Eaton Square

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Coordinates: 51°29′46″N 0°9′6″W / 51.49611°N 0.15167°W / 51.49611; -0.15167

Terrace to the North Side of Eaton Square

Eaton Square is a residential garden square in London's Belgravia district. It is one of the three garden squares built by the Grosvenor family when they developed the main part of Belgravia in the 19th century, and is named after Eaton Hall, the Grosvenor country house in Cheshire. Eaton Square is larger but less grand than the central feature of the district, Belgrave Square, and both larger and grander than Chester Square. The first block was laid out by Thomas Cubitt from 1827. In 2016 it was named as the "Most Expensive Place to Buy Property in Britain", with a home costing on average 17 million pounds.[1]

The gardens of Eaton Square are Grade II listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.[2] 1–7 and 63–66 and Eaton House at 66a Eaton Square are listed Grade II.[3] [4] [5]

The K6 telephone box outside 103 Eaton Square is Grade II listed.[6]


The houses in Eaton Square are large, predominantly three-bay-wide buildings, joined in regular terraces in a classical style, with four or five main storeys, plus attic and basement and a mews house behind. The square is one of London's largest and is divided into six compartments by the upper end of King's Road (northeast of Sloane Square), a main road, now busy with traffic, that occupies its long axis, and two smaller cross streets. Most of the houses are faced with white stucco, but some are faced with brick.

Before World War II, Eaton Square was a securely upper class address, but not of the grandeur of London's very grandest addresses in Mayfair and Belgravia: Belgrave Square, Grosvenor Square, St James's Square or Park Lane.

However, after World War II, when those places were converted to mainly commercial and institutional use, Eaton Square remained almost wholly residential and rose to the front rank of fashionable addresses. Some of the houses remain undivided, but much of the square has been converted into flats and maisonettes by the Grosvenor Estate. These are often lateral conversions – that is, they cut across more than one of the original houses – and they usually cost several million pounds. The exterior appearance of the square remains as it was when it was built, with no intrusive modern buildings. Most but not all of the freeholds still belong to the Grosvenor Group, and the present Duke of Westminster has his own London home in the square – an illustration of the migrations of the London elite already mentioned, as until the 1920s his predecessors lived in a mansion on the site of the present Grosvenor House Hotel in Park Lane.

St Peter's, Eaton Square

At the east end of the square is St Peter's, a large Church of England church, in a classical style, which features a six-columned Ionic portico and a clock tower. It was designed by Henry Hakewill and built between 1824 and 1827 during the first development of Eaton Square.

Between 1940 and 1944 the Belgian government in exile was located in Eaton Square.

Fictional references[edit]

Eaton Square is the address (beginning with Volume One, Book Three, Chapter Four) of Adam Verver and his wife, the former Charlotte Stant, in the last complete major novel by Henry James, The Golden Bowl. In the original newspaper piece that was expanded into Gilbert and Sullivan's Trial by Jury, the judge invites the rest of the cast to his house in "Five hundred and eleven, Eaton Square" for the wedding breakfast.[7] In Angela Carter's last novel, Wise Children, Eaton Square is visited by Peregrine Hazard after returning by cab from the beach. In Anthony Trollope's novel The Bertrams Sir Henry Harcourt and his unhappy bride Lady Harcourt (Caroline Waddington) take a house in Eaton Square after their marriage. In Jeffrey Archer's First Among Equals, the Hon. Charles Gurney Seymour, future cabinet minister and son of the Earl of Bridgwater, and his wife Lady Fiona, daughter of the Duke of Falkirk, live in Eaton Square.

It was also the address of fictional radio detective Paul Temple at number 26A, in which he moved in the serial and subsequent novelization Paul Temple and the Tyler Mystery, while the Bellamy family of Upstairs, Downstairs lived in nearby Eaton Place at number 165.

Notable residents[edit]


  1. ^ "London's Eaton Square most expensive place to buy home in Britain". BBC. 23 December 2016. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
  2. ^ Historic England, "The Grosvenor Estate: Eaton Square (1000801)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 20 March 2018
  3. ^ Historic England, "1–7 Eaton Square, SW1 (1066886)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 20 March 2018
  4. ^ Historic England, "63–66 Eaton Square (1066854)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 20 March 2018
  5. ^ Historic England, "Eaton House (1356978)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 20 March 2018
  6. ^ Historic England, "k6 telephone kiosk outside flank elevation of 103 Eaton Square (1357185)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 20 March 2018
  7. ^ Gilbert, W. S.; Sullivan, Arthur (2001). Ian Bradley (ed.). The Complete Annotated Gilbert and Sullivan. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 36.
  8. ^ Open Plaques - Lord Boothby, 1 Eaton Sq
  9. ^ "1933...Diana left her husband, 'moving with a skeleton staff of nanny, cook, house-parlourmaid and lady's maid to a house at 2 Eaton Square, round the corner from Mosley's flat'..." – Hilary Spurling reviews Diana Mosley by Anne de Courcy, _The Telegraph, 17 Nov 2003 |
  10. ^ Eaton Mess for London's finest Square
  11. ^ Who's Who, 1980 (Adam and Charles Black, London) p. 837
  12. ^ Open Plaques - Neville Chamberlain, 37 Eaton Sq
  13. ^ Mosley, Charles, editor. Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes. Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003.
  14. ^ Open Plaques - Prince Metternich, 44 Eaton Sq
  15. ^ Open Plaques - Vivien Leigh, 54 Eaton Sq
  16. ^ "Robertson, Thomas Campbell". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/23813.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  17. ^ Open Plaques - George Peabody, 93 Eaton Sq
  18. ^ H.M. (koningin Wilhelmina) koningin Wilhelmina Helena Pauline Maria, koningin der Nederlanden, prinses van Oranje-Nassau
  19. ^ Open Plaques - Edward Wood 1st Earl of Halifax, 86 Eaton Sq
  20. ^ Open Plaques - Stanley Baldwin, 93 Eaton Sq
  21. ^ "Sir John West". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  22. ^ "Sir Henry Codrington". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  23. ^ "Seymour, Sir George Francis". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
  24. ^ Daily Mail - Abramovich 'gives ex-wife £1bn and four homes in world's costliest divorce'
  25. ^ Rich pickings for the hawk of Eaton Square

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