# Elegance

**Elegance** is beauty that shows unusual effectiveness and simplicity. It is frequently used as a standard of tastefulness particularly in the areas of visual design, decoration, the sciences, and the aesthetics of mathematics. Elegant things exhibit refined grace and suggest maturity.

## Contents

## General concept[edit]

Essential components of the concept include simplicity and consistency of design, focusing on the essential features of an object. In art of any kind one might also require dignified grace, or restrained beauty of style.

Visual stimuli are frequently considered elegant if a small number of colors and stimuli are used, emphasizing the remainder.

## In philosophy of science[edit]

In the philosophy of science, there are two concepts referring to two aspects of simplicity. Elegance (syntactic simplicity) means the number and complexity of hypotheses. Parsimony (ontological simplicity) is the number and complexity of things postulated.^{[1]}

## In mathematics[edit]

The proof of a mathematical theorem exhibits mathematical elegance if it is surprisingly simple yet effective and constructive; similarly, a computer program or algorithm is elegant if it uses a small amount of code to great effect.^{[2]}^{[3]}

## In engineering[edit]

In engineering, a solution may be considered elegant if it uses a non-obvious method to produce a solution which is highly effective and simple. An elegant solution may solve multiple problems at once, especially problems not thought to be inter-related.^{[4]}
Elegance can arguably be measured for engineering problems as the ratio of problem complexity to that of solution complexity ^{[5]}. Thus a simple (low complexity) solution to a problem of high complexity is seen as elegant. This measure does not advise of process to produce elegant solutions and is merely a way of comparing between multiple solutions for elegance assessment.

## In chemistry[edit]

In chemistry, chemists might look for *elegance* in theory and method, in technique and procedure. For example: elegance might comprise creative parsimony and versatility in the utilization of resources, in the manipulation of materials, and in effectiveness in syntheses and analysis.

## In pharmacy[edit]

In pharmacy, elegance in formulation is important for quality as well as effectiveness in dosage form design, a major component of pharmaceutics.

## References[edit]

**^**Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry**^**Perrin, Chad (16 August 2006). "ITLOG Import: Elegance". Chad Perrin: SOB.**^**Spolsky, Joel (15 December 2006). "Elegance". Joel on Software.**^**Zeldes, Nathan (2007). "Ingenious simplicity". Nathan's Possibly Interesting Web Site. Retrieved 11 October 2011.**^**Efatmaneshnik, Mahmoud; Ryan, Mike (2018),*On the Definitions of Sufficiency and Elegance in Systems Design*, IEEE Systems Journal

## Further reading[edit]

- Schiro, Anne-Marie (30 August 1988). "For Galanos, Elegance Is Eternal".
*The New York Times*.