East Strickland languages

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East Strickland
New Guinea
Linguistic classificationPapuan Gulf ?
  • Strickland
    • East Strickland
East Strickland languages.svg
Map: The East Strickland languages of New Guinea
  The East Strickland languages
  Trans–New Guinea languages
  Other Papuan languages
  Austronesian languages

The East Strickland languages are a family of Trans–New Guinea languages in the classification of Malcolm Ross.


The six languages are,

are clearly related.

Gobasi, Odoodee and Samo, but especially Gobasi, are also known as "Nomad".


Pronouns are:

sg du pl
1 *na, *ã *o-li, *a-la *oi
2 *nõ *nĩ-le *nĩ
3 *yõ *i-le *yã, *di


East Strickland reflexes of proto-Trans-New Guinea (pTNG) etyma are:[2]

Samo language:

  • (da)subu ‘ashes’ < *sumbu
  • si- ‘burn’ < *nj(a,e,i)-
  • na- ‘eat’ < *na-
  • magara ‘mouth’ < *maŋgat[a]
  • korofu ‘skin’ < *(ŋg,k)a(n,t)apu
  • mere(ma) ‘tongue’ < *me(l,n)e
  • mini ‘nose’ < *mundu

Bibo language:

  • (da)suf ‘ashes’ < *sumbu

Agala language:

  • fulu(ma) ali ‘to fly’ < *pululu-


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "East Strickland". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Pawley, Andrew; Hammarström, Harald (2018). "The Trans New Guinea family". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 21–196. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson (eds.). Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.