Duna–Pogaya languages

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Hela Province, Papua New Guinea
Linguistic classificationTrans–New Guinea
  • Duna–Pogaya
Duna-Pogaya languages.svg
Map: The Duna–Pogaya languages of New Guinea
  The Duna–Pogaya languages
  Other Trans–New Guinea languages
  Other Papuan languages
  Austronesian languages

The Duna–Pogaya languages are a proposed small family of Trans–New Guinea languages in the classification of Voorhoeve (1975) and Ross (2005). However, connections between the two languages, Duna and Bogaya, are tenuous, and proposed connections to the larger Trans–New Guinea family are not convincing.[1]


Pronouns are:

sg du pl
1 *nó *ge-na *i-nu
2 *gó
3 *kó *ki-nu


Duna reflexes of proto-Trans-New Guinea (pTNG) etyma are:[2]

  • amu ‘breast’ < *amu
  • konane ‘ear’ < *kand(e,i)k(V]
  • kuni ‘bone’ < *kondaC


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Bogaya". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Pawley, Andrew; Hammarström, Harald (2018). "The Trans New Guinea family". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 21–196. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson (eds.). Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.