Dry port

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Dry port in the Federal District, Brazil.

A dry port (sometimes inland port) is an inland intermodal terminal directly connected by road or rail to a seaport and operating as a centre for the transshipment of sea cargo to inland destinations.[1]

In addition to their role in cargo transshipment, dry ports may also include facilities for storage and consolidation of goods, maintenance for road or rail cargo carriers and customs clearance services. The location of these facilities at a dry port relieves competition for storage and customs space at the seaport itself.[2]

A dry inland port can speed the flow of cargo between ships and major land transportation networks, creating a more central distribution point. Inland ports can improve the movement of imports and exports, moving the time-consuming sorting and processing of containers inland, away from congested seaports.[2]

Background[edit]

The term inland port is used in a narrow sense in the field of transportation systems to mean a specialized facility for intermodal containers (standardized shipping container) in international transport. Rather than goods being loaded and unloaded in such ports, shipping containers can just be transferred between ship and road vehicle or ship and train. The container may be transferred again between road and rail elsewhere and the goods are only loaded or unloaded at their point of origin or final destination.[1][2]

Shipping containers allow some functions traditionally carried out at a seaport to be moved elsewhere. Examples are the functions of receiving, processing through customs, inspecting, sorting, and consolidating containers going to the same overseas port. Container transfer at the seaport can be sped up and container handling space can be reduced by transferring functions to an inland site away from the port and coast.[1][2]

Distribution may also be made more efficient by setting up the link between inland site and seaport as, say, a high-capacity rail link with a lower unit cost than sending containers individually by road. The containers are still collected from their origins or distributed to their ultimate destinations by road with the transfer happening at the inland site.[1][2]

An inland port is just such an inland site linked to a seaport. This kind of inland port does not require a waterway. Key features of an inland port are the transfer of containers between different modes of transportation (intermodal transfer) and the processing of international trade. This differentiates an inland port from a container depot or transport hub.[3]

The term inland port may also be used for a similar model of a site linked to an airport or land border crossing rather than a seaport.

The definition of inland port in the jargon of the transportation and logistics industries is:

An inland port is a physical site located away from traditional land, air and coastal borders with the vision to facilitate and process international trade through strategic investment in multi-modal transportation assets and by promoting value-added services as goods move through the supply chain.[4]

Inland ports may also be referred to as dry ports or intermodal hubs.

Dry ports in Africa[edit]

Dry ports in Asia[edit]

Dry ports in Europe[edit]

Dry ports in Latin America[edit]

Dry ports in North America[edit]

Dry ports in Oceania[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d In Loc (January 2007). "Feasibility Study on the network operation of Hinterland Hubs (Dry Port Concept) to improve and modernise ports' connections to the hinterland and to improve networking" ((PDF) Archived from the Original). InLoc. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e Dictionary of International Trade (20 November 2018). "What is a dry port? Definition and meaning". Global Negotiator. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  3. ^ C.M. (Red) Williams, President of Saskatchewan Agrivision Corporation. "Inland Port vs. Container Port" (PDF). Retrieved 27 July 2007.
  4. ^ Leitner, Sara Jean; Harrison, Robert (2001). The Identification and Classification of Inland Ports. Center for Transportation Research, The University of Texas at Austin. p. 69. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
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  6. ^ Comesa (2 June 2018). "Construction of a $300m Dry Port Commissioned on the DRC–Zambia Border". Lusaka, Zambia: COMESA. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
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  9. ^ Arthur-Mensah, Godwill (17 August 2018). "Government promises win-win for Boankra Inland Port project". Accra: Ghana News Agency. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
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  11. ^ Andae, Gerald (15 January 2019). "Truckers cry foul over delays at Inland Container Depot". Business Daily Africa. Nairobi. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Editorial (2 July 2018). "The ICD project: Long walk to reality". Lagos: Nigeriamaritime360.com. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
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  22. ^ Government of Kazakhstan (2016). "Invest In Kazakhstan" (PDF). Kazakhstan Embassy In Germany. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
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  24. ^ Puerto Interior (2018). "Strategic Advantages of GTO Inland Port" (in en (US)). Puertointerior.com. Retrieved 20 November 2018.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
  25. ^ APM Terminals (2018). "About APM Terminals Uruguay" (in en (US)). Montevideo: Apmterminals.com. Retrieved 10 November 2018.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
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  30. ^ Greg Thompson (30 September 2016). "BMW and Greer: A port far from any storms". Automotive Logistics. Retrieved 6 April 2017. That Charleston facility now sees approximately 5,000 finished vehicles per week arriving via Norfolk Southern along a rail line that starts at the end of the BMW assembly line and testing centre in Greer. Of the 285,000 finished vehicles exported by the OEM from the plant during 2015, Charleston port was the point of departure for some 250,000 units.
  31. ^ The Editor (30 March 2017). "Editorial: Does Virginia need another inland port? Or two?". The Roanoke Times. Roanoke, Virginia, United States. Retrieved 21 November 2018.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
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