Edward Hatch

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Edward Hatch
Edward Hatch.jpg
Edward Hatch
Born(1832-12-22)December 22, 1832
Bangor, Maine
DiedApril 11, 1889(1889-04-11) (aged 56)
Fort Robinson, Nebraska
Place of burial
AllegianceUnited States of America
Union
Service/branchUnited States Army
Union Army
Years of service1861–1889
RankUnion Army major general rank insignia.svg Brevet Major General
Commands held2nd Iowa Cavalry
9th U.S. Cavalry
Department of Arizona
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War
Indian Wars

Edward Hatch (December 22, 1832 – April 11, 1889) was a career American soldier who served as a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. After the war he became the first commander of the 9th U.S. Cavalry Regiment, a Buffalo soldier regiment with African-American troops commanded by white officers.

Biography[edit]

Hatch, the son of Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Scott) Hatch, was born in Bangor, Maine, and educated at the Norwich Military Academy in Vermont.

As early as 1858 he was a resident of Muscatine, Iowa, where he engaged in the lumber business.

He volunteered for service as a private in the Union Army at the outbreak of the Civil War. He assisted in raising the 2nd Iowa Cavalry, becoming its major in August 1861. A few weeks later he was commissioned its Lieutenant-Colonel. In June 1862 on the promotion of Colonel Washington L. Elliott to Brigadier-General he was made the regiment's colonel.[1]

He served under General Ulysses S. Grant in the South. After commanding the entire cavalry division in the Army of the Tennessee, he was appointed and confirmed a brigadier general in the spring of 1864.[2] His gallantry in the field caused his further promotion to the rank of brevet major general later in 1864.

After the war, he transferred from the volunteer to the Regular Army as colonel of the 9th U.S. Cavalry Regiment (1866). He succeeded General Gordon Granger as commander of the District of New Mexico (which included New Mexico Territory) in 1876, negotiated a treaty with the Ute Indians in 1880, and became widely known as an Indian fighter.

He died in Fort Robinson, Nebraska April 11, 1889 and is buried in Fort Leavenworth National Cemetery in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stuart, Addison A. Iowa Colonels and Regiments. pp. 571–6.
  2. ^ Stuart, Addison A. Iowa Colonels and Regiments. pp. 571–6.
  3. ^ Edward Hatch at Find a Grave