|Trade names||Trusopt, others|
|Topical (eye drops)|
|Elimination half-life||4 months|
|CompTox Dashboard (EPA)|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||324.443 g/mol g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
|(what is this?)|
Dorzolamide, sold under the brand name Trusopt among others, is medications used to treat high pressure inside the eye including glaucoma. It is used as an eye drop. Effects begin within three hours and lasts for at least eight hours. It is also available as the combination dorzolamide/timolol.
Common side effects include eye discomfort, eye redness, taste changes, and blurry vision. Serious side effects include Steven Johnson syndrome. Those allergic to sulfonamides may be allergic to dorzolamide. Use is not recommended in pregnancy or breastfeeding. It is a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor and works by decreasing the production of aqueous humour.
Dorzolamide was approved for medical use in the United States in 1994. It is available as a generic medication. A 5 milliliter bottle in the United Kingdom costs the NHS less than 2 £ as of 2019. In the United States the wholesale cost of this amount is about US$7.10. In 2016 it was the 271st most prescribed medication in the United States with more than a million prescriptions.
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This drug, developed by Merck, was the first drug in human therapy (market introduction 1995) that resulted from structure-based drug design. It was developed to circumvent the systemic side effects of acetazolamide which has to be taken orally.
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