Douglas County, Wisconsin

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Douglas County
Douglas County Courthouse in Superior
Douglas County Courthouse in Superior
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Douglas County
Location within the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 46°27′N 91°55′W / 46.45°N 91.91°W / 46.45; -91.91
Country United States
State Wisconsin
FoundedFebruary 8, 1854
Named forStephen A. Douglas
SeatSuperior
Largest citySuperior
Area
 • Total1,480 sq mi (3,800 km2)
 • Land1,304 sq mi (3,380 km2)
 • Water176 sq mi (460 km2)  12%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total44,159
 • Estimate 
(2018)
43,208
 • Density30/sq mi (12/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district7th
Websitewww.douglascountywi.org

Douglas County is a county located at the northwest corner of the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 44,159.[1] Its county seat is Superior.[2]

Douglas County is included in the Duluth, MN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Douglas County, named after Illinois Senator Stephen A. Douglas,[3][4] was established on February 8, 1854, from the larger La Pointe County, Wisconsin, and the City of Superior was immediately selected as the county seat.[5]

In Wisconsin's 1952 U.S. Senate primary, Douglas County was one of two counties (out of 71 in the state at the time) that Sen. Joe McCarthy did not carry.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,480 square miles (3,800 km2), of which 1,304 square miles (3,380 km2) is land and 176 square miles (460 km2) (12%) is water.[7]

A portion of the Fond du Lac Indian Reservation is located within Douglas County.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860812
18701,12238.2%
1880655−41.6%
189013,4681,956.2%
190036,335169.8%
191047,42230.5%
192049,7715.0%
193046,583−6.4%
194047,1191.2%
195046,715−0.9%
196045,008−3.7%
197044,657−0.8%
198044,421−0.5%
199041,758−6.0%
200043,2873.7%
201044,1592.0%
Est. 201843,208[8]−2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790–1960[10] 1900–1990[11]
1990–2000[12] 2010–2018[1]
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Douglas County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 44,159 people residing in the county. 93.2% were White, 2.0% Native American, 1.1% Black or African American, 0.9% Asian, 0.2% of some other race and 2.7% of two or more races. 1.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 20.7% were of German, 11.2% Norwegian, 9.7% Swedish, 7.8% Irish, 6.4% Finnish and 6.1% Polish ancestry.[13]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 43,287 people, 17,808 households, and 11,272 families residing in the county. The population density was 33 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 20,356 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.35% White, 0.57% Black or African American, 1.82% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 1.41% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.8% had German, 13.5% Norwegian, 11.5% Swedish, 8.5% Irish, 8.2% Finnish, 6.8% Polish and 5.1% United States or American ancestry. 96.7% spoke English and 1.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 17,808 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.10% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.70% were non-families. 29.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males.

In 2017, there were 413 births, giving a general fertility rate of 50.8 births per 1000 women aged 15–44, the seventh lowest rate out of all 72 Wisconsin counties.[15] Additionally, there were no reported induced abortions performed on women of Douglas County residence in 2017.[16]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

  • Merriam
  • Millcrest
  • Morrison (Allouez) (annexed by the City of Superior)
  • New Bristol (Martinson)
  • Nutt
  • Pokegama Junction
  • Steele
  • Troy
  • Walbridge
  • Way
  • Wiehe

Politics[edit]

The last Republican presidential candidate to win Douglas County was Herbert Hoover in 1928.[citation needed] The county gave both Walter Mondale and Michael Dukakis the second highest percentage of votes in Wisconsin, second only to Menominee County.[citation needed]

Presidential election results
Presidential election results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 42.9% 9,661 50.4% 11,357 6.7% 1,518
2012 33.7% 7,705 64.9% 14,863 1.4% 326
2008 32.6% 7,835 65.8% 15,830 1.7% 401
2004 33.5% 8,448 65.7% 16,537 0.8% 202
2000 31.9% 6,930 62.6% 13,593 5.5% 1,183
1996 27.8% 5,167 59.0% 10,976 13.2% 2,448
1992 25.5% 5,679 55.4% 12,319 19.1% 4,255
1988 31.5% 6,440 68.0% 13,907 0.5% 102
1984 32.9% 7,066 66.6% 14,291 0.5% 107
1980 34.2% 7,258 55.2% 11,703 10.6% 2,238
1976 33.4% 6,999 64.3% 13,478 2.3% 479
1972 42.6% 8,419 55.9% 11,054 1.5% 298
1968 29.6% 5,656 65.4% 12,506 5.0% 953
1964 23.1% 4,579 76.8% 15,237 0.1% 23
1960 39.1% 8,307 60.7% 12,910 0.3% 53
1956 44.8% 9,183 55.0% 11,276 0.2% 43
1952 45.4% 9,677 54.1% 11,538 0.5% 98
1948 32.5% 6,252 63.8% 12,278 3.7% 718
1944 35.2% 7,132 64.1% 12,985 0.7% 146
1940 32.7% 7,695 66.1% 15,548 1.2% 272
1936 22.9% 5,079 75.3% 16,684 1.8% 400
1932 41.6% 7,888 51.3% 9,715 7.1% 1,346
1928 61.2% 11,280 36.7% 6,762 2.1% 390
1924 39.1% 5,887 4.2% 638 56.6% 8,514
1920 67.5% 7,250 19.7% 2,111 12.8% 1,375
1916 43.6% 3,007 42.6% 2,940 13.8% 955
1912 14.2% 730 23.0% 1,181 62.8% 3,223
1908 55.9% 3,509 27.3% 1,715 16.8% 1,056
1904 72.9% 4,564 15.6% 974 11.5% 719
1900 63.9% 4,450 31.4% 2,187 4.8% 333
1896 61.5% 4,274 36.3% 2,527 2.2% 154
1892 50.7% 2,967 40.0% 2,340 9.4% 550

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 20, 2011. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 108.
  4. ^ "Here's How Iron Got Its Name". The Rhinelander Daily News. June 16, 1932. p. 2. Retrieved August 24, 2014 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  5. ^ Douglas County: County History[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "The Wisconsin Primary," Time, September 22, 1952
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder"
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  15. ^ Annual Wisconsin Birth and Infant Mortality Report, 2017 P-01161-19 (June 2019): Detailed Tables
  16. ^ Reported Induced Abortions in Wisconsin, Office of Health Informatics, Division of Public Health, Wisconsin Department of Health Services. Section: Trend Information, 2013-2017, Table 18, pages 17-18
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 7, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°27′N 91°55′W / 46.45°N 91.91°W / 46.45; -91.91