Derby, Connecticut

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Derby, Connecticut
Annual fireworks display from the Derby-Shelton Bridge
Annual fireworks display from the Derby-Shelton Bridge
Flag of Derby, Connecticut
Flag
Official seal of Derby, Connecticut
Seal
Motto(s): 
"Connecticut's Smallest City"[1]
Location in New Haven County, Connecticut
Location in New Haven County, Connecticut
Derby, Connecticut is located in Connecticut
Derby, Connecticut
Derby, Connecticut
Location in Connecticut
Derby, Connecticut is located in the United States
Derby, Connecticut
Derby, Connecticut
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 41°19′36″N 73°04′56″W / 41.32667°N 73.08222°W / 41.32667; -73.08222Coordinates: 41°19′36″N 73°04′56″W / 41.32667°N 73.08222°W / 41.32667; -73.08222
Country United States
State Connecticut
Region New England
CountyNew Haven
Metropolitan areaGreater New Haven
Settled1642
Named1675
Incorporated-Town1775
Incorporated-City1893
Founded byJohn Wakeman
Named forDerby, England
Government
 • TypeMayor-Board of Aldermen
 • MayorRichard Dziekan (R)
 • Chief administratorAndrew Baklik
Area
 • City5.4 sq mi (14.0 km2)
 • Land5.0 sq mi (12.9 km2)
 • Water0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)
Highest elevation
466 ft (142 m)
Lowest elevation
3 ft (1 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • City12,902
 • Estimate 
(2017)[2]
12,581
 • Rank19th (CT)
 • Density2,400/sq mi (920/km2)
 • Metro
861,113 (US: 60th)
 • CSA
23,076,664 (US: 1st)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
06418
Area code(s)203/475
FIPS code09-19480
GNIS feature ID0206671
Major highwaysConnecticut Highway 8.svg Connecticut Highway 34.svg
Transportation-RailMTA NYC logo.svg
Websitewww.derbyct.gov

Derby ('dər-bē) is a city in New Haven County, Connecticut, United States, approximately 8 miles west-northwest of New Haven, Connecticut. Derby is located in southwest Connecticut at the confluence of the Housatonic and Naugatuck Rivers. It borders the cities of Ansonia to the north and Shelton to the southwest, and the towns of Orange to the south, Seymour to the northwest, and Woodbridge to the east. The population was 12,903 at the 2010 census. It is the smallest city in Connecticut by area at 5.3 square miles.[3]

Derby was settled in 1642 as an Indian trading post under the name Paugasset. It was named after Derby, England, in 1675.[4][5] It included what is now Ansonia, Seymour, Oxford, and parts of Beacon Falls. Derby is home to the first electric trolley system in New England, only the second in the Unites States. It is also home to the first electric locomotive in U.S. history to be built and successfully used commercially for hauling freight. The locomotive, built in 1888 is still kept in running condition by the Shore Line Trolley Museum.[6][7]

History[edit]

Colonial & Revolutionary Era[edit]

Derby was settled in 1642 as an Indian trading post under the name Paugasset by John Wakeman of New Haven, though fur traders had been in the area before and Native Americans had lived there for centuries. In 1651, the first year-round houses were completed, at that time the New Haven Colony had recognized Paugasset as a town. The residents of the town of Milford protested Paugassets' recognition as an independent town and, as a result, the order was rescinded and Paugasset returned to the Milford jurisdiction. In 1675, the former plantation of Paugasset was admitted as the township of Derby by the state legislature, named after Derby, England.[8] Derby was incorporated on May 13, 1775.[9]

1800s[edit]

In 1836, The Colman Brothers began The Birmingham Iron Foundry on the corner of Main Street and Water Street. It employed between 100-125 and was one of the many manufacturing businesses thriving in the city in the 1800s. In 1927, the company merged with Farrel Corporation of nearby Ansonia and renamed Farrel-Birmingham Corporation. The Derby Facility closed and was razed in 2000 to make way for a Home Depot. The Ansonia division is still in business and opened their new plant in the Fountain Lake Commerce Park in 2017.[10][11]

In the 19th century, both corsets and hoop skirts were manufactured in the city. The Kraus Corset Factory is the oldest major factory building to survive from Derby's corset manufacturing period. It was built by Sidney A. Downs, opened in 1879, and expanded in 1910. In 1987 it was added to the National Register of Historic Places. In the 1990s it was converted to apartments and underwent a second addition, a first floor parking garage and three stories of apartments added on the north side along Roosevelt Drive (Connecticut Route 34).[12]

In 1872, the Derby Silver Company began production. In 1898, the company became a division of the International Silver Company headquartered in Meriden, CT, but continued making silver with its brand name until 1933.[13][14][15]

1900s[edit]

Charlton Comics, a comic book publishing company that existed from 1944 to 1986, was based in town.

Derby, ca. 1910

Towns created from Derby[edit]

Neighborhoods[edit]

  • Downtown
  • West Derby
  • Derby Neck
  • East Derby
  • Hilltop

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 5.4 square miles (8.7 km2), of which, 5.0 square miles (13 km2) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) of it (7.41%) is water. The city is home to the 417 acres (0.652 sq mi) Osbornedale State Park. Derby is divided into two main sections by the Naugatuck River: East Derby and Derby Center (Birmingham). The center of Derby is approximately 66 miles (106 km) from New York City. The lowest elevation is 3ft (1m) and the highest elevation is 466ft (142m) above sea level.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Derby has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. January is on average the coolest month and July is on average the warmest month.[16]

Climate data for Derby, Connecticut
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 65
(18)
69
(21)
84
(29)
93
(34)
95
(35)
98
(37)
104
(40)
101
(38)
98
(37)
90
(32)
79
(26)
71
(22)
104
(40)
Average high °F (°C) 35
(2)
37
(3)
46
(8)
57
(14)
68
(20)
77
(25)
83
(28)
81
(27)
73
(23)
62
(17)
50
(10)
39
(4)
59
(15)
Average low °F (°C) 17
(−8)
19
(−7)
28
(−2)
37
(3)
47
(8)
56
(13)
62
(17)
60
(16)
52
(11)
41
(5)
32
(0)
23
(−5)
40
(4)
Record low °F (°C) −17
(−27)
−24
(−31)
−11
(−24)
11
(−12)
26
(−3)
32
(0)
38
(3)
36
(2)
26
(−3)
16
(−9)
1
(−17)
−18
(−28)
−24
(−31)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.59
(117)
3.37
(86)
4.65
(118)
4.63
(118)
4.70
(119)
4.44
(113)
4.28
(109)
4.50
(114)
4.66
(118)
4.54
(115)
4.47
(114)
4.03
(102)
52.86
(1,343)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 7.9
(20)
7.8
(20)
5.0
(13)
1.1
(2.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.7
(1.8)
5.6
(14)
Source #1: Weather Channel[17]
Source #2: Intellicast[18]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
17902,994
18001,878−37.3%
18102,0519.2%
18202,0881.8%
18302,2537.9%
18402,85126.5%
18503,82434.1%
18605,44342.3%
18708,02047.3%
188011,65045.3%
18905,969−48.8%
19007,93032.9%
19108,99113.4%
192011,23825.0%
193010,788−4.0%
194010,287−4.6%
195010,259−0.3%
196012,13218.3%
197012,5993.8%
198012,346−2.0%
199012,199−1.2%
200012,3911.6%
201012,9024.1%
Est. 201712,581[2]−2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[19]

As of the census[20] of 2010, there were 12,902 people, 5,388 households, and 3,241 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,563 people per square mile. There were 5,849 housing units at an average density of 1,169.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 82.08% White, 7.06% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.60% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 4.2% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.2% of the population.

There were 5,388 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.6% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the town, the population was spread out with 23% under the age of 19, 6.2% from 20 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years.

The median income for a household in the town was $32,438, and the median income for a family was $57,790. The per capita income for the town was $32,438.[21] 12.7% of the population is below the poverty line.[22]

Voter registration and party enrollment as of November 1, 2016[23]
Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage
Democratic 2,446 337 2,783 36.82%
Republican 1,104 119 1,223 16.18%
Unaffiliated 2,809 660 3,469 45.90%
Minor Parties 80 2 82 1.08%
Total 6,439 1,118 7,557 100%

Polish Immigration

Polish immigrants have left a large mark on the demographics of the town, with 18% of all residents claiming Polish as their ethnicity and 2% as having been born in Poland.[24] Due to this large population, the town features several Polish shops, restaurants, and clubs.[25] Saint Michael's the Archangel Parish, a Roman Catholic church serves mass in Polish as well as English.

Culture[edit]

Annual Events[edit]

  • Derby Day
  • Concert on the Green
  • Derby Green Farmers' Market
  • Derby/Shelton Memorial Day Parade
  • Head of the Housatonic Regatta
  • Valley New Year
  • Derby/Shelton Fourth of July Fireworks
  • Easter Egg Hunt
  • Summerfest on the Green

Museums[edit]

Cuisine & Nightlife[edit]

The city is home to 27 food establishments[26] from fast food to sit-down dining, Derby's restaurant & bar scene, located primarily in the downtown section of the city, includes:

Connecticut Magazine, The New Haven Register, and The Hartford Courant named the Dew Drop Inn "Best Chicken Wings in Connecticut, 2018", "Best in New Haven County, 2019" & "Statewide Runner-up for best Chicken Wings, 2019". Archie Moore's Bar & Restaurant also received "Statewide Winner for Best Nachos, 2019" from Connecticut Magazine.[27][28]

In 2017, THC-The Hops Company purchased a former private venue and converted it into a 4.5-acre beer garden & outdoor bar. The venue offers over 40 craft beers (domestic & international), hard cider, cocktails, and wine. Zuppardi's Apizza, a prominent New Haven-style pizza restaurant, has a satellite location on the property. For three consecutive years (2017-19), the venue has been named the "Best Beer Garden" in Connecticut by Connecticut Magazine.[29][30]

In 2017, BADSONS Beer Company, a craft brewery, purchased the former Manger Die Company on Roosevelt Drive to begin production. The brewery offers beer, wine, and cider from a 100-plus seat taproom. Food trucks and other restaurants deliver to the taproom on different days of the week. There are also indoor and outdoor activities offered including, shuffleboard, foosball, giant Jenga, corn hole, giant connect four, and an outdoor seating area with fire pit. The name of the brewery is an acronym for the towns the comprise the Naugatuck River Valley, Beacon Falls, Ansonia, Derby, Seymour, Oxford, Naugatuck, and Shelton.[31][32]

Economics[edit]

In 2017, Moody's Investors Service downgraded the cities bond rating from AA to AA-, citing "weak budgetary performance" in 2016.[33]

Grand List[34]

2016 - $1,028,072,826.82

2010 - $1,091,576,401.00

Mill Rate[35]

  • Fiscal Year (FY) 2019 - 39.37
  • Fiscal Year (FY) 2010 - 26.40

Notable Businesses

Derby Silver Company (1872-1933) - International silver company based in Derby.

Charlton Comics (1944-1986) - Comic book company based in Derby.

Griffin Hospital (1909–Present) - Community hospital, largest employer in Derby with 1,357 employees (2010).[36]

BADSONS Beer Company (2017–Present) - Brewery in Derby.

Dew Drop Inn (2008–Present) Voted Connecticut Magazine's best wings in Connecticut 2017-18.[37]

THC - The Hops Company (2015–Present) Voted Connecticut Magazine's best Beer Garden in Connecticut 2017 & Best Beer Bar in Connecticut 2017-18.[37]

Curved Glass Distributors (1970–Present) - Glass manufacturer based in Derby.

Aqua Vim (Future) - Aquarium manufacturer undergoing move from Queens, New York to Derby.[38]

Redevelopment Projects[edit]

Factory Street Square

In 2018, A development group working with the owners of the Baretta Landscaping property submitted a conceptual design to the Planning & Zoning Commission for a four-phase 400-unit high density residential & commercial development on Factory Street in downtown Derby. The project, called Factory Street Square, would be built in four phases over the next 4-6 years on light industrial property currently unused. The buildings proposed would sit on 5 acres of near-vacant land, they would be four stories high with first floor retail shops and restaurants with residential above. The project, tailored toward attracting Millennials and Empty Nesters to the area, will offer amenities not seen in other residential complexes in the city, including a health club, indoor golf simulator, rooftop garden, dog-sitting-walking and grooming, and an in-complex library. The site is located one block from rail and bus lines that meet at the Derby-Shelton Railroad Station making the project a transit-oriented development (TOD). The project is expected to begin in late-2019 early-2020.[39][40]

South Side of Main Street

Since 2003, the city and state have been demolishing buildings on the south side of Main Street (Connecticut Route 34) in order to widen the roadway from 2 lanes to 4 lanes divided by a center median. Multiple development projects have been proposed in the past, from high density mixed use to big-box retail plazas, however, none have been successful. In 2019, the last four buildings on the south side of Main Street were demolished; following delays, the widening project has a tentative construction start date of early-2020. The Factory Street Square project is the most recent proposal and rather than attempting to redevelop the entire 23 acre parcel, their proposal only encompasses 5 acres.[41][42]

Pershing Square Shopping Center

In 2014, Valley Bowl, a popular local bowling alley was razed to erect a modern shopping plaza and realign an offset intersection. New retailers were an Aldi Supermarket, Panera Bread, PetValu, AT&T, Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen, and PhysicianOne Urgent Care. The realignment of the entrance was a joint venture between the Pershing Square developers and the developers of the adjacent property, Red Raider Plaza. Shortly after the completion of the plaza, it was purchased by Greenwich-based Urstadlt Biddle Properties Inc. for $9 million.[43][44][45]

Red Raider Plaza

In 2011, Walgreen Company, a national retail pharmacy chain, purchased Red Raider Plaza for $7.15 million with plans to remodel one of the buildings and demolish the other to make room for a Walgreens Pharmacy. Following the announcement that Walgreens would acquire Rite-Aid in 2015, Walgreens froze the construction of all new stores, which included the Derby store. Walgreens maintains building ownership and continued the redevelopment with some changes. The plaza received a significant building renovation, parking lot improvements, and realignment of one of the entrances. MedExpress Urgent Care took Walgreens place on the corner of Pershing Drive & Division Streets, their first location in Connecticut. New retailers that joined the plaza were Crown Fried Chicken, Leslie's Pool Supply, Planet Fitness, Wayback Burgers, Jersey Mike's Subs, Sprint, and Verizon. In 2018, plans were approved for Starbucks to build a drive-thru cafe in the Planet Fitness parking lot, the cities second location; in 2019 plans were approved for a Moe's Southwest Grill.[46][47][48]

Government[edit]

Local[edit]

City Government

The city government consists of a nine-member Board of Aldermen & Alderwomen (BOA), a Board of Education, Board of Finance, Planning and Zoning Commission, and many other appointed boards and commissions. The current Mayor is Richard Dziekan (R) since 2017.

Derby City Hall

The Board of Aldermen & Alderwomen is separated into three districts within the city and headed by the Charles Sampson, President of the Board.[49]

List of Aldermen & Alderwomen
1st Ward 2nd Ward 3rd Ward
Barbara L. DeGennaro (D) Joseph L. DiMartino (D) Jim DiMartino (R)
Thomas Donofrio (D) Evelyn Browning (R) Louis Oliwa (R)
Bev Moran (R) Ronald M. Sill (D) Charles Sampson (R)

Regional Government

Derby is part of the Naugatuck Valley Council of Governments, a regional planning organization that assists member cities/towns with transportation, economic development, brownfield development, land use, environmental and emergency planning, grant writing, etc.[50]

State[edit]

In the Connecticut General Assembly, Derby is represented by State Senator George Logan (R), State Representatives, Themis Klarides (R-114), Linda Gentile (D-106), and Theresa Conroy (D-105). Since 2015, Themis Klarides has been the Minority Leader of the Connecticut House of Representatives.

Derby also has a State of Connecticut Superior Courthouse on Elizabeth Street adjacent to the Derby Green.

Federal[edit]

As of 2015, Connecticut's United States Senators are Richard Blumenthal (D) and Chris Murphy (D).[51] Connecticut has five representatives in the U.S. House, all of whom are Democrats.[52]

Education[edit]

There are five public schools and one private school in Derby, Connecticut. As of the 2017-2018 school year there were 1,386 students enrolled in public schools[53] and 159 students enrolled in private school.[54] The total number of students enrolled in public & private schools is 1,545.

School Name Grades Address Type Neighborhood
St. Mary-St. Michael School Pre-K - 8 14 Seymour Avenue Private-Catholic West Derby (Downtown)
Little Raiders University Pre-K 75 Chatfield Street Public West Derby (Downtown)
Bradley Elementary School K-5 155 David Humphrey Road Public East Derby
Irving School K-5 9 Garden Place Public West Derby (Downtown)
Derby Middle School 6-8 73 Chatfield Street Public West Derby (Downtown)
Derby High School 9-12 75 Chatfield Street Public West Derby (Downtown)

On January 12, 2018, a former Extended Care Health Facility was sold to Apex International Education Partners (AIEP) to be converted into dormitories for international high school students attending private schools in the area.[55] The dormitory was opened on September 19, 2018 and at full capacity it can accommodate 110 students and 10-12 employees.[56]

Crime[edit]

According to USA.com crime statistics, Derby has the 14th highest crime rate per capita in Connecticut of the 89 reporting cities.[57] In 2017, Derby had 1 homicide, 2 rapes, 16 robberies, 23 aggravated assaults, 35 burglaries, 238 larcenies, 33 motor vehicle thefts, and 2 arsons.[58]

Criminal cases are prosecuted by The State's Attorney's Office and Derby also has a State of Connecticut Superior Courthouse on Elizabeth Street adjacent to the Derby Green.

Notable Crimes[edit]

The Derby Poisoner

Lydia Sherman was a female serial killer active from 1864-1871 in New York and Derby, poisoning and killing three husbands and eight children. She is known to have killed one husband and two children in Derby in 1867. She was nicknamed "The Derby Poisoner" for using arsenic to kill her victims.[59] Sherman was convicted of second-degree murder and sentenced to life in prison in 1872, she died in 1878 in prison.

Ferrera Family Triple Homicide

On August 12, 1989, three members of the Ferrera Family on Emmitt Ave were stabbed to death by Derek Roseboro. Their bodies were discovered by a family member late that same evening, the suspect, Roseboro was found a short time later in New Haven with a self-inflicted stab wound and confessed. Roseboro was sentenced to 130 years in prison in 1992 and spared the death penalty.[60]

Public Safety[edit]

Healthcare[edit]

Law Enforcement[edit]

Derby Police Department

The Derby Police Department provides police services to the residents of the city and is located at 125 Water Street. As of 2016 the department had 36 sworn police officers.[64] The current Chief of Police is Gerald D. Narowski.

State Police Agencies

Lake Housatonic Authority

The Lake Housatonic Authority acts an agent for member towns along Lake Housatonic in regards to patrolling and ensuring safe operation of watercraft. Patrol Officers are trained by the Connecticut Police Academy in Meriden, Connecticut. Patrol Officers are also trained in first aid, CPR, boating law, and safety regulations.[65]

Fire Department & Emergency Medical Services[edit]

The City of Derby is served by volunteer firefighters in the Derby Fire Department (DFD). Emergency Medical Services (EMS), Rescue Services, and Hazardous Materials (HAZ-MAT) mitigation is provided by Storm Engine Co. Ambulance & Rescue Corps since 1948.[66]

Fire Apparatus in the City of Derby[67]
Fire Company Engine Ladder Ambulance Special Unit Address Neighborhood
Hotchkiss Hose Co. 1 Engine 13, Engine 14 200 David Humphrey Rd. Hilltop
Storm Engine Co. 2

Storm Engine Co. Ambulance Corps.

Engine 11, Engine 12 FD-9, FD-10 Rescue 18, HAZ-MAT 2, HAZ-MAT 19,

Marine 1, Marine 2, Emergency 1

151 Olivia St. Downtown
East End Hose Co. 3 Engine 16 Utility 17 10 Derby-Milford Rd. East Derby
Paugassett Hook & Ladder Co. 4 Truck 15 Brush 4, Tac-51(Gator) 57 Derby Ave. East Derby

Parks & Recreation[edit]

Derby Greenway[edit]

The Derby Greenway is a 2.05 mile-long multipurpose trail located on the west side of Derby along the Naugatuck and Housatonic Rivers.[68] The Greenway is part of the Naugatuck River Greenway Trail System, a proposed 44 mile multipurpose trail that follows the Naugatuck River from Torrington to Derby.[69] The Derby section of the Naugatuck River Greenway System is the busiest multipurpose trail in Connecticut with 302,550 trips counted in 2017.[70]

Osbornedale State Park[edit]

Osbornedale State Park is a 417-acre (0.652 sq mi) state park located in Derby and partially in Ansonia, it was established in 1956 after being willed to the state by the Osborne Family. The park includes the Osbornedale Homestead, the Kellogg Environmental Center, Pickett's Pond, and an extensive system of hiking trails. The entrance to the park is located on Chatfield Street across from the entrance to Derby High School & Middle School. The park offers field sports, hiking, ice skating, museum tours, picnicking, pond fishing, and rental of pavilions for outings. There is no fee for parking and the park is open from sunrise to sunset.[71]

PFC Frank P. Witek Memorial Park[edit]

The Frank P. Witek Memorial Park is a 144-acre park on the east side of the city dedicated to Metal of Honor Recipient Frank P. Witek, who was born in Derby on December 10, 1921. The property, formerly a reservoir, dates back to 1859 when the burgeoning Borough of Birmingham (present day Downtown Derby)[72] needed a stable water supply. The newly established Birmingham Water Company bought the area which was mostly meadows and farmland to create two reservoirs by damming area brooks. The land was purchased by the city in 1997 and dedicated on May 29, 1999. In addition to the 2 ponds (former reservoirs), there are hiking/walking trails and 2 soccer fields the city built in 2006.[73]

Osbornedale State Park Trail & Activity Map
Derby Greenway on O'Sullivans Island with a passing Northbound Metro North service above.
Derby Greenway along the flood wall with the pedestrian crossing over the CSX rail line to the right.



Landmarks & Monuments[edit]

National Register of Historic Places[edit]

Landmarks[edit]

National Humane Alliance Fountain

National Humane Alliance fountain

The city has resurrected its National Humane Alliance fountain – a century-old granite structure with lion-head spigots—as part of a gateway entrance plaza at the Division Street entrance to the Derby Greenway. The fountain was given to the City in 1906 by the National Humane Alliance and erected at the intersection of Seymour and Atwater Avenues. The water was first turned on on June 1, 1906. Years later it was moved to Founders Commons when traffic patterns made its original location a problem. It fell into disrepair and was not used as a fountain while on Founders Commons. When the Derby Greenway was built, the fountain was moved to its new location on June 22, 2006, fully restored with new plumbing and new lions heads and formally dedicated with the surrounding Derby Hall of Fame Plaza on September 1, 2007.[79] The fountain has three levels, the top level contains spigots in the shape of lion's heads for humans, below is a large circular bowl for horses, and at the base are smaller bowls for dogs and cats.

Civil War Monument, 1915

Civil War Monument

In 1875, the Elisha S. Kellogg Post, of the Grand Party of the Republic raised $1,475 to erect a statue to honor the soldiers of Derby and Huntington (now Shelton) who served in the Union forces. In 1878, an unknown person made a donation of $1,500 for the statue base which made it possible to proceed with erecting the statue. The base of the monument was dedicated July 4, 1877. Several years later, $3,200 was pledged for a remodel of the existing base and the addition of an upper base and a 7 ft bronze statue, bringing the total height of the monument to 21 ft 4in. The remodel and addition was constructed by Maurice J. Power of New York City, the sculptor of the bronze statue is unknown. The dedication of the remodel/addition was held on July 4, 1883 and was attended by approximately 8,000 people.[80] The monument was restored in 2018 for a cost of $75,000.[81]

Old Derby Uptown Burial Ground (Colonial Cemetery)

The city was one of, if not the first to create a public burial ground in the country, not affiliated with a church. The first known burial is that of Reverend John Bowers, in 1687, the first minister of Derby. There is a period of 241 years between the first and last stones placed in the cemetery.[82][83] The cemetery is open to the public and is located at the intersection of Derby Avenue and Academy Hill Road. In 2009, the Derby Historical Society created a virtual tour of the cemetery visiting every headstone.

Notable Events[edit]

2001 Anthrax Attacks[edit]

On November 16, 2001, 94 year-old Ottilie Lundgren, of Oxford, was brought to Griffin Hospital in Derby experiencing difficulty breathing and cold-like symptoms. Based on Lundgren's symptoms and her rapidly deteriorating condition, doctors suspected and began testing for anthrax. A response was made to the hospital from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Connecticut State Police, Connecticut State Health Department, and Derby Fire Department HAZ-MAT team. The test was confirmed and treatment began, however it was unsuccessful and Lundgren died on November 22, 2001, making her the fifth and final victim of the 2001 anthrax attacks. Derby and Griffin Hospital made worldwide news for days following the incident and most major news outlets provided 24-hour news coverage for updates on Lundgren's condition. Investigators thought that the anthrax was delivered in a letter via the United States Postal Service to her home in Oxford, however no suspicious letters were found, and the exact route of exposure was never determined. Post Offices in Seymour and Wallingford were investigated, as they were the only two post offices that sent mail to Lundgren's home, however both facilities were determined to be clean. Lundgren's home in Oxford was also quarantined and searched by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Connecticut State Police, however nothing was found that indicated how Lundgren had been exposed.[84][85][86] In 2008, following a lengthy investigation that repeatedly came up empty, the FBI's primary suspect was Bruce Edwards Ivins, an American microbiologist, vaccinologist, and senior biodefense researcher at the United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) at Fort Detrick, Maryland. However, Irvins took his own life shortly after the FBI named him as the primary suspect, no formal charges or direct evidence has been found to substantiate these accusations. In 2010, the FBI closed the investigation into the attacks.[87]

River Restaurant Explosion[edit]

On December 6, 1985 at approximately 3:45pm EST, a three-story brick building, located at 268 Main St, Derby, collapsed following a natural gas explosion killing 6 people and injuring dozens. Natural gas had seeped into the sewer line following construction in the area, the River Restaurant, located on the main level of the building had 18 customers and employees inside when the explosion occurred. Residents and businesses within a 10 block radius were evacuated as a precaution while firefighters worked to find those trapped in the debris. The Connecticut Fire Marshals Office, Connecticut State Police, and The National Transportation Safety Board investigated and found a crack in a four-inch cast iron pipe near the explosion site. Connecticut's "Call Before You Dig" program is a direct response to this incident.[88][89]

Caroline Street Fire

Caroline Street Fire[edit]

On August 12, 1991 at approximately 6:56pm EST, a fire broke out in the basement of a three-story, six-family home located at 269 Caroline Street. First arriving units found heavy fire in the nearly 100-year-old building along with reports of multiple trapped residents. The fire department rapidly struck a second and third alarm for additional resources from the surrounding area, including Ansonia, Shelton, Seymour, and Orange. In total, 18 people escaped or were rescued from the building, however a mother and her two children were killed in the fire. The Fire Marshal's Office investigated and determined the cause of the fire was accidental.[90][91]

Flood of 1955[edit]

August 10–12 of 1955 brought heavy rain to the east coast from Hurricane Connie saturating the ground. A week later when Hurricane Diane passed through, the rain water had nowhere to go. As a result, the Housatonic and Naugatuck Rivers over flowed their banks and devastated the Housatonic and Naugatuck River Valley areas.[92] The crest of the Naugatuck River reached 25.70 ft above flood stage, the highest in recorded history, which it still maintains to this day.[93] Low-lying cities in the area, such as Derby, Shelton, Ansonia, Seymour, Beacon Falls and Oxford all suffered impacts from the flood. In total, 87 people were killed and an estimated $200 million(1955) or $1.8 billion(2018) in damage was reported.

Infrastructure[edit]

Green Energy[edit]

Solar Power

In 2015, the city entered into an agreement with BQ Energy Inc. of Poughkeepsie, NY which allowed them to install nearly 3,000 solar panels on the cities' former landfill, generating approximately 840 megawatts of power annually. The panels are used to offset the cost of powering municipal buildings and are expected to save the city 15-20 percent in energy costs over the next 20 years. The project was funded by United Illuminating through state bidding.[94][95]

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Energy

In 2018, the cities of Derby & Hartford were selected to be the home to two new hydrogen fuel cell plants through a bid process with the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP). Fuel Cell Energy Inc., of Danbury, was selected to construct and operate these fuel cells, totaling 22.2 megawatts of power. Once constructed, the Derby facility would generate 14.8 megawatts of power, and the Hartford facility will generate 7.4 megawatts of power. The Derby facility is being constructed on a vacant parcel of land along Roosevelt Drive (Route 34), construction is expected to begin in the summer of 2019.[96][97]

Singer Village Zero Energy Sub-Division

The Singer Estate was built in 1927 by relatives of Issac Singer, of Singer Sewing Machines. Most of the original 200 acres of property was subdivided off into homes and businesses and as of 2011, when it was donated to the Valley Community Foundation, the estate was approximately 6 acres in size. That same year it was purchased by Brookside Development LLC. to be further subdivided into Connecticut's first zero energy subdivision. The development group built 7 homes on the remaining 6 acres and the historic Singer mansion sits at the end of the newly constructed dead end street. In 2016, the development earned the "Best Green Energy Single Family Development" & the "Best Green Energy Efficient Home" from the Home Builders and Remodelers Association of Connecticut.[98][99]

Utilities[edit]

Electric utilities are provided by the United Illuminating Company; gas service is provided by the Eversource Energy. Also, Kinder Morgan Inc. operates the Tennessee Gas Pipeline that runs partly through the city. Municipal water is supplied by the South Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority; wastewater services are provided by the city through the Water Pollution Control Authority (WPCA).[100]

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

The city has a Metro-North railroad station called Derby – Shelton. The station is located at 1 Main Street and serves the residents of Derby & Shelton, Connecticut. Derby-Shelton is the last regular stop on the Waterbury Branch before it joins the Northeast Corridor. The station is 69.5 miles to Grand Central Terminal, with travel time there being an average of one hour, 54 minutes depending on transfer time at Bridgeport. Travel time to New Haven is an average of one hour, two minutes depending on transfer time.[101]

Bus[edit]

All bus routes meet at the Derby–Shelton (Metro-North station), the Valley Transit facility is next to the train station on adjoining property.

Airports[edit]

Local

Regional

International

Places of Worship[edit]

Media[edit]

Current

  • The Valley Independent Sentinel, an online-only, non-profit news site, launched in June 2009. It has an office in Ansonia. Its editor lives in Derby.
  • The Valley Gazette
  • The Connecticut Post
  • The New Haven Register

Historical

Derby was the location of Charlton Press, Inc. The company remains unique in the publishing industry in that every phase of production (editorial, printing, distribution) took place under one roof. The Charlton Building housed three sister companies: Charlton Press, Charlton Publications, and Capitol Distribution. The company is best known for its extensive Charlton Comics division which produced dozens of comic book titles from 1946 to 1985.

Derby was also the home of Bruce-Royal Publishing Corporation located on Division Street. The company published men's magazines such as Escapade (1955-1968), Gentleman (c. 1964-1966), and Play-Things (1964).

Derby High School, about 1909

Notable People[edit]

Sister City[edit]

Plans for the future[edit]

The Howe House "will become home of the Lower Naugatuck Valley Industrial Heritage Center; where the Derby Historical Society's extensive collection of Industrial Era artifacts will be properly displayed. Future educational programs will include student hands-on programs that will introduce the Industrial Revolution and the Valley's active role in this period."[104]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]