Dental and alveolar lateral flaps

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Alveolar lateral flap
IPA Number181
Entity (decimal)ɺ
Unicode (hex)U+027A
Braille⠦ (braille pattern dots-236)⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456)
Audio sample

The alveolar lateral flap is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ɺ⟩, a fusion of a rotated lowercase letter ⟨r⟩ with a letter ⟨l⟩.

Some languages that are described as having a lateral flap actually have a flap that is indeterminate with respect to centrality, and may surface as either central or lateral, either in free variation or allophonically depending on surrounding vowels and consonants.[1]


Features of the alveolar lateral flap:



Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Chaga[2] [example needed] Laminal dental.[2]


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Japanese[3] /roku [ɺo̞kɯ̟ᵝ] 'six' More commonly [ɾ]. See Japanese phonology
Kasua[4] hilila [hiɺiɺɑ] 'heavy' Never used at the beginning nor the end of a word.[4]
Pirahã toogixi [tòːɺ͡ɺ̼ìʔì] 'hoe' Only used in some types of speech
Wayuu püülükü [pɯːɺɯkɯ] 'pig' Contrasts with /r/

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ladefoged & Maddieson (1996), p. 243.
  2. ^ a b Ladefoged & Maddieson (1996), p. 213.
  3. ^ Akamatsu (1997), p. 106.
  4. ^ a b Logan, Tommy (July 2003). "Organised Phonology Data" (PDF). SIL International.


External links[edit]