Deoria district

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Deoria District
Location of Deoria district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Deoria district in Uttar Pradesh
CountryIndia
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionGorakhpur
HeadquartersDeoria, Uttar Pradesh
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesDeoria, Salempur, Bansgaon
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesDeoria City, Rampur Karkhana, Barhaj, Rudrapur, Bhatpar Rani, Salempur, Pathardeva.
Area
 • Total2,535 km2 (979 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total3,100,946
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy73.53%
 • Sex ratioM:F 1000:1013
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH28, NH 221A, NH 441A
Average annual precipitation864.38 mm
Websitehttp://deoria.nic.in/
District Officers
Government
 • D.M.Amit Kishor
 • A.D.M(F/R)Umesh Kumar Mangala
 • A.D.M(E)Rakesh Kumar Patel
 • S.P.Shripati Mishra
 • CDOShivsharnappa GN

Deoria District is one of the Districts of Uttar Pradesh, India. Deoria is the District headquarters. Deoria district is a part of Gorakhpur division. Deoria district came into existence on 16 March 1946 from Gorakhpur district.

History[edit]

Ancient[edit]

The area now known as the Deoria District was once a part of the Kosala Kingdom - a prime centre of ancient Aryan culture surrounded by the Himalayas in the north, the Shyandika river in the south, the Panchala Kingdom in the west and the Magadh Kingdom in Bihar to the east. Apart from the many legends told about this area, archaeological remains, such as statues, coins, bricks, Temples. Most of the People using surname Rao belong to the Kshatria cast in Deoria Dist,.

The ancient history of the district is related with the Ramayana times when the Lord of Kosala, Ram, appointed his elder son Kusha the king of Kushwati, which is present-day Kushinagar. Before the Mahabharata era, this area had been related with Chakravorty Samrat Mahasudtsan Mall and his kingdom. Kushinagar was well developed and prosperous. Close to the border of his kingdom was the thick forested area called the Mahavan. This area was under the control of the Maurya rulers, the Gupta rulers, the Bihar rulers, and then the Garhwal ruler Govinda Chandra from 1114 AD until 1154 AD.

Modern[edit]

The Deoria district came into existence on 16 March 1946, being separated from the Gorakhpur District. It is believed that the name Deoria is derived from Devaranya or possibly Devpuria. According to official gazetteers, the district was named "Deoria" after its headquarters in Deoria, and the term Deoria generally means a place where there are temples. The name Deoria probably developed because of the existence of important temples in the area. During Freedom struggle of India the district joined struggle under the leadership of Pandit Bibhuti Mani Tripathi of village Dehrauli, Rudrapur.

Geography[edit]

Deoria district is located between 26 ° 6' and 26° 48' north latitude to 83° 23' and 84° 16' east longitude. It is surrounded by Kushinagar district in the north, Gopalganj and Siwan districts of Bihar in the east, Mau and Ballia districts in the south and Gorakhpur district in the west.[1]

Ghaghara, Rapti and Chhoti Gandak are the main rivers in the district.[1]

Deoria district consists of 16 blocks:

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Deoria district
Religion Percent
Hindus
88.07%
Muslims
11.56%

According to the 2011 census Deoria district has a population of 3,100,946.[2] This gives it a ranking of 114th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 1,220 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,200/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.23%.[2] Deoria has a sex ratio of 1013 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 73.53%.[2]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901749,486—    
1911816,191+0.86%
1921833,199+0.21%
1931889,726+0.66%
1941992,352+1.10%
19511,059,208+0.65%
19611,190,803+1.18%
19711,410,868+1.71%
19811,749,946+2.18%
19912,184,904+2.24%
20012,714,179+2.19%
20113,100,946+1.34%
source:[3]

Languages[edit]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 98.52% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 1.40% Urdu as their first language.[4]

Vernaculars spoken in Deoria include Bhojpuri language and also spoken Hindi with English language almost 40 000 speakers, written in both the Devanagari and Kaithi .[5]

Notable people[edit]

List of Colleges in Deoria District[edit]

State Colleges

  1. Rajya Mahila Snatkottar College, Deoria (Arts)
  2. Rajkiya College, Indupur, Gauribazar, Deoria (Arts)
  3. Rabindra Kishore Shahi Mahavidyalaya, Patharadev, Deoria (Arts)
  4. Government Inter College, Deoria

Aided Colleges

  1. Baba Raghavdas Snatkottar Snatkottar College, Deoria (Arts / Science / Agriculture / Shi Shasha)
  2. Sant Binoba Bhave College, Deoria (Arts/Law)
  3. M.S.M. Snatkottar College, Bhatpararani, Deoria (Arts / Science / Education)
  4. Swami Devanand Snatkottar College, Matthlar, Deoria (Arts / Science / Education)
  5. Baba Raghavdas Bhagwandas Snatkottar College, Berhaj Ashram, Deoria (Arts / Commerce / Agriculture)
  6. Ramji Sahai College, Rudrapur, Deoria (Arts / Commerce)

Self-Financed Colleges

  1. Vishwanath Rai Kakand College, Khukhund, Deoria (Arts / Commerce)
  2. S.S. Balayyat Hussain College, Sitapatti, Bajaria, Deoria (Arts)
  3. Khudaija Bibi Makhdum Baksh Mahila College, Lar, Deoria (Arts)
  4. Shri Rainath Brahmadev College, Salempur, Deoria (Arts / Commerce)
  5. Buddha College, Barehaj, Deoria (Arts)
  6. Shruti Kirti Bauddh College, Banakata Shivsallahpur, Deoria (Arts)
  7. Ram Ghulam Rai College, Banakata Shivsallahpur, Deoria (Arts)
  8. Sarvanand Shandilya Yogeshwar College, Padari Jamua Tiwari Dumvalia, Deoria (Arts)
  9. Babua Jee Smarak College, Pindi Asuran, Deoria (Arts / Science / Education)
  10. Lalji Rai Degree College, Khorabari, Rampur, Deoria (Arts)
  11. Siddique Ahmed Post Graduate College, Distauli, Deoria (Arts / Science)
  12. Ramashankar Krishak Mahavidyalay, Mile, Deoria (Arts)
  13. Sir Syed College of Commerce and Management, Aurangabad, Salempur, Deoria (Commerce)
  14. Shri Ram College, Teliyaaye Kalan, Deoria (Arts)
  15. Parmeshwar College, Bindwalia, Bhikhampur, Deoria (Arts)
  16. Dulari Devi College, Bindwalia, Bhikhampur, Deoria (Arts)
  17. Oriental Law Institute, Deoria (Law)
  18. Raksha Rao Rajnath Rao College, Narayanpur, Deoria (Arts)
  19. Maa Sukuli Devi Degree College Sahaja Malkaul, Deoria (Arts)
  20. Shanti Sakuli Devi Degree College Sahaja Malkaul, Deoria (Arts)
  21. Shanti Devi Memorial Mahila Mahavir, Divadhar, Pipra Jham, Deoria (Arts)
  22. Maharaj Agrasen College on Commerce, Deoria (Commerce)
  23. Shrimati Kesh Devi Mahila Mahavidyalya, Pakdi Virbhadra, Deoria (Arts)
  24. Sri Sudama Yadav College, Pipaiich Laxmipur, Dhanauti, Deoria (Arts)
  25. Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya College, Santrao, Deoria (Arts)
  26. Chaudhary Charan Singh College, Baripar Pandey, Bankata, Deoria (Arts)
  27. Defense College of Commerce and Management for Girls, Deoria (Commerce)
  28. Indra Sen Shikshan Sansth, College Deemusadhari, Deoria (Arts)
  29. Shamsuddin Ansari Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Abubakar Nagar, Deoria (Arts)
  30. Deobandhu College, Nonapar, Deoria (Arts)
  31. Swami Vivekananda College, Kotwa Mishra, Deoria (Arts)
  32. Sheikh Shaheed Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Madanpur, Deoria (Arts)
  33. Late Ramlal Tripathi College, Pipa Shukla, Deoria (Arts)
  34. Satyanarayan College, Mahuadih, Deoria (Arts)
  35. Hiraman Mahatma Mahavidyalaya, Mahuadih, Deoria (Arts)
  36. Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya College, Karaunadi Bhaluvani, Deoria (Arts)
  37. Bahadur Yadav Memorial College, Nagar Panchayat Bhatni, Deoria (Arts)
  38. B.R.D. Degree College, Bhadpahi, Deoria (Arts)
  39. Rajendra Babu College, Bancatia Dubey, Deoria (Arts)
  40. Sitadevi College, Bhatni, Deoria (Arts)
  41. Rajadevi Mahila college, salahapura Bhatni, Deoria (Arts)
  42. A.Y.T. College of Education, Ghataila Ghazi Piparani, Deoria (Education)
  43. Baba Baliraj College, Devapar Madanpur, Deoria (Arts)
  44. Baba Raghavdas Bhagwandas Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Ashram Barhaj Deoria (Arts / Agriculture)
  45. Ramchandra Upadhyay Mahavidyalaya, Dhanauti Bhatpar Rani Deoria (Arts)
  46. Radhika Devi Kailash Prasad College Balua Chapar Pipara Chandrabhan, Deoria (Arts)
  47. Reshma Devi College, Dhanauti Bhatpar Rani Deoria (Arts)
  48. Sri Krishna Upadhyaya Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Rudrapur, Deoria (Arts)
  49. Ranju Singh Mahavidyalaya, Sonadi, Deoria (Arts)
  50. Kalpnath Rai College, Laxmipur Bazar Bhatni, Deoria (Arts / Science)
  51. Singasani Devi Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Nema, Deoria (Arts)
  52. Prabhavati College, Kharvaniya Ropan Chhapra, Deoria (Arts)
  53. Bageshwari Shikshad Sansthan Mahavidyalaya, Mile, Deoria (Arts)
  54. Kisan Degree College, Tarkulha , Deoria (Arts)
  55. Ram Manohar Lohiya College, Malibari, Baraiapur, Badhara, Deoria (Arts / Science)
  56. S.D. Memorial Snatkottar College, Nautan Deoria (Arts)
  57. Siddheshwar Shitaldev Narayan College, Bharhe Chaira, Bhatvi, Deoria (Arts)
  58. Shaheed Chandrashekhar Singh Seva Sanstha College, Bardeeha, Parasuram lar Deoria (Arts)
  59. Babu Baijnath Singh Kanya College, Devdhi, Andila, Deoria (Arts)
  60. Naseema Begum Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Dharmakhor, Babu Ghanti, Deoria (Arts)
  61. Sarovadi Devi Satyanarayan Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Piparachandrabhan (Mishra Tola), Deoria (Arts)
  62. Sudama Devi Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Pipharhiya, Pacdi Babu, Bhatpar rani, Deoria (Arts)
  63. Lagna Devitarakant Mahila College, Ranihwan Deoria (Arts / Science)
  64. Vidyavati Devi Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Damodarpur, Atrauli, Chakmokam Ali Deoria (Arts)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Deoria". Deoria district administration. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  3. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  4. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  5. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 30 September 2011.

http://uphed.gov.in/ for list of colleges

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°30′36″N 83°46′48″E / 26.51000°N 83.78000°E / 26.51000; 83.78000