Douglas County, Minnesota

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Douglas County, Minnesota
Douglas County Courthouse (MN).jpg
Douglas County Courthouse in Alexandria, Minnesota.
Map of Minnesota highlighting Douglas County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Founded8 March 1858 (created)
1866 (organized)[1]
Named forStephen A. Douglas
SeatAlexandria
Largest cityAlexandria
Area
 • Total720 sq mi (1,865 km2)
 • Land637 sq mi (1,650 km2)
 • Water83 sq mi (215 km2), 11%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)37,575
 • Density59.0/sq mi (22.8/km2)
Congressional district7th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.co.douglas.mn.us

Douglas County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 36,009.[2] Its county seat is Alexandria.[3]

Douglas County comprises the Alexandria, Minnesota, Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Douglas County is the home of Minnesota's only wine-grape appellation, the 10,880 acres (44.0 km2) Alexandria Lakes AVA.[4]

History[edit]

The county was created by the territorial legislature on March 8, 1858, shortly before Minnesota attained statehood. It was named for political figure Stephen A. Douglas, who was serving as a US Senator from Illinois at the time of the county's creation.[5] The county organization was completed in 1866.

Geography[edit]

Spruce Creek flows southeast through northeastern Douglas county. The county consists of rolling hills, heavily dotted with lakes and ponds, especially in its north-to-south central portion.[6] The hilly terrain generally slopes to the south and west; its highest point is near the northeast corner, at 1,483' (452m) ASL.[7] The county has a total area of 720 square miles (1,900 km2), of which 637 square miles (1,650 km2) is land and 83 square miles (210 km2) (11%) is water.[8] It contains more than 250 lakes.

The county includes two of Minnesota's biomes: prairie grassland in the west and southeast, savannas (also prairie ecosystems) in the middle, and temperate deciduous forest in the south-central, north, and east.[9] Douglas is one of 17 Minnesota counties where savanna soils predominate.

Soils of Douglas County[10]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[6][edit]

  • Anderson State Wildlife Management Area
  • Balgaard State Wildlife Management Area
  • Chermak State Wildlife Management Area
  • Herberger Lake State Wildlife Management Area
  • Kensington State Wildlife Management Area
  • La Grand State Wildlife Management Area
  • Lake Carlos State Park
  • Osakis State Wildlife Management Area North Unit (part)
  • Red Rock Wildlife Management Area
  • Roger M. Holmes State Wildlife Management Area
  • Schnepf State Wildlife Management Area
  • Thornberg State Wildlife Management Area
  • Urness State Wildlife Management Area

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18704,239
18809,130115.4%
189014,60660.0%
190017,96423.0%
191017,669−1.6%
192019,0397.8%
193018,813−1.2%
194020,3698.3%
195021,3044.6%
196021,3130.0%
197022,8927.4%
198027,83921.6%
199028,8393.6%
200032,82113.8%
201036,0099.7%
Est. 201737,575[11]4.3%
US Decennial Census[12]
1790-1960[13] 1900-1990[14]
1990-2000[15] 2010-2016[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 US census data

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[16] there were 32,821 people, 13,276 households, and 9,027 families in the county. The population density was 51.5/sqmi (19.9/km²). There were 16,694 housing units at an average density of 26.2/sqmi (10.1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.49% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. 0.59% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.5% were of German, 24.6% Norwegian and 8.1% Swedish ancestry.

There were 13,276 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.00% were married couples living together, 6.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.93.

The county population contained 24.00% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,703, and the median income for a family was $46,250. Males had a median income of $30,968 versus $21,240 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,850. About 5.60% of families and 8.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.30% of those under age 18 and 11.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[6][edit]

Townships[edit]

Politics[edit]

Douglas County voters are traditionally Republican. In only one national election since 1964 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 64.1% 13,966 28.6% 6,227 7.3% 1,592
2012 56.7% 11,884 41.3% 8,653 2.0% 416
2008 53.7% 11,241 44.3% 9,256 2.0% 421
2004 58.1% 11,793 40.5% 8,219 1.5% 297
2000 57.0% 9,811 36.9% 6,352 6.1% 1,042
1996 43.6% 6,747 41.7% 6,450 14.7% 2,267
1992 40.1% 6,356 33.1% 5,252 26.8% 4,251
1988 57.0% 7,898 41.9% 5,803 1.1% 151
1984 61.9% 9,005 37.4% 5,444 0.7% 94
1980 53.9% 7,778 38.3% 5,530 7.9% 1,137
1976 44.4% 5,910 53.3% 7,097 2.3% 307
1972 53.0% 6,678 43.6% 5,501 3.4% 427
1968 50.4% 5,464 44.5% 4,826 5.1% 549
1964 40.5% 4,122 59.4% 6,040 0.1% 13
1960 53.3% 5,594 46.4% 4,871 0.4% 41
1956 54.9% 5,114 45.0% 4,194 0.1% 12
1952 61.3% 6,037 38.3% 3,768 0.4% 43
1948 41.7% 3,744 56.0% 5,022 2.3% 207
1944 52.6% 4,140 46.8% 3,681 0.6% 46
1940 50.5% 4,652 49.0% 4,507 0.5% 48
1936 36.4% 2,681 56.8% 4,186 6.8% 497
1932 30.4% 2,325 66.6% 5,101 3.0% 230
1928 59.3% 4,262 39.3% 2,829 1.4% 100
1924 39.2% 2,424 5.1% 315 55.8% 3,453
1920 66.1% 4,428 11.0% 733 22.9% 1,535
1916 50.3% 1,709 41.1% 1,398 8.6% 293
1912 14.9% 435 27.2% 793 57.8% 1,684
1908 60.9% 1,894 31.5% 979 7.6% 236
1904 79.4% 2,171 15.0% 410 5.6% 153
1900 59.9% 1,917 37.3% 1,194 2.8% 91
1896 57.8% 1,966 39.7% 1,350 2.4% 83
1892 50.9% 1,315 20.6% 533 28.5% 736

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. Retrieved August 31, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  4. ^ "Wayback Machine" (PDF). 22 April 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 April 2006.
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 108.
  6. ^ a b c Douglas County MN Google Maps (accessed 7 March 2019)
  7. ^ "Find an Altitude/Douglas County MN" Google Maps (accessed 7 March 2019)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  9. ^ "Minnesota's Biomes" (PDF). Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2008. Retrieved 27 February 2010.
  10. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 53-56. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  12. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°56′N 95°27′W / 45.94°N 95.45°W / 45.94; -95.45