Elise Justine Bayard

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Elise Justine Bayard
Elsie Justine Bayard.jpg
Born(1823-08-16)August 16, 1823
Fulton Cutting
(m. 1849; her death 1853)
ChildrenWilliam Bayard Cutting
Robert Fulton Cutting
Parent(s)Robert Bayard
Elizabeth McEvers
RelativesJustine B. Cutting (granddaughter)
Bronson M. Cutting (grandson)
See Bayard family

Elise Justine Bayard Cutting (August 16, 1823[1] – 1853[2]) was an American poet.[3]

Early life[edit]

Elise Justine Bayard was born in Fishkill, New York,[4] Bayard was the daughter of Robert Bayard (1797–1878) and Elizabeth McEvers,[5][6] both members of old New York families.[7] Her father, along with her uncle, Robert Fulton, were partners in the ferry from Brooklyn to New York. Another uncle was Stephen Van Rensselaer IV, the last patroon of the Manor of Rensselaerswyck. Her paternal grandfather, William Bayard Jr. (1761–1826), was a prominent New York City banker who was a close friend to Alexander Hamilton, who died at his Greenwich Village home after his famous duel with Aaron Burr.[8]


She penned what scholars have called "unremarkable" verse about common subjects. She published frequently in The Knickerbocker and the Literary World and was identified as a promising young author in a column written by Sarah Josepha Hale.[9] It is difficult to definitively assign many poems to her as they were often unsigned or only initialed with her maiden initials, E.J.B., or her married ones, E.B.C..[4][10]

An example of her sonnet is:[11]

Sprung from the arid rock devoid of soil,
In vig'rous life I saw one blade of wheat,
Bearing its precious grain, full-lobed and sweet,
Remote from eye of him whose lusty toil
In other harvest recompense hath found;
And it seemed good to me that labour should
Beyond its aim or asking thus abound,
While reaping to itself its purchased food:
So, too, from him, who the prolific thought
Sows in the cultured field of intellect,
A wandering breath its course may intersect,
And bear an embryo with rich promise fraught
Within some barren soul to germinate,
And fill with fruitful life what else were desolate.[11]

Personal life[edit]

On February 13, 1849, she married Fulton Cutting (1816–1875), the son of William Cutting (1773–1820) and Gertrude Livingston (1778–1864).[12] Her husband, Fulton, a lawyer and vestryman at Trinity Church,[13][14][15] was the younger brother of Francis Brockholst Cutting (1804–1870), a U.S. Representative from New York, the nephew of Henry Walter Livingston (1768–1810), and the grandson of Walter Livingston (1740–1797), and their sons were:[16]

She died in New York.[20][21] Elise's papers are in the library of the New York Historical Society.[22]


  1. ^ William Smith Pelletreau (1907). Historic Homes and Institutions and Genealogical and Family History of New York. Lewis Publishing Company. p. 111. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
  2. ^ "George Augustus Baker (1821–1880) | Elise Justine Bayard". collections.mcny.org. Museum of the City of New York. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  3. ^ "Elise Justine Bayard - Poetry & Biography of the Famous poet - All Poetry". allpoetry.com. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  4. ^ a b Zilboorg, Caroline. (1979). "Elise Justine Bayard". In Mainiero, Lina (ed.). American Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide from Colonial Times to the Present. 1. New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co. pp. 125–6.
  5. ^ Columbia University Quarterly. Columbia University Press. 1912. pp. 286–. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
  6. ^ Bulloch, Joseph Gaston Baillie (1919). A History and Genealogy of the Families of Bayard, Houstoun of Georgia: And the Descent of the Bolton Family from Assheton, Byron and Hulton of Hulton Park, by Joseph Gaston Baillie Bulloch ... Washington, D.C.: James H. Dony, printer. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  7. ^ Griswold, Rufus Wilmot (1853). The Female Poets of America. H.C. Baird. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  8. ^ Pelletreau, William Smith (1907). Historic Homes and Institutions and Genealogical and Family History of New York. New York: Lewis Publishing Company. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  9. ^ The Literary World. Osgood & Company. 1849. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  10. ^ Cushing, William (1885). Initials and Pseudonyms: A Dictionary of Literary Disguises. T. Y. Crowell & Company. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  11. ^ a b "19th Century Women's Poetry | Elise Justine Bayard (1815?-1850?)". www.lehigh.edu. Lehigh University. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  12. ^ "Fulton Cutting's Estate". The New York Times. 6 March 1880. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  13. ^ "Decisions – Supreme Court Chambers June 9 – By Justice Ingraham – Motions Granted". The New York Times. 10 June 1865. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  14. ^ "Oyer and Terminer – A Grand Jury Impanneled Thirty Murder and Homicide Cases – Important Charge of the Judge – General Sessions – United States District Court Sept. 29. – Before Judge Betts – Fraud on the Revenue – Singular Suit for a Lost Draft – Rights of Married Women Separate Estates – The Stadt Theatre Case – Decisions". The New York Times. 2 October 1860. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  15. ^ "Easter Elections – Trinity Church". The New York Times. 11 April 1860. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  16. ^ The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography. James T. White & Co. 1916. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  17. ^ "W.B. Cutting Dies on Train". The New York Times. 2 Mar 1912. p. 1. Retrieved February 18, 2013.
  18. ^ "Fulton Cutting, N. Y. Real Estate Head Dies at 82". Chicago Tribune. September 22, 1934. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  19. ^ Dunn, Elwood D.; Beyan, Amos J.; Burrowes, Carl Patrick (December 20, 2000). Historical Dictionary of Liberia. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9781461659310. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  20. ^ Day's Collacon: an Encyclopaedia of Prose Quotations: Consisting of Beautiful Thoughts, Choice Extracts and Sayings, of the Most Eminent Writers of All Nations, from the Earliest Ages to the Present Time, Together with a Comprehensive Biographical Index of Authors, and an Alphabetical List of Subjects Quoted. International Printing and Publishing Office. 1884. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  21. ^ Allibone, S. Austin (1874). A Critical Dictionary of English Literature and British and American Authors. Philadelphia, PA: J. B. Lippincott & Co. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  22. ^ http://aleph.library.nyu.edu/F/JXVPVIBD1MBHKKQ4L131XPRASLUUHKACK3Q9K7DUQKEGXPBSVU-00609?func=direct&amp=&amp=&local_base=PRIMOCOMMON&doc_number=001479898&pds_handle=GUEST