Centre of Duitama
Perla de Boyacá
("Pearl of Boyacá")
Location of the town and municipality of Duitama in Boyacá Department
|Founded||July 27, 1819|
|• Mayor||Alfonso Miguel Silva Pesca|
|• City||266.93 km2 (103.06 sq mi)|
|• Urban||8.86 km2 (3.42 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2,590 m (8,500 ft)|
|• Density||430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|The Salt People|
|History and timeline|
Duitama (Spanish pronunciation: [dwiˈtama]) is a city and municipality in the department of Boyacá. It is the capital of the Tundama Province. Duitama is located 240 kilometres (150 mi) northeast of Bogotá, the capital city of Colombia and 50 kilometres (31 mi) northeast of Tunja, the capital Boyacá. Duitama has existed since pre-Columbian times, when the Muisca inhabited the hills surrounding a former lake in the valley. The original name of Duitama was "Tundama", named after cacique Tundama. The elevation of the city is about 2,590 metres (8,500 ft) above sea level and the average temperature is 16 °C. Duitama is known as "The Pearl of Boyacá".
Duitama, situated on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense is bounded to the north by the department of Santander; Charalá and Encino, to the south by the Boyacá municipalities of Tibasosa and Paipa, to the east with the municipalities of Santa Rosa de Viterbo and Floresta.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Duitama in the times before the Spanish conquest was called Tundama.
Conquest of Duitama
Before the Spanish conquest, the Muisca were organized in a loose Muisca Confederation. The confederation was composed of four main political and religious leaders, from south to north; the zipa based in Bacatá, the zaque of Hunza, the iraca of Sugamuxi and the Tundama of Duitama, then called Tundama. Additionally, more independent caciques governed other villages.
In 1536, Spanish conquistador Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada set foot from the Caribbean coastal city of Santa Marta towards the inner highlands of then unexplored Colombia with an army of 800 men. After conquering the southern areas of the Muisca, accessed from the shores of the Magdalena River he and a reduced number of troops marched towards the northern Muisca territories. He first submitted Hunza, the seat of the zaque and in September 1537 he arrived in Sugamuxi, sacred City of the Sun where his soldiers accidentally burned the Sun Temple.
The cacique Tundama heard about the invading foreigners and tried to win time while hiding his treasures from the Spanish. One of his men proposed to surrender to the soldiers armed with superior weapons, and Tundama cut off his ears and left hand.
At the end of 1539, another Spanish conquistador who proved himself in the Kingdom of Quito and Peru, Baltasar Maldonado, entered the Tundama territories and after several battles Tundama surrendered to the Spanish rule. Tundama was killed by a hammer of Maldonado in late December 1539.
Tundama in Muisca history
|History of the Muisca|
During the colonial period of the newly established state New Kingdom of Granada, Duitama was converted to catholicism by friars of Santo Domingo, arriving in 1556. They held their positions until 1775.
Duitama was an agricultural community that grew after the installation of the train station in 1923 and the connection with the Colombian capital via highway. From 1950 onwards the city hosted more industry.
In Duitama the touristic village Pueblito Boyacense is a popular destination. The village is composed of colonial houses.
Born in Duitama
- Alberto Camargo, former professional cyclist
- Édgar Fonseca, professional cyclist
- Daniel Rincón, former professional cyclist
- Oliverio Rincón, former professional cyclist
- Francisco Rodríguez Maldonado, former professional cyclist
Monument to bull fighter César Rincón
- "Estimaciones de Población 1985 - 2005 y Proyecciones de Población 2005 - 2020 Total Municipal por Área (estimate)". DANE. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
- ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) Official website Duitama
- Muisca Confederation
- ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) Biography Cacique Tundama - Pueblos Originarios
- ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) Iraca rulers - Pueblos Originarios
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Duitama.|