Elymoclavine

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Elymoclavine
Elymoclavine.svg
Names
IUPAC name
(6-Methyl-8,9-didehydroergolin-8-yl)methanol
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.008.136
Properties
C16H18N2O
Molar mass 254.327
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Elymoclavine is an ergot alkaloid (ergoline alkaloid). It can be produced from C. fusiformis from Pennisetum typhoideum. It is a precursor in the biosynthesis of D-(+)-lysergic acid. Ergot alkaloids are natural products derived from L-tryptophan. They are often toxic for humans and animals. Despite that they are also well known for their pharmacological activities.[1][2]

Biosynthesis[edit]

The main building blocks for biosynthesis of elymoclavine are tryptophan (Trp) and DMAPP. DMATrp is obtained after electrophilic substitution followed by addition (Step A below). Then an amine is methylated by an N-methyltransfersase (Step B). Next, the allyl alcohol is oxidized to the diene (Step C). After 1,4-elimination, the diene undergoes an epoxidation (Step D). Then decarboxylation is followed by the 6-member ring formation and epoxide opened to form terminal alcohol (Step E). Obtained chanoclavine gets oxidized to chanoclavine aldehyde (Step F). Then the second 6-member ring forms and agroclavine is obtained after additional reductase (Steps G and H). Finally elymoclavine is generated after an oxidation (Step I). The last step is NADPH-dependent, and it is suggested that cytochrome P450 is the catalyst.[3][4]


Biosynthesis of elymoclavine.tif


References[edit]

  1. ^ Ahimsa-Müller, M. A.; Markert A.; Hellwig S.; Knoop V.; Steiner U.; Drewke C.; Leistner E. (2007). "Clavicipitaceous fungi associated with ergoline alkaloid-containing convolvulaceae". J. Nat. Prod. 70 (12): 1955–1960. doi:10.1021/np070315t. PMID 18031017.
  2. ^ Komarova, E. L.; Tolkachev O. N. (2001). "The Chemistry of Peptide Ergot Alkaloids. Part 2. Analytical Methods for Determining Ergot Alkaloids". Pharm. Chem. J. 35 (10): 542–549. doi:10.1023/A:1014706301632.
  3. ^ Schardl, C. L.; Panaccione D. G.; Tudzynski P. "The Alkaloids - Chemistry and Biology". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ Dewick, P. M. (2009). Medicinal Natural Products. A Biosynthetic Approach. 3rd Edition. Wiley.