Denmark–North Korea relations

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Denmark–North Korea relations
Map indicating locations of Denmark and North Korea

Denmark

North Korea

Denmark–North Korea relations (Korean: 덴마크-조선민주주의인민공화국 관계) refers to the current and historical relations between Denmark and Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), commonly known as North Korea. Denmark is represented in the DPRK, through its embassy in Beijing, China.[1] The DPRK is represented in Denmark, through its embassy in Stockholm, Sweden. Denmark supports the efforts to get North Korea back to the six-party talks.[2]

History and hostile relations[edit]

Denmark was one of the first countries to recognize the DPRK during the Korean War.[3] Diplomatic relations between Denmark and DPRK were established on 17 July 1973.[4] In October 1976, Denmark closed the DPRK mission to Denmark, and declared the mission as persona non grata, after charges of black market import, sale of drugs, alcohol and cigarettes. Later Norway and Finland followed.[5] North Korea closed their embassy in Denmark in 1998, because of their budget reducement.[4]

Denmark supported the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1695 concerning the DPRK's weapons program. Danish MFA Head of Department of Asia Susan Ulbæk stated that Denmark cannot accept a nuclear armed DPRK.[6]

In September 2009, nine North Koreans arrived at the Danish embassy in Hanoi, Vietnam to seek asylum.[7][8]

After the ROKS Cheonan sinking in March 2010, by a torpedo, Danish Foreign Affairs Minister Lene Espersen condemned the sinking of the Cheonan, stating that it believed DPRK was responsible. The Minister called on the DPRK to comply with its international obligations.[9]

After the Bombardment of Yeonpyeong in November 2010, Danish Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen condemned the attack, and called it a "military provocation".[10]

Development[edit]

Danish relief and development non-governmental organization Mission East has as the only Danish NGO, direct access to the DPRK. Mission East has delivered 52.5 tons of aid to the North Korean people.[11] DANIDA has two livestock projects in the DPRK which is financed by United Nations Office for Project Services and International Fund for Agricultural Development.[12] Denmark offers North Korea humanitarian aid through multilateral organisations as Red Cross and the World Food Programme.[13] Denmark tries to influence the development of democratization, respect for human rights and liberalization of the North Korean economy.[14] In 2008, Danish aid to North Korea amounted 239 million DKK.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contact information". Archived from the original on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 4 September 2011.
  2. ^ "The Danish Foreign Minister's reaction to the Korean confrontation". Danish embassy in London. Retrieved 22 August 2011.
  3. ^ William R. Slomanson (2011). Fundamental Perspectives on International Law. p. 61. ISBN 978-0-495-79719-7. Retrieved 4 September 2011.
  4. ^ a b "DPRK Diplomatic Relations". Retrieved 22 August 2011.
  5. ^ Jacques L. Fuqua (2007). Nuclear endgame: the need for engagement with North Korea. p. 203. ISBN 0-275-99074-5.
  6. ^ Wikileaks (4 October 2006). "US embassy cable - 06COPENHAGEN1355; DENMARK SUPPORTS TOUGH UNSC STATEMENT ON NORTH KOREA". Wikileaks. Wikileaks. Retrieved 20 December 2011.
  7. ^ "North Koreans seek asylum at Danish embassy in Vietnam". Reuters. 24 September 2009. Retrieved 22 August 2011.
  8. ^ "N Koreans in 'Denmark asylum bid'". BBC News. 24 September 2009. Retrieved 22 August 2011.
  9. ^ "Danmark fordømmer Nordkoreas angreb på Sydkorea". Krigeren. 26 May 2010. Retrieved 22 August 2011.
  10. ^ "Løkke condemns North Korea". Ekstra Bladet (in Danish). 2010-11-23. Retrieved 2010-11-23.
  11. ^ "3,000 children in North Korea receive food aid from Denmark". Mission East. Mission East. Archived from the original on 17 August 2011. Retrieved 22 August 2011.
  12. ^ "Curriculum Vitae - Hans Askov Jensen" (pdf). p. 5. Retrieved 22 August 2011.
  13. ^ "Danish intl development speaks volumes for Korea". Korea Times. 28 November 2010. Retrieved 4 September 2011.
  14. ^ "Denmark in Asia = North Korea". Archived from the original on 8 March 2011. Retrieved 4 September 2011.
  15. ^ "DANIDA's NGO-samarbejde" (in Danish). p. 42. Archived from the original on 5 September 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2011.

External links[edit]