Documento Nacional de Identidad (Spain)

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Spanish identity card
(Documento nacional de identidad)
Documento Nacional de Identidad (Spain).jpg
Documento Nacional de Identidad
Date first issued1951
Issued by Spain
Valid inEurope (except Russia, Belarus and Ukraine)
France French overseas territories
 Montserrat (max. 14 days)
 Georgia
 Jordan (on organized tours through Aqaba Airport)
 Tunisia (on organized tours)
 Turkey
Type of documentIdentity card,
optional replacement for passport in the listed countries
Purposeproof of identity
Eligibility requirementsSpanish nationality

The Documento nacional de identidad (DNI) or carné de identidad is Spanish national identity card. It is a laminated card or polycarbonate, which details the name and surnames of the holder, date of birth, address, parents, sex, residential address, city and province of birth, and contains a photograph (size 32 by 26 mm, with plain white uniform background, taken from the front with the head completely uncovered and without dark glasses and any items which may prevent or hinder the identification of the person) and an identification number consisting of 8 digits plus a control letter. This number is also used for tax purposes, receiving the name of Número de identificación fiscal (NIF). The DNI was created in 1944 and first issued in 1951.

They used to contain a fingerprint from the holder's right-hand forefinger, but they no longer do.

The DNI is enough to visit and register as a resident in the member countries of the EEA and Switzerland. It can also be used for short-term visits in the rest of Europe (except Belarus, Russia and Ukraine) as well as Georgia, Montserrat (max. 14 days), Turkey and organized tours to Tunisia.

The ID card is issued at offices of the National Police. To apply for a DNI, it is necessary to have Spanish nationality and permission for the Spanish consulate. Foreigners legally resident in Spain or who intend to purchase property are issued with a Número de identificación de extranjero (NIE) or Foreign Identification Number.

See also[edit]