with the genetic code of a housefly.
Will o' the Wisp[32] Jackson Arvad #167 (April 1977) Len Wein
Ross Andru
A former Roxxon employee who can manipulate his molecules.
Big Wheel[48] Jackson Wheele[66] #182 (July 1978)[32] Marv Wolfman
Ross Andru
Mike Esposito
A criminal that rides the Big Wheel vehicle.
Black Cat11 Felicia Hardy #194 (July 1979)[82] Marv Wolfman
Keith Pollard[82]
Expert burglary skills taught by her father along with carrying a grappling hook for swinging on rooftops.[1] Had bad luck powers off and on.[83]
Calypso Calypso Ezili #209 (October 1980)[84] Dennis O'Neil
Alan Weiss
A voodoo accomplice of Kraven the Hunter.
Hydro-Man[1] Morris Bench #212 (January 10, 1981)[85][86] Denny O'Neil
John Romita Jr.
A former crewman who gained aquakinetic abilities following an accident during Spider-Man's fight with Namor.
Hobgoblin Roderick Kingsley
Jason Macendale
Phil Urich[68][87]
#238 (March 1983) Roger Stern[88][89]
John Romita Sr.[89][90]
Powers similar to Green Goblin after discovering Norman's lair. Perfecting Green Goblin's strength portion, goblin glider and pumpkin bombs without the insanity that Norman had.[89][91][92]
Rose[93][94] Richard Fisk #253 (June 1984)[84] Tom DeFalco The alias of a gentleman-like crime lord with the alias used by different people including Kingpin's son Richard Fisk.
Alistair Smythe Alistair Smythe[92] Annual #19 (November 1985)[95][96] Louise Simonson
Mary Wilshire[50]
The son of Spencer Smythe.
Slyde[66] Jalome Beacher #272 (January 1986)[97] Tom DeFalco
Sal Buscema
A chemist whose suit allow him to move at nearly 30 miles per hour (48 km/h). He is almost impossible to grasp and he is incredibly maneuverable
VenomArch3 Eddie BrockArch3
Mac Gargan
#30012[8][98] Todd McFarlane[99] The symbiote that once merged with Spider-Man as a suit mimics and enhances the abilities of Spider-Man once bonded with Eddie.[99] Also he is undetectable to Spider-Man's spider sense.[100]
Styx and Stone[48] Jacob Eishorn and Gerald Stone #309 (November 1988)[101] David Michelinie
Todd McFarlane
A mad scientist and homeless man duo who fought Spider-Man. Styx has a disintegrating touch. Stone had two-large weapons on his shoulders and was later mutated into a golem-like creature.
Carnage Cletus Kasady #361 (April 1992)[102]13 David Michelinie[103][104]
Erik Larsen[105]
Mark Bagley[103]
Being an offspring of Venom. Carnage is an even stronger and more powerful character than Venom with his symbiotic powers. He can shapeshift himself such as creating sharp weapons with his symbiote body. He can also plant ideas in people's heads.[102]
Black Tarantula Carlos LaMuerto #419 (January 1997)[50] Tom DeFalco
Steve Skroce
A tarantula-themed martial artist.
Morlun[67][68] N/A vol. 2 #30 (June 2001)[78] J. Michael Straczynski
John Romita Jr.
A member of the Inheritors who can drain the life force out of totems.
Shathra N/A vol. 2 #46 (December 2006) J. Michael Straczynski
John Romita Jr.
Scott Hanna
An insectoid creature from the Astral Plane.
Grey Goblin Gabriel Stacy
Lily Hollister (Menace)[72]
#509 (August 2004)
#550 (April 2008) (Menace)[106]
J. Michael Straczynski
Mike Deodato
A gray-resembling Green Goblin whose alias was used by different people.
Mister Negative[68] Martin Li #546 (January 2008) (full appearance)[107] Dan Slott
Phil Jimenez
The leader of the Inner Demons who is able to switch between reversed and regular appearance
Overdrive[72] ??? Swing Shift (May 2007)[108] Dan Slott
Phil Jimenez
A supervillain who can convert any vehicle into a high-powered one.
Screwball ??? #559 (May 2008) Dan Slott
Marcos Martin
The world's first "live streaming super-villain"
Massacre[109][110] Marcus Lyman #655 (April 2011)[111][112][113] Dan Slott
Marcos Martín
A brain-damaged criminal who lacks emotions.
Panda-Mania ??? Vol. 3 #1 Dan Slott
Humberto Ramos
A giant panda-themed supervillain.
Regent Augustus Roman Vol. 4 #1 Dan Slott
Christos Gage
Paco Diaz
The CEO of Empire Unlimited whose suit enables him to copy the powers of anyone imprisoned in his stasis tubes. A version of the character from Earth-18119 first appeared in Amazing Spider-Man: Renew Your Vows as part of the "Secret Wars" storyline.
Kindred ??? Vol. 5 #5 Nick Spencer
Ryan Ottley
An unidentified human-turned-demon who had an as-yet-unrevealed past with Spider-Man.

The Spectacular Spider-Man debuts[edit]

Note: In chronological order.

Name Alter ego First appearance Description
Carrion Various The Spectacular Spider-Man #25 (December 1978)[32][78] The first Carrion is a clone of Jackal.
Iguana N/A #32 (July 1979. An accident occurs while Dr. Curt Connors experiments on an ordinary iguana, endowing the iguana with part of Connors' lifeforce and memories, as well as the personality and powers of Connors' alter-ego, the Lizard. The Iguana becomes a human-sized semi-humanoid reptile with superhuman strength, hypnotic powers, and the ability to mentally control other reptiles.[114] The Iguana encounters and battles Spider-Man, and is turned back into a normal iguana.[115]
Answer[78] Aaron Nicholson 91(June 1984)[116]
Spot[48][117] Jonathan Ohnn #98 (January 1985)[118] A scientist with the ability to create portals that lead to an alternate dimension and instantly cross short distances
Foreigner[78] Kris Keating #115 (June 1986)[119] A master mercenary and assassin.
Lobo Brothers Carlos and Eduardo Lobo #149 (October 1988) Two brothers who become werewolves
Demogoblin N/A #147 (February 1989) (as Hobgoblin)[32]
Web of Spider-Man #86 (March 1992)[50]
A demon from Limbo.

Marvel Team-Up debuts[edit]

Note: In chronological order.

Name Alter ego First appearance Creator Description
Stegron[48] Vincent Stegron Marvel Team-Up (1st series) #19 (March 1974)[64] Len Wein
Gil Kane
A scientist who became a humanoid Stegosaurus using the same method that turned Curt Connors into Lizard.
White Rabbit[32] Doctor Lorina Dodson Marvel Team-Up #131 (July 1983)[120] J. M. DeMatteis[120]
Kerry Gammill[120]
Mike Esposito[120]
Black Abbot N/A Marvel Team-Up #147 (November 1984) Cary Burkett
Greg LaRocque
The Black Abbott was once a monk of Dakoth-Kuru, a sect that had managed to use their teachings to unlock the full potential of their minds, giving them incredible mental powers. The Black Abbot had more powers, the ability to control the twelve others and took control of the entire brotherhood.
Incandescent Man N/A Marvel Team-Up #149 (January 1985) Louise Simonson
Bret Blevins
Incandescent Man was a product of an experiment by Project: PEGASUS that will draw electrical energy into one's body.

Debuting in other Spider-Man titles[edit]

Note: In chronological order.

Name Alter ego First appearance Creator Description
Tombstone Lonnie Thompson Lincoln Web of Spider-Man #36 (March 1988)[50] Gerry Conway
Alex Saviuk
An albino mob enforcer.
Shriek Frances Louise Barrison Spider-Man Unlimited #1 (May 1993)[78] Ron Lim
Mark Bagley
Mike W. Barr
Tom DeFalco
Jerry Bingham
Terry Kavanagh
A sound-manipulating supervillain.

Debuting outside Spider-Man titles[edit]

Name Alter ego First appearance Description
Beetle Abner Jenkins Strange Tales #123 (August 10, 1964)[50] A master mechanic who wore a beetle-themed armor.
Boomerang[66] Fred Myers Tales to Astonish #81 (July 10, 1966)[50] A former baseball player who throws boomerangs.
Ringer[121][122] Anthony Davis Defenders #51 (June 1977)[84]|} A supervillain who wields ring-based weapons.
Swarm[48] Fritz von Meyer Champions #14 (July 1977)[32] A former Nazi and beekeeper whose skeleton is surrounded by a swarm of bees.
Jack O'Lantern[68] Jason Macendale Machine Man #19 (February 1981)[50] A jack-o'-lantern-themed villain whose alias was used by different people.
Speed Demon James Sanders Avengers #70 (November 1969) (as the Whizzer)
The Amazing Spider-Man #222 (November 1981)[50]
A chemist with super-speed and former member of the Squadron Sinister.
Vermin Edward Whelan Captain America #272 (August 1982)[32] A geneticist who was turned into a humanoid rat by Arnim Zola.
Doppelganger Spider-Doppelganger The Infinity War #1 (July 1992)[32] A nearly-mindless duplicate of Spider-Man.
Supercharger Ronald Hiliard Amazing Fantasy #17 (January 1996) A supervillain who is able to absorb and store electricity.
Hippo An uplifted hippopotamus Dark Reign: The Sinister Spider-Man #1 (August 2009) Hippo was originally a hippopotamus that was uplifted by the High Evolutionary.

Other villains[edit]

Coldheart[edit]

Coldheart debuted in Spider-Man #49. Not much is known about the history of Kateri Deseronto. She is an expert martial artist and swordsman who wields Cryonic Swords that can freeze anyone in their place.[123]

Delilah[edit]

First appearanceThe Amazing Spider-Man #414 (August 1996)
Created byTom DeFalco and Mark Bagley
SpeciesHuman
AbilitiesSkilled at being an assassin.

Delilah first appeared in The Amazing Spider-Man #414 by Tom DeFalco and Mark Bagley.[32] The Rose's confidante as well as his chief enforcer, Delilah helped battle to maintain control of part of the New York crime scene against the threat of the Black Tarantula.[124][125]

During her career, she had a role in the rebirth of two of Spider-Man's old foes during the Rose's efforts to gain extra muscle: she was the one who threw the switch of the electric chair which gave Electro his powers back, and helped set up the theft of Doctor Octopus' corpse for re-animation from the Hand. She also appears in Loners as an assassin smuggling MGH.[126][127][128][129]

Spidercide[edit]

First appearanceThe Spectacular Spider-Man #22 (March 1995)
Created byTom DeFalco and Sal Buscema
SpeciesClone
Abilitiesshapeshifting, molecular manipulation, same abilities of Spider-Man
AliasesPeter Parker
Spider-Man
Freakface

Spidercide was a major antagonist in the "Maximum Clonage" story arc. He first appeared in The Amazing Spider-Man #222 by Tom DeFalco and Sal Buscema.[78] He is depicted as an evil foil of Spider-Man, Ben Reilly, and Kaine. Introduced as a red herring to suggest the possibility of a third individual that was the original Peter Parker, he is one of the Spider-Man clones created by Jackal, to be Jackal's enforcer and protector. However, Spidercide is actually a clone to Ben Reilly, who is a direct genetic duplicate of Spider-Man.[48]

The Jackal later modified Spidercide's powers, granting him the unique ability to control his physical make-up on a molecular level; he can alter his mass, density, shape and state at will similar to the symbiotes. Despite was create to escort and protect the Jackal, Spidercide betrays him and aligned with the Scrier. He was killed off in Spider-Man: Maximum Clonage: Omega by being thrown off the Daily Bugle.[48][130]

Reformed super villain / anti-hero opponents[edit]

Almost all the characters listed first appeared in The Amazing Spider-Man with the exception of Kaine and Humbug first appearing in Web of Spider-Man. The Prowler is the oldest character appearing in The Amazing Spider-Man in the 1960s in the Silver Age. Many other anti-heroes were introduced in the 1970s in between the Silver Age and the Bronze Age while Humbug was introduced in the 1980s right around the start of the Modern Age. Kaine is the youngest debuted character while Cardiac is the second youngest. Both Kaine and Cardiac appeared around the 1990s.

Name Alter ego First appearance
Prowler Hobie Brown The Amazing Spider-Man #78 (November 1969)[64]
Punisher14 Frank Castle The Amazing Spider-Man #129 (February 1974)[77]
Rocket Racer Robert Farrell The Amazing Spider-Man #172 (September 1977)[50]
Black Cat11 Felicia Hardy The Amazing Spider-Man #194 (July 1979)[82]
Puma Thomas Fireheart The Amazing Spider-Man #256 (September 1984)[32]
Humbug[66] Buck Mitty Web of Spider-Man #19 (October 1986)[50]
Cardiac Elias Wirtham The Amazing Spider-Man #344 (December 1990)[50]
Kaine Kaine Parker Web of Spider-Man #119 (December 1994)[50]

Non-supervillain enemies[edit]

The Burglar and Flash Thompson both appeared in the first comic book starring Spider-Man appearing in the anthology series Amazing Fantasy. The certain comic book story inspired a comic book series entitled The Amazing Spider-Man which J. Jonah Jameson would appear in the first issue. All three of the characters listed appeared in the 1960s around the Silver Age of Comics.

Name First appearance Detail
Burglar Amazing Fantasy #15 (August 1962) The man who killed Peter's uncle which would inspire Peter Parker to use his powers responsibly and become the superhero known as Spider-Man.[131]
Flash Thompson[131] Amazing Fantasy #15 (August 1962) A sometimes enemy of Peter Parker instead of Spider-Man. Flash's most common depiction is a high school bully of Parker commonly dubbing him "Puny Parker". Despite how he treats Parker he happens to be one of Spider-Man's biggest fans. Later on Flash would be depicted as being good friends to Peter instead. In The Amazing Spider-Man #654, Flash Thompson becomes "Agent Venom"[132]
J. Jonah Jameson The Amazing Spider-Man #1 (March 1963) The editor in chief of The Daily Bugle. He has a strong hatred of Spider-Man so he helps turn the city against the superhero with the publishing of The Daily Bugle newspapers. He was also responsible for the funding of the creation of Scorpion, the Spider-Slayers,[1] and the Human Fly.

Group villains[edit]

Cover of The Spectacular Spider-Man #246 (May 1997) depicting Spider-Man's weaker foes (Spot, Gibbon, the second Kangaroo and the third Grizzly) teaming up to try to defeat Spider-Man. Art by Luke Ross.

Note: The common leader of the group is in bold.

Group name Original members
Enforcers[133] Montana
Ox
Fancy Dan
Inheritors[134] Solus
Unnamed Matriarch
Daemos
Verna
Karn
Morlun
Brix
Bora
Sinister Six[135] Doctor Octopus
Vulture
Electro
Sandman
Mysterio
Kraven the Hunter
Spider-Man Revenge Squad[136] Spot
Grizzly
Kangaroo II
Gibbon
Sinister Syndicate[137] Beetle
Hydro-Man
Rhino
Boomerang
Speed Demon

Archenemies[edit]

Unlike well known rivalries in comics book depictions where heroes always still have more than one enemy but usually one archenemy (e.g., Joker to Batman and Lex Luthor to Superman in DC Comics, Red Skull to Captain America, Doctor Doom to the Fantastic Four and the Brotherhood of Mutants to the X-Men in Marvel Comics etc.), Spider-Man is known to have three archenemies and it can be debated or disputed as to which one is worse:[138]

  1. ^ Doctor Octopus is regarded as one of Spider-Man's worst enemies. He has been cited as the man Peter might have become if he hadn't been raised with a sense of responsibility.[16][18][139] He is infamous for defeating him the first time in battle and for almost marrying Peter's Aunt May. He is the core leader of the Sinister Six and has also referred himself as the "Master Planner". ("If This Be My Destiny...!")[18][140] Later depictions revealed him in Peter Parker's body where he was the titular character for a while.[139]
  2. ^ Norman Osborn using the alias as Green Goblin is Spider-Man's archenemy.[138][141][142] Mostly after he is responsible for setting up the death of Spider-Man's girlfriend in one of the most famous Spider-Man stories of all time which helped end the Silver Age of Comic Books and begin the Bronze Age of Comic Books.[138] He was thought to be dead after that but writers help bring him back from the 1990s and he returned to plague Spider-Man once more in the comic books (such as being involved of the killing of Aunt May) and other heroes (such as the Avengers[60]). He is also an enemy of Spider-Man sometimes just as Norman and not just only as the Green Goblin.[143]
  3. ^ Another character commonly described as archenemy is Venom. Eddie Brock as Venom is commonly described as the mirror version or the evil version of Spider-Man in many ways.[8][9][138] Venom's goals are usually depicted as ruining Spider-Man's life and messing with Spider-Man's head.[99] Venom is also one of the most popular Spider-Man villains.[144] This popularity has led him to be an established iconic character of his own with own comic book stories, where he is depicted as an antihero .[8][145]

In other media[edit]

Reception[edit]

Reaction to Spider-Man's rogues gallery has been overwhelmingly positive with many journalists citing it as one of the greatest comic book rogues galleries of all time,[146][147][148] with Batman's rogues gallery being its most rivaled contender.[149][150] However, editors such as The Hollywood Reporter's Graeme McMillan felt that only Flash's rogues gallery can compete with Spider-Man's rogues.[147] Kyle Schmidlin of What Culture! described the superhero's rogues gallery as "one of the most colorful in comics" explaining that Batman could only be debated as having a great number of enemies as good as Spider-Man.[151] IGN staff editors, Joshua Yehl and Jesse Schedeen, described the Spider-Man villains as "one of the most iconic and well-balanced in comics". They opined that the scope of their schemes, how cool their powers are, and how dramatically they have affected Spider-Man's life is what makes the Spider-Man villains so great.[1] Newsarama ranked Spider-Man's rogues gallery as number one out ten as the greatest rogues gallery of all time.[150]

Themes[edit]

George Marston of Newsarama explaining why he felt that Spider-Man rogues gallery was the best was the thematic elements that the villains of Spider-Man manifested.[150] He explained that just like the superhero they have the same concept of science gone wrong. They are "like him, great men with great minds, great power, and great determination." But instead they fail to use their powers responsibly, separating the thin line between being a hero from being a villain.[150] Alex Wyse of Comic Book Resources felt that a good villain is supposed to challenge the ideals of the hero. For Spider-Man that idea was the famous quote "With great power comes great responsibility", where the superhero is pitted against an antithesis of the hero's motto like the concept of using superpowers for their personal gain.[152]

Me and the Boys[edit]

A viral internet meme centering on Spider-Man foes of screenshots from the original Spider-Man animated series that showcases the four supervillains (Green Goblin, Electro, Vulture and a photoshopped addition of Rhino) along with other Spider-Man foes in some variations emerged in 2019 called "Me and the Boys". The meme image parodied and represented a group of friends bonding, hanging out, or engaging in various shenanigans.[153] It originated from Reddit and later Twitter. It was placed as number 35 of best memes of 2019 by Thrillist.[154][155][156]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Chameleon is the first member of Spider-Man's rogues gallery in publication date. (Excluding the Burglar).[9] He is also well known to be related to Kraven the Hunter and Kraven to him. That revealed relationship helped evolve him as a major villain compared to his original depiction of being just a solo villain in the original issue of The Amazing Spider-Man.[160][161][162]
  2. ^ Besides being most notable as a Spider-Man supervillain. He has also been depicted as a Fantastic Four antagonist in Stan Lee and Jack Kirby comics books (mostly due to being introduced as the original Frightful Four[163]) along with being on the heroic side (being an Avengers member[164]) until being introduced as a tragic supervillain in the Spider-Man comics once again.[165]
  3. ^ The character is also known as the member of the Frightful Four battling the Fantastic Four.[31] He is also the first major Marvel villain to be written in publication history as battling Daredevil.[166][167] Even being the founder and leader of the supervillain team that oppose him, the Emissaries of Evil.[168]
  4. ^ Just like Electro. He has crossed over and been a major villain of Daredevil. In the storyline "Guardian Devil" he crossed into Daredevil's territory almost pushing Daredevil to the edge (just like what he is usually depicted as attempted to do in Spider-Man) when Mysterio believes Spider-Man is a clone at one point.[34]
  5. ^ Kraven the Hunter has been a recurring villain since his introduction as a Spider-Man villain. But what makes him stand out as one of the great Spider-Man villains along with being one of the memorable issues about the fictional villain in the Spider-Man comics is the critically acclaimed storyline, "Kraven's Last Hunt".[9][162][41][169]
  6. ^ Not counting any other character in the mainstream Marvel Universe with that name. Only outside of the mainstream Spider-Man comics or in other media is there other Spider-Man villains (that isn't named Mac Gargan) that are antagonists of Spider-Man.[170][171][172] Gargan is cited to be the fourth who is called that in the comic books but is the most iconic villain with that name.[38]
  7. ^ The villain has crossed over with battling other heroes (especially Hulk[67]) even though the fictional character is usually written off in Spider-Man comics.[53] He is a major character in the storyline titled "Flowers for Rhino" (Spider-Man's Tangled Web). An homage to Flowers for Algernon.[173]
  8. ^ Despite first appearing in Spider-Man comic books, the Kingpin is more notable of being a Daredevil adversary. The character that represents the opposite of what Daredevil stands for. Despite this he is a major antagonist of both superheroes in the Marvel comic books just as recurringly.[9][59] He also is a major recurring villain in the rest of the Marvel Universe crossing over as major antagonists to superheroes/antiheroes (such as the Punisher) in certain comic books of the many based universes of Marvel. (PunisherMAX. etc.)[174]
  9. ^ "The Six Arms Saga" is the name of the storyline that debuted Morbius.[69]
  10. ^ Miles Warren's technical first appearance was revealed to be in The Amazing Spider-Man #31 (December 1965) created by Stan Lee and Steve Ditko before being revealed as the Jackal.[175]
  11. ^ Although she is listed with the supervillains as she sometimes is depicted in certain portrayals. The Black Cat is more regarded as an anti-heroine than fully supervillain. A character that struggles in between deciding good and bad...and the major femme fatale romantic interest for Spider-Man. Her key role of deciding between crime and having complicated relationships of Spider-Man makes her sometimes labeled as part with the rest of the major rogues gallery of Spider-Man. Nonetheless she has been a staple supporting Spider-Man character during her debut.[1]
  12. ^ The Amazing Spider-Man #299 is the first appearance of Eddie Brock as Venom. The alien costume debuted from The Amazing Spider-Man #252 and the symbiote bonded to Spider-Man in Secret Wars #8.[8] Venom's creators are determined by pre-alien costume by not counting the creators/designers of the alien costume, David Michelinie or Mike Zeck, or the Marvel Comics fan who originally though of the concept for the creators.[8][176][177]
  13. ^ Cletus Kasady first appeared in The Amazing Spider-Man 344.[103] Carnage is a major character in the popular storyline "Maximum Carnage".[178]
  14. ^ Despite standing out as his own independent character now. The Punisher was originally introduced as an antagonist of Spider-Man.[77]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Yehl, Joshua; Schedeen, Jesse. "Top 25 Spider-Man Villains: Part 1". IGN. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  2. ^ "Top 25 Spider-Man Villains: Page 3 of 5". IGN. 16 April 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g DeFalco, Tom; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2008). "1960s". Marvel Chronicle A Year by Year History. Dorling Kindersley. p. 87. ISBN 978-0756641238.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  4. ^ a b c Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 36. ISBN 978-0756692360. Now it was time for [John Romita, Sr.] to introduce a new Spidey villain with the help of [Stan] Lee. Out of their pooled creative energies was born the Rhino, a monstrous behemoth trapped in a durable rhinoceros suit.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Manning "1970s" in Gilbert (2012), p. 62: "[The Amazing Spider-Man #111] marked the dawning of a new era: writer Gerry Conway came on board as Stan Lee's replacement. Alongside artist John Romita, Conway started his run by picking up where Lee left off."
  6. ^ Manning "1970s" in Gilbert (2012), p. 68: "This story by writer Gerry Conway and penciler Gil Kane would go down in history as one of the most memorable events of Spider-Man's life."
  7. ^ David and Greenberger p. 49: "The idea of beloved supporting characters meeting their deaths may be standard operating procedure now but in 1973 it was unprecedented...Gwen's death took villainy and victimhood to an entirely new level."
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Venom is the 33rd greatest comic book character". Empire.com. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i Siegel, Lucas. "The 10 Greatest SPIDER-MAN Villains of ALL TIME!". Newsarama. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  10. ^ a b c Beard, Jim. "ARCHRIVALS: SPIDER-MAN VS THE VULTURE". Marvel.com. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  11. ^ Kyle, Scmidlin. "10 Spider-Man Villains (And Combinations) Deserving Of The Big Screen (7. The Vulture)". What Culture!. Retrieved 2 January 2014. "He's been one of Spider-Man's most frequent and iconic antagonists ever since his first appearance in issue 2 of The Amazing Spider-Man.
  12. ^ DeFalco "1960s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 92: "Introduced in the lead story of The Amazing Spider-Man #2 and created by Stan Lee and Steve Ditko, the Vulture was the first in a long line of animal-inspired super-villains that were destined to battle everyone's favorite web-slinger."
  13. ^ Perry, Spencer. "Spidey Turns 50: 11 Villains Who Could Be in The Amazing Spider-Man 2 (Part 3)". Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  14. ^ Dowell, Gary; Holman, Greg; Halperin, James L. HCA Heritage Comics Auction Catalog. Heritage Capital Corporation.
  15. ^ a b c Stan Lee (w), Steve Ditko (p), Steve Ditko (i). The Uncanny Threat of the Terrible Tinkerer! 5 (September 1997), Marvel Comics
  16. ^ a b c DeFalco "1960s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 93: "Dr. Octopus shared many traits with Peter Parker. They were both shy, both interested in science, and both had trouble relating to women...Otto Octavius even looked like a grown up Peter Parker. Lee and Ditko intended Otto to be the man Peter might have become if he hadn't been raised with a sense of responsibility.
  17. ^ a b Lee, Stan (w), Ditko, Steve (p), Ditko, Steve (i). "Spider-Man Versus Doctor Octopus" The Amazing Spider-Man 3 (July 1963)
  18. ^ a b c "Doctor Octopus is number 28 on greatest comic book villain of all time". IGN. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  19. ^ a b c Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 20. ISBN 978-0756692360. In this installment, Stan Lee and Steve Ditko introduced Sandman - a super villain who could turn his entire body into sand with a single thought.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  20. ^ a b c Lee, Stan (w), Ditko, Steve (p), Ditko, Steve (i). "Nothing Can Stop...The Sandman!" The Amazing Spider-Man 4 (September 1963)
  21. ^ "Sandman is number 72 as greatest comic book villain of all time". IGN. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  22. ^ a b c DeFalco "1960s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 95
  23. ^ a b c Lee, Stan (w), Ditko, Steve (p), Ditko, Steve (i). "Face-to-Face With...the Lizard!" The Amazing Spider-Man 6 (November 1963)
  24. ^ a b c Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 20. ISBN 978-0756692360. The Amazing Spider-Mans sixth issue introduced the Lizard.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  25. ^ "Lizard is number 62 on greatest comic book villain of all time". IGN. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  26. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 24. ISBN 978-0756692360. The Brain is an early Mobile Computer prototype built by I.C.M. in Midtown High School, where Peter Parker attended, it was deemed obsolete after Spidey's first encounter with it but it came back again.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  27. ^ a b c d Stan Lee (w), Steve Ditko (p), Steve Ditko (i). "The Terrible Threat Of The Living Brain!" The Amazing Spider-Man 8 (January, 1964), Marvel Comics
  28. ^ DeFalco "1960s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 98
  29. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Ditko, Steve (p), Ditko, Steve (i). "The Man Called Electro!" The Amazing Spider-Man 9 (February 1964)
  30. ^ a b Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 24. ISBN 978-0756692360. Electro charged into Spider-Man's life for the first time in another [Stan] Lee and [Steve] Ditko effort that saw Peter Parker using his brilliant mind to outwit a foe.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  31. ^ a b "Electro is number 87 on greatest comic book villain of all time". IGN. Archived from the original on 3 November 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Gross, Edward (2002). Spider-Man Confidential: From Comic Icon to Hollywood Hero. ISBN 0786887222.
  33. ^ a b c Lee, Stan (w), Ditko, Steve (p), Ditko, Steve (i). "The Menace of... Mysterio!" The Amazing Spider-Man 13 (June 1964)
  34. ^ a b c "Mysterio is number 85 on greatest comic book villain of all time". IGN. Archived from the original on 3 November 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  35. ^ a b Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 25. ISBN 978-0756692360. The Amazing Spider-Man #13 saw [Stan] Lee and [Steve] Ditko return to the creation of new super villains. This issue marked the debut of Mysterio, a former special effects expert named Quentin Beck.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  36. ^ a b c d e Albert, Aaron. "Green Goblin Profile". About.com. Archived from the original on 29 September 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  37. ^ Beard, Jim. "SPIDER-MAN 3: THE SPIDER & THE GOBLIN". Marvel.com. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  38. ^ a b Yehl, Josh, Schedeen, Jesse. "Top 25 Spider-Man villains: Part 4". IGN. Retrieved 19 April 2014.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  39. ^ a b Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 26. ISBN 978-0756692360. Spider-Man's arch nemesis, the Green Goblin, as introduced to readers as the 'most dangerous foe Spidey's ever fought.' Writer Stan Lee and artist Steve Ditko had no way of knowing how true that statement would prove to be in the coming years.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  40. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 26. ISBN 978-0756692360. [Stan] Lee and [Steve] Ditko's newest villain, Kraven the Hunter, debuted in this issue.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  41. ^ a b "Kraven the Hunter is number 53 on greatest comic book villain of all time". IGN. Archived from the original on 8 October 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  42. ^ a b Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 28. ISBN 978-0756692360. Spider-Man felt the Scorpion's sting for the first time in another Stan Lee and Steve Ditko collaboration.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  43. ^ a b c Lealos, Shawn S. (9 October 2010). "Alternate Takes 10.02.10 - Greatest Spider-Man Adversaries, Part 1". 411.Mania.com. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  44. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Ditko, Steve (p), Ditko, Steve (i). "The Coming of the Scorpion!" The Amazing Spider-Man 20 (January 1965)
  45. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 29. ISBN 978-0756692360. While he wouldn't have the same staying power as many other Stan Lee/Steve Ditko creations, the Crime Master gave villainy a good shot in this first half of a two-part Spider-Man adventure.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  46. ^ a b Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 30. ISBN 978-0756692360. Mark Raxton was a corrupt partner of [Spencer] Smythe's who worked with him on a liquid metal alloy project.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  47. ^ a b Dowell, Gary; Holman, Greg; Halperin, James L. HCA Heritage Comics Auction Catalog. Heritage Capital Corporation.
  48. ^ a b c d e f g h i "The 10 WORST Spider-Man Villains of All Time!". Newsarama. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
  49. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 34. ISBN 978-0756692360. Spider-Man was introduced to a new character in the form of the super villain called the Looter. The product of another [Stan] Lee and [Steve] Ditko collaboration, the Looter was born when hiker Norton G. Fester discovered and experimented on a mysterious meteor.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  50. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Gina Renée, Misiroglu,; Eury, Michael. The Supervillain Book: The Evil Side of Comics and Hollywood. Visible Ink Press. ISBN 0780809777.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link) CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  51. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Romita, Sr., John (p), Esposito, Mike (i). "The Horns of the Rhino!" The Amazing Spider-Man 41 (October 1966)
  52. ^ Conroy, Mike. (2004). 500 Comicbook Villains. Collins & Brown. ISBN 0764129082..
  53. ^ a b Lealos, Shawn. "Alternate Takes 10.02.10 - Greatest Spider-Man Adversaries, Part 1". 411mania.com. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  54. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Romita, Sr., John (p), Romita, Sr., John (i). "The Sinister Shocker!" The Amazing Spider-Man 46 (March 1967)
  55. ^ a b c Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 38. ISBN 978-0756692360. [Stan] Lee and [John] Romita's second major Spidey villain appeared in the form of the Shocker, a criminal equipped with vibration-projecting gauntlets.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  56. ^ DeFalco "1960s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 122: "Stan Lee wanted to create a new kind of crime boss. Someone who treated crime as if it were a business...He pitched this idea to artist John Romita and it was Wilson Fisk who emerged in The Amazing Spider-Man #50."
  57. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Romita, Sr., John (p), Esposito, Mike (i). "Spider-Man No More!" The Amazing Spider-Man 50 (July 1967)
  58. ^ a b Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 40. ISBN 978-0756692360. Although he made his debut in the previous issue, it was in this [Stan] Lee and [John] Romita tale [The Amazing Spider-Man #51] that the Kingpin - real name Wilson Fisk - really left his mark on organized crime.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  59. ^ a b "Kingpin is number 10 on greatest comic book villain of all time". IGN. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  60. ^ a b Yehl, Joshua; Schedeen, Jess. "Top 25 Spider-Man Villain: Part 5". IGN. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  61. ^ a b c Stan Lee (w), Larry Lieber (p), Mickey Esposito (i). The Amazing Spider-Man Annual 5 (September 1997), Marvel Comics
  62. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 48. ISBN 978-0756692360. Spider-Man called the Shocker's ex-girlfriend only to find her home under siege by a large thug named Man Mountain Marko.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  63. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 48. ISBN 978-0756692360. [Man Mountain Marko] wasn't the biggest threat the web-slinger would face in this issue. That honor went to Silvermane, an elderly crime boss intent on regaining his youth.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  64. ^ a b c d Rovin, Jeff (1987). The encyclopedia of super villains. ISBN 081601356X.
  65. ^ a b Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1970s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 52. ISBN 978-0756692360. A new villain jumped into Spider-Man's life when the Kangaroo debuted, thanks to writer Stan Lee and artists John Buscema, Jim Mooney, and John Romita.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  66. ^ a b c d e f Boland, Robbie. "10 Spectacularly Third-Rate Spider-Man Villains (Part two)". Topless Robot. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
  67. ^ a b c d e f Yell, April, Schedeen, Jesse. "Top 25 Spider-Man villains: Part 2". IGN. Retrieved 19 April 2014.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  68. ^ a b c d e "50 Greatest Friends and Foes of Spider-Man: Villains #25-16". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  69. ^ a b c Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1970s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 59. ISBN 978-0756692360. In the first issue of The Amazing Spider-Man to be written by someone other than Stan Lee...Thomas also managed to introduce a major new player to Spidey's life - the scientifically created vampire known as Morbius.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  70. ^ a b Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1970s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 61. ISBN 978-0756692360. Stan [Lee] couldn't leave [the series] without gifting the readers one last new villain. With John Romita fulfilling the art chores, he crafted the Gibbon, an orphan named Martin Blank who was cursed from birth with a primitive, ape-like appearance.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  71. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1970s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 63. ISBN 978-0756692360. Writer Gerry Conway made his first major contribution to the Spider-Man saga...a new mobster was on the rise in New York's underworld - Hammerhead.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  72. ^ a b c Boland, Robbie. "10 Spectacularly Third-Rate Spider-Man Villains (Part one)". Topless Robot.
  73. ^ Dan Slott (w), Marcos Martin (p), Marcos Martin (i). "Mysterioso, Part 1: Un-Murder Incorporated" The Amazing Spider-Man #618 (March 2010), United States: Marvel Comics
  74. ^ "AMAZING SPIDER-MAN (1963) #113". Marvel. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  75. ^ a b Williams, Scott E. (October 2010). "Gerry Conway: Everything but the Gwen Stacy Sink". Back Issue!. TwoMorrows Publishing (44): 7.
  76. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 73. ISBN 978-0756692360. The Man-Wolf, a major new threat to Spider-Man and his supporting cast, was introduced in a two-part tale that saw the werewolf terrorize J. Jonah Jameson.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  77. ^ a b c d e f Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1970s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 72. ISBN 978-0756692360. Writer Gerry Conway and artist Ross Andru introduced two major new characters to Spider-Man's world and the Marvel Universe in this self-contained issue. Not only would the vigilante known as the Punisher go on to be one of the most important and iconic Marvel creations of the 1970s, but his instigator, the Jackal, would become the next big threat in Spider-Man's life.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  78. ^ a b c d e f g Couper-Smartt, Jonathan (2006). Marvel encyclopedia: Spider-Man. Marvel Publishing Inc. ISBN 9780785124283.
  79. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1970s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 77. ISBN 978-0756692360. With every bit of order in Spider-Man's life came a fair amount of disorder, and in this [Gerry] Conway/[Ross] Andru issue, that chaos came in the form of another new Spider-Man villain, the Grizzly.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  80. ^ HCA Comics and Comic Art Auction Catalog #7021, Dallas, TX. Heritage Capital Corporation. ISBN 1599674580.
  81. ^ "Human Fly". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
  82. ^ a b c Manning "1970s" in Gilbert (2012), p. 107: "Spider-Man wasn't exactly sure what to think about his luck when he met a beautiful new thief on the prowl named the Black Cat, courtesy of a story by writer Marv Wolfman and artist Keith Pollard."
  83. ^ "Back in Black ... Cat? Joe Kelly on Her 'Amazing' Return". Newsarama. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
  84. ^ a b c 813 Heritage Comic Auctions, Comic and Comic Art Auction Catalog. Heritage Capital Corporation. ISBN 193289926X.
  85. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1980s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 118. ISBN 978-0756692360. In this issue, award-winning writer Denny O'Neil, with collaborator John Romita, Jr., introduced Hydro-Man.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  86. ^ "AMAZING SPIDER-MAN (1963) #212". Marvel. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  87. ^ Terry Kavanagh (w), Steven Butler (p), Randy Emerlin (i). "Lives Unlived" Web of Spider-Man #125 (June, 1995), United States: Marvel Comics
  88. ^ David and Greenberger, pp. 68-69: "Writer Roger Stern is primarily remembered for two major contributions to the world of Peter Parker. One was a short piece entitled 'The Kid Who Collects Spider-Man'...[his] other major contribution was the introduction of the Hobgoblin."
  89. ^ a b c Manning "1980s" in Gilbert (2012), p. 133: "Writer Roger Stern and artists John Romita, Jr. and John Romita, Sr. introduced a new - and frighteningly sane - version of the [Green Goblin] concept with the debut of the Hobgoblin."
  90. ^ Greenberg, Glenn (August 2009). "When Hobby Met Spidey". Back Issue! (35). TwoMorrows Publishing. pp. 10–23.
  91. ^ "Hobgoblin is number 57 as greatest comic book villain". IGN. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
  92. ^ a b "Top 25 Spider-Man villains: Part 4". IGN. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
  93. ^ Greenberg, Glenn (August 2009). "When Hobby Met Spidey". Back Issue!. TwoMorrows Publishing (35): 15.
  94. ^ DeFalco "1980s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 218: "Created by writer Tom DeFalco and artist Rick Leonardi, the villain tended his rose garden as he casually ran his various criminal enterprises."
  95. ^ "AMAZING SPIDER-MAN ANNUAL (1964) #19". Marvel. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
  96. ^ "Marc Webb reveals B.J. Novak's Amazing Spider-Man 2 role". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  97. ^ Ryall, Chris; Tipton, Scott (2009). Comic books 101 the history, methods and madness. Cincinnati, Ohio: IMPACT. ISBN 9781440307904. I think Slyde's first appearance (The Amazing Spider-Man #272, January 1986) is pretty goofy (non-stick coating on a super-villain suit? Sure!)
  98. ^ Manning "1980s" in Gilbert (2012), p. 169: "In this landmark installment [issue #298], one of the most popular characters in the wall-crawler's history would begin to step into the spotlight courtesy of one of the most popular artists to ever draw the web-slinger."
  99. ^ a b c "Venom is number 22 on greatest comic book villain of all time". IGN. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  100. ^ David Michelinie (w), Kyle Baker (i). "The Longest Road" Web of Spider-Man 18 (September 1986), Marvel Comics
  101. ^ Claremont, Chris; David,, Peter (2014). Wolverine Epic Collection: Madripoor Nights. ISBN 0785189033. Issue #309 will culimate the Mary Jane storyline. I am introducing a new duo of bad guys called Styx and Stones. Styx is a mastermind who loves death, adores death, and he's got these plans to bring death in all of its wonderful forms. Stones is his partner who actually carries out these things.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  102. ^ a b "Carnage is number 90 on greatest comic book villain of all time". IGN. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  103. ^ a b c Cowsill, Alan; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1990s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 197. ISBN 978-0756692360. Artist Mark Bagley's era of The Amazing Spider-Man hit its stride as Carnage revealed the true face of his evil. Carnage was a symbiotic offspring produced when Venom bonded to psychopath Cletus Kasady."CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  104. ^ Michelinie, David (w), Bagley, Mark (p), Emberlin, Randy (i). "Carnage: Part One" The Amazing Spider-Man 361 (April 1992)
  105. ^ Papageorgiou, Solon. "10 facts about Batman, Spider-Man, Iron Man you didn't know". Moviepilot. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  106. ^ Fuller, Kevin (13 February 2008). "Amazing Spider-Man #550 Review". IGN. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
  107. ^ "Forget it, Spidey! It's Chinatown: Van Lente On Mister Negative". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  108. ^ Seigel, Lucas (2 October 2013). "All-New Marvel NOW! Teaser Trifecta: 'OVERDRIVE, 'WRATH','HUNTED'". Newsarama. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
  109. ^ "Preview: Amazing Spider-Man #656". comicbookresources.com.
  110. ^ "Superior Spider-Man #4: Massacre's Back". Crave Online.
  111. ^ "Amazing Spider-Man (1999) #655". Marvel.com.
  112. ^ "The Amazing Spider-Man #655 Review". ign.com.
  113. ^ "Amazing Spider-Man #655". comicbookresources.com.
  114. ^ Peter Parker, The Spectacular Spider-Man #33. Marvel Comics.
  115. ^ Peter Parker, The Spectacular Spider-Man #34. Marvel Comics.
  116. ^ Al Milgrom (w), Al Milgrom (p), Jim Mooney (i). "If It Wasn't For Bad Luck..." Peter Parker, The Spectacular Spider-Man 91 (June, 1984), Marvel Comics
  117. ^ Franich, Darren. "'Amazing Spider-Man': Our villain wish list for the Sinister Six". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
  118. ^ Milgron, Al (w), Trimpe, Herb (p). "True Confessions" The Spectacular Spider-Man #98 (January, 1985), United States: Marvel Comics
  119. ^ Peter David (w), Steve Ditko (p), Mark Beachum (i). "Things Fall Apart" Peter Parker, The Spectacular Spider-Man 15 (June, 1986), Marvel Comics
  120. ^ a b c d J.M. DeMatteis (w), Kerry Gammill (p), Mike Esposito (i). "The Best Things In Life Are Free...But Everything Else Costs Money!" Marvel Team-Up 131 (July, 1983), Marvel Comics
  121. ^ Kraft, David (August 2009). "When Hobby Met Spidey". Back Issue!. TwoMorrows Publishing (51): 1.
  122. ^ DeFalco "1980s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 218: "Created by writer David Kraft and artist Keith Giffen."
  123. ^ Howard Mackie (w), Tom Lyle (p). "Cold Hearts" Spider-Man 49 (August 1994), Marvel Comics
  124. ^ Tom DeFalco (w), Mark Bagley (p), Larry Mahlstedt (i). "Deadly is Delilah" The Amazing Spider-Man 414 (August 1996), Marvel Comics
  125. ^ Tom DeFalco (w), Steve Skroce (p), Bud LaRosa (i). "Twas The Night Before Christmas..." The Amazing Spider-Man 420 (February 1997), Marvel Comics
  126. ^ Loners #5 Comic – September 12, 2007
  127. ^ Tom DeFalco (w), Joe Bennett (p), Bud LaRosa (i). "Exposed Wiring" The Amazing Spider-Man 422 (April 1997), Marvel Comics
  128. ^ Tom DeFalco (w), Joe Bennett (p), Bud LaRosa (i). "Exposed Wiring" The Amazing Spider-Man 422 (April 1997), Marvel Comics
  129. ^ Tom DeFalco (w), Steve Skroce (p), Bud LaRosa (i). "Sacrifice Play!" The Amazing Spider-Man 427 (September 1997), Marvel Comics
  130. ^ Tom Lyle (w). "Maximum Clonage - (Conclusion!) The End of the Beginning!" Spider-Man: Maximum Clonage: Omega (August, 1995), Marvel Comics
  131. ^ a b Lee, Stan (w), Ditko, Steve (a). Amazing Fantasy 15 (Aug 1962), New York City, New York: Marvel Comics
  132. ^ Orange, Alan (November 17, 2015). "Chris Zylka Is Eugene Flash Thompson in Spider-Man". MovieWeb. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  133. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 24. ISBN 978-0756692360. While never reaching the popularity of previous [Stan] Lee and [Steve] Ditko collaborations, the Enforcers managed to give the wall-crawler a run for his money in their first appearance.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  134. ^ http://insidepulse.com/2015/02/23/the-entire-spider-verse-review-spoilers-from-marvel-comics-amazing-spider-man-to-scarlet-spiders-to-spider-woman-to-2099-all-of-it-a-tidy-epilogue/
  135. ^ Valentine, Eve. "Who Are the Sinister Six? – An Introduction to Spider-Man's Supervillain Group". Collider. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  136. ^ Glenn Greenberg (w), Luke Ross (p), Al Milgrom (i). "The Legion of Losers!" The Spectacular Spider-Man 246 (May, 1997), Marvel Comics
  137. ^ Tom DeFalco (w), Ron Frenz
    Brett Breeding (p), Brett Breeding (i). "The Sinister Syndicate!" The Amazing Spider-Man 280 (September, 1986), Marvel Comics
  138. ^ a b c d Albert, Aaron. "Top ten comic book archenemies". About.com. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  139. ^ a b Hanks, Henry. "Events in landmark 'Spider-Man' issue have fans in a frenzy". CNN. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  140. ^ Cronin, Brian. "50 Greatest Friends and Foes of Spider-Man: Villains #1-3". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  141. ^ "The ULTIMATE SPIDER-MAN writer talks about Spidey's new Amazing Friends and lays the Osborns to rest once and for all | Marvel.com News". Marvel.com. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  142. ^ "Love is in the air as Marvel.com's Secret Cabal picks the greatest Marvel romances of all in time for Valentine's Day | Marvel.com News". Marvel.com. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  143. ^ "Norman Osborn is number 13 on greatest comic book villain of all time". IGN. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  144. ^ "Spider-Man villains tournament: Championship". IGN. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  145. ^ Shutt, Craig (August 1997). "Villain Turned Hero: Venom". Wizard (72). p. 37.
  146. ^ McMillan, Graeme (15 February 2015). "'Spider-Man': 10 Recommendations for a Successful Reboot". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 4 May 2015. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  147. ^ a b Moore, Ben (7 July 2013). "Comic-Con 2013: 'Amazing Spider-Man' Sinister Six Hints Revealed [Updated]". Screenrant. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  148. ^ Mendelson, Scott (3 March 2015). "'Spider-Man' Gives Marvel What It Needs Most: Villains". Forbes.com. Forbes. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  149. ^ "5 Huge Questions In The Wake Of Marvel's Spider-Man Reveal: 2. Who Will Be The Main Villain?". Cinema Blend. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  150. ^ Kyle, Scmidlin. "10 Spider-Man Villains (And Combinations) Deserving Of The Big Screen". What Culture!. Retrieved June 8, 2015. Spider-Man's rogues gallery is one of the most colorful in comics. Only Batman could boast a greater number of well-established crooks and costumed ne'er-do-wells, and even that's debatable.
  151. ^ "Spider-Slayers: The 25 Deadliest Spider-Man Villains, Officially Ranked". CBR. 16 January 2019. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  152. ^ "Memes For July 2019". StayHipp. 1 July 2019. Retrieved 18 August 2019.
  153. ^ "The 50 Best Memes of 2019 (So Far)". Thrillist. 16 August 2019. Retrieved 18 August 2019.
  154. ^ "Me and the Boys Memes". StayHipp. 5 June 2019. Retrieved 18 August 2019.
  155. ^ "Spider-Man: Me and the Boys Meme Comes to Life in Anime Expo Cosplay". CBR. 14 July 2019. Retrieved 18 August 2019.
  156. ^ Tom DeFalco (w), Pat Olliffe (p), Al Williamson (i). "The Sinister Syndicate!" Spider-Girl 25 (October, 2000), Marvel Comics
  157. ^ "Bunn Takes Over VENOM, Kills Marvel Universe with DEADPOOL". Newsarama. June 5, 2012. Retrieved June 16, 2015.
  158. ^ a b White, Brett (20 December 2013), Recruiting 6 Spider-Man Villains for Sony's "Sinister Six", Comic Book Resources.
  159. ^ Perry, Spencer. "Spidey Turns 50: 11 Villains Who Could Be in The Amazing Spider-Man 2". Superherohype.com (CraveOnline). Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  160. ^ Cronin, Brian. "50 Greatest Friends and Foes of Spider-Man: Villains #6-4". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  161. ^ a b Schmidlin, Kyle. "10 Spider-Man Villains (And Combinations) Deserving Of The Big Screen (3. Chameleon and the Kraven the Hunter)". What Culture!. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  162. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Kirby, Jack (p), Stone, Chic (i). "The Attack of the evil Frightful Four" Fantastic Four #36 (March 1965)
  163. ^ Marc Steven Sumerak (w), Eric Eng Wong (p), John G. Roshell (i). "An A-Z Compedium of Earth's Mighiest Heroes" Avengers Casebook 1999 1 (February 2000), Marvel Comics
  164. ^ Cronin, Brian. "50 Greatest Friends and Foes of Spider-Man: Villains #10-7". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  165. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Orlando, Joe (p), Coletta, Vince (i). "The Evil Menace of Electro" Daredevil #2 (September 1964)
  166. ^ Booke, M. Keith (ed.). "Daredevil". Encyclopedia of Comic Books and Graphic Novels: Two Volumes. p. 134.
  167. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Colan, Gene (p), Tartaglione, John (i). "Electro and his Emissaries of Evil" Daredevil Annual #1 (September 1967)
  168. ^ Zalben, Alex. "The 10 greatest Spider-Man villains ever". MTV. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  169. ^ Bendis, Brian Michael (w), Bagley, Mark (p), Isanove, Ricard (col), Petit, Cory (let). Ultimate Spider-Man  #97 (September 2006)
  170. ^ Reed, Brian (w), Craig, Wesley (p), Craig, Wesley (i), Fairbairn, Nathan (col), Petit, Cory (let). Timestorm 2009–2099 #1 (August 2009)
  171. ^ "Journey of the Iron Fist". Ultimate Spider-Man. Season 2. Episode 39. June 16, 2013. Disney XD.
  172. ^ Serafino, Jason. "The top 25 Spider-Man Stories Of All Time: 16. Flowers For the Rhino". Complex.com. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  173. ^ Sims, Chris. "Frank Castle Goes To Jail in 'Punisher Max' #12 [Exclusive Preview]". ComicsAlliance. Archived from the original on 20 April 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  174. ^ Manning "1960s" in Gilbert (2012), p. 31: "This monumental issue saw the first appearances of Peter's upcoming love interest Gwen Stacy, prospective best friend, Harry Osborn, and even the future super villain known as the Jackal."
  175. ^ Cronin, Brian (May 16, 2007). "Comic Book Urban Legends Revealed Extra: Randy Schueller's Brush With Comic History &#124". Comic Book Resources.
  176. ^ Shooter, Jim (w), Zeck, Mike (p), Beatty, John; Abel, Jack; Esposito, Mike (i). "Invasion!" Marvel Super Heroes Secret Wars 1 (December 1984), Marvel Comics
  177. ^ "50 Greatest Spider-Man Stories: #25-21". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 25 April 2015.

External links[edit]