Dominion of Trinidad and Tobago

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Trinidad and Tobago

Motto: "Together We Aspire, Together We Achieve"
Anthem: "Forged From the Love of Liberty"
Location of Trinidad and Tobago
CapitalPort of Spain
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
• 1962–76
Elizabeth II
• 1962–72
Solomon Hochoy
• 1972–76
Ellis Clarke
Prime Minister 
• 1962–76
Eric Williams
Historical eraCold War
• Independence
31 August 1962
• Republic
1 August 1976
CurrencyTT dollar (from 1964)
ISO 3166 codeTT
Preceded by
Succeeded by
British Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago gained its independence from the United Kingdom on 31 August 1962 and became a republic on 1 August 1976.

When British rule ended in 1962, the Trinidad and Tobago Independence Act 1962 transformed the British Crown Colony of Trinidad and Tobago into an independent sovereign state,[1] sharing its sovereign, Elizabeth II, the Queen of Trinidad and Tobago, with the other states headed by Queen Elizabeth II. The monarch's constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Trinidad and Tobago.

The following governors-general held office:

  1. Sir Solomon Hochoy (31 August 1962 – 24 June 1972)
  2. Sir Ellis Clarke (24 June 1972 – 1 July 1976)

Eric Williams was prime minister (and head of government).

Elizabeth II visited the islands in February 1966.

Following the abolition of the monarchy and the promulgation of a republic on 1 August 1976,[2] the last governor-general, Sir Ellis Clarke, became the first President of Trinidad and Tobago.

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